information


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in·for·ma·tion

 (ĭn′fər-mā′shən)
n.
1. Knowledge or facts learned, especially about a certain subject or event. See Synonyms at knowledge.
2. The act of informing or the condition of being informed; communication of knowledge: Safety instructions are provided for the information of our passengers.
3. Computers Processed, stored, or transmitted data.
4. A numerical measure of the uncertainty of an experimental outcome.
5. Law A formal accusation of a crime made by a public officer rather than by grand jury indictment in instances in which the offense, if a federal crime, is not a felony or in which the offense, if a state crime, is allowed prosecution in that manner rather than by indictment.

in′for·ma′tion·al adj.

information

(ˌɪnfəˈmeɪʃən)
n
1. knowledge acquired through experience or study
2. knowledge of specific and timely events or situations; news
3. the act of informing or the condition of being informed
4.
a. an office, agency, etc, providing information
b. (as modifier): information service.
5. (Law)
a. a charge or complaint made before justices of the peace, usually on oath, to institute summary criminal proceedings
b. a complaint filed on behalf of the Crown, usually by the attorney general
6. (Computer Science) computing
a. the meaning given to data by the way in which it is interpreted
b. another word for data2
7. too much information informal I don't want to hear any more
ˌinforˈmational adj

in•for•ma•tion

(ˌɪn fərˈmeɪ ʃən)

n.
1. knowledge communicated or received concerning a particular fact or circumstance.
2. knowledge gained through study, communication, research, etc.; data.
3. the act or fact of informing.
4. a service or employee whose function is to provide information to the public.
5. Law.
a. a formal criminal charge brought by a prosecuting officer rather than through the indictment of a grand jury.
b. the document containing the depositions of witnesses against one accused of a crime.
6. (in information theory) an indication of the number of possible choices of messages, expressible as the value of some monotonic function of the number of choices.
7. computer data at any stage of processing, as input, output, storage, or transmission.
[1350–1400]
in`for•ma′tion•al, adj.

information

1. Facts, data, or instructions in any medium or form.
2. The meaning that a human assigns to data by means of the known conventions used in their representation.

Information

 

get a line on To obtain knowledge about; to receive news of. In this expression, line often means an anticipated tidbit of information:

If you want to get a line on how she feels, she gave me a letter to give you … Here it is. (P. G. Wodehouse, Luck of Botkins, 1935)

The phrase is occasionally used by policemen or journalists to indicate a hot tip or lead obtained clandestinely.

get wind of To acquire advance information about something hitherto unknown; to get a hint of something about to happen. This expression is derived from the olfactory ability of animals to detect the airborne scent of other animals. The phrase often refers to the attainment of foreknowledge which warrants special action.

They retreated again, when they got wind that troops were assembling. (Princess Alice, Memoirs, 1866)

low-down The inside scoop; the bare facts. This common American colloquialism implies that the unadorned facts lie at the bottom of a situation.

One of the minions will … give me the official low-down on Fisher. Possible police record, etc. (M. Mackintosh, King and Two Queens, 1973)

scuttlebutt Gossip, hearsay; a vague, unconfirmed rumor; also, water-cooler talk. This expression originated in the United States Navy, where the scuttlebutt ‘water pail, drinking fountain’ was the scene of much idle chitchat. The expression was carried over to civilian life, where it describes office rumors, many of which are created around the water-cooler.

And worry about a slump, according to business scuttlebutt, is making some unions concentrate on share-the-job plans. (S. Dawson, AP wire story, March, 1953)

stable push The inside scoop; information from reliable or important people. This expression originated and is still virtually confined to the horse-racing world, where it refers to hot tips from knowledgeable people concerning a horse’s prospects for victory.

straw vote An opinion poll; an unofficial vote taken to ascertain the relative strength of political candidates or the general trend of opinion on a given issue. In the 19th and early 20th centuries in the United States, informal polls were taken by handing out a piece of straw to each of the voters who would break the straw to signify a “nay” vote, or leave it intact to signify approval.

Straw votes, which have recently been taken in the New York State campaign, indicate that Mr. Hearst will be badly beaten. {Daily Chronicle, October 24, 1906)

A somewhat cynical evaluation of the validity of a straw vote was once offered by O. Henry in Rolling Stones (1913):

A straw vote only shows which way the hot air blows.

white paper A government bulletin which establishes the official position on a specific topic. This term is derived from the white binding of such publications. The expression is commonly used in the United States and Great Britain for the vast number of government reports released to the public.

information

news
1. 'information'

Information is facts that you learn or discover.

You can get more information about our products on our website.

Be Careful!
Information is an uncountable noun. Don't say 'an information or 'informations'. You can say a piece of information.

I found out an interesting piece of information.

You give people information.

She gave me some useful information.

Be Careful!
Use give, not 'tell'. Don't say 'She told me some useful information.'

You refer to information about something or on something.

We don't have any information about him.
I'm looking for information on the history of the town.
2. 'news'

Don't use 'information' to refer to descriptions of recent events in newspapers or on television or radio. Use news.

Our town was in the news when it was visited by the Pope.
The story was on the news this evening.
See news
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.information - a message received and understoodinformation - a message received and understood  
ammunition - information that can be used to attack or defend a claim or argument or viewpoint; "his admission provided ammunition for his critics"
factoid - something resembling a fact; unverified (often invented) information that is given credibility because it appeared in print
subject matter, content, message, substance - what a communication that is about something is about
misinformation - information that is incorrect
material - information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished form; "the archives provided rich material for a definitive biography"
details, inside information - true confidential information; "after the trial he gave us the real details"
fact - a statement or assertion of verified information about something that is the case or has happened; "he supported his argument with an impressive array of facts"
data format, data formatting, format, formatting - the organization of information according to preset specifications (usually for computer processing)
gen - informal term for information; "give me the gen on your new line of computers"
database - an organized body of related information
news, tidings, word, intelligence - information about recent and important events; "they awaited news of the outcome"
news - informal information of any kind that is not previously known to someone; "it was news to me"
nuts and bolts - detailed practical information about how something works or how something can be accomplished
intelligence information, intelligence - secret information about an enemy (or potential enemy); "we sent out planes to gather intelligence on their radar coverage"
confirmation - information that confirms or verifies
insider information - important information about the plans or condition of a corporation that has not been released to the public; use for personal profit is illegal
arcanum, secret - information known only to a special group; "the secret of Cajun cooking"
secret - something that should remain hidden from others (especially information that is not to be passed on); "the combination to the safe was a secret"; "he tried to keep his drinking a secret"
propaganda - information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause
course of study, curriculum, syllabus, programme, program - an integrated course of academic studies; "he was admitted to a new program at the university"
news - information reported in a newspaper or news magazine; "the news of my death was greatly exaggerated"
evidence - (law) all the means by which any alleged matter of fact whose truth is investigated at judicial trial is established or disproved
readout, read-out - the information displayed or recorded on an electronic device
tabular matter, tabulation - information set out in tabular form
skinny - confidential information about a topic or person; "he wanted the inside skinny on the new partner"
stuff - information in some unspecified form; "it was stuff I had heard before"; "there's good stuff in that book"
report card, report - a written evaluation of a student's scholarship and deportment; "his father signed his report card"
2.information - knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction
cognition, knowledge, noesis - the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning
data point, datum - an item of factual information derived from measurement or research
acquaintance, conversance, conversancy, familiarity - personal knowledge or information about someone or something
fact - a piece of information about circumstances that exist or events that have occurred; "first you must collect all the facts of the case"
example, instance, illustration, representative - an item of information that is typical of a class or group; "this patient provides a typical example of the syndrome"; "there is an example on page 10"
consideration, circumstance, condition - information that should be kept in mind when making a decision; "another consideration is the time it would take"
background knowledge, background - information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem; "the embassy filled him in on the background of the incident"
descriptor - a piece of stored information that is used to identify an item in an information storage and retrieval system
evidence, grounds - your basis for belief or disbelief; knowledge on which to base belief; "the evidence that smoking causes lung cancer is very compelling"
predictor - information that supports a probabilistic estimate of future events; "the weekly bulletin contains several predictors of mutual fund performance"
tip-off - inside information that something is going to happen
stimulant, stimulus, stimulation, input - any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action
3.information - formal accusation of a crime
accusal, accusation - a formal charge of wrongdoing brought against a person; the act of imputing blame or guilt
4.information - a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawninformation - a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn; "statistical data"
aggregation, collection, accumulation, assemblage - several things grouped together or considered as a whole
accounting data - all the data (ledgers and journals and spreadsheets) that support a financial statement; can be hard copy or machine readable
metadata - data about data; "a library catalog is metadata because it describes publications"
raw data - unanalyzed data; data not yet subjected to analysis
5.information - (communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty of an outcome; "the signal contained thousands of bits of information"
communication theory, communications - the discipline that studies the principles of transmiting information and the methods by which it is delivered (as print or radio or television etc.); "communications is his major field of study"
information measure - a system of measurement of information based on the probabilities of the events that convey information

information

noun facts, details, material, news, latest (informal), report, word, message, notice, advice, knowledge, data, intelligence, instruction, counsel, the score (informal), gen (Brit. informal), dope (informal), info (informal), inside story, blurb, lowdown (informal), tidings, drum (Austral. informal) They refused to give us any information about her.

information

noun
1. That which is known; the sum of what has been perceived, discovered, or inferred:
2. That which is known about a specific subject or situation:
data, fact (used in plural), intelligence, knowledge, lore.
Translations
مَعلوماتمَعْلُومَاتٌ
informacevědomost
informationoplysning
tieto
informacija
információ
upplÿsingar
知識
정보
informacijapodatek
information
ข้อมูล
thông tin

information

[ˌɪnfəˈmeɪʃən]
A. Ninformación f; (= knowledge) → conocimientos mpl
a piece of informationun dato
"information"información
to ask for informationpedir información
to gather information about or on sthreunir información sobre algo, informarse sobre algo
to give sb information about or on sth/sbproporcionar información a algn sobre algo/algn
who gave you this information?¿quién le dio esta información?
we weren't given enough information about the risks involvedno nos informaron suficientemente sobre los riesgos que entrañaba
we have no information on that pointno tenemos información sobre ese particular
for your informationpara su información
for your information, I asked him to come!para que te enteres, ¡le pedí que viniera!
B. CPD information bureau Noficina f de información
information desk Ninformación f
information office N = information bureau information pack N (Brit) → material m informativo
information processing Nprocesamiento m de la información
information retrieval Nrecuperación f de la información
information science Ninformática f, gestión f de la información
information service Nservicio m de información
information superhighway Nsuperautopista f de la información
information technology Ninformática f
information theory Nteoría f de la información

information

[ˌɪnfərˈmeɪʃən] n (= facts) → information f, informations fpl
For further information, contact this number → Pour plus d'informations, appelez ce numéro., Pour plus d'information, appelez ce numéro.
Pat refused to give her any information about Sarah → Pat refusa de lui donner la moindre information sur Sarah.
BUT Pat refusa de lui donner le moindre renseignement sur Sarah.
Where did he get his information from? → D'où tient-il ses informations ?
sensitive information → informations sensibles
Could you give me some information about trains to Paris?
BUT Pourriez-vous me renseigner sur les trains pour Paris?.
The police are asking for anybody with information to come forward → La police demande à toute personne en possession d'informations de se faire connaître.
to get information on sth → se renseigner sur qch, obtenir des informations sur qch
a piece of information → une information
We will be looking at every piece of information we receive → Nous examinerons chacune des informations que nous recevrons.
for your information, ... → pour votre information, ...information bureau nbureau m des renseignementsinformation centre ncentre m d'informationinformation desk nbureau m des renseignements, accueil minformation gathering ncollecte f de l'informationinformation highway n
the information highway → l'autoroute f de l'informationinformation office nbureau m des renseignementsinformation overload nsurinformation finformation pack n (British)documentation finformation processing ntraitement m de l'informationinformation retrieval nextraction f de l'informationinformation service nservice m d'informationinformation superhighway nautoroute f de l'informationinformation technology
ntechnologie f de l'information
modif [sector] → de la technologie de l'information; [system] → de technologie de l'information
the information technology industry → l'industrie de la technologie de l'information

information

n
Auskunft f, → Informationen pl; a piece of informationeine Auskunft or Information; for your informationzu Ihrer Information or Kenntnisnahme (form); (indignantly) → damit Sie es wissen; his information on the subject is most extensivesein Wissen auf diesem Gebiet ist äußerst umfassend; to give somebody information about or on somebody/somethingjdm Auskunft or Informationen über jdn/etw geben; to get information about or on somebody/somethingsich über jdn/etw informieren, über jdn/etw Erkundigungen einziehen; to ask for information on or about somebody/somethingum Auskunft or Informationen über jdn/etw bitten; “information”„Auskunft“; I have information that they will be arriving todaymir liegen Informationen darüber vor, dass sie heute ankommen; we have no information about thatwir wissen darüber nicht Bescheid; my information is that he is unreliablesoweit ich informiert bin, ist er unzuverlässig; until further information is availablebevor wir nichts Näheres wissen; for further information please contact this number …Näheres erfahren Sie unter Telefonnummer; what information do we have on Kowalsky?welche Informationen besitzen wir über Kowalsky?; where did you get your information?woher haben Sie diese Kenntnisse or Informationen?; detailed informationEinzelheiten pl
(Comput: = information content) → Information f; information fatigue syndrome durch Informationsflut bedingtes Ermüdungssyndrom

information

:
information bulletin
nMitteilungsblatt nt
information bureau
nAuskunft (→ sbüro nt) f, → Verkehrsbüro nt
information content
nInformationsgehalt m
information desk
information exchange
information highway
n (Comput) → Datenautobahn f
information officer
nAuskunftsbeamte(r) m/-beamtin f
information pack
information processing
information question
n (Ling) → Ergänzungsfrage f
information retrieval
nInformations- or Datenabruf m
information sciences
plInformatik f
information scientist
nInformatiker(in) m(f)
information storage
nDatenspeicherung f
information superhighway
information technology
information theory

information

[ˌɪnfəˈmeɪʃn] n information (about or on)informazioni fpl (riguardo a or su)
a piece of information → un'informazione
to give sb information about or on sb/sth → dare a qn informazioni su qn/qc
to get information on → informarsi su
for your information (on document) → a titolo d'informazione (fam, iro) → per tua norma e regola

inform

(inˈfoːm) verb
1. to tell; to give knowledge to. Please inform me of your intentions in this matter; I was informed that you were absent from the office.
2. (with against or on) to tell facts to eg the police about (a criminal etc). He informed against his fellow thieves.
inˈformant noun
someone who tells or informs. He passed on the news to us, but would not say who his informant had been.
ˌinforˈmation noun
facts told or knowledge gained or given. Can you give me any information about this writer?; the latest information on the progress of the war; He is full of interesting bits of information.
inˈformative (-mətiv) adjective
giving useful information. an informative book.
inˈformer noun
a person who informs against a criminal etc.
ˌinformation ˌsuperˈhighway noun
a fast computer channel through which information, pictures etc are sent from one computer to another.
inforˈmation techˌnology noun
the study and use of electronic systems and computers for storing, analysing and utilizing information.
information does not have a plural: some information ; any information .

information

مَعْلُومَاتٌ informace information Information πληροφορία información tieto information informacija informazioni 知識 정보 informatie informasjon informacja informação информация information ข้อมูล bilgi thông tin 信息

in·for·ma·tion

n. información; informe.

information

n información f
References in classic literature ?
You see I'm going to imbibe my information by the deductive rather than the excavative process," he added with a laugh.
They hated Krajiek, but they clung to him because he was the only human being with whom they could talk or from whom they could get information.
Pontellier returned to his wife with the information that Raoul had a high fever and needed looking after.
It is believed that the scene of this tale, and most of the information necessary to understand its allusions, are rendered sufficiently obvious to the reader in the text itself, or in the accompanying notes.
Yet, in consideration of Miss Hepzibah's recluse way of life, a letter had actually been written and despatched, conveying information of Phoebe's projected visit.
At all events, if it involved any secret information in regard to old Roger Chillingworth, it was in a tongue unknown to the erudite clergyman, and did but increase the bewilderment of his mind.
For, as it eventually turned out, he cared not to consort, even for five minutes, with any stranger captain, except he could contribute some of that information he so absorbingly sought.
This information is definite and suited to the matter of fact; but how pitifully inadequate it would have seemed to one who understood that it was also the supreme hour of ecstasy in the life of one of God's gentlest creatures, the scene of the wedding feast and the joy-transfiguration of little Ona Lukoszaite!
He had, however, speculated largely and quite loosely; had involved himself deeply, and his notes to a large amount had come into the hands of Haley; and this small piece of information is the key to the preceding conversation.
Being the whole Seventh Cavalry's reptile, he doesn't belong to anybody in particular, and hasn't any military duties; so he comes and goes as he pleases, and is popular with all the house cats and other authentic sources of private information.
See Appendix D for information concerning this fearful tongue.
After another civil speech about the information I had procured at Brighton, she hinted that there was a necessity for pushing our inquiries a little further.

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