shadow

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shad·ow

 (shăd′ō)
n.
1.
a. A dark area or shape made by an object blocking rays of light.
b. The darkness or diminished light caused by the blocking of a light source: The back yard is in shadow all day long.
c. A darker area in a picture or photograph.
d. shadows The darkness following sunset.
2.
a. often shadows A darkened area of skin under the eye.
b. An incipient growth of beard that makes the skin look darker.
3. A feeling or cause of gloom or unhappiness: The argument cast a shadow on their friendship.
4.
a. A nearby or adjoining region; vicinity: grew up in the shadow of the ballpark.
b. A dominating presence or influence: spent years working in the shadow of the lab director.
5.
a. An imitation or inferior version: "The defenders of the Japanese home islands were already a shadow of the fighting forces American soldiers had encountered elsewhere" (James Carroll).
b. A phantom; a ghost.
c. An unsubstantial object of pursuit: spent the last part of his career chasing shadows.
6.
a. One, such as a detective or spy, that follows or trails another.
b. A constant companion.
c. Sports A player who guards an opponent closely.
7. A faint indication; a foreshadowing: a shadow of things to come.
8. An insignificant portion or amount; a trace: beyond a shadow of a doubt.
9. Shelter; protection: under the shadow of their corporate sponsor.
v. shad·owed, shad·ow·ing, shad·ows
v.tr.
1. To cast a shadow on; darken or shade: The leaves of the trees shadowed the ferns below.
2. To make gloomy or troubled, especially over time: He was shadowed by self-doubt.
3. To represent vaguely, mysteriously, or prophetically; foreshadow.
4. To darken in a painting or drawing; shade in.
5.
a. To follow, especially in secret; trail.
b. Sports To guard (an opponent) closely throughout the playing area.
v.intr.
To become downcast or gloomy: Her face shadowed with sorrow.
adj.
Not having official status: a shadow government of exiled leaders; a shadow cabinet.

[Middle English, from Old English sceaduwe, oblique case of sceadu, shade, shadow.]

shad′ow·er n.
Word History: Shade and shadow are not only related in meaning; historically they are the same word. In Old English, the ancestor of Modern English spoken a thousand years ago, nouns were inflected; that is, they had different forms depending on how they were used in a sentence. One of the inflected forms of the Old English noun sceadu, translatable as either "shade" or "shadow," was sceaduwe; this form was used when the word was preceded by a preposition (as in in sceaduwe, "in the shade, in shadow"). As time went on these two forms of the same word were interpreted as two separate words. The same thing happened to other Old English words, too: our mead and meadow come from two different case-forms of mǣd, the Old English word for "meadow."

shadow

(ˈʃædəʊ)
n
1. a dark image or shape cast on a surface by the interception of light rays by an opaque body
2. an area of relative darkness
3. (Art Terms) the dark portions of a picture
4. a hint, image, or faint semblance: beyond a shadow of a doubt.
5. a remnant or vestige: a shadow of one's past self.
6. a reflection
7. a threatening influence; blight: a shadow over one's happiness.
8. a spectre
9. an inseparable companion
10. a person who trails another in secret, such as a detective
11. (Medicine) med a dark area on an X-ray film representing an opaque structure or part
12. (Psychology) (in Jungian psychology) the archetype that represents man's animal ancestors
13. archaic or rare protection or shelter
14. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (modifier) Brit designating a member or members of the main opposition party in Parliament who would hold ministerial office if their party were in power: shadow Chancellor; shadow cabinet.
15. (Economics) (modifier) denoting the activities of financial institutions that do not accept deposits from investors : shadow banking.
vb (tr)
16. to cast a shadow over
17. to make dark or gloomy; blight
18. to shade from light
19. to follow or trail secretly
20. (often foll by forth) to represent vaguely
21. (Art Terms) painting drawing another word for shade13
[Old English sceadwe, oblique case of sceadu shade; related to Dutch schaduw]
ˈshadower n
ˈshadowless adj

shad•ow

(ˈʃæd oʊ)

n.
1. a dark figure or image cast on the ground or other surface by a body intercepting light.
2. shade or comparative darkness.
3. shadows, darkness, esp. that coming after sunset.
4. shelter or protection.
5. a slight suggestion; trace: beyond the shadow of a doubt.
6. a specter or ghost.
7. a hint or intimation.
8. a mere semblance: the shadow of power.
9. a reflected image.
10. (in painting, drawing, graphics, etc.) the dark part of a picture, esp. as representing the absence of illumination.
11. a period or instance of gloom, unhappiness, or the like.
12. a dominant or pervasive threat: the shadow of war.
13. an inseparable companion.
14. a spy or detective.
v.t.
15. to cover with shadow.
16. to cast a gloom over; cloud.
17. to screen or protect, as from light.
18. to follow the movements of secretly.
19. to represent faintly, prophetically, etc. (often fol. by forth).
20. Archaic. to shelter or protect.
21. Archaic. to shade in painting, drawing, etc.
adj.
22. of or pertaining to a shadow cabinet.
23. without official authority: a shadow government.
[before 900; (n.) Middle English sch(e)adew(e), schadow, shadw(e), Old English scead(u)we, oblique case of sceadu shade; (v.) Middle English; Old English sceadwian to protect, overshadow]
shad′ow•er, n.
shad′ow•less, adj.

Shadow

 
  1. His shadow dragging like a photographer’s cloth behind him —Elizabeth Bishop
  2. Long shadows deep as oil —Philip Levine
  3. My shadow spilled over the grass like great leaks of ink —Henry Van Dyke
  4. Shadows black as parts of dreams —David Denby
  5. Shadows deep as caves —Jerry Bumpus
  6. Shadows [of elm trees] falling all over her head and shoulder like a web —Ellen Gilchrist
  7. Shadows lay like broad hurdles across my path —Beryl Markham
  8. The whole shadow of Man is only as big as his hat —Elizabeth Bishop

shadow

shade
1. 'shadow'

A shadow is a dark shape made on a surface when something stands between a light and the surface.

The tree cast a shadow over the garden.

If a place is dark because something prevents light from reaching it, you can say that it is in shadow.

The whole valley is in shadow.
2. 'shade'

You refer to an area that is dark and cool because the sun cannot reach it as the shade.

They sat in the shade and read.
I moved my chair into the shade.

shadow


Past participle: shadowed
Gerund: shadowing

Imperative
shadow
shadow
Present
I shadow
you shadow
he/she/it shadows
we shadow
you shadow
they shadow
Preterite
I shadowed
you shadowed
he/she/it shadowed
we shadowed
you shadowed
they shadowed
Present Continuous
I am shadowing
you are shadowing
he/she/it is shadowing
we are shadowing
you are shadowing
they are shadowing
Present Perfect
I have shadowed
you have shadowed
he/she/it has shadowed
we have shadowed
you have shadowed
they have shadowed
Past Continuous
I was shadowing
you were shadowing
he/she/it was shadowing
we were shadowing
you were shadowing
they were shadowing
Past Perfect
I had shadowed
you had shadowed
he/she/it had shadowed
we had shadowed
you had shadowed
they had shadowed
Future
I will shadow
you will shadow
he/she/it will shadow
we will shadow
you will shadow
they will shadow
Future Perfect
I will have shadowed
you will have shadowed
he/she/it will have shadowed
we will have shadowed
you will have shadowed
they will have shadowed
Future Continuous
I will be shadowing
you will be shadowing
he/she/it will be shadowing
we will be shadowing
you will be shadowing
they will be shadowing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shadowing
you have been shadowing
he/she/it has been shadowing
we have been shadowing
you have been shadowing
they have been shadowing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shadowing
you will have been shadowing
he/she/it will have been shadowing
we will have been shadowing
you will have been shadowing
they will have been shadowing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shadowing
you had been shadowing
he/she/it had been shadowing
we had been shadowing
you had been shadowing
they had been shadowing
Conditional
I would shadow
you would shadow
he/she/it would shadow
we would shadow
you would shadow
they would shadow
Past Conditional
I would have shadowed
you would have shadowed
he/she/it would have shadowed
we would have shadowed
you would have shadowed
they would have shadowed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.shadow - shade within clear boundariesshadow - shade within clear boundaries  
shade, shadiness, shadowiness - relative darkness caused by light rays being intercepted by an opaque body; "it is much cooler in the shade"; "there's too much shadiness to take good photographs"
umbra - a region of complete shadow resulting from total obstruction of light
penumbra - a fringe region of partial shadow around an umbra
2.shadow - an unilluminated area; "he moved off into the darkness"
scene - the place where some action occurs; "the police returned to the scene of the crime"
3.shadow - something existing in perception onlyshadow - something existing in perception only; "a ghostly apparition at midnight"
flying saucer, UFO, unidentified flying object - an (apparently) flying object whose nature is unknown; especially those considered to have extraterrestrial origins
Flying Dutchman - a phantom ship that is said to appear in storms near the Cape of Good Hope
ghost, specter, wraith, spectre, spook, shade - a mental representation of some haunting experience; "he looked like he had seen a ghost"; "it aroused specters from his past"
illusion, semblance - an erroneous mental representation
4.shadow - a premonition of something adverse; "a shadow over his happiness"
boding, foreboding, premonition, presentiment - a feeling of evil to come; "a steadily escalating sense of foreboding"; "the lawyer had a presentiment that the judge would dismiss the case"
5.shadow - an indication that something has been presentshadow - an indication that something has been present; "there wasn't a trace of evidence for the claim"; "a tincture of condescension"
footprint - a trace suggesting that something was once present or felt or otherwise important; "the footprints of an earlier civilization"
indicant, indication - something that serves to indicate or suggest; "an indication of foul play"; "indications of strain"; "symptoms are the prime indicants of disease"
6.shadow - refuge from danger or observation; "he felt secure in his father's shadow"
recourse, refuge, resort - something or someone turned to for assistance or security; "his only recourse was the police"; "took refuge in lying"
7.shadow - a dominating and pervasive presence; "he received little recognition working in the shadow of his father"
presence - the state of being present; current existence; "he tested for the presence of radon"
8.shadow - a spy employed to follow someone and report their movements
follower - someone who travels behind or pursues another
spy - a secret watcher; someone who secretly watches other people; "my spies tell me that you had a good time last night"
9.shadow - an inseparable companion; "the poor child was his mother's shadow"
follower - someone who travels behind or pursues another
Verb1.shadow - follow, usually without the person's knowledge; "The police are shadowing her"
follow - to travel behind, go after, come after; "The ducklings followed their mother around the pond"; "Please follow the guide through the museum"
2.shadow - cast a shadow over
darken - make dark or darker; "darken a room"
3.shadow - make appear small by comparison; "This year's debt dwarfs that of last year"
overtop, overlook, command, dominate - look down on; "The villa dominates the town"

shadow

noun
1. silhouette, shape, outline, profile, penumbra All he could see was his shadow.
2. shade, dimness, darkness, gloom, cover, protection, shelter, dusk, obscurity, gloaming (Scot. or poetic), gathering darkness Most of the lake was in shadow.
3. ghost, apology, remnant, vestige, travesty, poor imitation, poor representation, inferior version, weak image He was a shadow of his former self.
4. trace, suggestion, hint, suspicion, touch, tinge, whiff, jot, soupçon (French) It was without a shadow of a doubt the best we've played.
5. hint, suggestion, trace, suspicion, ghost, flicker, glimmer The faintest shadow of a frown creased that angelic face.
verb
1. shade, screen, shield, darken, overhang, cast a shadow over The hood shadowed her face.
2. follow, track, pursue, dog, tail (informal), trail, stalk, spy on shadowed by a large and highly visible body of police

shadow

noun
1. Comparative darkness that results from the blocking of light rays:
2. A supernatural being, such as a ghost:
Informal: spook.
Regional: haunt.
3. An agent assigned to observe and report on another:
Informal: tail.
verb
1. To shelter, especially from light:
3. To make dark or darker:
4. To keep (another) under surveillance by moving along behind:
Informal: bird-dog, tail.
Translations
بُقْعَة مُظْلِمَهشَيء قَليل، ذَرَّه منظِل، خَيالظَلام، عَتْمَهظِلّ
сянка
ombra
stínstínitsledovatkruhpřítmí
skyggemørke
vari
varjovarjostaavarjostajavarjostus
sjena
árnyárnyékkétség: a kétség árnyéka
bayangan
skuggiskyggja ávotturbaugarhafa náiî eftirlit meî
影付き
그림자
umbra
kaip šešėlisnusibaigęspasidaręs panašus į šešėlį
aizsegtapēnotēnaizsekotkrēsla
prítmie
senca
skugga
เงา
gölgegölgelen mekizkaranlık yermorluk
cái bóng

shadow

[ˈʃædəʊ]
A. N
1. (= dark shape) → sombra f; (= darkness) → oscuridad f, tinieblas fpl
in the shadowa la sombra
five o'clock shadowbarba f de ocho horas
doctors have discovered a shadow on his lunglos médicos le han detectado una sombra or mancha en el pulmón
to cast a shadow over sth (fig) → ensombrecer algo
to live in the shadow of sth/sbvivir eclipsado por algo/algn
2. (= tail) → perseguidor(a) m/f
to put a shadow on sbhacer seguir a algn
3. (fig) (= faithful companion) → sombra f
4. (Pol) miembro de la oposición con un cargo análogo al de ministro
Clarke flung at his shadow the accusation that he was a "tabloid politician"Clarke lanzó a su homólogo en la oposición la acusación de ser un "político sensacionalista"
5. (fig) (= small amount) [of doubt, suspicion] → atisbo m, asomo m, sombra f
I never had a or the shadow of a doubt that he was rightjamás tuve el menor asomo or atisbo or la menor sombra de duda de que tenía razón
without a shadow of a doubtsin (la menor) sombra de duda
6. (= vestige) → sombra f
he is a shadow of the man he used to beno es ni sombra de lo que era
a shadow of his former selfla sombra de lo que fue
B. VT
1. (= follow) → seguir y vigilar
I was shadowed all the way homeme siguieron hasta mi casa
2. (= darken) → ensombrecer, oscurecer
the hood shadowed her facela capucha ensombrecía or oscurecía su rostro
C. CPD shadow cabinet N (Brit) (Pol) → consejo m de ministros de la oposición
the shadow Foreign Secretaryel portavoz parlamentario de la oposición en materia de asuntos extranjeros
shadow Chancellor N (Brit) (Pol) → responsable mf or portavoz mf de Economía y Hacienda de la oposición

shadow

[ˈʃædəʊ]
nombre f
in the shadow of sth → à l'ombre de qch
to live in sb's shadow (fig)vivre dans l'ombre de qn
without a shadow of doubt → sans l'ombre d'un doute
a shadow of one's former self
He is a shadow of his former self → Il n'est plus que l'ombre de lui-même.
vt
(= follow) → filer
(= follow and observe)
Shadow some of your staff at work to get a better understanding of the problems → Suivez quelques-uns de vos employés au travail pour vous faire une idée plus précise des problèmes.shadow cabinet n (British)cabinet m fantômeshadow minister n (British)ministre mf fantôme

shadow

n
(lit, fig)Schatten m (also Med, Art); (= growth of beard)Anflug mvon Bartstoppeln; (fig: = threat) → (Be)drohung f; in the shadowim Schatten; in the shadowsim Dunkel; the valley of the shadow of deathdas finstere Tal des Todes; somebody lives under the shadow of somethingetw liegt or lastet wie ein Schatten auf jdm; to be in somebody’s shadow (fig)in jds Schatten (dat)stehen; to be afraid of one’s own shadow (fig)sich vor seinem eigenen Schatten fürchten; to wear oneself to a shadowsich aufreiben, sich zugrunde or zu Grunde richten; to be just a shadow of one’s former selfnur noch ein Schatten seiner selbst sein; to chase shadows (fig)einem Phantom or Schatten nachjagen
(= trace)Spur f; a shadow of hopeein Hoffnungsschimmer m; without a shadow of a doubtohne den geringsten Zweifel
(= person following sb)Schatten m; to put a shadow on somebodyjdn beschatten lassen (inf)
attr (Brit Pol) → Schatten-; shadow governmentSchattenregierung f; shadow Foreign SecretarySchattenaußenminister(in) m(f), → Außenminister(in) m(f)des Schattenkabinetts
vt
(= darken)Schatten werfen auf (+acc); (fig)überschatten; the room is shadowed by a high walldas Zimmer liegt im Schatten einer hohen Mauer
(= follow)beschatten (inf)

shadow

:
shadow-boxing
n (lit, fig)Schattenboxen nt
shadow cabinet
n (Brit Pol) → Schattenkabinett nt
shadow earnings
pl (Pol) → Schatteneinkommen nt
shadow mask
n (Tech) → Lochmaske f
shadow minister
n (Brit Pol) → Schattenminister(in) m(f)
shadow printing
n (Comput) → Schattendruck m

shadow

[ˈʃædəʊ]
1. nombra
in shadow → in ombra, all'ombra
in the shadow (of) → all'ombra (di)
without or beyond a shadow of a doubt → senz'ombra di dubbio
to cast a shadow over → proiettare or fare ombra su (fig) → gettare un'ombra su, offuscare
he's only a shadow of his former self → è diventato l'ombra di se stesso
to have shadows under one's eyes → avere le occhiaie
2. vt (follow) → pedinare

shadow

(ˈʃӕdəu) noun
1. (a patch of) shade on the ground etc caused by an object blocking the light. We are in the shadow of that building.
2. (in plural with the) darkness or partial darkness caused by lack of (direct) light. The child was afraid that wild animals were lurking in the shadows at the corner of his bedroom.
3. a dark patch or area. You look tired – there are shadows under your eyes.
4. a very slight amount. There's not a shadow of doubt that he stole the money.
verb
1. to hide or darken with shadow. A broad hat shadowed her face.
2. to follow closely, especially as a detective, spy etc. We shadowed him for a week.
ˈshadowy adjective
1. full of shadows. shadowy corners.
2. dark and indistinct. A shadowy figure went past.
ˈshadowiness noun
worn to a shadow
made thin and weary through eg hard work. She was worn to a shadow after months of nursing her sick husband.

shadow

ظِلّ stín skygge Schatten ίσκιος sombra varjo ombre sjena ombra 그림자 schaduw skygge cień sombra тень skugga เงา gölge cái bóng 影子

shad·ow

n. sombra; opacidad.