instruct

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in·struct

 (ĭn-strŭkt′)
v. in·struct·ed, in·struct·ing, in·structs
v.tr.
1. To give orders to; direct: instructed the children to hang up their coats.
2. To provide with knowledge; to train or inform: instructed the students in algebra. See Synonyms at teach.
v.intr.
To serve as an instructor.

[Middle English instructen, from Latin īnstruere, īnstrūct-, to prepare, instruct : in-, on; see in-2 + struere, to build; see ster- in Indo-European roots.]

instruct

(ɪnˈstrʌkt)
vb (tr)
1. to direct to do something; order
2. to teach (someone) how to do (something)
3. to furnish with information; apprise
4. (Law) law chiefly
a. (esp of a client to his solicitor or a solicitor to a barrister) to give relevant facts or information to
b. to authorize (a barrister or solicitor) to conduct a case on a person's behalf: to instruct counsel.
[C15: from Latin instruere to construct, set in order, equip, teach, from struere to build]
inˈstructible adj

in•struct

(ɪnˈstrʌkt)

v.t.
1. to furnish with knowledge, esp. by a systematic method; teach; train; educate.
2. to furnish with orders or directions; direct; order; command.
3. to furnish with information; inform; apprise.
4. (of a judge) to guide (a jury) by outlining the legal principles involved in the case under consideration.
[1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin instruere to equip, train, set in order =in- in2 + struere to put together]
in•struct′ed•ly, adv.
in•struct′ed•ness, n.
in•struct′i•ble, adj.
syn: See teach.

instruct

If you instruct someone to do something, you tell them to do it. When instruct has this meaning, it is followed by an object and a 'to'-infinitive.

The judge instructed them to keep silent.
General Geldenhuys has instructed me to take a full statement from you.

You do not use 'instruct' like this without an object. You do not say, for example, 'He instructed to take the prisoners away'. Instead you can say 'He gave instructions for the prisoners to be taken away' or 'He gave instructions that the prisoners should be taken away'.

She gave instructions for Lady Illingworth to be cremated.
You had given instructions that physical force should if necessary be used.

instruct


Past participle: instructed
Gerund: instructing

Imperative
instruct
instruct
Present
I instruct
you instruct
he/she/it instructs
we instruct
you instruct
they instruct
Preterite
I instructed
you instructed
he/she/it instructed
we instructed
you instructed
they instructed
Present Continuous
I am instructing
you are instructing
he/she/it is instructing
we are instructing
you are instructing
they are instructing
Present Perfect
I have instructed
you have instructed
he/she/it has instructed
we have instructed
you have instructed
they have instructed
Past Continuous
I was instructing
you were instructing
he/she/it was instructing
we were instructing
you were instructing
they were instructing
Past Perfect
I had instructed
you had instructed
he/she/it had instructed
we had instructed
you had instructed
they had instructed
Future
I will instruct
you will instruct
he/she/it will instruct
we will instruct
you will instruct
they will instruct
Future Perfect
I will have instructed
you will have instructed
he/she/it will have instructed
we will have instructed
you will have instructed
they will have instructed
Future Continuous
I will be instructing
you will be instructing
he/she/it will be instructing
we will be instructing
you will be instructing
they will be instructing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been instructing
you have been instructing
he/she/it has been instructing
we have been instructing
you have been instructing
they have been instructing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been instructing
you will have been instructing
he/she/it will have been instructing
we will have been instructing
you will have been instructing
they will have been instructing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been instructing
you had been instructing
he/she/it had been instructing
we had been instructing
you had been instructing
they had been instructing
Conditional
I would instruct
you would instruct
he/she/it would instruct
we would instruct
you would instruct
they would instruct
Past Conditional
I would have instructed
you would have instructed
he/she/it would have instructed
we would have instructed
you would have instructed
they would have instructed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.instruct - impart skills or knowledge to; "I taught them French"; "He instructed me in building a boat"
train, educate, prepare, develop - create by training and teaching; "The old master is training world-class violinists"; "we develop the leaders for the future"
indoctrinate - teach doctrines to; teach uncritically; "The Moonies indoctrinate their disciples"
drill - teach by repetition
catechise, catechize - give religious instructions to
reinforce, reward - strengthen and support with rewards; "Let's reinforce good behavior"
spoonfeed - teach without challenging the students; "This professor spoonfeeds his students"
induct - introduce or initiate; "The young geisha was inducted into the ways of her profession"
mentor - serve as a teacher or trusted counselor; "The famous professor mentored him during his years in graduate school"; "She is a fine lecturer but she doesn't like mentoring"
tutor - be a tutor to someone; give individual instruction; "She tutored me in Spanish"
unteach - cause to disbelieve; teach someone the contrary of what he or she had learned earlier
unteach - cause to unlearn; "teach somebody to unlearn old habits or methods"
ground - instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject
lecture, talk - deliver a lecture or talk; "She will talk at Rutgers next week"; "Did you ever lecture at Harvard?"
inform - impart knowledge of some fact, state or affairs, or event to; "I informed him of his rights"
coach, train - teach and supervise (someone); act as a trainer or coach (to), as in sports; "He is training our Olympic team"; "She is coaching the crew"
edify, enlighten - make understand; "Can you enlighten me--I don't understand this proposal"
condition - establish a conditioned response
2.instruct - give instructions or directions for some task; "She instructed the students to work on their pronunciation"
order, enjoin, tell, say - give instructions to or direct somebody to do something with authority; "I said to him to go home"; "She ordered him to do the shopping"; "The mother told the child to get dressed"
charge - instruct or command with authority; "The teacher charged the children to memorize the poem"
charge - instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence
3.instruct - make aware of; "Have the students been apprised of the tuition hike?"
direct - give directions to; point somebody into a certain direction; "I directed them towards the town hall"
brief - give essential information to someone; "The reporters were briefed about the President's plan to invade"
inform - impart knowledge of some fact, state or affairs, or event to; "I informed him of his rights"

instruct

verb
1. order, tell, direct, charge, bid, command, mandate, enjoin They have instructed solicitors to sue for compensation.
2. teach, school, train, direct, coach, guide, discipline, educate, drill, tutor, enlighten, give lessons in He instructs family members in nursing techniques.
3. tell, advise, inform, counsel, notify, brief, acquaint, apprise Instruct them that they've got three months to get it sorted out.

instruct

verb
1. To impart knowledge and skill to:
2. To give orders to:
Translations
يُعْطي تَعْليماتيُعَلِّمُيُعَلِّم، يُدَرِّب
dát pokynnaříditpoučitvyučovat
instruereundervisegive besked om
neuvoa
uputiti
gefa fyrirmælikenna, leiîbeina
指示する
교육하다
informatyviaiinformatyvumasinstruktoriuspaliepimaspamokomai
apmācītdot norādījumusinstruēt
poučiťvyučovať
dati napotkenaročiti
instruera
แนะนำ
hướng dẫn

instruct

[ɪnˈstrʌkt] VT
1. (= teach) to instruct sb in sthenseñar algo a algn, instruir a algn en algo
2. (= order) to instruct sb to do sthmandar or ordenar a algn que haga algo
we were instructed to stay where we werese nos ordenó que permaneciéramos donde estábamos
3. (Brit) [+ solicitor, barrister] → dar instrucciones a, instruir

instruct

[ɪnˈstrʌkt] vt
(= direct) [+ person] → donner des instructions à
to instruct sb to do sth → donner l'ordre à qn de faire qch
She instructed us to wait outside → Elle nous a donné l'ordre d'attendre dehors.
(= teach) → enseigner
to instruct sb in sth → enseigner qch à qn, instruire qn dans qch
He instructed her in the arts of lovemaking → Il lui a enseigné l'art de l'amour., Il l'a instruite dans l'art de l'amour.

instruct

vt
(= teach) personunterrichten; to instruct somebody in the use of a machinejdn in der Handhabung einer Maschine unterweisen
(= tell, direct) personanweisen; (= command)die Anweisung erteilen (+dat); (Brit Jur) solicitor (= give information to)unterrichten, instruieren; (= appoint) lawyerbeauftragen; juryinstruieren, belehren; I’ve been instructed to report to youich habe (An)weisung, Ihnen Meldung zu erstatten; what were you instructed to do?welche Instruktionen or Anweisungen haben Sie bekommen?
(form: = inform) → in Kenntnis setzen

instruct

[ɪnˈstrʌkt] vt
a. (teach) → istruire
to instruct sb in sth/in how to do sth → insegnare qc a qn/a qn come fare qc
b. (order) to instruct sb to do sthdare istruzioni or ordini a qn di fare qc

instruct

(inˈstrakt) verb
1. to teach or train (a person in a subject or skill). Girls as well as boys should be instructed in woodwork.
2. to order or direct (a person especially to do something). He was instructed to come here at nine o'clock; I have already instructed you how to cook the meat.
inˈstruction (-ʃən) noun
1. the act of instructing (especially in a school subject or a skill) or the process of being instructed. She sometimes gives instruction in gymnastics.
2. an order or direction. You must learn to obey instructions.
3. (in plural) (a book etc giving) directions, eg about the use of a machine etc. Could I look at the instructions, please?
inˈstructive (-tiv) adjective
giving knowledge or information. He gave an instructive talk about electrical repair work.
inˈstructively adverb
inˈstructiveness noun
inˈstructorfeminine inˈstructress noun
a person who gives instruction (in a skill etc). a ski-instructor.

instruct

يُعَلِّمُ dát pokyn instruere anweisen διδάσκω dar instrucciones neuvoa instruire uputiti ordinare 指示する 교육하다 opdragen instruere dać wskazówki instruir инструктировать instruera แนะนำ talimat vermek hướng dẫn 指示

instruct

v. instruir, enseñar, dar instrucciones.
References in classic literature ?
In this by-place of nature there abode, in a remote period of American history, that is to say, some thirty years since, a worthy wight of the name of Ichabod Crane, who sojourned, or, as he expressed it, "tarried," in Sleepy Hollow, for the purpose of instructing the children of the vicinity.
Then the duke he lets the curtain down, and bows to the people, and says the great tragedy will be per- formed only two nights more, on accounts of pressing London engagements, where the seats is all sold already for it in Drury Lane; and then he makes them another bow, and says if he has succeeded in pleasing them and instructing them, he will be deeply obleeged if they will mention it to their friends and get them to come and see it.
These unhappy people were proposing schemes for persuading monarchs to choose favourites upon the score of their wisdom, capacity, and virtue; of teaching ministers to consult the public good; of rewarding merit, great abilities, eminent services; of instructing princes to know their true interest, by placing it on the same foundation with that of their people; of choosing for employments persons qualified to exercise them, with many other wild, impossible chimeras, that never entered before into the heart of man to conceive; and confirmed in me the old observation, "that there is nothing so extravagant and irrational, which some philosophers have not maintained for truth.
But while the King was still instructing the courtier exactly what he was to say, the first man of the ship's company, the one with the miraculous power of hearing, had overheard the King's words, and hastily reported them to the poor Simpleton.
The duke and duchess resolved that the challenge Don Quixote had, for the reason already mentioned, given their vassal, should be proceeded with; and as the young man was in Flanders, whither he had fled to escape having Dona Rodriguez for a mother-in-law, they arranged to substitute for him a Gascon lacquey, named Tosilos, first of all carefully instructing him in all he had to do.
But, though not a public man, he has passed his days in instructing the citizens without fee or reward--this was his mission.
Collins was carefully instructing them in what they were to expect, that the sight of such rooms, so many servants, and so splendid a dinner, might not wholly overpower them.
Whenever I chose to do the latter, the delight of the islanders was boundless; and there was always a throng of competitors for the honour of instructing me in any particular craft.
Equity sends questions to law, law sends questions back to equity; law finds it can't do this, equity finds it can't do that; neither can so much as say it can't do anything, without this solicitor instructing and this counsel appearing for A, and that solicitor instructing and that counsel appearing for B; and so on through the whole alphabet, like the history of the apple pie.
Its plausibility is marred a little by the fact that the Oracle was not a biblical student, and did not spend much of his time instructing himself about Scriptural localities.
But still he went on teaching, instructing, and praying.
Further on, a young scamp was taking a lesson in epilepsy from an old pretender, who was instructing him in the art of foaming at the mouth, by chewing a morsel of soap.