instrument


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instrument
medical instruments

in·stru·ment

 (ĭn′strə-mənt)
n.
1. A tool or implement used to do or facilitate work, especially a small precision tool used by a professional: sterilized the scalpel and other surgical instruments.
2. A device for recording, measuring, or controlling, especially such a device functioning as part of a control system.
3. Music A device for playing or producing music: a keyboard instrument.
4. A means by which something is done; an agency: "The gods are just, and of our pleasant vices / Make instruments to plague us" (Shakespeare).
5. One used by another to accomplish a purpose; a dupe.
6. A legal document, especially one that represents a right of payment or conveys an interest, such as a check, promissory note, deed, or will.
tr.v. (-mĕnt′) in·stru·ment·ed, in·stru·ment·ing, in·stru·ments
1. To provide or equip with instruments.
2. Music To compose or arrange for performance.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin īnstrūmentum, tool, implement, from īnstruere, to prepare; see instruct.]

instrument

n
1. a mechanical implement or tool, esp one used for precision work: surgical instrument.
2. (Instruments) music any of various contrivances or mechanisms that can be played to produce musical tones or sounds
3. an important factor or agency in something: her evidence was an instrument in his arrest.
4. informal a person used by another to gain an end; dupe; tool
5. (General Physics) a measuring device, such as a pressure gauge or ammeter
6. (Aeronautics)
a. a device or system for use in navigation or control, esp of aircraft
b. (as modifier): instrument landing.
7. (Law) a formal legal document
vb (tr)
8. (Classical Music) another word for orchestrate1
9. to equip with instruments
[C13: from Latin instrūmentum tool, equipment, from instruere to erect, furnish; see instruct]

in•stru•ment

(ˈɪn strə mənt)
n.
1. a mechanical tool or implement, esp. one used for delicate or precision work: surgical instruments.
2. a device for producing musical sounds.
3. a means by which something is effected or done; agency: an instrument of government.
4. a device for measuring the present value of a quantity under observation.
5. a mechanical or electronic device for monitoring, measuring, or controlling, esp. one used in navigation of aircraft.
6. a formal legal document, as a draft or bond: negotiable instruments.
7. a person used by another as a means to some private end; tool.
v.t.
8. to equip with instruments.
9. to arrange (a composition) for musical instruments; orchestrate.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Latin instrūmentum equipment, derivative of instruere to equip; see instruct]

instrument


Past participle: instrumented
Gerund: instrumenting

Imperative
instrument
instrument
Present
I instrument
you instrument
he/she/it instruments
we instrument
you instrument
they instrument
Preterite
I instrumented
you instrumented
he/she/it instrumented
we instrumented
you instrumented
they instrumented
Present Continuous
I am instrumenting
you are instrumenting
he/she/it is instrumenting
we are instrumenting
you are instrumenting
they are instrumenting
Present Perfect
I have instrumented
you have instrumented
he/she/it has instrumented
we have instrumented
you have instrumented
they have instrumented
Past Continuous
I was instrumenting
you were instrumenting
he/she/it was instrumenting
we were instrumenting
you were instrumenting
they were instrumenting
Past Perfect
I had instrumented
you had instrumented
he/she/it had instrumented
we had instrumented
you had instrumented
they had instrumented
Future
I will instrument
you will instrument
he/she/it will instrument
we will instrument
you will instrument
they will instrument
Future Perfect
I will have instrumented
you will have instrumented
he/she/it will have instrumented
we will have instrumented
you will have instrumented
they will have instrumented
Future Continuous
I will be instrumenting
you will be instrumenting
he/she/it will be instrumenting
we will be instrumenting
you will be instrumenting
they will be instrumenting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been instrumenting
you have been instrumenting
he/she/it has been instrumenting
we have been instrumenting
you have been instrumenting
they have been instrumenting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been instrumenting
you will have been instrumenting
he/she/it will have been instrumenting
we will have been instrumenting
you will have been instrumenting
they will have been instrumenting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been instrumenting
you had been instrumenting
he/she/it had been instrumenting
we had been instrumenting
you had been instrumenting
they had been instrumenting
Conditional
I would instrument
you would instrument
he/she/it would instrument
we would instrument
you would instrument
they would instrument
Past Conditional
I would have instrumented
you would have instrumented
he/she/it would have instrumented
we would have instrumented
you would have instrumented
they would have instrumented
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.instrument - a device that requires skill for proper useinstrument - a device that requires skill for proper use
analyser, analyzer - an instrument that performs analyses
cauterant, cautery - an instrument or substance used to destroy tissue for medical reasons (eg removal of a wart) by burning it with a hot iron or an electric current or a caustic or by freezing it
device - an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose; "the device is small enough to wear on your wrist"; "a device intended to conserve water"
drafting instrument - an instrument used by a draftsman in making drawings
engine - an instrument or machine that is used in warfare, such as a battering ram, catapult, artillery piece, etc.; "medieval engines of war"
extractor - an instrument for extracting tight-fitting components
instrument of execution - an instrument designed and used to take the life of a condemned person
instrument of punishment - an instrument designed and used to punish a condemned person
measuring device, measuring instrument, measuring system - instrument that shows the extent or amount or quantity or degree of something
medical instrument - instrument used in the practice of medicine
navigational instrument - an instrument used for navigating
optical instrument - an instrument designed to aid vision
plotter - an instrument (usually driven by a computer) for drawing graphs or pictures
scientific instrument - an instrument used by scientists
sonograph - an instrument that uses the differential transmission and reflection of ultrasonic waves in order to provide an image of a bodily organ
surveying instrument, surveyor's instrument - an instrument used by surveyors
tracer - an instrument used to make tracings
weapon, weapon system, arm - any instrument or instrumentality used in fighting or hunting; "he was licensed to carry a weapon"
whip - an instrument with a handle and a flexible lash that is used for whipping
2.instrument - the means whereby some act is accomplishedinstrument - the means whereby some act is accomplished; "my greed was the instrument of my destruction"; "science has given us new tools to fight disease"
means, way, agency - how a result is obtained or an end is achieved; "a means of control"; "an example is the best agency of instruction"; "the true way to success"
3.instrument - a person used by another to gain an end
assistant, helper, help, supporter - a person who contributes to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose; "my invaluable assistant"; "they hired additional help to finish the work"
4.instrument - (law) a document that states some contractual relationship or grants some rightinstrument - (law) a document that states some contractual relationship or grants some right
document, papers, written document - writing that provides information (especially information of an official nature)
articles of incorporation - a legal document that creates a corporation; it is filed with a state by the founders of a corporation and is governed by the laws of the state
derivative instrument, derivative - a financial instrument whose value is based on another security
negotiable instrument - an unconditional order or promise to pay an amount of money
passport - a document issued by a country to a citizen allowing that person to travel abroad and re-enter the home country
ship's papers - official papers which a ship is legally required to have; related to ownership, cargo, etc.
manifest - a customs document listing the contents put on a ship or plane
debenture - a certificate or voucher acknowledging a debt
power of attorney - a legal instrument authorizing someone to act as the grantor's agent
letters of administration - legal document naming someone to administer an estate when no executor has been named
letters testamentary - a legal document from a probate court or court officer informing you of your appointment as executor of a will and empowering you to discharge those responsibilities
work papers, work permit, working papers - a legal document giving information required for employment of certain people in certain countries
act, enactment - a legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body
law - legal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity; "there is a law against kidnapping"
bill, measure - a statute in draft before it becomes law; "they held a public hearing on the bill"
brief, legal brief - a document stating the facts and points of law of a client's case
testament, will - a legal document declaring a person's wishes regarding the disposal of their property when they die
living will - a document written by someone still legally capable requesting that he should be allowed to die if subsequently severely disabled or suffering terminal illness; "after he discovered he had AIDS he drew up a living will"
deed, deed of conveyance, title - a legal document signed and sealed and delivered to effect a transfer of property and to show the legal right to possess it; "he signed the deed"; "he kept the title to his car in the glove compartment"
assignment - the instrument by which a claim or right or interest or property is transferred from one person to another
deed of trust, trust deed - a written instrument legally conveying property to a trustee often used to secure an obligation such as a mortgage or promissory note
conveyance - document effecting a property transfer
income tax return, return, tax return - document giving the tax collector information about the taxpayer's tax liability; "his gross income was enough that he had to file a tax return"
license, permit, licence - a legal document giving official permission to do something
letters patent, patent - an official document granting a right or privilege
judgement, legal opinion, opinion, judgment - the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision; "opinions are usually written by a single judge"
acquittance, release - a legal document evidencing the discharge of a debt or obligation
judicial writ, writ - (law) a legal document issued by a court or judicial officer
authorisation, authorization, mandate - a document giving an official instruction or command
affidavit - written declaration made under oath; a written statement sworn to be true before someone legally authorized to administer an oath
written agreement - a legal document summarizing the agreement between parties
bill of indictment, indictment - a formal document written for a prosecuting attorney charging a person with some offense
impeachment - a formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
arraignment - a legal document calling someone to court to answer an indictment
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
certificate, security - a formal declaration that documents a fact of relevance to finance and investment; the holder has a right to receive interest or dividends; "he held several valuable securities"
5.instrument - the semantic role of the entity (usually inanimate) that the agent uses to perform an action or start a process
participant role, semantic role - (linguistics) the underlying relation that a constituent has with the main verb in a clause
6.instrument - any of various devices or contrivances that can be used to produce musical tones or soundsinstrument - any of various devices or contrivances that can be used to produce musical tones or sounds
barrel organ, grind organ, hand organ, hurdy gurdy, hurdy-gurdy, street organ - a musical instrument that makes music by rotation of a cylinder studded with pegs
bass - the member with the lowest range of a family of musical instruments
steam organ, calliope - a musical instrument consisting of a series of steam whistles played from a keyboard
device - an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose; "the device is small enough to wear on your wrist"; "a device intended to conserve water"
electronic instrument, electronic musical instrument - a musical instrument that generates sounds electronically
jew's harp, jews' harp, mouth bow - a small lyre-shaped musical instrument that is placed between the teeth and played by twanging a wire tongue while changing the shape of the mouth cavity
keyboard instrument - a musical instrument that is played by means of a keyboard
music box, musical box - produces music by means of pins on a revolving cylinder that strike the tuned teeth of a comb-like metal plate
percussion instrument, percussive instrument - a musical instrument in which the sound is produced by one object striking another
stringed instrument - a musical instrument in which taut strings provide the source of sound
wind instrument, wind - a musical instrument in which the sound is produced by an enclosed column of air that is moved by the breath
Verb1.instrument - equip with instruments for measuring, recording, or controlling
equip, fit out, outfit, fit - provide with (something) usually for a specific purpose; "The expedition was equipped with proper clothing, food, and other necessities"
2.instrument - write an instrumental score for
euphony, music - any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds; "he fell asleep to the music of the wind chimes"
compose, write - write music; "Beethoven composed nine symphonies"
3.instrument - address a legal document to
address, direct - put an address on (an envelope)

instrument

noun
1. tool, device, implement, mechanism, appliance, apparatus, gadget, utensil, contraption (informal), contrivance, waldo a thin tube-like optical instrument
2. meter, display, indicator, dial, gauge navigation instruments
3. agent, means, force, cause, medium, agency, factor, channel, vehicle, mechanism, organ The veto is a traditional instrument for diplomacy.
4. (Informal) puppet, tool, pawn, toy, creature, dupe, stooge (slang), plaything, cat's-paw The Council was an instrument of Government. see instruments in a full orchestra

Musical instruments

accordion, aeolian harp, alphorn or alpenhorn, althorn, Autoharp (trademark), baby grand, Bach trumpet, bagpipes, balalaika, bandore, banjo, barrel organ, baryton, bass drum, basset horn, bass guitar, bassoon, bass viol, bell, bodhrán, Böhm flute, bombardon, bongo, boudoir grand, bouzouki, bugle, calliope, carillon, castanets, celesta or celeste, cello or violoncello, cembalo, chamber organ, Chapman stick (trademark), chime, Chinese block, chitarrone, cimbalon or cymbalon, cithara or kithara, cittern, cither or cithern, clarinet, clarion, clarsach, clave, clavicembalo, clavichord, clavier, concert grand, concertina, conga, contrabass, contrabassoon, cor anglais, cornet, cornett, cottage piano, cowbell, crumhorn or krummhorn, crwth, cymbal, cymbalo, didgeridoo, Dobro (trademark), double bass, double bassoon, drum, drum machine, dulcimer, electric guitar, electronic organ, English horn, euphonium, fiddle, fife, flageolet, flugelhorn, flute, French horn, gittarone, gittern, glass harmonica, glockenspiel, gong, gran cassa, grand piano, guitar, Hammond organ (trademark), handbell, harmonica, harmonium, harp, harpsichord, Hawaiian guitar, helicon, horn, hornpipe, hunting horn, hurdy-gurdy, idiophone, jew's-harp, kazoo, kettledrum, keyboard, kit, kora, koto, lur or lure, lute, lyra viol, lyre, mandola, mandolin or mandoline, maraca, marimba, mbira, mellophone, melodeon or melodion, metallophone, Moog (trademark), mouth organ, musette, naker, ngoma, nickelodeon, nose flute, oboe, oboe da caccia, oboe d'amore, ocarina, octachord, ondes Martenot, ophicleide, orchestrina or orchestrion, organ, orpharion, oud, panpipes, pedal steel guitar, penny whistle, piano, Pianola (trademark), piccolo, pipe, player piano, portative organ, racket, rebec or rebeck, recorder, reco-reco, reed organ, reed pipe, regal, rote, sackbut, samisen, sarangi, sarod, sarrusophone, saxhorn, saxophone, shawm, side drum, sistrum, sitar, slide guitar, snare drum, sousaphone, Spanish guitar, spinet, square piano, steam organ, steel guitar, stylophone, synthesizer, syrinx, tabla, tabor or tabour, tambour, tamboura, tambourine, tam-tam, theorbo, Theremin (trademark), timbal or tymbal, timpani or tympani, tom-tom, triangle, trigon, trombone, trumpet, tuba, tubular bells, uillean pipes, ukulele or ukelele, upright piano, vibraphone, vihuela, vina, viol, viola, viola da braccio, viola da gamba, viola d'amore, violin, violone, virginal, vocoder, washboard, Welsh harp, whip, whistle, wood block, Wurlitzer (trademark), xylophone, xylorimba, zither

instrument

noun
1. That by which something is accomplished or some end achieved:
2. A person used or controlled by others:
3. A device used to do work or perform a task:
Translations
أَدَاةٌآلةٌ مُوسِيقيَّةآلَه موسيقيَّهوسيلَه، واسِطَه، أداه
nástrojpřístroj
instrument
soitinvälineinstrumentti
instrument
hangszerműszer
hljóîfæritæki, áhald
器具楽器
도구악기앞잡이증서계기
instrumentumorganum
instrumentalistasinstrumentasinstrumentinis
instrumentsmūzikas instruments
glasbiloinštrumentpripomoček
alatалат
instrument
เครื่องดนตรีเครื่องมือ
dụng cụnhạc cụ

instrument

[ˈɪnstrʊmənt]
A. N
1. (Mus) (gen) → instrumento m
surgical instrumentsinstrumental m quirúrgico
set of instrumentsinstrumental m
to fly on instrumentsvolar por instrumentos
2. (fig) → instrumento m
he was nothing more than her instrumentél no era más que su instrumento
3. (Jur) → instrumento m
B. CPD instrument board, instrument panel N (Aer) → tablero m de instrumentos, cuadro m de instrumentos (US) (Aut) → tablero m de mandos, salpicadero m (Sp)

instrument

[ˈɪnstrəmənt] n
(musical)instrument m
to play an instrument → jouer d'un instrument
Do you play an instrument? → Est-ce que tu joues d'un instrument?
What instrument do you play? → De quel instrument joues-tu?
(= tool, device) → instrument m
surgical instruments → instruments chirurgicaux
navigation instruments → instruments de navigation
(fig)instrument m
an instrument of repression → un instrument de répression

instrument

n
(Mus, Med, Tech) → Instrument nt; (domestic) → Gerät nt; to fly an aircraft on instrumentsein Flugzeug nach den (Bord)instrumenten fliegen
(fig: = person) → Werkzeug nt
(Jur) → Urkunde f, → Dokument nt
vt
(Mus) → instrumentieren
(= put into effect)durchführen, ausführen

instrument

in cpds (Aviat) → Instrumenten-; instrument panel or board (Aviat) → Instrumententafel f; (Aut) → Armaturenbrett nt

instrument

[ˈɪnstrəmənt] n (also) (Mus) → strumento
to fly on instruments (Aer) → fare il volo strumentale

instrument

(ˈinstrəmənt) noun
1. a tool, especially if used for delicate scientific or medical work. medical/surgical/mathematical instruments.
2. (also musical instrument) an apparatus for producing musical sounds. He can play the piano, violin and several other instruments.
ˌinstruˈmental (-ˈmen-) adjective
performed on, or written for, musical instrument(s) rather than voices. She likes instrumental music.
ˌinstruˈmentalist (-ˈmen-) noun
a person who plays a musical instrument. There are three instrumentalists and one singer in the group.

instrument

أَدَاةٌ, آلةٌ مُوسِيقيَّة nástroj instrument Instrument μουσικό όργανο, όργανο instrumento soitin, väline instrument instrument strumento 器具, 楽器 도구, 악기 instrument instrument instrument, przyrząd instrumento инструмент instrument เครื่องดนตรี, เครื่องมือ alet, enstrüman dụng cụ, nhạc cụ 乐器, 仪器

in·stru·ment

n. instrumento.

instrument

n instrumento
References in classic literature ?
She loved music so dearly, tried so hard to learn, and practiced away so patiently at the jingling old instrument, that it did seem as if someone
His fingers were fat, but there was something sensitive and shapely in the hand that lay on the table by the instrument in the telegraph office.
The telephone bell rang and Tom picked up the instrument from the desk.
He approached this highly artificial instrument through a mere instinct, and coupled himself to it, as if he knew it was to piece him out and make a whole creature of him.
She sat low at the instrument, and the lines of her body settled into ungraceful curves and angles that gave it an appearance of deformity.
From beneath the flap of an enormous pocket of a soiled vest of embossed silk, heavily ornamented with tarnished silver lace, projected an instrument, which, from being seen in such martial company, might have been easily mistaken for some mischievous and unknown implement of war.
Many dark and sleepless nights have I been a companion for owls, separated from the chearful society of men, scorched by the Summer's sun, and pinched by the Winter's cold, an instrument ordained to settle the wilderness.
So, as I could only play on my teacher's instrument, I have forgotten all my music long ago.
It was, in short, the platform of the pillory; and above it rose the framework of that instrument of discipline, so fashioned as to confine the human head in its tight grasp, and thus hold it up to the public gaze.
As in decapitating the whale, the operator's instrument is brought close to the spot where an entrance is subsequently forced into the spermaceti magazine; he has, therefore, to be uncommonly heedful, lest a careless, untimely stroke should invade the sanctuary and wastingly let out its invaluable contents.
In the end all three of them begin advancing, step by step, upon the banqueters, Valentinavyczia, he cellist, bumping along with his instrument between notes.
Voice and instrument seemed both living, and threw out with vivid sympathy those strains which the ethereal Mozart first conceived as his own dying requiem.