irritate


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ir·ri·tate

 (ĭr′ĭ-tāt′)
v. ir·ri·tat·ed, ir·ri·tat·ing, ir·ri·tates
v.tr.
1. To cause (someone) to feel impatient or angry; annoy: a loud, bossy voice that irritates listeners. See Synonyms at annoy.
2. To make sore or inflamed: The smoke irritated my eyes.
3. Physiology To cause a physiological response to a stimulus in (a cell, body tissue, or organism).
v.intr.
To be a cause of impatience or anger.

[Latin irrītāre, irrītāt-.]

ir′ri·tat′ing·ly adv.
ir′ri·ta′tor n.

irritate

(ˈɪrɪˌteɪt)
vb
1. to annoy or anger (someone)
2. (Biology) (tr) biology to stimulate (an organism or part) to respond in a characteristic manner
3. (Pathology) (tr) pathol to cause (a bodily organ or part) to become excessively stimulated, resulting in inflammation, tenderness, etc
[C16: from Latin irrītāre to provoke, exasperate]
ˈirriˌtator n

ir•ri•tate

(ˈɪr ɪˌteɪt)

v. -tat•ed, -tat•ing. v.t.
1. to excite to impatience or anger; annoy.
2. Physiol., Biol. to excite (a living system) to some characteristic action or function.
3. Pathol. to bring (a body part) to an abnormally excited or sensitive condition.
v.i.
4. to cause irritation or become irritated.
[1525–35; < Latin irrītātus, past participle of irrītāre to arouse to anger, excite, aggravate]
ir′ri•ta`tor, n.

irritate


Past participle: irritated
Gerund: irritating

Imperative
irritate
irritate
Present
I irritate
you irritate
he/she/it irritates
we irritate
you irritate
they irritate
Preterite
I irritated
you irritated
he/she/it irritated
we irritated
you irritated
they irritated
Present Continuous
I am irritating
you are irritating
he/she/it is irritating
we are irritating
you are irritating
they are irritating
Present Perfect
I have irritated
you have irritated
he/she/it has irritated
we have irritated
you have irritated
they have irritated
Past Continuous
I was irritating
you were irritating
he/she/it was irritating
we were irritating
you were irritating
they were irritating
Past Perfect
I had irritated
you had irritated
he/she/it had irritated
we had irritated
you had irritated
they had irritated
Future
I will irritate
you will irritate
he/she/it will irritate
we will irritate
you will irritate
they will irritate
Future Perfect
I will have irritated
you will have irritated
he/she/it will have irritated
we will have irritated
you will have irritated
they will have irritated
Future Continuous
I will be irritating
you will be irritating
he/she/it will be irritating
we will be irritating
you will be irritating
they will be irritating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been irritating
you have been irritating
he/she/it has been irritating
we have been irritating
you have been irritating
they have been irritating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been irritating
you will have been irritating
he/she/it will have been irritating
we will have been irritating
you will have been irritating
they will have been irritating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been irritating
you had been irritating
he/she/it had been irritating
we had been irritating
you had been irritating
they had been irritating
Conditional
I would irritate
you would irritate
he/she/it would irritate
we would irritate
you would irritate
they would irritate
Past Conditional
I would have irritated
you would have irritated
he/she/it would have irritated
we would have irritated
you would have irritated
they would have irritated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.irritate - cause annoyance inirritate - cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations; "Mosquitoes buzzing in my ear really bothers me"; "It irritates me that she never closes the door after she leaves"
get under one's skin, get - irritate; "Her childish behavior really get to me"; "His lying really gets me"
eat into, rankle, grate, fret - gnaw into; make resentful or angry; "The injustice rankled her"; "his resentment festered"
chafe - feel extreme irritation or anger; "He was chafing at her suggestion that he stay at home while she went on a vacation"
peeve - cause to be annoyed, irritated, or resentful
ruffle - trouble or vex; "ruffle somebody's composure"
fret - cause annoyance in
beset, chevvy, chevy, chivvy, chivy, harass, harry, hassle, molest, plague, provoke - annoy continually or chronically; "He is known to harry his staff when he is overworked"; "This man harasses his female co-workers"
antagonize, antagonise - provoke the hostility of; "Don't antagonize your boss"
displease - give displeasure to
2.irritate - excite to an abnormal condition, or chafe or inflame; "Aspirin irritates my stomach"
aggravate, exacerbate, worsen, exasperate - make worse; "This drug aggravates the pain"
chafe, gall, fret - become or make sore by or as if by rubbing
itch, rub, scratch - scrape or rub as if to relieve itching; "Don't scratch your insect bites!"
soothe - cause to feel better; "the medicine soothes the pain of the inflammation"
3.irritate - excite to some characteristic action or condition, such as motion, contraction, or nervous impulse, by the application of a stimulus; "irritate the glands of a leaf"
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
stimulate, excite - act as a stimulant; "The book stimulated her imagination"; "This play stimulates"
vellicate, pinch - irritate as if by a nip, pinch, or tear; "smooth surfaces can vellicate the teeth"; "the pain is as if sharp points pinch your back"

irritate

verb
1. annoy, anger, bother, provoke, offend, needle (informal), harass, infuriate, aggravate (informal), incense, fret, enrage, gall, ruffle, inflame, exasperate, nettle, pester, vex, irk, pique, rankle with, get under your skin (informal), get on your nerves (informal), nark (Brit., Austral., & N.Z. slang), drive you up the wall (slang), piss you off (taboo slang), rub you up the wrong way (informal), get your goat (slang), try your patience, get in your hair (informal), get on your wick (informal), get your dander up (informal), raise your hackles, get your back up, get your hackles up, put your back up Their attitude irritates me.
annoy calm, soothe, placate, please, comfort, gratify, mollify
2. inflame, pain, rub, scratch, scrape, grate, graze, fret, gall, chafe, abrade Chillies can irritate the skin.

irritate

verb
1. To trouble the nerves or peace of mind of, especially by repeated vexations:
Idioms: get in one's hair, get on one's nerves, get under one's skin.
2. To make (the skin) raw by or as if by friction:
3. To cause to become sore or inflamed:
Translations
يُغْضِب، يُغيظيُهَيِّج، يُثير
drážditpopouzet
irritere
ertaerta, skaprauna
erzinimaspiktumas
aizkaitinātkairinātuzbudināt
podráždiť
dražitirazdražiti
kızdırmaksinirlendirmektahriş etmek

irritate

[ˈɪrɪteɪt] VT
1. (= annoy) → irritar, fastidiar
to get irritatedirritarse, enfadarse
2. (Med) → irritar

irritate

[ˈɪrɪteɪt] vt
(= annoy) [+ person] → irriter
[+ skin, eyes] → irriter

irritate

vt
(= annoy)ärgern, aufregen; (deliberately) → reizen; (= get on nerves of)irritieren; to get irritatedärgerlich werden; she’s easily irritatedsie ist sehr reizbar or schnell verärgert; I get irritated at or with himer reizt or ärgert mich, er regt mich auf
(Med) → reizen

irritate

[ˈɪrɪˌteɪt] vt (annoy) → irritare, seccare; (skin) → irritare

irritate

(ˈiriteit) verb
1. to annoy or make angry. The children's chatter irritated him.
2. to make (a part of the body) sore, red, itchy etc. Soap can irritate a baby's skin.
ˈirritable adjective
easily annoyed. He was in an irritable mood.
ˈirritably adverb
ˌirritaˈbility noun
ˈirritableness noun
ˈirritating adjective
She has an irritating voice.
ˌirriˈtation noun

irritate

v. irritar.

irritate

vt irritar; to become irritated irritarse
References in classic literature ?
Her husband's quiet tastes irritate her, I think, and she finds it worth while to play the patroness to a group of young poets and painters of advanced ideas and mediocre ability.
I should be sorry to have the defense protracted in such a manner as to irritate my red friends there," continued Montcalm, glancing his eyes at the group of grave and attentive Indians, without attending to the other's questions; "I find it difficult, even now, to limit them to the usages of war.
It is dull enough to confuse the eye in following, pronounced enough to constantly irritate and provoke study, and when you follow the lame uncertain curves for a little distance they suddenly commit suicide--plunge off at outrageous angles, destroy themselves in unheard of contradictions.
He had something like a religious passion for royal grant; he seemed to look upon it as a sort of sacred swag, and one could not irritate him in any way so quickly and so surely as by an attack upon that venerable institution.
Now you had better go; for if you stay longer, you will perhaps irritate me afresh by some mistrustful scruple.
Still, he excites himself very easily and nothing must be said to irritate him.
Unfortunately this conduct, instead of silencing the voices, only seemed to irritate them the more, and they arose with redoubled fury, in front as well as behind.
Well then," returned Don Quixote, "to my mind it is you who are the one that is out of his wits and enchanted, as you have ventured to utter such blasphemies against a thing so universally acknowledged and accepted as true that whoever denies it, as you do, deserves the same punishment which you say you inflict on the books that irritate you when you read them.
A direct and categorical negative has something in the appearance of it more harsh, and more apt to irritate, than the mere suggestion of argumentative objections to be approved or disapproved by those to whom they are addressed.
Relying too much on the offensive weapons of their acute angles instead of the defensive organs of good sense and seasonable simulation, these reckless creatures too often neglect the prescribed construction of the women's apartments, or irritate their wives by ill-advised expressions out of doors, which they refuse immediately to retract.
To remain silent and dignified in his presence; from time to time to irritate him by affected disdain, by a contemptuous word; to provoke him to threats and violence which would produce a contrast with her own resignation--such was her plan.
I will not irritate him," thought Edmond, and taking the paper, of which half was wanting, -- having been burnt, no doubt, by some accident, -- he read: --