islet of Langerhans


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to islet of Langerhans: insulin, pancreas, type 1 diabetes

is′let of Lang′er•hans

(ˈlɑŋ ərˌhɑns, -ˌhɑnz)
n.
any of the clusters of endocrine cells in the pancreas that are specialized to secrete insulin, somatostatin, or glucagon.
Also called is′land of Lang′erhans.
[after Paul Langerhans (1847–88), German anatomist]
References in periodicals archive ?
Insulin is a peptide hormone secreted by [beta]-cell of the pancreatic islet of Langerhans for maintaining normal blood glucose level by facilitating cellular glucose uptake.
Inside the pancreas, the pancreatic cells form the islet of Langerhans.
Before our discovery, the mechanism behind how exactly the insulin-producing beta cells in the islet of Langerhans of the pancreas fail in type 2 diabetes was incompletely understood, making it difficult to design new and better therapies, says Mehboob Hussain, associate professor of pediatrics, medicine and biological chemistry.