instruct

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in·struct

 (ĭn-strŭkt′)
v. in·struct·ed, in·struct·ing, in·structs
v.tr.
1. To give orders to; direct: instructed the children to hang up their coats.
2. To provide with knowledge; to train or inform: instructed the students in algebra. See Synonyms at teach.
v.intr.
To serve as an instructor.

[Middle English instructen, from Latin īnstruere, īnstrūct-, to prepare, instruct : in-, on; see in-2 + struere, to build; see ster- in Indo-European roots.]

instruct

(ɪnˈstrʌkt)
vb (tr)
1. to direct to do something; order
2. to teach (someone) how to do (something)
3. to furnish with information; apprise
4. (Law) law chiefly
a. (esp of a client to his solicitor or a solicitor to a barrister) to give relevant facts or information to
b. to authorize (a barrister or solicitor) to conduct a case on a person's behalf: to instruct counsel.
[C15: from Latin instruere to construct, set in order, equip, teach, from struere to build]
inˈstructible adj

in•struct

(ɪnˈstrʌkt)

v.t.
1. to furnish with knowledge, esp. by a systematic method; teach; train; educate.
2. to furnish with orders or directions; direct; order; command.
3. to furnish with information; inform; apprise.
4. (of a judge) to guide (a jury) by outlining the legal principles involved in the case under consideration.
[1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin instruere to equip, train, set in order =in- in2 + struere to put together]
in•struct′ed•ly, adv.
in•struct′ed•ness, n.
in•struct′i•ble, adj.
syn: See teach.

instruct

If you instruct someone to do something, you tell them to do it. When instruct has this meaning, it is followed by an object and a 'to'-infinitive.

The judge instructed them to keep silent.
General Geldenhuys has instructed me to take a full statement from you.

You do not use 'instruct' like this without an object. You do not say, for example, 'He instructed to take the prisoners away'. Instead you can say 'He gave instructions for the prisoners to be taken away' or 'He gave instructions that the prisoners should be taken away'.

She gave instructions for Lady Illingworth to be cremated.
You had given instructions that physical force should if necessary be used.

instruct


Past participle: instructed
Gerund: instructing

Imperative
instruct
instruct
Present
I instruct
you instruct
he/she/it instructs
we instruct
you instruct
they instruct
Preterite
I instructed
you instructed
he/she/it instructed
we instructed
you instructed
they instructed
Present Continuous
I am instructing
you are instructing
he/she/it is instructing
we are instructing
you are instructing
they are instructing
Present Perfect
I have instructed
you have instructed
he/she/it has instructed
we have instructed
you have instructed
they have instructed
Past Continuous
I was instructing
you were instructing
he/she/it was instructing
we were instructing
you were instructing
they were instructing
Past Perfect
I had instructed
you had instructed
he/she/it had instructed
we had instructed
you had instructed
they had instructed
Future
I will instruct
you will instruct
he/she/it will instruct
we will instruct
you will instruct
they will instruct
Future Perfect
I will have instructed
you will have instructed
he/she/it will have instructed
we will have instructed
you will have instructed
they will have instructed
Future Continuous
I will be instructing
you will be instructing
he/she/it will be instructing
we will be instructing
you will be instructing
they will be instructing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been instructing
you have been instructing
he/she/it has been instructing
we have been instructing
you have been instructing
they have been instructing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been instructing
you will have been instructing
he/she/it will have been instructing
we will have been instructing
you will have been instructing
they will have been instructing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been instructing
you had been instructing
he/she/it had been instructing
we had been instructing
you had been instructing
they had been instructing
Conditional
I would instruct
you would instruct
he/she/it would instruct
we would instruct
you would instruct
they would instruct
Past Conditional
I would have instructed
you would have instructed
he/she/it would have instructed
we would have instructed
you would have instructed
they would have instructed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.instruct - impart skills or knowledge to; "I taught them French"; "He instructed me in building a boat"
train, educate, prepare, develop - create by training and teaching; "The old master is training world-class violinists"; "we develop the leaders for the future"
indoctrinate - teach doctrines to; teach uncritically; "The Moonies indoctrinate their disciples"
drill - teach by repetition
catechise, catechize - give religious instructions to
reinforce, reward - strengthen and support with rewards; "Let's reinforce good behavior"
spoonfeed - teach without challenging the students; "This professor spoonfeeds his students"
induct - introduce or initiate; "The young geisha was inducted into the ways of her profession"
mentor - serve as a teacher or trusted counselor; "The famous professor mentored him during his years in graduate school"; "She is a fine lecturer but she doesn't like mentoring"
tutor - be a tutor to someone; give individual instruction; "She tutored me in Spanish"
unteach - cause to disbelieve; teach someone the contrary of what he or she had learned earlier
unteach - cause to unlearn; "teach somebody to unlearn old habits or methods"
ground - instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject
lecture, talk - deliver a lecture or talk; "She will talk at Rutgers next week"; "Did you ever lecture at Harvard?"
inform - impart knowledge of some fact, state or affairs, or event to; "I informed him of his rights"
coach, train - teach and supervise (someone); act as a trainer or coach (to), as in sports; "He is training our Olympic team"; "She is coaching the crew"
edify, enlighten - make understand; "Can you enlighten me--I don't understand this proposal"
condition - establish a conditioned response
2.instruct - give instructions or directions for some task; "She instructed the students to work on their pronunciation"
order, enjoin, tell, say - give instructions to or direct somebody to do something with authority; "I said to him to go home"; "She ordered him to do the shopping"; "The mother told the child to get dressed"
charge - instruct or command with authority; "The teacher charged the children to memorize the poem"
charge - instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence
3.instruct - make aware of; "Have the students been apprised of the tuition hike?"
direct - give directions to; point somebody into a certain direction; "I directed them towards the town hall"
brief - give essential information to someone; "The reporters were briefed about the President's plan to invade"
inform - impart knowledge of some fact, state or affairs, or event to; "I informed him of his rights"

instruct

verb
1. order, tell, direct, charge, bid, command, mandate, enjoin They have instructed solicitors to sue for compensation.
2. teach, school, train, direct, coach, guide, discipline, educate, drill, tutor, enlighten, give lessons in He instructs family members in nursing techniques.
3. tell, advise, inform, counsel, notify, brief, acquaint, apprise Instruct them that they've got three months to get it sorted out.

instruct

verb
1. To impart knowledge and skill to:
2. To give orders to:
Translations
يُعْطي تَعْليماتيُعَلِّمُيُعَلِّم، يُدَرِّب
dát pokynnaříditpoučitvyučovat
instruereundervisegive besked om
neuvoa
uputiti
gefa fyrirmælikenna, leiîbeina
指示する
교육하다
informatyviaiinformatyvumasinstruktoriuspaliepimaspamokomai
apmācītdot norādījumusinstruēt
poučiťvyučovať
dati napotkenaročiti
instruera
แนะนำ
hướng dẫn

instruct

[ɪnˈstrʌkt] VT
1. (= teach) to instruct sb in sthenseñar algo a algn, instruir a algn en algo
2. (= order) to instruct sb to do sthmandar or ordenar a algn que haga algo
we were instructed to stay where we werese nos ordenó que permaneciéramos donde estábamos
3. (Brit) [+ solicitor, barrister] → dar instrucciones a, instruir

instruct

[ɪnˈstrʌkt] vt
(= direct) [+ person] → donner des instructions à
to instruct sb to do sth → donner l'ordre à qn de faire qch
She instructed us to wait outside → Elle nous a donné l'ordre d'attendre dehors.
(= teach) → enseigner
to instruct sb in sth → enseigner qch à qn, instruire qn dans qch
He instructed her in the arts of lovemaking → Il lui a enseigné l'art de l'amour., Il l'a instruite dans l'art de l'amour.

instruct

vt
(= teach) personunterrichten; to instruct somebody in the use of a machinejdn in der Handhabung einer Maschine unterweisen
(= tell, direct) personanweisen; (= command)die Anweisung erteilen (+dat); (Brit Jur) solicitor (= give information to)unterrichten, instruieren; (= appoint) lawyerbeauftragen; juryinstruieren, belehren; I’ve been instructed to report to youich habe (An)weisung, Ihnen Meldung zu erstatten; what were you instructed to do?welche Instruktionen or Anweisungen haben Sie bekommen?
(form: = inform) → in Kenntnis setzen

instruct

[ɪnˈstrʌkt] vt
a. (teach) → istruire
to instruct sb in sth/in how to do sth → insegnare qc a qn/a qn come fare qc
b. (order) to instruct sb to do sthdare istruzioni or ordini a qn di fare qc

instruct

(inˈstrakt) verb
1. to teach or train (a person in a subject or skill). Girls as well as boys should be instructed in woodwork.
2. to order or direct (a person especially to do something). He was instructed to come here at nine o'clock; I have already instructed you how to cook the meat.
inˈstruction (-ʃən) noun
1. the act of instructing (especially in a school subject or a skill) or the process of being instructed. She sometimes gives instruction in gymnastics.
2. an order or direction. You must learn to obey instructions.
3. (in plural) (a book etc giving) directions, eg about the use of a machine etc. Could I look at the instructions, please?
inˈstructive (-tiv) adjective
giving knowledge or information. He gave an instructive talk about electrical repair work.
inˈstructively adverb
inˈstructiveness noun
inˈstructorfeminine inˈstructress noun
a person who gives instruction (in a skill etc). a ski-instructor.

instruct

يُعَلِّمُ dát pokyn instruere anweisen διδάσκω dar instrucciones neuvoa instruire uputiti ordinare 指示する 교육하다 opdragen instruere dać wskazówki instruir инструктировать instruera แนะนำ talimat vermek hướng dẫn 指示

instruct

v. instruir, enseñar, dar instrucciones.
References in classic literature ?
Here is a fellow, who, infected by the most pestilent and blasphemous code of devilry that ever was known, abandoned his property to the vilest scum of the earth that ever did murder by wholesale, and you ask me why I am sorry that a man who instructs youth knows him?
But goe with speed, And what thy stores contain, bring forth and poure Abundance, fit to honour and receive Our Heav'nly stranger; well we may afford Our givers thir own gifts, and large bestow From large bestowd, where Nature multiplies Her fertil growth, and by disburd'ning grows More fruitful, which instructs us not to spare.
Monsieur, in my grocery business I use much printed paper, and that instructs me.
To proceed: ceteris paribus, be who pleases is of more importance to his fellow-men than he who instructs, since utility is happiness, and pleasure is the end already obtained which instruction is merely the means of obtaining.
Having much enjoyed these strengthening matters and having held subtle conference with his familiar demon, he confidently instructs Mercury "just to mention quietly to Sir Leicester Dedlock, Baronet, that whenever he's ready for me, I'm ready for him.
Every moment instructs, and every object: for wisdom is infused into every form.
She instructs in good works; who gives the friendship lessons?
Holy Church, appearing, instructs the author about Truth and the religion which consists in loving God and giving help to the poor.
By this veil which curtains events it instructs the children of men to live in to-day.
So he holds him by his side, and instructs him in the science of touching.
There is an agreeable turn artfully given them in the relating, that naturally instructs the reader, either one way or other.
Auld to instruct me further, telling her, among other things, that it was unlawful, as well as unsafe, to teach a slave to read.