As the international development secretary's plane crawled across the flight-tracker app of 22,000 political ironists
on Wednesday, it was reported that Downing Street wanted to give her "the dignity of resigning".
OPPORTUNITIES (LET'S MAKE LOTS OF MONEY) - PET SHOP BOYS WRITTEN as a satire of Thatcherism and its embodiment in conspicuous consumption and yuppies in the United Kingdom during the 1980s, the song's indirect attack on its subject matter has come to exemplify the Pet Shop Boys as ironists
It may well be true, as Henri Morier argues, that the range of irony depends on the ironist
's temperament--from oppositional to conciliatory--but it seems to me that it takes two to ironize (even if ironists
are the only ones to get their own ironies).
But probably not, since except for a few ironists
like Iztok Osojnik and Andrej Blatnik and some neo-fantasists like Miroslav Slana, humor does not seem to be a dominant strain in Slovenian literature--perhaps because, in most of its history, not many funny things were going on.
need common sense to react against and feel alienated from.
According to Rorty ironists
strive to criticise vocabularies that are considered final, (15) because they constantly doubt the validity of their own final vocabularies (1989:73).
who are inclined to philosophize see choice between vocabularies made neither within a neutral and universal meta-vocabulary nor by an attempt to fight one's way past appearances to the real, but simply by playing the new off against the old.
Vladimir Jankelevitch refers to this as the ill-ease that ironists
create by contradicting social conventions.
In this way, Rorty's very articulation itself of pragmatism is merely a useful way of speaking that serves his desired end of creating more secular, liberal ironists
who prefer living aesthetically experimental lives to seeking the true and the good.
Where postmodern and other ironists
have read Part 4 as wholly farcical, Loeb is careful to point out that, on his reading, Part 4 maintains its dignity by depicting Zarathustra's 'final and essential advance on the way to complete fulfillment' of his destiny (97).
In fact, mirroring the ways of their invented father in heaven, some of my blood relatives have become such inadvertent ironists
, as they, at this moment, squat in Palestine, bristling with misplaced rage, manic with delusional entitlement, and, on the whole, casting a curse upon future generations that will poison their hearts and cascade through the generations with a terrible symmetry.
There is not space here to give detailed attention to the chapters on Fay Weldon, Athol Fugard, Mario Vargas Llosa, Richard Rorty and his ironists
, and Ian McEwan's Saturday, though Foley's discussion in these chapters is interesting and adds evidence to his claim concerning the near-global preoccupation of writers with individual freedom.