Currently, PAN-based carbon fiber dominates consumption, accounting for nearly 90% of all sales worldwide , Due to the intense dipole moment of nitrile groups, the strong intrachain and interchain
interactions caused by secondary bonding make the softening point below its decomposition temperature of PAN, so solution spinning is the most common method to produce precursor of PAN-based carbon fiber, although it is more costly and more hazardous than melt spinning [7, 8], High cost of PAN precursor fiber, which accounts for almost 50% of the total cost, limits the potential widespread use of PAN-based carbon fiber in commercial application in comparison with other structure material like glass fiber and steel.
The paper is titled "High thermal conductivity in amorphous polymer blends by engineered interchain
cross-links formed by acrolein and crotonaldehyde.
Bound water associates closely with polymer substituents, while free water disrupts interchain
van der Waals forces and acts as a plasticizer.
GA reacts with '- amino group of lysyl residues in proteins which induces the formation of interchain
crosslinks and stabilizes tissues against chemical and enzymatic degradation depending upon the extent of cross-linking (11).
After expression, the half-antibodies from the 2 different cell cultures were combined in vitro, and through a series of steps of purification, reduction, and oxidation, the interchain
Surlyn[R] 9520 is a semicrystalline ionomer with a broad melting point in the range 60-100 [degrees]C, physical cross-links in the ionomer due to interchain
ionic interactions provided a "permanent" crosslinked network, while its crystals provided a temporary network.
These junction zones are stabilized by interchain
hydrogen bonds between the carboxylic group of uronic acid and by hydrophobic interactions between methylester groups .
Binding between C8[alpha] and C8[beta] was initially observed using C8[alpha] that was purified after cleavage of the interchain
disulfide in C8[alpha]-[gamma] (10).
This rapid rise in viscosity probably arose from main chain entanglements and interchain
crosslinking in MOD 1 (H-bonds).
The process makes use of a polymer interchain
The underlying mechanism for crystal formation in CSH is not well understood, but proposed theories include the overproduction of [kappa] light chains by plasma cells, an aberrant light chain molecule due to amino acid substitutions in the region of the protein involving hydrophobic interactions, altered interchain
disulfide bonds, and the production of protease-resistant peptides.