insulin

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in·su·lin

 (ĭn′sə-lĭn)
n.
1. A polypeptide hormone that is secreted by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas and functions in the regulation of carbohydrate and fat metabolism, especially the conversion of glucose to glycogen, which lowers the blood glucose level. It consists of two linked polypeptide chains called A and B.
2. Any of various pharmaceutical preparations containing this hormone or a close chemical analog, derived from the pancreas of certain animals or produced through genetic engineering and used in the medical treatment and management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

[New Latin īnsula, island (of Langerhans) (from Latin, island) + -in.]

insulin

(ˈɪnsjʊlɪn)
n
(Biology) a protein hormone, secreted in the pancreas by the islets of Langerhans, that controls the concentration of glucose in the blood. Insulin deficiency results in diabetes mellitus
[C20: from New Latin insula islet (of the pancreas) + -in]

in•su•lin

(ˈɪn sə lɪn, ˈɪns yə-)

n.
1. a hormone, produced by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas, that regulates the metabolism of glucose and other nutrients.
2. any of several commercial preparations of this substance, each absorbed into the body at a particular rate: used for treating diabetes.
[1910–15; < Latin insul(a) island (alluding to the islets of Langerhans) + -in1]

in·su·lin

(ĭn′sə-lĭn)
1. A hormone produced in the pancreas that acts to regulate the amount of sugar in the blood by causing cells, especially liver and muscle cells, to absorb glucose from the bloodstream.
2. A drug containing this hormone, obtained from the pancreas of animals or produced synthetically and used in treating diabetes.

insulin

A hormone that lowers the level of glucose in blood. Insulin is produced in the pancreas. See pancreatic islets.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.insulin - hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreasinsulin - hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas; regulates storage of glycogen in the liver and accelerates oxidation of sugar in cells
endocrine, hormone, internal secretion - the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
Lente Iletin, Lente Insulin - trade names for forms of insulin that are used to treat diabetes mellitus
Humulin, recombinant human insulin - a form of insulin (trade name Humulin) made from recombinant DNA that is identical to human insulin; used to treat diabetics who are allergic to preparations made from beef or pork insulin
hypoglycaemic agent, hypoglycemic agent - any of various agents that decrease the level of glucose in the blood and are used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus
Translations
insulien
инсулин
insulina
inzulíninzulin
insulin
insulino
insuliin
انسولین
insuliini
inzulin
inzulin
insulin
insúlín
インシュリンインスリン
인슐린
insulinum
insulinas
insulīns
ഇന്‍സുലിന്‍
insulină
inzulín
insulin
инсулин
insulin
สารชนิดหนึ่งสกัดจากตับอ่อนอินซูลิน
інсулін
جزیرین
chất insulininsulin

insulin

[ˈɪnsjʊlɪn] Ninsulina f

insulin

[ˈɪnsjʊlɪn] ninsuline f
to be on insulin → être sous insuline

insulin

nInsulin nt

insulin

[ˈɪnsjʊlɪn] ninsulina
insulin injection → iniezione f d'insulina

insulin

(ˈinsjulin) noun
a substance used in the treatment of the disease diabetes.

insulin

أَنْسُولِيـنٌ inzulín insulin Insulin ινσουλίνη insulina insuliini insuline inzulin insulina インシュリン 인슐린 insuline insulin insulina insulina инсулин insulin สารชนิดหนึ่งสกัดจากตับอ่อน ensülin chất insulin 胰岛素

in·su·lin

[MIM*176730]
n. insulina. hormona secretada en el páncreas;
___ dependentinsulinodependiente.

insulin

n insulina; basal — insulina basal; human — insulina humana; — analogue análogo de la insulina; — aspart insulina aspart, insulina asparta (INN); — detemir insulina detemir; — glargine insulina glargina; — gluli-sine insulina glulisina; — lispro insulina lispro; intermediate-acting — insulina de acción intermedia; long-acting — insulina de acción prolongada; NPH — insulina NPH; pre-mixed — insulina premezclada; rapid-acting — insulina de acción rápida; rapid-acting — analogue análogo de insulina de acción rápida; recombinant — insulina recombinante; regular — insulina regular; to take — inyectarse insulina
References in periodicals archive ?
Do not take these insulins if your blood sugar is too low (hypoglycemia) or if you are allergic to insulin lispro or any of the ingredients in these insulins.
Specific analogs of these hepatoselective insulins have undergone preclinical and initial Phase I clinical proof of concept testing in humans.
Animal and cell-culture studies show that increasing the polyunsaturated fatty acids in cell membranes not only increases the amount of insulin bound by a given tissue or cell, but also insulins action, notes Mark Yorek of the Veterans Administration Medical Center in Iowa City, Iowa.
Insulins are predominantly used at third-line therapy and later, and as part of combination treatment regimes.
Insulin detemir, a new basal insulin analogue, currently under review by regulatory authorities in the EU and US, offers a number of important, potential advantages over other current basal insulins in treating people with diabetes, according to findings presented at the 18th International Diabetes Federation (IDF) Congress.
Insulin classes include: Basal insulins, Prandial insulins, Intermediate-acting insulins and Premixed insulins
Biocon truly believes that non injectable insulins will drive the future of diabetes therapy the world over.
com/reports/c42625) has announced the addition of Pipeline Insight: Insulins - Inhalable Insulins Unlikely to Become Blockbusters to their offering
The study, "Insulin Pump Therapy in Young Children Ages 2-7 Years With Type 1 Diabetes," followed 27 patients (ages 2 to 7 years) over a two year period and found pump therapy to be a safe and effective alternative to twice a day insulin injections using NPH and Humalog insulins.
In the concluding remarks, Dr Malcolm Nattrass highlighted the superior glycaemic control achieved with Levemir(R) compared to conventional insulins.