Is there ultimately no difference, or do images remain as irreducibly
and exclusively psychological?
Aristotle, for example, held that human excellences were irreducibly
diverse: Courage is not the same as moderation which is not the same as justice, magnanimity, or friendship.
This allows for an explanation of free actions which is not ultimately brute, but irreducibly
The Protestant themes of revelation (Kierkegaard) and divine freedom (Barth) can produce an incarnational theology that, though grounded in a particular event, can nevertheless be appreciated in a way that "keeps the human grasp on divine possibility in commerce with the neighbor (or with ourselves) irreducibly
However, Macarthur doubts that even a naturalism of such liberality can solve or dissolve the issue entirely, for its own claims to knowledge are irreducibly
normative in presupposing the values inherent in scientific rationality, and of this normativity we can have no science.
Sound is irreducibly
temporal; and, in my view, sound art powerfully manifests time--not the pulsed time of music but the deeper time of duration, temporal flow itself.
Many ID advocates construct the filter version of the design argument using, as their prime example, the contention that irreducibly
complex biochemical structures cannot be explained by known Darwinian natural mechanisms.
Arguing that unintelligent accounts failed to explain the development of irreducibly
complex systems such as blood clotting, the human immune system and the bacterial flagellum, Darwin's Black Box was internationally reviewed in over one hundred publications and named one of the 100 most important books of the 20th century by National Review and World magazine.
This "conceptual secularism" undercuts the common attempt by critics to rule natural law theory out of court on the grounds that it is irreducibly
Finally, we will be left with the irreducibly
labor- and capital-intensive human industries of what we might call "charm": tourism, education, entertainment, adventure, religion, sport, fashion, art, history, movies, ritual, personal development, politics, the eternal soap opera of relationships.
According to proponents of relational direct realism, veridical perceptual experiences are irreducibly
relational mental states that include as constituents perceived physical objects or intrinsic aspects of them.
emphatically claims that emotions have this bodily aspect but are also irreducibly
intentional: they are always about something particular.