initial


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initial
detail of an illuminated manuscript

in·i·tial

 (ĭ-nĭsh′əl)
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or occurring at the beginning; first: took the initial step toward peace.
2. Designating the first letter or letters of a word.
n.
1.
a. The first letter of a proper name.
b. initials The first letter of each word of a person's full name considered as a unit: stationery monogrammed with her initials.
2. The first letter of a word.
3. A large, often highly decorated letter set at the beginning of a chapter, verse, or paragraph.
tr.v. in·i·tialed, in·i·tial·ing, in·i·tials also in·i·tialled or in·i·tial·ling
To mark or sign with initials, especially for purposes of authorization or approval.

[Latin initiālis, from initium, beginning; see ei- in Indo-European roots.]

in·i′tial·ly adv.

initial

(ɪˈnɪʃəl)
adj
of, at, or concerning the beginning
n
1. the first letter of a word, esp a person's name
2. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) printing a large sometimes highly decorated letter set at the beginning of a chapter or work
3. (Botany) botany a cell from which tissues and organs develop by division and differentiation; a meristematic cell
vb, -tials, -tialling or -tialled, -tials, -tialing or -tialed
(tr) to sign with one's initials, esp to indicate approval; endorse
[C16: from Latin initiālis of the beginning, from initium beginning, literally: an entering upon, from inīre to go in, from in-2 + īre to go]
inˈitialer, inˈitialler n
inˈitially adv

in•i•tial

(ɪˈnɪʃ əl)

adj., n., v. -tialed, -tial•ing (esp. Brit.) -tialled, -tial•ling. adj.
1. of, pertaining to, or occurring at the beginning; first: the initial step in a process.
n.
2. an initial letter, as of a word.
3. the first letter of a proper name.
4. a large, often ornamental letter used at the beginning of a chapter or other division of a book or manuscript.
v.t.
5. to mark or sign with an initial or the initials of one's name, esp. as a token of approval.
[1520–30; < Latin initiālis, derivative of initi(um) beginning, derivative of inīre to enter, begin =in- in-2 + īre to go]
in•i′tial•er, n.
in•i′tial•ly, adv.

initial


Past participle: initialled
Gerund: initialling

Imperative
initial
initial
Present
I initial
you initial
he/she/it initials
we initial
you initial
they initial
Preterite
I initialled
you initialled
he/she/it initialled
we initialled
you initialled
they initialled
Present Continuous
I am initialling
you are initialling
he/she/it is initialling
we are initialling
you are initialling
they are initialling
Present Perfect
I have initialled
you have initialled
he/she/it has initialled
we have initialled
you have initialled
they have initialled
Past Continuous
I was initialling
you were initialling
he/she/it was initialling
we were initialling
you were initialling
they were initialling
Past Perfect
I had initialled
you had initialled
he/she/it had initialled
we had initialled
you had initialled
they had initialled
Future
I will initial
you will initial
he/she/it will initial
we will initial
you will initial
they will initial
Future Perfect
I will have initialled
you will have initialled
he/she/it will have initialled
we will have initialled
you will have initialled
they will have initialled
Future Continuous
I will be initialling
you will be initialling
he/she/it will be initialling
we will be initialling
you will be initialling
they will be initialling
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been initialling
you have been initialling
he/she/it has been initialling
we have been initialling
you have been initialling
they have been initialling
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been initialling
you will have been initialling
he/she/it will have been initialling
we will have been initialling
you will have been initialling
they will have been initialling
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been initialling
you had been initialling
he/she/it had been initialling
we had been initialling
you had been initialling
they had been initialling
Conditional
I would initial
you would initial
he/she/it would initial
we would initial
you would initial
they would initial
Past Conditional
I would have initialled
you would have initialled
he/she/it would have initialled
we would have initialled
you would have initialled
they would have initialled
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.initial - the first letter of a word (especially a person's name)initial - the first letter of a word (especially a person's name); "he refused to put the initials FRS after his name"
alphabetic character, letter of the alphabet, letter - the conventional characters of the alphabet used to represent speech; "his grandmother taught him his letters"
Verb1.initial - mark with one's initials
sign - be engaged by a written agreement; "He signed to play the casino on Dec. 18"; "The soprano signed to sing the new opera"
Adj.1.initial - occurring at the beginning; "took the initial step toward reconciliation"
first - preceding all others in time or space or degree; "the first house on the right"; "the first day of spring"; "his first political race"; "her first baby"; "the first time"; "the first meetings of the new party"; "the first phase of his training"

initial

verb
1. sign, endorse, subscribe, autograph, inscribe, set your hand to Would you mind initialling this voucher?

initial

adjective
1. Of, relating to, or occurring at the start of something:
2. At or near the start of a period, development, or series:
3. Preceding all others in time:
Translations
إبْتِدائي، أوَّليإِبْتِدَائِيٌّالحَرْف الأوَّليُوَقِّع بالحُروف الأولى
počátečníparafovatvýchozíiniciála
førsteindledendeinitialunderskrive
alku-merkitä nimikirjaimensa
parafiratipočetni
iniciálékezdõbetûkézjeggyel ellát
fyrstur, byrjunar-merkja upphafsstöfumupphafsstafur
最初の頭文字で署名する
서명하다초기의
duoti pradžiąiniciacijainicialasnaujai priimtasispasirašyti inicialais
iniciālisparafētparakstīt ar iniciāļiemsākotnējssākuma-
iniciálkaparafovaťpočiatočný
prvotenzačeten
inledandesignera
เขียนชื่อย่อเบื้องต้น
başlangıçilkismin baş harfleriönparaf
ban đầuký tắt

initial

[ɪˈnɪʃəl]
A. ADJ [shock, success, cost, report] → inicial
my initial reaction was tomi primera reacción fue ...
in the initial stagesal principio, en la etapa inicial, en la primera etapa
B. N (= letter) → inicial f
to sign sth with one's initialsfirmar algo con las iniciales
C. VT [+ letter, document] → firmar con las iniciales
D. CPD initial expenses NPLgastos mpl iniciales
initial letter Ninicial f

initial

[ɪˈnɪʃəl]
adj (= first) [reaction, response] → initial(e); [price, investment] → initial(e); [event, meeting] → initial(e); [stage, period] → initial(e)
My initial reaction was one of great relief → Ma réaction initiale fut un grand soulagement.
He steered the company through the initial stages of privatisation → Il dirigea la compagnie lors des étapes initiales de la privatisation.
after the initial shock → après le choc initial
ninitiale f
vt [+ document] → parafer
initials nplinitiales fpl; (as signature)parafe m, initiales fpl
He carved his initials on the tree → Il grava ses initiales sur l'arbre.

initial

adj
anfänglich, Anfangs-; my initial reactionmeine anfängliche Reaktion; in the initial stagesim Anfangsstadium; according to initial reportsersten Berichten zufolge; initial costStartkosten pl
(Ling) → anlautend; initial soundAnlaut m
(Typ) initial letterAnfangsbuchstabe m, → Initiale f
nInitiale f; (Typ also) → Anfangsbuchstabe m; to sign a letter with one’s initialsseine Initialen or (Pol) → Paraphe unter einen Brief setzen; (Comm) → einen Brief abzeichnen or mit seinem Namenszeichen versehen
vt letter, documentmit seinen Initialen unterzeichnen; (Comm) → abzeichnen; (Pol) → paraphieren

initial

[ɪˈnɪʃl]
1. adjiniziale
in the initial stages → nella fase iniziale
in the initial stages of their relationship → agli inizi della loro storia
2. niniziale f
to sign sth with one's initials → siglare qc con le proprie iniziali
3. vtsiglare

initial

(iˈniʃəl) adjective
of, or at, the beginning. There were difficulties during the initial stages of building the house.
noun
the letter that begins a word, especially a name. The picture was signed with the initials JJB, standing for John James Brown.
verbpast tense, past participle iˈnitialled
to mark or sign with initials of one's name. Any alteration on a cheque should be initialled.
iˈnitially adverb
at the beginning; at first. This project will cost a lot of money initially but will eventually make a profit.
iˈnitiate (-ʃieit) verb
1. to start (eg a plan, scheme, changes, reforms etc). He initiated a scheme for helping old people with their shopping.
2. to take (a person) into a society etc, especially with secret ceremonies. No-one who had been initiated into the society ever revealed the details of the ceremony.
iˈnitiate (-ʃiət) noun
a person who has been initiated (into a society etc).
iˌnitiˈation (-ʃiˈei-) noun
the act of initiating or process of being initiated.
iˈnitiative (-ʃətiv) noun
1. a first step or move that leads the way. He took the initiative in organizing a search party to look for the girl; A move to start peace talks is sometimes called a peace initiative.
2. the ability to lead or make decisions for oneself. He is quite good at his job, but lacks initiative; My son actually went to the hairdresser's on his own initiative!

initial

إِبْتِدَائِيٌّ, يُوَقِّعُ بِالـحَرْفِ الأَوَّلِ مِنْ إِسْمِهِ parafovat, počáteční første, underskrive anfänglich, unterzeichnen αρχικός, μονογραφώ inicial, poner las iniciales alku-, merkitä nimikirjaimensa initial, parafer parafirati, početni iniziale, siglare 最初の, 頭文字で署名する 서명하다, 초기의 eerste, paraferen innledende, signere podpisać inicjałami, wstępny inicial, rubricar начальный, ставить инициалы inledande, signera เขียนชื่อย่อ, เบื้องต้น adının ön harflerini yazmak, başlangıç ban đầu, ký tắt 最初的, 草签

initial

a. inicial, primero-a.

initial

adj inicial, primero; npl iniciales fpl; vt, vi poner iniciales; Initial here, please..Ponga sus iniciales aquí, por favor.
References in classic literature ?
Those who wish to read of the earliest activities of Tom in the inventive line are referred to the initial volume, "Tom Swift and His Motor Cycle.
Chris wanted those with initial letters in the corner, because he had never seen any before.
One soon learns to expect this bow and be on the lookout and ready to return it; but to learn to lead off and make the initial bow one's self is a difficult matter for a diffident man.
which is an initial he dropped when he was young), and a W, with dashes between them, so: P -- B -- W" -- and he marked them that way on a piece of paper.
There still remained an inch of candle: I now took out my letter; the seal was an initial F.
To see her, who had seen Dora but a little while before - to trace the initial letter of Dora's name through her sympathetic pages - to be made more and more miserable by her - were my only comforts.
Biddy looked thoughtfully at it, heard my explanation, looked thoughtfully at my sister, looked thoughtfully at Joe (who was always represented on the slate by his initial letter), and ran into the forge, followed by Joe and me.
You have only to put faint pencil-marks against the tenderest passages in your favourite new poet, and lend the volume to Her, and She has only to leave here and there the dropped violet of a timid confirmatory initial, for you to know your fate.
Miller was an unsympathetic woman, who made no friends among the girls, and satisfied her affectionate impulses by petting a large cat named Gracchus, but generally called Bacchus by an endearing modification of the harsh initial consonant.
It was like any other seaman's chest on the outside, the initial "B" burned on the top of it with a hot iron, and the corners somewhat smashed and broken as by long, rough usage.
First, they can decipher all initial letters into political meanings.
The letter N was no doubt the initial of the name of the enigmatical person who commanded at the bottom of the seas.