isolate

(redirected from isolates)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia.

i·so·late

 (ī′sə-lāt′)
tr.v. i·so·lat·ed, i·so·lat·ing, i·so·lates
1.
a. To cause to be alone or apart, as in being inaccessible or unable to move about: The police isolated the area until more help could arrive.
b. To place in quarantine.
c. To cause to become socially or politically unengaged or ostracized: an immigrant who was isolated by his poor language skills.
d. To render free of external influence; insulate: a system of government that isolated its citizens from foreign ideas.
2. To identify or distinguish as a separate entity or group: The study tried to isolate the effects of changing schools on student performance.
3.
a. Chemistry To separate (a substance) in pure form from a combined mixture.
b. Microbiology To separate (a pure strain of a microorganism or virus) from a mixed culture.
4. Psychology To separate (experiences or memories) from the emotions relating to them.
5. Electricity
a. To set apart (a component, circuit, or system) from a source of electricity.
b. To insulate or shield.
adj. (-lĭt, -lāt′)
Separated from others: an isolate population.
n. (-lĭt, -lāt′)
1. A person, thing, or group that has been isolated, as by geographic, ecologic, or social barriers.
2. Microbiology A population of microorganisms or viruses that has been isolated.
3. Linguistics A language isolate.

[Back-formation from isolated.]

i′so·la′tor n.
Synonyms: isolate, insulate, seclude, segregate, sequester
These verbs mean to separate from others: a mountain that isolated the village from larger towns; insulated herself from the chaos surrounding her; a celebrity who was secluded from public scrutiny; segregated the infectious patients in a special ward; sequestering a jury during its deliberations.

isolate

vb (tr)
1. to place apart; cause to be alone
2. (Medicine) med to quarantine (a person or animal having or suspected of having a contagious disease)
3. (Chemistry) to obtain (a compound) in an uncombined form
4. (Microbiology) to obtain pure cultures of (bacteria, esp those causing a particular disease)
5. (Electronics) electronics to prevent interaction between (circuits, components, etc); insulate
n
an isolated person or group
[C19: back formation from isolated, via Italian from Latin insulātus, literally: made into an island; see insulate]
ˈisolable, ˈisoˌlatable adj
ˌisolaˈbility n
ˈisoˌlator n

i•so•late

(v. ˈaɪ səˌleɪt; sometimes ˈɪs ə-; n., adj. -lɪt, -ˌleɪt)

v. -lat•ed, -lat•ing,
n., adj. v.t.
1. to set or place apart; detach or separate so as to be alone.
2. to keep (an infected person) from contact with noninfected persons; quarantine.
3. to obtain (a chemical substance or microorganism) in an uncombined or pure state.
n.
4. a person, thing, or group that is set apart or isolated, as for purposes of study.
5. something that has been isolated, as a by-product in a manufacturing process.
adj.
6. isolated; alone.
[1800–10; isolated < French isolé < Italian isolato < Latin insulātus; see insulate]
i`so•la′tion, n.
i′so•la`tor, n.

isolate


Past participle: isolated
Gerund: isolating

Imperative
isolate
isolate
Present
I isolate
you isolate
he/she/it isolates
we isolate
you isolate
they isolate
Preterite
I isolated
you isolated
he/she/it isolated
we isolated
you isolated
they isolated
Present Continuous
I am isolating
you are isolating
he/she/it is isolating
we are isolating
you are isolating
they are isolating
Present Perfect
I have isolated
you have isolated
he/she/it has isolated
we have isolated
you have isolated
they have isolated
Past Continuous
I was isolating
you were isolating
he/she/it was isolating
we were isolating
you were isolating
they were isolating
Past Perfect
I had isolated
you had isolated
he/she/it had isolated
we had isolated
you had isolated
they had isolated
Future
I will isolate
you will isolate
he/she/it will isolate
we will isolate
you will isolate
they will isolate
Future Perfect
I will have isolated
you will have isolated
he/she/it will have isolated
we will have isolated
you will have isolated
they will have isolated
Future Continuous
I will be isolating
you will be isolating
he/she/it will be isolating
we will be isolating
you will be isolating
they will be isolating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been isolating
you have been isolating
he/she/it has been isolating
we have been isolating
you have been isolating
they have been isolating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been isolating
you will have been isolating
he/she/it will have been isolating
we will have been isolating
you will have been isolating
they will have been isolating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been isolating
you had been isolating
he/she/it had been isolating
we had been isolating
you had been isolating
they had been isolating
Conditional
I would isolate
you would isolate
he/she/it would isolate
we would isolate
you would isolate
they would isolate
Past Conditional
I would have isolated
you would have isolated
he/she/it would have isolated
we would have isolated
you would have isolated
they would have isolated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.isolate - place or set apart; "They isolated the political prisoners from the other inmates"
segregate - separate or isolate (one thing) from another and place in a group apart from others; "the sun segregates the carbon"; "large mining claims are segregated into smaller claims"
ghettoise, ghettoize - put in a ghetto; "The Jews in Eastern Europe were ghettoized"
cloister - seclude from the world in or as if in a cloister; "She cloistered herself in the office"
seclude, sequestrate, sequester, withdraw - keep away from others; "He sequestered himself in his study to write a book"
quarantine - place into enforced isolation, as for medical reasons; "My dog was quarantined before he could live in England"
maroon - leave stranded on a desert island without resources; "The mutinous sailors were marooned on an island"
discriminate, single out, separate - treat differently on the basis of sex or race
2.isolate - obtain in pure form; "The chemist managed to isolate the compound"
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
preisolate - isolate beforehand
acquire, get - come into the possession of something concrete or abstract; "She got a lot of paintings from her uncle"; "They acquired a new pet"; "Get your results the next day"; "Get permission to take a few days off from work"
3.isolate - set apart from others; "The dentist sequesters the tooth he is working on"
disunite, separate, part, divide - force, take, or pull apart; "He separated the fighting children"; "Moses parted the Red Sea"
4.isolate - separate (experiences) from the emotions relating to them
psychological science, psychology - the science of mental life
class, classify, sort out, assort, sort, separate - arrange or order by classes or categories; "How would you classify these pottery shards--are they prehistoric?"

isolate

verb
1. separate, break up, cut off, detach, split up, insulate, segregate, disconnect, divorce, sequester, set apart, disunite, estrange This policy could isolate members from the UN security council.
2. quarantine, separate, exclude, cut off, detached, keep in solitude Patients will be isolated for one month after treatment.

isolate

verb
To set apart from a group:
adjective
Set away from all others:
Translations
يَعْزِل
izolovatodříznout
isolere
elszigetel
einangra
izoliavimas
izolēt
osamiti

isolate

[ˈaɪsəʊleɪt] VT
1. (= cut off) → aislar (from de) this policy could isolate China from the rest of the worldesta política podría aislar a China del resto del mundo
it is difficult to isolate religion from politicses difícil separar la religión de la política
to isolate o.s.aislarse
2. (= pinpoint) [+ cause, source] → identificar; [+ problem, virus, gene] → aislar
3. (Med) (= quarantine) [+ person, animal] → aislar (from de)

isolate

[ˈaɪsəleɪt] vt
[+ person] → isoler
Political influence is being used to shape public opinion and isolate critics → L'influence politique est utilisée pour modeler l'opinion publique et isoler la critique.
to isolate sb from → isoler qn de
[+ gene, protein, element] → isoler
Genetic engineering techniques can isolate the gene that is responsible → Les techniques de génie génétique peuvent isoler le gène responsable.
[+ person with infectious disease] → isoler
to be isolated → être isolé
David had to be isolated for whooping cough → David a dû être isolé à cause de sa coqueluche.

isolate

vt
(= separate)absondern, isolieren; (Med, Chem) → isolieren; the causes of crime cannot be isolated from social conditionsman kann die Gründe für kriminelles Verhalten nicht von den gesellschaftlichen Verhältnissen gesondert or isoliert betrachten
(= cut off)abschneiden, isolieren; to isolate oneself from other peoplesich (von anderen) abkapseln; to isolate oneself from the outside worldsich isolieren, sich von der Außenwelt zurückziehen
(= pinpoint)herausfinden; essential factorherauskristallisieren

isolate

[ˈaɪsəˌleɪt] vt (gen) (Med) to isolate (from)isolare (da); (pinpoint, cause) → individuare, isolare

isolate

(ˈaisəleit) verb
to separate, cut off or keep apart from others. Several houses have been isolated by the flood water; A child with an infectious disease should be isolated.
ˈisolated adjective
lonely; standing alone.
ˌisoˈlation noun

iso·late

v. aislar, separar.

isolate

vt aislar; to — oneself aislarse
References in classic literature ?
It insists on the removal of a prefect when that official does not suit it; and if the administration resists, it isolates him, after the manner of bees who wall up a snail in wax when it gets into their hive.
This is the disintegrating power of a great wind: it isolates one from one's kind.
And it is much to be deplored that the place to which you devote so considerable a portion of the whole term of your natural life, should be so sadly destitute of anything approaching to a cosy inhabitiveness, or adapted to breed a comfortable localness of feeling, such as pertains to a bed, a hammock, a hearse, a sentry box, a pulpit, a coach, or any other of those small and snug contrivances in which men temporarily isolate themselves.
Now, if we are to form a real judgment of the life of the just and unjust, we must isolate them; there is no other way; and how is the isolation to be effected?
isolates, compared with 11% among the Canadian isolates, he reported.
If all the isolates are the same, the implication will be that it is spreading and extremely virulent," Jahrling says.
ALDESORT isolates a highly potent population of stem cells taken from the patient's own bone marrow.
Development of a Canadian standardized protocol for sub-typing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.
ALDESORT isolates a unique population of stem cells from cord blood that are capable of contributing to neutrophil and platelet engraftment and immune reconstitution.
We detected isolates of genotypes A, B, C, and a new genotype similar to the C.
Researchers at the University of California at San Francisco said last week that the later isolates killed more white cells and multiplied faster than those taken from patients early in infection.
New cases of Mokola virus infection in South Africa: a genotypic comparison of southern African isolates.