instruct


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in·struct

 (ĭn-strŭkt′)
v. in·struct·ed, in·struct·ing, in·structs
v.tr.
1. To give orders to; direct: instructed the children to hang up their coats.
2. To provide with knowledge; to train or inform: instructed the students in algebra. See Synonyms at teach.
v.intr.
To serve as an instructor.

[Middle English instructen, from Latin īnstruere, īnstrūct-, to prepare, instruct : in-, on; see in-2 + struere, to build; see ster- in Indo-European roots.]

instruct

(ɪnˈstrʌkt)
vb (tr)
1. to direct to do something; order
2. to teach (someone) how to do (something)
3. to furnish with information; apprise
4. (Law) law chiefly
a. (esp of a client to his solicitor or a solicitor to a barrister) to give relevant facts or information to
b. to authorize (a barrister or solicitor) to conduct a case on a person's behalf: to instruct counsel.
[C15: from Latin instruere to construct, set in order, equip, teach, from struere to build]
inˈstructible adj

in•struct

(ɪnˈstrʌkt)

v.t.
1. to furnish with knowledge, esp. by a systematic method; teach; train; educate.
2. to furnish with orders or directions; direct; order; command.
3. to furnish with information; inform; apprise.
4. (of a judge) to guide (a jury) by outlining the legal principles involved in the case under consideration.
[1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin instruere to equip, train, set in order =in- in2 + struere to put together]
in•struct′ed•ly, adv.
in•struct′ed•ness, n.
in•struct′i•ble, adj.
syn: See teach.

instruct

If you instruct someone to do something, you tell them to do it. When instruct has this meaning, it is followed by an object and a 'to'-infinitive.

The judge instructed them to keep silent.
General Geldenhuys has instructed me to take a full statement from you.

You do not use 'instruct' like this without an object. You do not say, for example, 'He instructed to take the prisoners away'. Instead you can say 'He gave instructions for the prisoners to be taken away' or 'He gave instructions that the prisoners should be taken away'.

She gave instructions for Lady Illingworth to be cremated.
You had given instructions that physical force should if necessary be used.

instruct


Past participle: instructed
Gerund: instructing

Imperative
instruct
instruct
Present
I instruct
you instruct
he/she/it instructs
we instruct
you instruct
they instruct
Preterite
I instructed
you instructed
he/she/it instructed
we instructed
you instructed
they instructed
Present Continuous
I am instructing
you are instructing
he/she/it is instructing
we are instructing
you are instructing
they are instructing
Present Perfect
I have instructed
you have instructed
he/she/it has instructed
we have instructed
you have instructed
they have instructed
Past Continuous
I was instructing
you were instructing
he/she/it was instructing
we were instructing
you were instructing
they were instructing
Past Perfect
I had instructed
you had instructed
he/she/it had instructed
we had instructed
you had instructed
they had instructed
Future
I will instruct
you will instruct
he/she/it will instruct
we will instruct
you will instruct
they will instruct
Future Perfect
I will have instructed
you will have instructed
he/she/it will have instructed
we will have instructed
you will have instructed
they will have instructed
Future Continuous
I will be instructing
you will be instructing
he/she/it will be instructing
we will be instructing
you will be instructing
they will be instructing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been instructing
you have been instructing
he/she/it has been instructing
we have been instructing
you have been instructing
they have been instructing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been instructing
you will have been instructing
he/she/it will have been instructing
we will have been instructing
you will have been instructing
they will have been instructing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been instructing
you had been instructing
he/she/it had been instructing
we had been instructing
you had been instructing
they had been instructing
Conditional
I would instruct
you would instruct
he/she/it would instruct
we would instruct
you would instruct
they would instruct
Past Conditional
I would have instructed
you would have instructed
he/she/it would have instructed
we would have instructed
you would have instructed
they would have instructed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.instruct - impart skills or knowledge to; "I taught them French"; "He instructed me in building a boat"
train, educate, prepare, develop - create by training and teaching; "The old master is training world-class violinists"; "we develop the leaders for the future"
indoctrinate - teach doctrines to; teach uncritically; "The Moonies indoctrinate their disciples"
drill - teach by repetition
catechise, catechize - give religious instructions to
reinforce, reward - strengthen and support with rewards; "Let's reinforce good behavior"
spoonfeed - teach without challenging the students; "This professor spoonfeeds his students"
induct - introduce or initiate; "The young geisha was inducted into the ways of her profession"
mentor - serve as a teacher or trusted counselor; "The famous professor mentored him during his years in graduate school"; "She is a fine lecturer but she doesn't like mentoring"
tutor - be a tutor to someone; give individual instruction; "She tutored me in Spanish"
unteach - cause to disbelieve; teach someone the contrary of what he or she had learned earlier
unteach - cause to unlearn; "teach somebody to unlearn old habits or methods"
ground - instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject
lecture, talk - deliver a lecture or talk; "She will talk at Rutgers next week"; "Did you ever lecture at Harvard?"
inform - impart knowledge of some fact, state or affairs, or event to; "I informed him of his rights"
coach, train - teach and supervise (someone); act as a trainer or coach (to), as in sports; "He is training our Olympic team"; "She is coaching the crew"
edify, enlighten - make understand; "Can you enlighten me--I don't understand this proposal"
condition - establish a conditioned response
2.instruct - give instructions or directions for some task; "She instructed the students to work on their pronunciation"
order, enjoin, tell, say - give instructions to or direct somebody to do something with authority; "I said to him to go home"; "She ordered him to do the shopping"; "The mother told the child to get dressed"
charge - instruct or command with authority; "The teacher charged the children to memorize the poem"
charge - instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence
3.instruct - make aware of; "Have the students been apprised of the tuition hike?"
direct - give directions to; point somebody into a certain direction; "I directed them towards the town hall"
brief - give essential information to someone; "The reporters were briefed about the President's plan to invade"
inform - impart knowledge of some fact, state or affairs, or event to; "I informed him of his rights"

instruct

verb
1. order, tell, direct, charge, bid, command, mandate, enjoin They have instructed solicitors to sue for compensation.
2. teach, school, train, direct, coach, guide, discipline, educate, drill, tutor, enlighten, give lessons in He instructs family members in nursing techniques.
3. tell, advise, inform, counsel, notify, brief, acquaint, apprise Instruct them that they've got three months to get it sorted out.

instruct

verb
1. To impart knowledge and skill to:
2. To give orders to:
Translations
يُعْطي تَعْليماتيُعَلِّمُيُعَلِّم، يُدَرِّب
dát pokynnaříditpoučitvyučovat
instruereundervisegive besked om
neuvoa
uputiti
gefa fyrirmælikenna, leiîbeina
指示する
교육하다
informatyviaiinformatyvumasinstruktoriuspaliepimaspamokomai
apmācītdot norādījumusinstruēt
poučiťvyučovať
dati napotkenaročiti
instruera
แนะนำ
hướng dẫn

instruct

[ɪnˈstrʌkt] VT
1. (= teach) to instruct sb in sthenseñar algo a algn, instruir a algn en algo
2. (= order) to instruct sb to do sthmandar or ordenar a algn que haga algo
we were instructed to stay where we werese nos ordenó que permaneciéramos donde estábamos
3. (Brit) [+ solicitor, barrister] → dar instrucciones a, instruir

instruct

[ɪnˈstrʌkt] vt
(= direct) [+ person] → donner des instructions à
to instruct sb to do sth → donner l'ordre à qn de faire qch
She instructed us to wait outside → Elle nous a donné l'ordre d'attendre dehors.
(= teach) → enseigner
to instruct sb in sth → enseigner qch à qn, instruire qn dans qch
He instructed her in the arts of lovemaking → Il lui a enseigné l'art de l'amour., Il l'a instruite dans l'art de l'amour.

instruct

vt
(= teach) personunterrichten; to instruct somebody in the use of a machinejdn in der Handhabung einer Maschine unterweisen
(= tell, direct) personanweisen; (= command)die Anweisung erteilen (+dat); (Brit Jur) solicitor (= give information to)unterrichten, instruieren; (= appoint) lawyerbeauftragen; juryinstruieren, belehren; I’ve been instructed to report to youich habe (An)weisung, Ihnen Meldung zu erstatten; what were you instructed to do?welche Instruktionen or Anweisungen haben Sie bekommen?
(form: = inform) → in Kenntnis setzen

instruct

[ɪnˈstrʌkt] vt
a. (teach) → istruire
to instruct sb in sth/in how to do sth → insegnare qc a qn/a qn come fare qc
b. (order) to instruct sb to do sthdare istruzioni or ordini a qn di fare qc

instruct

(inˈstrakt) verb
1. to teach or train (a person in a subject or skill). Girls as well as boys should be instructed in woodwork.
2. to order or direct (a person especially to do something). He was instructed to come here at nine o'clock; I have already instructed you how to cook the meat.
inˈstruction (-ʃən) noun
1. the act of instructing (especially in a school subject or a skill) or the process of being instructed. She sometimes gives instruction in gymnastics.
2. an order or direction. You must learn to obey instructions.
3. (in plural) (a book etc giving) directions, eg about the use of a machine etc. Could I look at the instructions, please?
inˈstructive (-tiv) adjective
giving knowledge or information. He gave an instructive talk about electrical repair work.
inˈstructively adverb
inˈstructiveness noun
inˈstructorfeminine inˈstructress noun
a person who gives instruction (in a skill etc). a ski-instructor.

instruct

يُعَلِّمُ dát pokyn instruere anweisen διδάσκω dar instrucciones neuvoa instruire uputiti ordinare 指示する 교육하다 opdragen instruere dać wskazówki instruir инструктировать instruera แนะนำ talimat vermek hướng dẫn 指示

instruct

v. instruir, enseñar, dar instrucciones.
References in classic literature ?
She hadn't liked the way he kept coming into the kitchen to instruct her, or the way he looked at her.
But what was still more annoying, Brom took all Opportunities of turning him into ridicule in presence of his mistress, and had a scoundrel dog whom he taught to whine in the most ludicrous manner, and introduced as a rival of Ichabod's, to instruct her in psalmody.
Auld to instruct me further, telling her, among other things, that it was unlawful, as well as unsafe, to teach a slave to read.
The last point left on which it is necessary for me to instruct you refers to the persons inhabiting the house, and to certain preposterous claims on their behalf set up by a solicitor named Pendril; who has, no doubt, interested reasons of his own for making application to me.
Gladstone, I wonder, instruct his valet "to pack his Gladstone"?
And chiefly Thou O Spirit, that dost prefer Before all Temples th' upright heart and pure, Instruct me, for Thou know'st; Thou from the first Wast present, and with mighty wings outspread Dove-like satst brooding on the vast Abyss And mad'st it pregnant: What in me is dark Illumine, what is low raise and support; That to the highth of this great Argument I may assert th' Eternal Providence, And justifie the wayes of God to men.
If you want to make a cause grow, instruct every woman you meet in it.
It was likewise ordered, that three hundred tailors should make me a suit of clothes, after the fashion of the country; that six of his majesty's greatest scholars should be employed to instruct me in their language; and lastly, that the emperor's horses, and those of the nobility and troops of guards, should be frequently exercised in my sight, to accustom themselves to me.
His discourses on indifferent subjects will divert as well as instruct, and if either in these, or in the relation of Father Lobo, any argument shall appear unconvincing, or description obscure, they are defects incident to all mankind, which, however, are not too rashly to be imputed to the authors, being sometimes, perhaps, more justly chargeable on the translator.
Just at this moment Sancho came up, and on seeing the pair in such a costume he was unable to restrain his laughter; the barber, however, agreed to do as the curate wished, and, altering their plan, the curate went on to instruct him how to play his part and what to say to Don Quixote to induce and compel him to come with them and give up his fancy for the place he had chosen for his idle penance.
Hutchinson's lectures soon caused a great disturbance; for the ministers of Boston did not think it safe and proper that a woman should publicly instruct the people in religious doctrines.
During the intervals of the ceremony, the principal chiefs, who officiate as priests, instruct them in their duties, and exhort them to virtue and good deeds.