intuitionism


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in·tu·i·tion·ism

 (ĭn′to͞o-ĭsh′ə-nĭz′əm, -tyo͞o-)
n. Philosophy
1. The theory that certain truths or ethical principles are known by intuition rather than reason.
2. The theory that external objects of perception are immediately known to be real by intuition.
3. The view that the subject matter of mathematics consists of the mental or symbolic constructions of mathematicians rather than independent and timeless abstractions, as is held in Platonism.

in′tu·i′tion·ist n.

intuitionism

(ˌɪntjʊˈɪʃəˌnɪzəm) or

intuitionalism

n
1. (Philosophy) (in ethics)
a. the doctrine that there are moral truths discoverable by intuition
b. the doctrine that there is no single principle by which to resolve conflicts between intuited moral rules. See also deontological
2. (Philosophy) philosophy the theory that general terms are used of a variety of objects in accordance with perceived similarities. Compare nominalism, Platonism
3. (Logic) logic the doctrine that logical axioms rest on prior intuitions concerning time, negation, and provability
4. (Logic)
a. the theory that mathematics cannot intelligibly comprehend the properties of infinite sets, and that only what can be shown to be provable can be justifiably asserted
b. the reconstruction of mathematics or logic in accordance with this view. Compare formalism, logicism, finitism
5. (Philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge, esp of the external world, is acquired by intuition
ˌintuˈitionist, ˌintuˈitionalist n

in•tu•i•tion•ism

(ˌɪn tuˈɪʃ əˌnɪz əm, -tyu-)

n.
1. the doctrine in ethics that moral values and duties can be discerned directly.
2. (in metaphysics)
a. the doctrine that in perception external objects are given immediately, without the intervention of a representative idea.
b. the doctrine that knowledge rests upon axiomatic truths discerned directly.
[1840–50]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.intuitionism - (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired primarily by intuition
philosophy - the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
philosophical doctrine, philosophical theory - a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy
References in periodicals archive ?
In the introductory part, echoes can be heard of Moorean intuitionism, as well as of Wittgenstein's saying-showing distinction (5) and the latter's equation of the way in which ethical and aesthetic statements function equivalently (12-14).
what Audi calls 'moral sensitivity'), and develops this into an argument for a brand of conative moral intuitionism.
That contemporary methodology is derived from Henry Sidgwick's rational intuitionism, and is found in its most well-known form in Rawls's conception of reflective equilibrium.
Some Good and Bad News for Ethical Intuitionism, PEKKA VAVRYNEN
In this study she defines and addresses various aspects of intuitionism, then proceeds to discuss emotions and her concept of affectual intituionism, concluding with an epilogue on new perspectives in moral philosophy.
105) Hirsch, for example, tended to associate intuitionism with biblical interpretation and positivism with legal interpretation, even though both approaches have played important roles in both traditions.
Lila Mae's own description of the position of the early inspectors reveals the larger implications of the development of such a revolutionary approach as Intuitionism.
None of this is to suggest that intuitionism is the only possible
Recognizing such a religious moral "feel" for a situation has some similarity with ethical theories of intuitionism, and shares their strengths as well as difficulties; and in particular, of course, the question of how one is to distinguish between legitimate insight and perhaps outdated culture or prejudice, or between reasoning and rationalization.
2) The heresy of intuitionism, which claims that valid or truthful moral appraisals are produced rapidly and unconsciously and that moral men and women know the "good" (and/or are inclined to do the "good") spontaneously or "reflexively", without being motivated by the conclusions of deliberative reason.
examines the causes of this disillusion and defends the human capacity to know by analyzing alternatives offered by the work of Richard Rorty and Bernard Lonergan, who differ in some ways but agree that philosophy has relied too much on intuitionism.
10) Neither Stout nor Nussbaum would describe him or herself as an intuitionist, and yet there are clear affinities between their approach and Little's intuitionism.