fighting, cattle raiding and abductions are deep-seated throughout this East African country, Yakani called it a particular problem in Jonglei state, where the town of Akobo is located and where many in the Murle tribe base "their livelihood" on selling children.
This compromised the voting, given the interclan
rivalry, he said.
During a rapidly developing, wide-ranging crisis (foreign policy, economic, and military), the successor loses influence and the ability to control interclan
conflicts within the upper echelons of power.
It also heightened ethnic identity and mistrust, increased inter-group and interclan
rivalry, caused conflict in border demarcation, and accentuated the existing inter-group conflicts (Asnake 2009).
14) The Lugbara, in the northwest part of the country, maintain a system of elder mediation in family, clan, and interclan
alternative to the decentralized interclan
retaliation and warfare
While the army has deployed heavily throughout the town and its environs, sweeping refugee camps for illicit weapons and terror suspects, gun violence and interclan
disputes continue to claim Lebanese lives.
of warfare restricted travel within Enga so that that cultural performances, a key component of many cultural centers (Welsh 2007), would not draw widespread participation or attendance.
Before any formal negotiations began in Somaliland, women (who are usually excluded from the political process) prepared the way for dialogue; due to multiple clan affiliations gained through marriage, women have long served as informal diplomats in interclan
French colonization at the beginning of the 20th century brought legal prohibitions against slavery and an end to interclan
It is also hard to rationally explain interminable interclan
fighting in Somalia, genocide in Rwanda in 1994, or the Serbian ethnic cleansing in Bosnia and Kosovo in the 1990s.
bunggul (dance/ceremony) requires complex interclan