iron


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to iron: iron man, Iron deficiency, Iron supplements

i·ron

 (ī′ərn)
n.
1. Symbol Fe A silvery-white, lustrous, malleable, ductile, magnetic or magnetizable, metallic element occurring abundantly in combined forms, notably in hematite, limonite, magnetite, and taconite, and used alloyed in a wide range of important structural materials. Atomic number 26; atomic weight 55.845; melting point 1,538°C; boiling point 2,861°C; specific gravity 7.874 (at 20°C); valence 2, 3, 4, 6. See Periodic Table.
2. An implement made of iron alloy or similar metal, especially a bar heated for use in branding, curling hair, or cauterizing.
3. Great hardness or strength; firmness: a will of iron.
4. Sports Any of a series of golf clubs having a bladelike metal head and numbered from one to nine in order of increasing loft.
5. A metal appliance with a handle and a weighted flat bottom, used when heated to press wrinkles from fabric.
6. A harpoon.
7. irons Fetters; shackles.
8. A tonic, pill, or other medication containing iron and taken as a dietary supplement.
adj.
1. Made of or containing iron: iron bars; an iron alloy.
2. Strong, healthy, and capable of great endurance: an iron constitution.
3. Inflexible; unyielding: iron resolve.
4. Holding tightly; very firm: has an iron grip.
v. i·roned, i·ron·ing, i·rons
v.tr.
1.
a. To press and smooth with a heated iron: iron clothes.
b. To remove (creases) by pressing.
2. To put into irons; fetter.
3. To fit or clad with iron.
v.intr.
To iron clothes.
Phrasal Verb:
iron out
To settle through discussion or compromise; work out.
Idioms:
in irons Nautical
Lying head to the wind without steerageway and thus unable to turn either way.
iron in the fire
An undertaking or project in progress: has many irons in the fire this year.

[Middle English iren, from Old English īren; see eis- in Indo-European roots.]

iron

(ˈaɪən)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds)
a. a malleable ductile silvery-white ferromagnetic metallic element occurring principally in haematite and magnetite. It is widely used for structural and engineering purposes. Symbol: Fe; atomic no: 26; atomic wt: 55.847; valency: 2,3,4, or 6; relative density: 7.874; melting pt: 1538°C; boiling pt: 2862°C. See also steel, cast iron, wrought iron, pig ironferricferrousferro-
b. (as modifier): iron railings.
2. (Tools) any of certain tools or implements made of iron or steel, esp for use when hot: a grappling iron; a soldering iron.
3. (Tools) an appliance for pressing fabrics using dry heat or steam, esp a small electrically heated device with a handle and a weighted flat bottom
4. (Golf) any of various golf clubs with narrow metal heads, numbered from 1 to 9 according to the slant of the face, used esp for approach shots: a No. 6 iron.
5. (Fishing) an informal word for harpoon1
6. slang US a splintlike support for a malformed leg
7. great hardness, strength, or resolve: a will of iron.
8. (Astronomy) astronomy short for iron meteorite
9. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) See shooting iron
10. strike while the iron is hot to act at an opportune moment
adj
11. very hard, immovable, or implacable: iron determination.
12. very strong; extremely robust: an iron constitution.
13. cruel or unyielding: he ruled with an iron hand.
14. an iron fist a cruel and unyielding attitude or approach. See also velvet6
vb
15. (Clothing & Fashion) to smooth (clothes or fabric) by removing (creases or wrinkles) using a heated iron; press
16. (tr) to furnish or clothe with iron
17. (tr) rare to place (a prisoner) in irons
[Old English irēn; related to Old High German īsan, Old Norse jārn; compare Old Irish īarn]
ˈironer n
ˈironless adj
ˈironˌlike adj

i•ron

(ˈaɪ ərn)
n.
1. a ductile, malleable, silver-white metallic element, used in its impure carbon-containing forms for making tools, implements, machinery, etc. Symbol: Fe; at. wt.: 55.847; at. no.: 26; sp. gr.: 7.86 at 20°C.
2. something hard, strong, unyielding, or the like: hearts of iron.
3. an instrument, utensil, weapon, etc., made of iron.
4. an appliance with a flat metal bottom, used when heated, as by electricity, to press or smooth clothes, linens, etc.
5. any of a series of nine iron-headed golf clubs having progressively sloped-back faces, used for driving or lofting the ball. Compare wood 1 (def. 6).
6. a branding iron.
7. a harpoon.
8. irons, shackles or fetters.
9. a sword.
adj.
10. of, containing, or made of iron.
11. resembling iron in firmness, strength, color, etc.
12. stern; harsh; cruel.
13. inflexible; unrelenting.
14. strong; robust; healthy.
15. holding or binding strongly: an iron grip.
v.t.
16. to smooth or press with a heated iron, as clothes or linens.
17. to furnish, mount, or arm with iron.
18. to shackle or fetter with irons.
v.i.
19. to press clothes, linens, etc., with an iron.
20. iron out, to resolve or clear away (difficulties, etc.).
Idioms:
irons in the fire, undertakings; projects.
[before 900; Middle English, Old English īren]

i·ron

(ī′ərn)
Symbol Fe A silvery-white, hard, brittle metallic element that occurs abundantly in minerals such as hematite and magnetite. It can be magnetized and is used to make steel and other alloys important in construction and manufacturing. Iron is a component of hemoglobin, which allows red blood cells to carry oxygen and carbon dioxide through the body. Atomic number 26. See Periodic Table. See Note at element.

iron


Past participle: ironed
Gerund: ironing

Imperative
iron
iron
Present
I iron
you iron
he/she/it irons
we iron
you iron
they iron
Preterite
I ironed
you ironed
he/she/it ironed
we ironed
you ironed
they ironed
Present Continuous
I am ironing
you are ironing
he/she/it is ironing
we are ironing
you are ironing
they are ironing
Present Perfect
I have ironed
you have ironed
he/she/it has ironed
we have ironed
you have ironed
they have ironed
Past Continuous
I was ironing
you were ironing
he/she/it was ironing
we were ironing
you were ironing
they were ironing
Past Perfect
I had ironed
you had ironed
he/she/it had ironed
we had ironed
you had ironed
they had ironed
Future
I will iron
you will iron
he/she/it will iron
we will iron
you will iron
they will iron
Future Perfect
I will have ironed
you will have ironed
he/she/it will have ironed
we will have ironed
you will have ironed
they will have ironed
Future Continuous
I will be ironing
you will be ironing
he/she/it will be ironing
we will be ironing
you will be ironing
they will be ironing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been ironing
you have been ironing
he/she/it has been ironing
we have been ironing
you have been ironing
they have been ironing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been ironing
you will have been ironing
he/she/it will have been ironing
we will have been ironing
you will have been ironing
they will have been ironing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been ironing
you had been ironing
he/she/it had been ironing
we had been ironing
you had been ironing
they had been ironing
Conditional
I would iron
you would iron
he/she/it would iron
we would iron
you would iron
they would iron
Past Conditional
I would have ironed
you would have ironed
he/she/it would have ironed
we would have ironed
you would have ironed
they would have ironed

iron

Club with a metal head.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.iron - a heavy ductile magnetic metallic elementiron - a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood
metal, metallic element - any of several chemical elements that are usually shiny solids that conduct heat or electricity and can be formed into sheets etc.
alpha iron - a magnetic allotrope of iron; stable below 906 degrees centigrade
beta iron - an allotrope of iron that is the same as alpha iron except that it is nonmagnetic; stable between 768 and 906 degrees centigrade
gamma iron - a nonmagnetic allotrope of iron that is the basis of austenite; stable between 906 and 1403 degrees centigrade
delta iron - an allotrope of iron that is stable between 1403 degrees centigrade and the melting point (= 1532 degrees)
ingot iron - iron of high purity
cast iron - an alloy of iron containing so much carbon that it is brittle and so cannot be wrought but must be shaped by casting
wrought iron - iron having a low carbon content that is tough and malleable and so can be forged and welded
steel - an alloy of iron with small amounts of carbon; widely used in construction; mechanical properties can be varied over a wide range
galvanized iron - iron that is coated with zinc to protect it from rust
iron ore - an ore from which iron can be extracted
pig iron - crude iron tapped from a blast furnace
scrap iron - iron to be melted again and reworked
structural iron - iron that has been cast or worked in structural shapes
2.iron - a golf club that has a relatively narrow metal headiron - a golf club that has a relatively narrow metal head
driving iron, one iron - (golf) the long iron with the most nearly vertical face
golf-club, golf club, club - golf equipment used by a golfer to hit a golf ball
long iron - an iron with a long shaft and a steep face; for hitting long low shots
five iron, mashie - middle-distance iron
mashie niblick, seven iron - iron with a lofted face for hitting high shots to the green
midiron, two iron - long iron with a nearly vertical face
niblick, nine iron - an iron with considerable loft
putting iron, putter - the iron normally used on the putting green
short iron - an iron with a short shaft and pitched face; for hitting short high shots
wedge - (golf) an iron with considerable loft and a broad sole
3.iron - implement used to brand live stockiron - implement used to brand live stock  
implement - instrumentation (a piece of equipment or tool) used to effect an end
4.iron - home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth clothiron - home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth cloth
flatiron - an iron that was heated by placing it on a stove
gauffer, gauffering iron, goffering iron, goffer - an iron used to press pleats and ridges
home appliance, household appliance - an appliance that does a particular job in the home
steam iron - a pressing iron that can emit steam
travel iron - a small lightweight iron that can be carried while traveling
Verb1.iron - press and smooth with a heated iron; "press your shirts"; "she stood there ironing"
mangle - press with a mangle; "mangle the sheets"
press - place between two surfaces and apply weight or pressure; "pressed flowers"
Adj.1.iron - extremely robust; "an iron constitution"
robust - sturdy and strong in form, constitution, or construction; "a robust body"; "a robust perennial"

iron

noun
1. flat iron, steam iron, electric iron This shirt will never need to see the underside of an iron.
plural noun
1. chains, shackles, fetters, manacles, bonds These people need to be clapped in irons themselves.
adjective
1. ferrous, ferric, irony The huge iron gate was locked.
iron something out settle, resolve, sort out, eliminate, get rid of, reconcile, clear up, simplify, unravel, erase, eradicate, put right, straighten out, harmonize, expedite, smooth over The various groups had managed to iron out their differences.
Related words
adjectives ferric, ferrous
combining form ferro-

iron

noun
Something that physically confines the legs or arms.Used in plural:
bond, chain (used in plural), fetter, handcuff (often used in plural), hobble, manacle, restraint, shackle.
Archaic: gyve.
adjectiveverb
To smooth by applying heat and pressure:
Translations
yster
مِكْواةمكواة كهربائيةيَكوييَكْوِيحديد
гладяжелязоизглаждамютия
ferroplanxaplanxar
železožehličkažehlitželeznýkovová golfová hůl
jernstrygestrygejernjern-kølle
ferogladigladilo
raudtriikraud
آهناتواطو
rautasilittääsilitysrautarautainen
लोहा
željezoglačaloglačatipegla
vasvasalóvas golfütõvasal
de ferroferreeferroferro de repassarrepassar
besimenyeterikasetrika
járnstraujárnjárnkylfastrauja
アイロンアイロンをかける
다리미화두다림질하다
ferreusferriferro levigareferrum
geležisgeležiusišlyginti drabužiailaidynėlyginimo lenta
dzelzsdzelzs-gludeklisgludināt
ഇരുമ്പ്
călcafierfier de călcat
železohladidlokovová golfová palicažehličkažehliť
likalniklikatiželezovklenitivkovati
gvožđepeglapeglatiželezoгвожђе
strykastrykjärnjärnjärn-
chuma
เตารีดเหล็กรีดด้วยเตารีด
demirütüütülemekmaden uçlu golf sopasıütü yapmak
залiзозалізкозалізнийпраскапрасувати
لوہا
sắtủisát

iron

[ˈaɪən]
A. N
1. (= metal) → hierro m, fierro m (LAm)
cast ironhierro m colado
corrugated ironchapa f ondulada
old ironchatarra f, hierro m viejo
to have an iron constitutiontener una constitución de hierro
with an iron hand or fistcon mano de hierro
a man of ironun hombre de hierro
a will of ironuna voluntad férrea or de hierro
to have a lot of/too many irons in the firetener muchos/demasiados asuntos entre manos
the iron fist in the velvet glovela mano de hierro en guante de terciopelo
to strike while the iron is hota hierro candente batir de repente
2. irons (= fetters) → grilletes mpl, grillos mpl
to put or clap sb in ironsponer grilletes or grillos a algn, aherrojar a algn
3. (Golf) → hierro m
4. (for ironing clothes) → plancha f
5. (for branding) → hierro m candente
6. (= gun) → pistola f
B. VT [+ clothes] → planchar
C. VI [person] → planchar
this blouse irons really wellesta blusa es muy fácil de planchar
D. CPD [bridge, bar, tool] → de hierro, de fierro (LAm) (fig) [will, determination] → férreo
the Iron Age Nla Edad de hierro
the iron and steel industry Nla industria siderúrgica
Iron Cross Ncruz f de hierro
the Iron Curtain N (Hist, Pol) → el telón de acero, la cortina de hierro (LAm)
the Iron Curtain Countrieslos países más allá del telón de acero
the Iron Duke Nel Duque de Wellington
iron foundry Nfundición f, fundidora f (LAm)
the Iron Lady N (Brit) (Pol) → la Dama de Hierro
iron lung N (Med) → pulmón m de acero
iron ore Nmineral m de hierro
iron oxide Nóxido m de hierro
iron pyrites Npirita f ferruginosa
iron rations NPLración f or víveres mpl de reserva
iron out VT + ADV [+ unevenness] → allanar; [+ crease] → quitar, planchar; [+ difficulties] → allanar, suprimir; [+ problems] → resolver
they managed to iron out their differencesconsiguieron resolver sus diferencias

iron

[ˈaɪərn]
n
(= metal) → fer m
to pump iron → soulever de la fonte
(for clothes)fer m à repasser
adj
(= made of iron) → de or en fer
[will] → de fer
a man of iron will → un homme à la volonté de fer
a man of icy nerve and iron will → un homme aux nerfs d'acier et à la volonté de fer
vt
[+ clothes] → repasser
I hate ironing shirts → Je déteste repasser les chemises. irons
npl
(= chains) → fers mpl
to clap sb in irons → jeter qn aux fers
to have a lot of irons in the fire (= projects) → avoir de nombreux projets sur le feu, avoir beaucoup de choses sur le feu
iron out
vt
[+ problem, difficulty] → aplanir
[+ crease] → faire disparaître au ferIron Age
n
the Iron Age → l'âge m de fer
modif [civilisation, fort] → de l'âge de ferIron Curtain n
the Iron Curtain → le rideau de feriron foundry nfonderie f de fonteiron hand n
to rule with an iron hand → gouverner d'une main de fer

iron

n
Eisen nt; old ironAlteisen nt; iron tablets plEisentabletten pl; a man of ironein stahlharter Mann; a will of ironein eiserner Wille; to rule with a rod of iron (Brit) → mit eiserner Rute or Hand herrschen; to pump iron (inf)Krafttraining machen
(= electric iron)Bügeleisen nt; to have other irons in the fire (fig)noch andere Eisen im Feuer haben; he has too many irons in the fireer macht zu viel auf einmal; to strike while the iron is hot (Prov) → das Eisen schmieden, solange es heiß ist (Prov)
(Golf) → Eisen nt
irons pl (= fetters)Hand- und Fußschellen pl; to put a man in ironsjdn in Eisen legen
adj
(Chem) → Eisen-; (= made of iron)Eisen-, eisern, aus Eisen; iron barEisenstange f; iron deficiencyEisenmangel m; iron pyritesEisenkies m, → Pyrit m
(fig) constitution, handeisern; willeisern, stählern; rulestreng, unbarmherzig; to rule with an iron handmit eiserner Faust regieren; they soon discovered that here was an iron fist in a velvet glovees wurde ihnen bald klar, dass mit ihm etc nicht zu spaßen war, obwohl er etc so sanft wirkte
vt clothesbügeln
vi (person)bügeln; (cloth)sich bügeln lassen

iron

:
Iron Age
nEisenzeit f
Iron Chancellor
nEiserne(r) Kanzler
ironclad
adjgepanzert
n (obs)Panzerschiff nt
Iron Curtain
nEiserne(r) Vorhang; the iron countriesdie Länder hinter dem Eisernen Vorhang
Iron Duke
nWellington m
iron horse
n (old: = train) → Dampfross nt (old hum)

iron

:
Iron Lady
n (Brit Pol) → eiserne Lady
iron lung
ironmonger
n (Brit) → Eisen(waren)händler(in) m(f)
ironmonger’s (shop)
n (Brit) → Eisen- und Haushaltswarenhandlung f
ironmongery
n (Brit) (= shop)Eisen- und Haushaltswarenhandlung f; (= goods)Eisenwaren pl
iron mould, (US) iron mold
nRostfleck m
iron ore
nEisenerz nt
ironware
nEisenwaren pl; (= household goods)Haushaltswaren pl
ironwork
nEisen nt; (on chest, cart etc) → Eisenbeschläge pl; ornamental ironEisenverzierungen pl
ironworks
n sing or plEisenhütte f

iron

[ˈaɪən]
1. n (also) (fig) → ferro; (Golf) → mazza da golf di ferro; (for ironing clothes) → ferro (da stiro)
a will of iron → una volontà ferrea or di ferro
he rules his children with a rod of iron → comanda a bacchetta i figli
to strike while the iron is hot (fig) → battere finché il ferro è caldo
to have a lot of/too many irons in the fire (fig) → avere molta/troppa carne al fuoco
see also irons
2. vt (clothes) → stirare
3. vi this dress irons wellquesto vestito è facile da stirare
4. adj (bridge, bar, tool) → di ferro (fig) (will, determination) → ferreo/a, di ferro
an iron fist in a velvet glove → un pugno di ferro in un guanto di velluto
iron out vt + adv (creases) → far sparire col ferro; (fig, problems, disagreements) → appianare

iron

(ˈaiən) noun
1. (also adjective) (of) an element that is the most common metal, is very hard, and is widely used for making tools etc. Steel is made from iron; The ground is as hard as iron; iron railings; iron determination (= very strong determination).
2. a flat-bottomed instrument that is heated up and used for smoothing clothes etc. I've burnt a hole in my dress with the iron.
3. a type of golf-club.
verb
to smooth (clothes etc) with an iron. This dress needs to be ironed; I've been ironing all afternoon.
ˈironing noun
clothes etc waiting to be ironed, or just ironed. What a huge pile of ironing!
ˈirons noun plural
formerly, a prisoner's chains. They put him in irons.
ˈironing-board noun
a padded board on which to iron clothes.
ˈironmonger noun
a dealer in articles of metal eg tools, locks etc and other goods.
ˈironmongery noun
the business or goods of an ironmonger.
have several irons in the fire, have too many etc irons in the fire
to be involved in, or doing, several etc things at the same time.
iron out
1. to get rid of (creases etc) by ironing.
2. to get rid of (difficulties etc) so that progress becomes easier.
strike while the iron is hot
to act etc while the situation is favourable.

iron

حَدِيدٌ, مِكْواة, يَكْوِي žehlička, žehlit, železo jern, stryge, strygejern Bügeleisen, bügeln, Eisen σίδερο, σιδερώνω hierro, plancha, planchar rauta, silittää, silitysrauta fer, fer à repasser, repasser glačati, pegla, željezo ferro, stirare アイロン, アイロンをかける, 鉄 다리미, 다림질하다, 철 ijzer, strijken, strijkijzer jern, stryke, strykejern uprasować, żelazko ferro, ferro de engomar, ferro de passar roupa, passar a ferro гладить, железо, утюг stryka, strykjärn เตารีด, เหล็ก, รีดด้วยเตารีด demir, ütü, ütülemek sắt, ủi 烫平, 熨斗,

iron

n. hierro;
v.
to have an ___ constitutiontener una constitución de hierro.

iron

n hierro
References in classic literature ?
Laurence struck while the iron was hot, and before the blighted being recovered spirit enough to rebel, they were off.
Their home from the outside looked like a prison, with iron bars before the door and lower windows.
The few bared open spaces on the upland, the long stretch of rocky ridge near the summit, so vivid and so velvety during their first journey, were now burnt and yellow; even the brief openings in the forest were seared as if by a hot iron in the scorching rays of a half year's sun.
Colonel Pyncheon, the claimant, as we gather from whatever traits of him are preserved, was characterized by an iron energy of purpose.
It was only with the assistance of a servant, and by leaning his hand heavily on the iron balustrade, that he could slowly and painfully ascend the Custom-House steps, and, with a toilsome progress across the floor, attain his customary chair beside the fireplace.
The path to my fixed purpose is laid with iron rails, whereon my soul is grooved to run.
The foundation does not penetrate the deck, but the masonry is firmly secured to the surface by ponderous knees of iron bracing it on all sides, and screwing it down to the timbers.
Now, Joe, examining this iron with a smith's eye, declared it to have been filed asunder some time ago.
For the architectural motive placed in one corner, he substituted an iron tree.
Then he tried, at first only in play, and then seriously, to strike her with the knife, but an invisible wall of iron seemed to be between them, and the maiden stood before him laughing and unhurt.
THERE was a nice hot singey smell; and at the table, with an iron in her hand stood a very stout short person staring anxiously at Lucie.
As long as it went through more frequented waters, we often saw the hulls of shipwrecked vessels that were rotting in the depths, and deeper down cannons, bullets, anchors, chains, and a thousand other iron materials eaten up by rust.