instead of

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instead of

In place of; rather than: ordered chicken instead of fish.
Rather than.
Usage Note: Traditionally, instead of is a preposition used like rather than, and the two constructions are often used interchangeably: We had spaghetti instead of (or rather than) pizza. The constructions are frequently used with participles in comparisons in which the alternate entity is a main verb: Instead of (or rather than) taking the bus, we walked to the theater. Rather than has a further use as a conjunction when the comparison is of one main verb with another: We took the bus rather than walk. In these constructions, instead of is sometimes used as well—something that, under the word's traditional categorization as a preposition, would seem a grammatical error. But in our 2005 survey, 63 percent of the Usage Panel allowed the sentence We would have liked to buy instead of rent, but prices were just too high. Writers should bear in mind, however, that this use of instead of is somewhat informal.


instead of
1. 'instead'

Instead is an adverb. You use it when saying what someone does rather than doing something else.

Hema did not answer. Instead she looked out of the taxi window.
I felt like crying, but I managed to smile instead.
2. 'instead of'

Instead of is a preposition. You use it to introduce something that is not done, not used, or not true, in contrast to something that is done, is used, or is true.

Why not use your bike to get to work instead of your car?
You can have rice instead of potatoes.

You can say that someone does something instead of doing something else.

You could always go camping instead of staying in a hotel.
Why don't you help, instead of standing there and watching?

Be Careful!
Don't say that someone does something 'instead to do' something else.

i stedet for
jonkin sijaansen sijaan että
helyett: valami helyett
í staîinn fyrir
i stället för
-in yerineyerine
thay vì


(inˈsted) adverb
as a substitute; in place of something or someone. I don't like coffee. Could I please have tea instead?
instead of
in place of. Please take me instead of him; You should have been working instead of watching television.

instead of

بَدَلَاً مِنْ místo i stedet for statt αντί en vez de jonkin sijaan au lieu de umjesto invece di ・・・の代わりに ...대신에 in plaats van i stedet for w zamian za em vez de вместо i stället för แทนที่จะ yerine thay vì 而不是...
References in classic literature ?
It is glorious fun racing down the Hump, but you can't do it on windy days because then you are not there, but the fallen leaves do it instead of you.
Having reached the left flank, instead of going to the front where the firing was, he began to look for the general and his staff where they could not possibly be, and so did not deliver the order.
Instead of a lonely and ragged man with a huge burden on his back, plodding along sorrowfully on foot while the whole city hooted after him, here were parties of the first gentry and most respectable people in the neighborhood setting forth towards the Celestial City as cheerfully as if the pilgrimage were merely a summer tour.
He knew that I could not have a more kind and attentive nurse than himself; and, firm in the hope he felt of my recovery, he did not doubt that, instead of doing harm, he performed the kindest action that he could towards them.
But the alteration of a single word by Euripides, who employed the rarer term instead of the ordinary one, makes one verse appear beautiful and the other trivial.
If the Marionette had been told to wait a day instead of twenty minutes, the time could not have seemed longer to him.
Besides that, to have two bits instead of one -- and mine was a sharp one, it hurt my tongue and my jaw, and the blood from my tongue colored the froth that kept flying from my lips as I chafed and fretted at the bits and rein.
But such was either the hatred or avarice of this man, that instead of doing us the good offices he pretended, he advised the King to refuse our present, that he might draw from us something more valuable.
But the sand hill only drove the pond a little farther away, and its waters seemed to increase instead of diminishing.
Manson Mingott's, and with the added satisfaction of knowing they would get hot canvas-back ducks and vintage wines, instead of tepid Veuve Clicquot without a year and warmed-up croquettes from Philadelphia.
He shared breakfast with Skipper, who, instead of eating, washed down with a cup of coffee fifty grains of quinine wrapped in a cigarette paper, and who complained to the mate that he would have to get under the blankets and sweat out the fever that was attacking him.
AND instead of a nice dish of minnows--they had a roasted grasshopper with lady-bird sauce; which frogs consider a beautiful treat; but I think it must have been nasty!