involuntary


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in·vol·un·tar·y

 (ĭn-vŏl′ən-tĕr′ē)
adj.
1. Acting or done without or against one's will: an involuntary participant in what turned out to be an argument.
2. Not subject to control of the volition: gave an involuntary start.

in·vol′un·tar′i·ly (-târ′ə-lē) adv.
in·vol′un·tar′i·ness n.

involuntary

(ɪnˈvɒləntərɪ; -trɪ)
adj
1. carried out without one's conscious wishes; not voluntary; unintentional
2. (Physiology) physiol (esp of a movement or muscle) performed or acting without conscious control
inˈvoluntarily adv
inˈvoluntariness n

in•vol•un•tar•y

(ɪnˈvɒl ənˌtɛr i)

adj.
1. not voluntary; independent of one's will: an involuntary listener.
2. unintentional; unconscious: an involuntary gesture.
3. caused through recklessness or negligence: involuntary manslaughter.
4. Physiol. acting or functioning without volition: involuntary muscles.
[1525–35; < Late Latin]
in•vol•un•tar•i•ly (ɪnˈvɒl ənˌtɛr ə li, -ˌvɒl ənˈtɛər-) adv.
in•vol′un•tar`i•ness, n.

in·vol·un·tar·y

(ĭn-vŏl′ən-tĕr′ē)
Not under conscious control. Most of the biological processes in animals that are vital to life, such as contraction of the heart, blood flow, breathing, and digestion, are involuntary and controlled by the autonomic nervous system.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.involuntary - not subject to the control of the willinvoluntary - not subject to the control of the will; "involuntary manslaughter"; "involuntary servitude"; "an involuntary shudder"; "It (becoming a hero) was involuntary. They sank my boat"- John F.Kennedy
unconscious - not conscious; lacking awareness and the capacity for sensory perception as if asleep or dead; "lay unconscious on the floor"
unwilling - not disposed or inclined toward; "an unwilling assistant"; "unwilling to face facts"
voluntary - of your own free will or design; done by choice; not forced or compelled; "man is a voluntary agent"; "participation was voluntary"; "voluntary manslaughter"; "voluntary generosity in times of disaster"; "voluntary social workers"; "a voluntary confession"
2.involuntary - controlled by the autonomic nervous system; without conscious control; "involuntary muscles"; "gave an involuntary start"
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
voluntary - controlled by individual volition; "voluntary motions"; "voluntary muscles"

involuntary

adjective
2. compulsory, forced, mandatory, required, binding, imperative, obligatory, requisite, de rigueur (French) Involuntary repatriations began this week.

involuntary

adjective
Acting or happening without apparent forethought, prompting, or planning:
Translations
لا إرادي، لا إخْتِياري
bezděčnýnedobrovolný
ufrivillig
ósjálfráîur
nevalingainevalingas
negribētsnetīšs
istemeden

involuntary

[ɪnˈvɒləntərɪ] ADJinvoluntario

involuntary

[ɪnˈvɒləntəri] adjinvolontaire

involuntary

adjunbeabsichtigt, ungewollt; repatriationunfreiwillig; shudder, muscle movement etcunwillkürlich; I found myself an involuntary listener/guestich wurde zum unfreiwilligen Zuhörer/Gast; involuntary manslaughter (Jur) → fahrlässige Tötung

involuntary

[ɪnˈvɒləntrɪ] adjinvolontario/a

involuntary

(inˈvoləntəri) adjective
(of an action etc) not intentional. He gave an involuntary cry.
inˈvoluntarily adverb

in·vol·un·tar·y

a. involuntario-a.

involuntary

adj involuntario
References in classic literature ?
I am full of gratitude towards you--I am indeed full for all that you have done for me, I am most sensible of your goodness; but, to think that I should be forced to see that, in spite of your own troubles (of which I have been the involuntary cause), you live for me alone--you live but for MY joys and MY sorrows and MY affection
Many are the enactments made at different times in the different States of Flatland, in order to minimize this peril; and in the Southern and less temperate climates where the force of gravitation is greater, and human beings more liable to casual and involuntary motions, the Laws concerning Women are naturally much more stringent.
Besides, those who contrive this plan of community cannot easily avoid the following evils; namely, blows, murders involuntary or voluntary, quarrels, and reproaches, all which it would be impious indeed to be guilty of towards our fathers and mothers, or those who are nearly related to us; though not to those who are not connected to us by any tie of affinity: and certainly these mischiefs must necessarily happen oftener amongst those who do not know how they are connected to each other than those who do; and when they do happen, if it is among the first of these, they admit of a legal expiation, but amongst the latter that cannot be done.
We have been left long enough to gather the character of slavery from the involuntary evidence of the masters.
An involuntary motion of surprise nearly escaped him, for the description in the passport was identical with that of the bank robber which he had received from Scotland Yard.
Grandfather might have continued to talk in this dull manner nobody knows how long; but suspecting that Charley would find the subject rather dry, he looked sidewise at that vivacious little fellow, and saw him give an involuntary yawn.
The young man, flattered, sat down nearer to her with a coquettish smile, and engaged the smiling Julie in a confidential conversation without at all noticing that his involuntary smile had stabbed the heart of Sonya, who blushed and smiled unnaturally.
But it is dark in here," she said the next moment, her shoulders shrinking with a little involuntary shiver.
With thee hath there come to me an involuntary bliss
By the involuntary effect of a genial temperament, Phoebe soon grew to be absolutely essential to the daily comfort, if not the daily life, of her two forlorn companions.
Antipathy is the only word which can express the feeling Edward Crimsworth had for me--a feeling, in a great measure, involuntary, and which was liable to be excited by every, the most trifling movement, look, or word of mine.
One Eye watching, felt a sudden moistness in his mouth and a drooling of saliva, involuntary, excited by the living meat that was spreading itself like a repast before him.