interferon

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in·ter·fer·on

 (ĭn′tər-fîr′ŏn′)
n.
1. Any of a group of glycoproteins that are produced by different cell types in response to various stimuli, such as exposure to a virus, bacterium, parasite, or other antigen, and that inhibit infection through mechanisms such as preventing viral replication or regulating the immune system.
2. Any of a group of synthetic glycoproteins that are structurally similar to these compounds and are used therapeutically, especially as antivirals.

interferon

(ˌɪntəˈfɪərɒn)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem any of a family of proteins made by cells in response to virus infection that prevent the growth of the virus. Some interferons can prevent cell growth and have been tested for use in cancer therapy
[C20: from interfere + -on]

in•ter•fer•on

(ˌɪn tərˈfɪər ɒn)

n.
any of various proteins, produced by virus-infected cells, that inhibit reproduction of the invading virus and induce resistance to further infection.
[1957; interfere + -on1]

in·ter·fer·on

(ĭn′tər-fîr′ŏn′)
Any of a group of proteins that are produced by animal cells in response to infection by a virus and that, in many cases, prevent replication of the virus. Some interferons trigger an immune response in the body. They have been investigated as treatment for many diseases, including certain cancers.

interferon

Immune system proteins that help to protect cells against attack by some kinds of viruses.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.interferon - an antiviral protein produced by cells that have been invaded by a virus; inhibits replication of the virus
alpha-interferon - a form of interferon that is produced endogenously and commercially for its pharmacological effects (including regulation of the immune system and antiviral and antineoplastic effects)
antiviral, antiviral agent, antiviral drug - any drug that destroys viruses
beta-interferon - a form of interferon that is produced by fibroblasts and have antiviral effects; used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis
gamma-interferon - a form of interferon that is produced by T cells and macrophages; involved in the activation of phagocytes
Translations

interferon

[ˌɪntəˈfɪərɒn] Ninterferón m

interferon

n (Chem) → Interferon nt

in·ter·fer·on

n. interferón, proteína natural liberada por células expuestas a la acción del virus que se usa en el tratamiento de infecciones y neoplasmas.

interferon

n interferón m; alpha (beta, etc.) interferon interferón alfa (beta, etc.); pegylated — interferón pegilado
References in periodicals archive ?
The abstract states, "This invention relates to methods for isolating highly-purified mixtures of natural type I interferons from white blood cells.
For the first time, we have a study which provides clear information about the dose effect of interferons.
The FDA found no treatment advantage in using Rebif compared to the other interferons.
Part of the problem with interferon injections, Levy says, is that mixtures of alpha, beta and gamma interferons are probably necessary for the substance to have any effect in a given disease or tumor state.
Membership in the society is open to all individuals interested in interferons, cytokines and chemokines.
Previous studies showed that some coronaviruses, including avian infectious bronchitis virus, murine hepatitis virus, and human coronavirus 229E, are susceptible to type I interferons in vitro of in vivo (4-7).
Both alpha and beta interferons are produced by the body's white blood cells, and both have the effect of suppressing some of the immune response which may be responsible for attacks on myelin in MS.
Interferons and cytokines are involved in all biological processes and play a critical role in the development and progression of many diseases including cancer, viral diseases such as hepatitis and influenza, and autoimmune disorders such as multiple sclerosis and lupus.
This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Growth Factors (Blood and Tissue) in US$ Million by the following Types: Blood Growth Factors (Erythropoietins, Colony Stimulating Factors, Interferons, & Interleukins), Tissue Growth Factors.
Betaseron* is a genetically engineered version of interferon beta, one of a family of small proteins known as interferons that are produced in people and other animals.
These early data compare favorably with the published data for alpha interferons and in particular support the use in combination with small molecule antiviral agents such as ribavirin.
Infergen is the only interferon with data in the label regarding use in patients following relapse or non-response to non-pegylated interferons.