inherited disease


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to inherited disease: genetic disease, Hereditary diseases, Autosomal disease, Genetic disorders
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.inherited disease - a disease or disorder that is inherited geneticallyinherited disease - a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
disease - an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
monogenic disease, monogenic disorder - an inherited disease controlled by a single pair of genes
polygenic disease, polygenic disorder - an inherited disease controlled by several genes at once
achondroplasia, achondroplasty, chondrodystrophy, osteosclerosis congenita - an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth; cartilage is converted to bone resulting in dwarfism
abetalipoproteinemia - a rare inherited disorder of fat metabolism; characterized by severe deficiency of beta-lipoproteins and abnormal red blood cells (acanthocytes) and abnormally low cholesterol levels
inborn error of metabolism - any of a number of diseases in which an inherited defect (usually a missing or inadequate enzyme) results in an abnormality of metabolism
congenital megacolon, Hirschsprung's disease - congenital condition in which the colon does not have the normal network of nerves; there is little urge to defecate so the feces accumulate and cause megacolon
mucopolysaccharidosis - any of a group of genetic disorders involving a defect in the metabolism of mucopolysaccharides resulting in greater than normal levels of mucopolysaccharides in tissues
hyperbetalipoproteinemia - a genetic disorder characterized by high levels of beta-lipoproteins and cholesterol; can lead to atherosclerosis at an early age
ichthyosis - any of several congenital diseases in which the skin is dry and scaly like a fish
branched chain ketoaciduria, maple syrup urine disease - an inherited disorder of metabolism in which the urine has a odor characteristic of maple syrup; if untreated it can lead to mental retardation and death in early childhood
McArdle's disease - an inherited disease in which abnormal amounts of glycogen accumulate in skeletal muscle; results in weakness and cramping
dystrophy, muscular dystrophy - any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles
oligodactyly - congenital condition in which some fingers or toes are missing
oligodontia - congenital condition in which some of the teeth are missing
otosclerosis - hereditary disorder in which ossification of the labyrinth of the inner ear causes tinnitus and eventual deafness
autosomal dominant disease, autosomal dominant disorder - a disease caused by a dominant mutant gene on an autosome
autosomal recessive defect, autosomal recessive disease - a disease caused by the presence of two recessive mutant genes on an autosome
congenital pancytopenia, Fanconi's anaemia, Fanconi's anemia - a rare congenital anemia characterized by pancytopenia and hypoplasia of the bone marrow
juvenile amaurotic idiocy, Spielmeyer-Vogt disease - a congenital progressive disorder of lipid metabolism having an onset at age 5 and characterized by blindness and dementia and early death
congenital afibrinogenemia - a rare congenital disorder of blood coagulation in which no fibrinogen is found in the blood plasma
Albers-Schonberg disease, marble bones disease, osteopetrosis - an inherited disorder characterized by an increase in bone density; in severe forms the bone marrow cavity may be obliterated
nevoid elephantiasis, pachyderma - thickening of the skin (usually unilateral on an extremity) caused by congenital enlargement of lymph vessel and lymph vessel obstruction
dwarfism, nanism - a genetic abnormality resulting in short stature
lactase deficiency, lactose intolerance, milk intolerance - congenital disorder consisting of an inability to digest milk and milk products; absence or deficiency of lactase results in an inability to hydrolyze lactose
porphyria - a genetic abnormality of metabolism causing abdominal pains and mental confusion
hepatolenticular degeneration, Wilson's disease - a rare inherited disorder of copper metabolism; copper accumulates in the liver and then in the red blood cells and brain
References in periodicals archive ?
The DNA from whole-blood samples obtained from five men and seven women without any known inherited disease risk was sequenced by commonly used platforms (all 12 at Illumina, with confirmatory sequencing performed for 9 of the participants by Complete Genomics).
Kalydeco has been hailed for targeting the underlying cause of the inherited disease for those with a specific genetic make-up.
EXPERTS in the North East have developed a pioneering test that will make diagnosing an inherited disease quicker.
Doctors have long known that fasting exacerbates porphyria, an inherited disease marked by psychotic episodes.
Friedreich's Ataxia, a spinocerebellar degeneration, is an inherited disease that causes progressive damage to the nervous system, resulting in muscle weakness, speech problems and heart disease.
Several years ago, I was diagnosed with polycystic kidney disease (an inherited disease that eventually causes kidney failure).
In humans, prion diseases can occur as a sporadic or inherited disease, or as a result of iatrogenic transmission.
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an inherited disease that causes progressive muscle deterioration and weakness.
The Metabolic and Molecular Bases of Inherited Disease.
Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease that affects the vital organs in the body, especially the lungs and pancreas, by clogging them with mucus.
If MS isn't an inherited disease, why are medical scientists looking for MS genes?
The film's story line pairs the experiences of two couples - Claude and Anne, who marry in spite of Claude's susceptibility to an inherited disease and against their doctor's advice, and Miriam and Tom, who refrain from marriage because of Miriam's fear she has inherited epilepsy.

Full browser ?