involuntary


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Related to involuntary: Involuntary Euthanasia, Involuntary manslaughter

in·vol·un·tar·y

 (ĭn-vŏl′ən-tĕr′ē)
adj.
1. Acting or done without or against one's will: an involuntary participant in what turned out to be an argument.
2. Not subject to control of the volition: gave an involuntary start.

in·vol′un·tar′i·ly (-târ′ə-lē) adv.
in·vol′un·tar′i·ness n.

involuntary

(ɪnˈvɒləntərɪ; -trɪ)
adj
1. carried out without one's conscious wishes; not voluntary; unintentional
2. (Physiology) physiol (esp of a movement or muscle) performed or acting without conscious control
inˈvoluntarily adv
inˈvoluntariness n

in•vol•un•tar•y

(ɪnˈvɒl ənˌtɛr i)

adj.
1. not voluntary; independent of one's will: an involuntary listener.
2. unintentional; unconscious: an involuntary gesture.
3. caused through recklessness or negligence: involuntary manslaughter.
4. Physiol. acting or functioning without volition: involuntary muscles.
[1525–35; < Late Latin]
in•vol•un•tar•i•ly (ɪnˈvɒl ənˌtɛr ə li, -ˌvɒl ənˈtɛər-) adv.
in•vol′un•tar`i•ness, n.

in·vol·un·tar·y

(ĭn-vŏl′ən-tĕr′ē)
Not under conscious control. Most of the biological processes in animals that are vital to life, such as contraction of the heart, blood flow, breathing, and digestion, are involuntary and controlled by the autonomic nervous system.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.involuntary - not subject to the control of the willinvoluntary - not subject to the control of the will; "involuntary manslaughter"; "involuntary servitude"; "an involuntary shudder"; "It (becoming a hero) was involuntary. They sank my boat"- John F.Kennedy
unconscious - not conscious; lacking awareness and the capacity for sensory perception as if asleep or dead; "lay unconscious on the floor"
unwilling - not disposed or inclined toward; "an unwilling assistant"; "unwilling to face facts"
voluntary - of your own free will or design; done by choice; not forced or compelled; "man is a voluntary agent"; "participation was voluntary"; "voluntary manslaughter"; "voluntary generosity in times of disaster"; "voluntary social workers"; "a voluntary confession"
2.involuntary - controlled by the autonomic nervous system; without conscious control; "involuntary muscles"; "gave an involuntary start"
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
voluntary - controlled by individual volition; "voluntary motions"; "voluntary muscles"

involuntary

adjective
2. compulsory, forced, mandatory, required, binding, imperative, obligatory, requisite, de rigueur (French) Involuntary repatriations began this week.

involuntary

adjective
Acting or happening without apparent forethought, prompting, or planning:
Translations
لا إرادي، لا إخْتِياري
bezděčnýnedobrovolný
ufrivillig
ósjálfráîur
nevalingainevalingas
negribētsnetīšs
istemeden

involuntary

[ɪnˈvɒləntərɪ] ADJinvoluntario

involuntary

[ɪnˈvɒləntəri] adjinvolontaire

involuntary

adjunbeabsichtigt, ungewollt; repatriationunfreiwillig; shudder, muscle movement etcunwillkürlich; I found myself an involuntary listener/guestich wurde zum unfreiwilligen Zuhörer/Gast; involuntary manslaughter (Jur) → fahrlässige Tötung

involuntary

[ɪnˈvɒləntrɪ] adjinvolontario/a

involuntary

(inˈvoləntəri) adjective
(of an action etc) not intentional. He gave an involuntary cry.
inˈvoluntarily adverb

in·vol·un·tar·y

a. involuntario-a.

involuntary

adj involuntario
References in classic literature ?
The next minute her face fell as she glanced about the empty room, adding, with an involuntary sigh, "Yes, I am glad, but how I shall miss him.
There were beautiful butterflies, moths and strange bugs in the securing of which the scientist evinced great delight, though when one beetle nipped him firmly and painfully on his thumb his involuntary cry of pain was as real as that of any other person.
The white man loosened his knife in his leathern sheath, and made an involuntary movement of the hand toward his rifle, at this sudden interruption; but the Indian sat composed, and without turning his head at the unexpected sounds.
The suspicions and distrust that she had always felt of their fortunes seemed to grow with the involuntary admission of Whiskey Dick that they were shared by others who were practical men.
By the involuntary effect of a genial temperament, Phoebe soon grew to be absolutely essential to the daily comfort, if not the daily life, of her two forlorn companions.
Some of the briefer articles, which contribute to make up the volume, have likewise been written since my involuntary withdrawal from the toils and honours of public life, and the remainder are gleaned from annuals and magazines, of such antique date, that they have gone round the circle, and come back to novelty again.
Once more he cudgelled the sides of the inflexible Gunpowder, and, shutting his eyes, broke forth with involuntary fervor into a psalm tune.
The mention of the thing he thought he perceived was involuntary on Sam's part at first, and his confused attempts to dissuade him he set down to a desperate lying on second thoughts, as being unwilling to implicate Liza.
I was an involuntary spectator and auditor of whatever was done and said in the kitchen of the adjacent village inn--a wholly new and rare experience to me.
We have been left long enough to gather the character of slavery from the involuntary evidence of the masters.
To that point went every leisure moment which her father's claims on her allowed, and every moment of involuntary absence of mind.
It has been involuntary, and I will not encourage it.