information processing system


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Noun1.information processing system - a machine for performing calculations automaticallyinformation processing system - a machine for performing calculations automatically
interconnection - (computer science) the act of interconnecting (wires or computers or theories etc.)
analog computer, analogue computer - a computer that represents information by variable quantities (e.g., positions or voltages)
busbar, bus - an electrical conductor that makes a common connection between several circuits; "the busbar in this computer can transmit data either way between any two components of the system"
cathode-ray tube, CRT - a vacuum tube in which a hot cathode emits a beam of electrons that pass through a high voltage anode and are focused or deflected before hitting a phosphorescent screen
C.P.U., central processing unit, central processor, CPU, mainframe, processor - (computer science) the part of a computer (a microprocessor chip) that does most of the data processing; "the CPU and the memory form the central part of a computer to which the peripherals are attached"
micro chip, microchip, microprocessor chip, silicon chip, chip - electronic equipment consisting of a small crystal of a silicon semiconductor fabricated to carry out a number of electronic functions in an integrated circuit
computer accessory - an accessory for a computer; "when you add in all the computer accessories you are going to need the computer gets pretty expensive"
computer circuit - a circuit that is part of a computer
console - a scientific instrument consisting of displays and an input device that an operator can use to monitor and control a system (especially a computer system)
data converter - converter for changing information from one code to another
digital computer - a computer that represents information by numerical (binary) digits
disk cache - a cache that stores copies of frequently used disk sectors in random access memory (RAM) so they can be read without accessing the slower disk
diskette, floppy, floppy disk - a small plastic magnetic disk enclosed in a stiff envelope with a radial slit; used to store data or programs for a microcomputer; "floppy disks are noted for their relatively slow speed and small capacity and low price"
faceplate - a protective covering for the front of a machine or device (as a door lock or computer component)
computer hardware, hardware - (computer science) the mechanical, magnetic, electronic, and electrical components making up a computer system
home computer - a computer intended for use in the home
keyboard - device consisting of a set of keys on a piano or organ or typewriter or typesetting machine or computer or the like
machine - any mechanical or electrical device that transmits or modifies energy to perform or assist in the performance of human tasks
computer memory, computer storage, memory board, store, memory, storage - an electronic memory device; "a memory and the CPU form the central part of a computer to which peripherals are attached"
module - computer circuit consisting of an assembly of electronic components (as of computer hardware)
monitoring device, monitor - display produced by a device that takes signals and displays them on a television screen or a computer monitor
client, guest, node - (computer science) any computer that is hooked up to a computer network
number cruncher - a computer capable of performing a large number of mathematical operations per second
pari-mutuel machine, totalisator, totaliser, totalizator, totalizer - computer that registers bets and divides the total amount bet among those who won
computer peripheral, peripheral, peripheral device - (computer science) electronic equipment connected by cable to the CPU of a computer; "disk drives and printers are important peripherals"
platform - the combination of a particular computer and a particular operating system
plotter - an instrument (usually driven by a computer) for drawing graphs or pictures
predictor - a computer for controlling antiaircraft fire that computes the position of an aircraft at the instant of a shell's arrival
scratchpad - (computer science) a high-speed internal memory used for temporary storage of preliminary information
server, host - (computer science) a computer that provides client stations with access to files and printers as shared resources to a computer network
expansion slot, slot - (computer) a socket in a microcomputer that will accept a plug-in circuit board; "the PC had three slots for additional memory"
throughput - output relative to input; the amount passing through a system from input to output (especially of a computer program over a period of time)
Turing machine - a hypothetical computer with an infinitely long memory tape
VDU, visual display unit - (British) British term for video display
References in periodicals archive ?
In introducing the modern theory of neural information processing systems, Coolen and his coauthors (King's College, London) cover the basic principles of neural networks, advanced networks in learning, information theory and its applications to neural networks, and non-equilibrium and equilibrium statistical mechanical techniques.
Ryoka Systems was established in 1970 to provide and support Mitsubishi Kasei Corporation (currently Mitsubishi Chemical Company) with information processing systems.
Such studies are crucial for determining the role of decoherence in quantum information processing systems.

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