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 (ĭ-nō′sĭ-tôl′, -tōl′, ī-nō′-)
Any of nine isomeric alcohols, C6H12O6·2H2O, that are precursors to various signaling molecules.

[Greek īs, īn-, sinew; see wei- in Indo-European roots + -os(e) + -it(e) + -ol.]


(Chemistry) a cyclic alcohol, one isomer of which (i-inositol) is present in yeast and is a growth factor for some organisms; cyclohexanehexol. Formula: C6H12O6
[C19: from Greek in-, is sinew + -ose2 + -ite1 + -ol1]


(ɪˈnoʊ sɪˌtɔl, -ˌtoʊl, aɪˈnoʊ-)

a compound, C6H12O6, occurring in animal tissue, plants, and many seeds, that functions as a growth factor.
[1890–95; inosite an earlier name (< Greek īn-, s. of is fiber, sinew + -ose2 + -ite1) + -ol1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.inositol - an optically inactive alcohol that is a component of the vitamin B complex
B complex, B vitamin, B-complex vitamin, vitamin B, vitamin B complex, B - originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
References in periodicals archive ?
A diarrheal pathogen, enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), triggers a flux of inositol phosphates in infected epithelial cells.
These additional cases might be prevented by supplementation during pregnancy with inositol, another B vitamin, actually a "quasi-vitamin," according to a report by Nicholas D.
To date there have been no good research studies to show that such supplements as choline, inositol, chromium, L-carnitine, or whatever can increase one's metabolic rate.
The most common additives include sugars, such as lactose, inositol, mannitol, and local anesthetics, such as lidocaine.
Nickel, tin, silicon, vanadium, and inositol are what the RDA committee calls "nutrients essential for some higher animals but not proved to be required by normal humans.
For the past decade and a half, ZCHT has been servicing some of the largest pharmaceutical, nutraceutical and food manufacturers in the world with its inositol.
As we have watched the growing body of research on the use of inositol for treating polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), it seems to be moving forward steadily.
Because inositol hexaphosphate (IP6) is a dietary phytochemical present in cereals, soy, legumes, and fiber-rich foods, we evaluated efficacy of IP6 against PCA growth and associated molecular events.
James Russell, professor emeritus, Department of Surgery, Metabolic and Cardiovascular Diseases Laboratory at the Alberta Institute for Human Nutrition, University of Alberta, Canada and his colleagues conducted one of the preclinical studies, titled "Metabolic Effects of a Novel Silicate Inositol Complex of the Nitric Oxide Precursor Arginine in the Obese Insulin-resistant JCR: LA-cp Rat.
Topics include the development of nuclear receptor assays using AlphaScreen and LANCE technology, the preparation of cells for high-content screening, scintillation proximity assay of inositol phosphates, Aurora assays, and homogeneous multiwell assays for measuring cell viability and apoptosis.
Calpain, a thiol protease, is responsible for the cleavage of several adhesion structural proteins (talin and integrin [Alpha]II[Beta]3) (9,10) and signaling enzymes [focal adhesion kinase (FAK); phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase (PIK)] (11,12) in spreading and aggregating platelets.
The cereal extract, called inositol hexaphosphate (InsP6), has slowed colorectal cancer cell growth in rats.

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