Environmental factors themselves do not need to be external to the body, as tong as they are sensorial stimuli (proprioceptive and interoceptive
stimuli are, in general, inside the body).
Bundling the continuous flow of interoceptive
information into distinct categories such as pain or pleasure can facilitate perception and coping.
Albers explains the classic Heartbeat Test which scientists have been using for many years to determine a person's degree of interoceptive
Evidence that mindfulness improves interoceptive
ability supports this possibility (Silverstein, Brown, Roth, & Britton, 2011).
In sum, Silexan has no diazepam-like interoceptive
property in adult, male rats.
Whereas in proficiency training the goal is fluent performance of overt behavior and instruction in covert observation and discrimination of interoceptive
, proprioceptive, kinesthetic stimuli produced by performance of overt relaxed or unrelaxed behavior.
The effects of repeated corticosterone exposure on the interoceptive
effects of alcohol in rats.
Again, they found amygdala, visual cortex, and interoceptive
cortex activity went up with increased vividness.
Clinical, Psychopathological and Personality Correlates of Interoceptive
Awareness in Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa and Obesity.
Alcoholic beverages are often detected by subtle taste and olfactory cues, as well as other factors such as the mouthfeel of the beverage (Ross and Weller, 2008) and interoceptive
intoxication cues that appear after ingestion (Williams et al.
The treatment was originally designed to be given in 12 sessions focusing on education and attitudes about chronic pain and PTSD, cognitive interventions, relaxation, avoidance issues, interoceptive
exposure, and other elements focusing on anger control, safety, trust, and relapse prevention.
They explain how to recognize avoidance, the benefits of improved emotion regulation, and treatments such as values in action, mindfulness and awareness, defusing the situation, cognitive flexibility training, self-soothing, doing the opposite, interpersonal effectiveness, and imagery-based, interoceptive
, and situational emotion exposure, ending with a chapter on relapse prevention.