inhibit


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in·hib·it

 (ĭn-hĭb′ĭt)
tr.v. in·hib·it·ed, in·hib·it·ing, in·hib·its
1.
a. To hold back; restrain: barricades that inhibited the movement of the crowd; a lack of knowledge that inhibited his inclination to ask questions. See Synonyms at restrain.
b. To cause (a person) to behave in a restrained or self-conscious way: He felt inhibited by the presence of so many famous people.
c. Psychology To suppress or restrain (behavior, an impulse, or a desire) consciously or unconsciously.
2.
a. Chemistry To prevent or decrease the rate of (a reaction).
b. Biology To decrease, limit, or block the action or function of (an enzyme or organ, for example).
3. To prohibit (an ecclesiastic) from performing clerical duties.

[Middle English inhibiten, to forbid, from Latin inhibēre, inhibit-, to restrain, forbid : in-, in; see in-2 + habēre, to hold; see ghabh- in Indo-European roots.]

in·hib′it·a·ble adj.
in·hib′i·tive, in·hib′i·to′ry (-tôr′ē) adj.

inhibit

(ɪnˈhɪbɪt)
vb (tr) , -its, -iting or -ited
1. to restrain or hinder (an impulse, a desire, etc)
2. to prohibit; forbid
3. (Chemistry) to stop, prevent, or decrease the rate of (a chemical reaction)
4. (Electronics) electronics
a. to prevent the occurrence of (a particular signal) in a circuit
b. to prevent the performance of (a particular operation)
[C15: from Latin inhibēre to restrain, from in-2 + habēre to have]
inˈhibitable adj
inˈhibitive, inˈhibitory adj

in•hib•it

(ɪnˈhɪb ɪt)

v.t.
1. to restrain, hinder, arrest, or check (an action, impulse, etc.).
2. to prohibit; forbid.
3. to suppress or restrain from free expression, as of socially unacceptable behavior.
[1425–75; late Middle English < Latin inhibēre to restrain =in- in-2 + habēre to have, hold]
in•hib′it•a•ble, adj.
in•hib′i•to`ry, in•hib′i•tive, adj.

inhibit


Past participle: inhibited
Gerund: inhibiting

Imperative
inhibit
inhibit
Present
I inhibit
you inhibit
he/she/it inhibits
we inhibit
you inhibit
they inhibit
Preterite
I inhibited
you inhibited
he/she/it inhibited
we inhibited
you inhibited
they inhibited
Present Continuous
I am inhibiting
you are inhibiting
he/she/it is inhibiting
we are inhibiting
you are inhibiting
they are inhibiting
Present Perfect
I have inhibited
you have inhibited
he/she/it has inhibited
we have inhibited
you have inhibited
they have inhibited
Past Continuous
I was inhibiting
you were inhibiting
he/she/it was inhibiting
we were inhibiting
you were inhibiting
they were inhibiting
Past Perfect
I had inhibited
you had inhibited
he/she/it had inhibited
we had inhibited
you had inhibited
they had inhibited
Future
I will inhibit
you will inhibit
he/she/it will inhibit
we will inhibit
you will inhibit
they will inhibit
Future Perfect
I will have inhibited
you will have inhibited
he/she/it will have inhibited
we will have inhibited
you will have inhibited
they will have inhibited
Future Continuous
I will be inhibiting
you will be inhibiting
he/she/it will be inhibiting
we will be inhibiting
you will be inhibiting
they will be inhibiting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been inhibiting
you have been inhibiting
he/she/it has been inhibiting
we have been inhibiting
you have been inhibiting
they have been inhibiting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been inhibiting
you will have been inhibiting
he/she/it will have been inhibiting
we will have been inhibiting
you will have been inhibiting
they will have been inhibiting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been inhibiting
you had been inhibiting
he/she/it had been inhibiting
we had been inhibiting
you had been inhibiting
they had been inhibiting
Conditional
I would inhibit
you would inhibit
he/she/it would inhibit
we would inhibit
you would inhibit
they would inhibit
Past Conditional
I would have inhibited
you would have inhibited
he/she/it would have inhibited
we would have inhibited
you would have inhibited
they would have inhibited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.inhibit - to put down by force or authority; "suppress a nascent uprising"; "stamp down on littering"; "conquer one's desires"
blink away, blink, wink - force to go away by blinking; "blink away tears"
dampen, stifle - smother or suppress; "Stifle your curiosity"
choke back, choke down, choke off - suppress; "He choked down his rage"
silence, still, hush, hush up, quieten, shut up - cause to be quiet or not talk; "Please silence the children in the church!"
burke - get rid of, silence, or suppress; "burke an issue"
silence - keep from expression, for example by threats or pressure; "All dissenters were silenced when the dictator assumed power"
quell, squelch, quench - suppress or crush completely; "squelch any sign of dissent"; "quench a rebellion"
muffle, stifle, strangle, repress, smother - conceal or hide; "smother a yawn"; "muffle one's anger"; "strangle a yawn"
curb, hold in, control, moderate, contain, check, hold - lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; "moderate your alcohol intake"; "hold your tongue"; "hold your temper"; "control your anger"
2.inhibit - limit the range or extent of; "Contact between the young was inhibited by strict social customs"
confine, limit, throttle, trammel, restrain, restrict, bound - place limits on (extent or access); "restrict the use of this parking lot"; "limit the time you can spend with your friends"
3.inhibit - limit, block, or decrease the action or function of; "inhibit the action of the enzyme"; "inhibit the rate of a chemical reaction"
biological science, biology - the science that studies living organisms
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
hinder, impede - be a hindrance or obstacle to; "She is impeding the progress of our project"
4.inhibit - control and refrain from showing; of emotions, desires, impulses, or behavior
keep back, restrain, hold back, keep - keep under control; keep in check; "suppress a smile"; "Keep your temper"; "keep your cool"
quench - electronics: suppress (sparking) when the current is cut off in an inductive circuit, or suppress (an oscillation or discharge) in a component or device
choke - check or slow down the action or effect of; "She choked her anger"

inhibit

verb
1. hinder, stop, prevent, check, bar, arrest, frustrate, curb, restrain, constrain, obstruct, impede, bridle, stem the flow of, throw a spanner in the works of, hold back or in Sugary drinks inhibit digestion.
hinder allow, further, encourage, enable, permit
2. prevent, stop, bar, frustrate, forbid, prohibit, debar The poor will be inhibited from getting the medical care they need.
prevent support, let, allow, encourage, enable, permit, abet

inhibit

verb
1. To control, restrict, or arrest:
2. To check the freedom and spontaneity of:
Translations
يَمْنَع، يُعيق، يَكْبَح
bránitpotlačit
forhindrehæmme
estäärajoittaa
akadályozgátol
hindra, aftra
制止する抑制する抑止する阻止する
užsidaręsvaržtaivaržymas
apvaldītkavētnomākt
hämma
engellemek
перешкоджати

inhibit

[ɪnˈhɪbɪt] VT (= check) → inhibir, reprimir; (= prevent) → impedir
to inhibit sb from doing sthimpedir a algn hacer algo
don't let my presence inhibit the discussionno quiero que mi presencia detenga la discusión
we cannot inhibit progressno podemos reprimir el progreso

inhibit

[ɪnˈhɪbɪt] vt
(= restrict) [+ growth, development, process, ability] → inhiber
(= discourage) [+ person] → inhiber
to inhibit sb from doing sth → désinciter qn à faire qch

inhibit

vthemmen (also Psych, Sci); ability, performancebeeinträchtigen; to inhibit somebody from doing somethingjdn daran hindern, etw zu tun; don’t let me inhibit youhaben Sie meinetwegen keine Hemmungen; don’t let my presence inhibit the discussionlassen Sie sich durch meine Anwesenheit in Ihrer Diskussion nicht stören

inhibit

[ɪnˈhɪbɪt] vtinibire
to inhibit sb from doing sth → impedire a qn di fare qc

inhibit

(inˈhibit) verb
to stop or hinder (eg someone from doing something).
inˈhibited adjective
unable to relax and express one's feelings in an open and natural way.
inhibition (iniˈbiʃən) noun

in·hib·it

v. inhibir; inhibirse, cohibirse.

inhibit

vt inhibir
References in classic literature ?
The life was a new and alluring one, and in addition he had a sorrow in his breast and a great longing which he knew could never be fulfilled, and so he sought in study and in dissipation--the two extremes--to forget the past and inhibit contemplation of the future.
In this case our ordinary system of habits--those which we call expressive of our 'real selves'-- inhibit or quench (keep inactive or partially inactive) those habits and instinctive tendencies which belong largely in the past"(p.
This "internal antioxidant defense system" is necessary for the elimination of the free radicals produced by oxidative stress, resulting in tangible health benefits, including helping protect cellular DNA from oxidative stress, inhibit photo-oxidative stress in the sun-sensitive, inhibit lactic acid accumulation under exercise, help restore normal levels of SOD, and positively affect other significant markers of oxidative stress.
For example, Cd(II), Cu(II), Co(II), and Ni(II) inhibit (at concentrations [greater than or equal to] 200 [micro]M) the in vitro DNA-binding activity of the human xeroderma pigmentosum group A protein, a critical damage recognition factor in nucleotide excision repair (Asmuss et al.
Past studies indicated that aspirin and related anti-inflammatory drugs, which broadly inhibit cyclooxygenase enzymes, and drugs such as celecoxib (Celebrex) and rofecoxib (Vioxx), which selectively block COX-2 production, can prevent or stop certain cancers from growing.
Virotech scientists originally theorized that this compound would principally inhibit viral activity within macrophages (one form of the body's own defense cells), however, after testing against HIV, it was found the not only did this new drug inhibit viral activity with macrophages, but similarly, it inhibited the viral activity within lymphocytes (OM-10.
The researchers estimate that a single four-ounce glass of red wine daily could provide enough procyanidin B dimers to inhibit aromatase activity in the average postmenopausal woman.
In the new study, Nukina and his colleagues screened more than 200 compounds for their capacity to inhibit aggregation of proteins containing extra glutamines.
4] on the phosphoryation of threonine (Thr) residues of eNOS, which would inhibit its enzymatic activity.
This creates a continuous protective environment to inhibit the growth of microorganisms.
Zheng and his team suggest that when rapamycin inhibits TOR, it works by eliciting a number 'of responses such as those of stress and starvation.
3+] at a concentration of 25 [micro]M did not inhibit SNP-induced relaxation but did inhibit acetylcholine-induced relaxation, suggesting that 25 [micro]M [As.