inform


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in·form

 (ĭn-fôrm′)
v. in·formed, in·form·ing, in·forms
v.tr.
1.
a. To impart information to; make aware of something: We were informed by mail of the change in plans. The nurse informed me that visiting hours were over.
b. To acquaint (oneself) with knowledge of a subject.
2.
a. To give form or character to; imbue with a quality or an essence: "A society's strength is measured by ... its ability to inform a future generation with its moral standards" (Vanity Fair).
b. To be a formative or characterizing presence in; animate: "It is this brash, backroom sensibility that informs his work as a novelist" (Jeff Shear).
3. Obsolete To form (the mind or character) by teaching or training.
v.intr.
1. To give or provide information.
2. To disclose confidential or incriminating information to an authority: The defendant informed against the other members of the ring.

[Middle English enfourmen, informen, from Old French enfourmer, from Latin īnfōrmāre : in-, in; see in-2 + fōrmāre, to fashion (from fōrma, form).]

inform

(ɪnˈfɔːm)
vb
1. (tr; often foll by of or about) to give information to; tell
2. (tr; often foll by of or about) to make conversant (with)
3. (intr; often foll by against or on) to give information regarding criminals, as to the police, etc
4. to give form to
5. (Philosophy) to impart some essential or formative characteristic to
6. (tr) to animate or inspire
7. (tr) obsolete
a. to train or educate
b. to report
[C14: from Latin informāre to give form to, describe, from formāre to form]
inˈformable adj
informedly adv
inˈformingly adv

inform

(ɪnˈfɔːm)
adj
archaic without shape; unformed
[C16: from Latin informis from in-1 + forma shape]

in•form

(ɪnˈfɔrm)
v.t.
1. to give or impart knowledge of a fact or circumstance to: We informed them of our arrival.
2. to supply (oneself) with knowledge of a matter or subject: She informed herself of all the pertinent facts.
3. to pervade or permeate with manifest effect: A love of nature informed his writing.
4. to animate or inspire.
5. Obs.
a. to train or instruct.
b. to make known; disclose.
c. to give or impart form to.
v.i.
6. to give information; supply knowledge or enlightenment.
7. to furnish incriminating evidence about someone, as to the police (usu. fol. by on or against).
[1275–1325; Middle English enfourmen < Middle French enfourmer < Latin infōrmāre to form, shape]
in•form′a•ble, adj.
in•form′ing•ly, adv.

inform

If you inform someone of something, you tell them about it.

He intended to inform her of his objections.

Inform is often followed by a 'that'-clause.

I informed her that I was unwell.
She informed me that she had not changed her plans.

You do not usually omit that after inform. You do not say, for example, 'I informed her I was unwell'.

Inform is a fairly formal word. In conversation, you usually use tell.

See tell

inform


Past participle: informed
Gerund: informing

Imperative
inform
inform
Present
I inform
you inform
he/she/it informs
we inform
you inform
they inform
Preterite
I informed
you informed
he/she/it informed
we informed
you informed
they informed
Present Continuous
I am informing
you are informing
he/she/it is informing
we are informing
you are informing
they are informing
Present Perfect
I have informed
you have informed
he/she/it has informed
we have informed
you have informed
they have informed
Past Continuous
I was informing
you were informing
he/she/it was informing
we were informing
you were informing
they were informing
Past Perfect
I had informed
you had informed
he/she/it had informed
we had informed
you had informed
they had informed
Future
I will inform
you will inform
he/she/it will inform
we will inform
you will inform
they will inform
Future Perfect
I will have informed
you will have informed
he/she/it will have informed
we will have informed
you will have informed
they will have informed
Future Continuous
I will be informing
you will be informing
he/she/it will be informing
we will be informing
you will be informing
they will be informing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been informing
you have been informing
he/she/it has been informing
we have been informing
you have been informing
they have been informing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been informing
you will have been informing
he/she/it will have been informing
we will have been informing
you will have been informing
they will have been informing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been informing
you had been informing
he/she/it had been informing
we had been informing
you had been informing
they had been informing
Conditional
I would inform
you would inform
he/she/it would inform
we would inform
you would inform
they would inform
Past Conditional
I would have informed
you would have informed
he/she/it would have informed
we would have informed
you would have informed
they would have informed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.inform - impart knowledge of some fact, state or affairs, or event to; "I informed him of his rights"
wise up - cause someone to become aware of something
communicate, intercommunicate - transmit thoughts or feelings; "He communicated his anxieties to the psychiatrist"
instruct, teach, learn - impart skills or knowledge to; "I taught them French"; "He instructed me in building a boat"
apprise, apprize, instruct - make aware of; "Have the students been apprised of the tuition hike?"
inoculate - introduce an idea or attitude into the mind of; "My teachers inoculated me with their beliefs"
acquaint - inform; "Please acquaint your colleagues of your plans to move"
warn - notify, usually in advance; "I warned you that I would ask some difficult questions"
inform - act as an informer; "She had informed on her own parents for years"
fill in - supply with information on a specific topic; "He filled me in on the latest developments"
update - bring up to date; supply with recent information
misinform, mislead - give false or misleading information to
downplay, minimise, understate, minimize - represent as less significant or important
shit, tell on, snitch, stag, shop, denounce, give away, betray, grass, rat - give away information about somebody; "He told on his classmate who had cheated on the exam"
undeceive - free from deception or illusion
warn - notify of danger, potential harm, or risk; "The director warned him that he might be fired"; "The doctor warned me about the dangers of smoking"
apprise, apprize, notify, send word, give notice, advise - inform (somebody) of something; "I advised him that the rent was due"
familiarise, familiarize, acquaint - make familiar or conversant with; "you should acquaint yourself with your new computer"; "We familiarized ourselves with the new surroundings"
cue, remind, prompt - assist (somebody acting or reciting) by suggesting the next words of something forgotten or imperfectly learned
volunteer - tell voluntarily; "He volunteered the information"
acquaint, introduce, present - cause to come to know personally; "permit me to acquaint you with my son"; "introduce the new neighbors to the community"
regret - express with regret; "I regret to say that you did not gain admission to Harvard"
point, indicate, designate, show - indicate a place, direction, person, or thing; either spatially or figuratively; "I showed the customer the glove section"; "He pointed to the empty parking space"; "he indicated his opponents"
indicate - to state or express briefly; "indicated his wishes in a letter"
suggest, indicate - suggest the necessity of an intervention; in medicine; "Tetracycline is indicated in such cases"
nark - inform or spy (for the police)
explain, explicate - make plain and comprehensible; "He explained the laws of physics to his students"
tell - let something be known; "Tell them that you will be late"
recount, narrate, tell, recite - narrate or give a detailed account of; "Tell what happened"; "The father told a story to his child"
narrate - provide commentary for a film, for example
report, describe, account - to give an account or representation of in words; "Discreet Italian police described it in a manner typically continental"
report - make known to the authorities; "One student reported the other to the principal"
report, cover - be responsible for reporting the details of, as in journalism; "Snow reported on China in the 1950's"; "The cub reporter covered New York City"
announce, denote - make known; make an announcement; "She denoted her feelings clearly"
disabuse - free somebody (from an erroneous belief)
remonstrate, point out - present and urge reasons in opposition
bear witness, evidence, testify, prove, show - provide evidence for; "The blood test showed that he was the father"; "Her behavior testified to her incompetence"
2.inform - give character or essence to; "The principles that inform modern teaching"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
3.inform - act as an informer; "She had informed on her own parents for years"
inform - impart knowledge of some fact, state or affairs, or event to; "I informed him of his rights"
evidence, tell - give evidence; "he was telling on all his former colleague"

inform

verb
1. tell, advise, let someone know, notify, brief, instruct, enlighten, acquaint, leak to, communicate to, fill someone in, keep someone posted, apprise, clue someone in (informal), put someone in the picture (informal), tip someone off, send word to, give someone to understand, make someone conversant (with) They would inform him of any progress they had made.
2. infuse, characterize, permeate, animate, saturate, typify, imbue, suffuse All great songs are informed by a certain sadness and tension.
inform on someone betray, report, denounce, shop (slang, chiefly Brit.), peach (slang), give someone away, incriminate, tell on (informal), blow the whistle on (informal), grass on (Brit. slang), double-cross (informal), rat on (informal), spill the beans on (informal), stab someone in the back, nark (Brit., Austral., & N.Z. slang), blab about, squeal on (slang), snitch on (slang), put the finger on (informal), sell someone down the river (informal), blow the gaff on (Brit. slang), tell all on, inculpate, dob someone in (Austral. & N.Z. informal) Somebody must have informed on us.
Proverbs
"Never tell tales out of school"

inform

verb
1. To impart information to:
2. To give incriminating information about others, especially to the authorities:
talk, tattle, tip (off).
Informal: fink.
Slang: rat, sing, snitch, squeal, stool.
Translations
يُبْلِغُ عَنْيُبْلِغ عَن، يوشييُخْبِر، يُعْلِم
informovatudávatdonášet
informeremeddeleoplyseangive
tiedottaa
obavijestiti
láta vita, tilkynnasegja til, bera vitni gegn
知らせる
알리다
informacijainformacijos arterijainformacinė technologijainformatoriusinformatyvus
denuncētinformētnosūdzētpaziņot
donášať
obvestiti
upplysa
แจ้งให้ทราบ
bildirmekbilgi vermekhaber vermekihbar etmek
thông báo

inform

[ɪnˈfɔːm]
A. VT (= give information) → informar, avisar; (= bring up to date) → poner al corriente
to inform sb about or of sthinformar a algn sobre or de algo
I am pleased to inform you thattengo el gusto de comunicarle que ...
keep me informedténgame or manténgame al corriente
why was I not informed?¿por qué no me informaron or avisaron?
to inform o.s. about sthinformarse sobre algo
see also well-informed
B. VIsoplar
to inform on or against sbdelatar or denunciar a algn

inform

[ɪnˈfɔːrm]
vt
(= tell) → informer
They will inform us if there are any new developments → Ils nous informeront s'il y a de nouveaux développements.
to inform sb of sth → informer qn de qch
Nobody informed me of the new plan → Personne ne m'a informé de ce nouveau projet.
to inform sb about sth → informer qn sur qch
to inform sb (that) → informer qn que
see also informed
(= influence) [idea, quality] [+ person, work] → façonner
a concept which continued to inform the poet's work → un concept qui continua à façonner l'œuvre du poète
All great songs are informed by a certain sadness
BUT Toutes les grandes chansons sont pétries d'une certaine tristesse.
vi
to inform on sb → dénoncer qn, informer la police sur qn

inform

vt
personinformieren (→ about über +acc), → unterrichten; to inform somebody of somethingjdn von etw unterrichten, jdn über etw informieren; to inform somebody (that) …jdn informieren, dass …; I am pleased to inform you that …ich freue mich, Ihnen mitteilen zu können or Sie davon in Kenntnis setzen zu können (form), → dass …; to inform the policedie Polizei verständigen or benachrichtigen or informieren; to keep somebody/oneself informedjdn/sich auf dem Laufenden halten (→ of über +acc); to inform oneself about somethingsich über etw (acc)informieren; until we are better informedbis wir Näheres wissen or besser Bescheid wissen or genauer informiert sind; she is better informed than most of her colleaguessie ist besser informiert als die meisten ihrer Kollegen; why was I not informed?warum wurde mir das nicht mitgeteilt?, warum wurde ich nicht (darüber) informiert?; I should like to be informed just as soon as he arrivesunterrichten Sie mich bitte sofort von seiner Ankunft, informieren Sie mich bitte sofort über seine Ankunft
(liter, = permeate) → durchdringen, erfüllen
vi to inform against or on somebodyjdn anzeigen or denunzieren (pej)

inform

[ɪnˈfɔːm]
1. vtinformare, avvertire
to inform sb about/of sth → informare or avvertire qn di qc
I am happy to inform you that → sono lieto di comunicarle che
keep me informed → tienimi informato
a well-informed person → una persona di cultura
2. vi to inform on sbdenunciare qn

inform

(inˈfoːm) verb
1. to tell; to give knowledge to. Please inform me of your intentions in this matter; I was informed that you were absent from the office.
2. (with against or on) to tell facts to eg the police about (a criminal etc). He informed against his fellow thieves.
inˈformant noun
someone who tells or informs. He passed on the news to us, but would not say who his informant had been.
ˌinforˈmation noun
facts told or knowledge gained or given. Can you give me any information about this writer?; the latest information on the progress of the war; He is full of interesting bits of information.
inˈformative (-mətiv) adjective
giving useful information. an informative book.
inˈformer noun
a person who informs against a criminal etc.
ˌinformation ˌsuperˈhighway noun
a fast computer channel through which information, pictures etc are sent from one computer to another.
inforˈmation techˌnology noun
the study and use of electronic systems and computers for storing, analysing and utilizing information.
information does not have a plural: some information ; any information .

inform

يُبْلِغُ عَنْ informovat informere informieren πληροφορώ informar tiedottaa informer obavijestiti informare 知らせる 알리다 informeren informere poinformować informar сообщать upplysa แจ้งให้ทราบ bilgi vermek thông báo 告知

inform

v. informar, comunicar, avisar.
References in classic literature ?
He instructed the black woman to go at once and inform Madame Lebrun that Mrs.
Men, women, and children; the aged, the inform, the active, and the strong, were alike abroad, some exclaiming aloud, others clapping their hands with a joy that seemed frantic, and all expressing their savage pleasure in some unexpected event.
This account of my adventures will inform the reader of the most remarkable events of this country.
Pyncheon did not see fit to inform the carpenter of the fact) they had secretly caused the wizard's grave to be searched.
Now Pearl knew well enough who made her, for Hester Prynne, the daughter of a pious home, very soon after her talk with the child about her Heavenly Father, had begun to inform her of those truths which the human spirit, at whatever stage of immaturity, imbibes with such eager interest.
The cabin-compass is called the tell-tale, because without going to the compass at the helm, the Captain, while below, can inform himself of the course of the ship.
Seven dollars, the man said; and that night came Jurgis, grim and determined, requesting that the agent would be good enough to inform him, once for all, as to all the expenses they were liable for.
At each end of the fireplace sat a long-legged gentleman, with his chair tipped back, his hat on his head, and the heels of his muddy boots reposing sublimely on the mantel-piece,--a position, we will inform our readers, decidedly favorable to the turn of reflection incident to western taverns, where travellers exhibit a decided preference for this particular mode of elevating their understandings.
Her chronicles inform us when her wild animals, but not when the wild man in her, became extinct.
There was no other way to inform myself perfectly of their everyday life and the operation of the laws upon it.
Baedeker requests all tourists to call his attention to any errors which they may find in his guide-books, I dropped him a line to inform him he missed it by just about three days.
From this time the subject was never revived by Elinor, and when entered on by Lucy, who seldom missed an opportunity of introducing it, and was particularly careful to inform her confidante, of her happiness whenever she received a letter from Edward, it was treated by the former with calmness and caution, and dismissed as soon as civility would allow; for she felt such conversations to be an indulgence which Lucy did not deserve, and which were dangerous to herself.