jail

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jail

 (jāl)
n.
1. A place of detention, especially for persons who are accused of committing a crime and have not been released on bail or for persons who are serving short sentences after conviction of a misdemeanor.
2. Detention in a jail.
tr.v. jailed, jail·ing, jails
To detain in a jail.

[From Middle English jaiole (from Old French) and from Middle English gaiol, gaol (from Old North French gaiole), both from Vulgar Latin *gaviola, from Latin *caveola, diminutive of cavea, cage, hollow.]

jail

(dʒeɪl) or

gaol

n
1. (Law) a place for the confinement of persons convicted and sentenced to imprisonment or of persons awaiting trial to whom bail is not granted
2. get out of jail get out of jail free informal to get out of a difficult situation
vb
(tr) to confine in prison
[C13: from Old French jaiole cage, from Vulgar Latin caveola (unattested), from Latin cavea enclosure; see cage: the two spellings derive from the forms of the word that developed in two different areas of France, and the spelling gaol represents a pronunciation in use until the 17th century]
ˈjailless, ˈgaolless adj
ˈjail-like, ˈgaol-like adj

jail

(dʒeɪl)
n.
1. a prison, esp. one for the detention of persons awaiting trial or convicted of minor offenses.
v.t.
2. to take into or hold in lawful custody; imprison.
[1225–75; Middle English gaiole, jaiole, jaile < Old North French gaiole, Old French jaiole cage < Vulgar Latin *gaviola, alter. of *caveola, diminutive of Latin cavea cage; see -ole1]
jail′a•ble, adj.

jail


Past participle: jailed
Gerund: jailing

Imperative
jail
jail
Present
I jail
you jail
he/she/it jails
we jail
you jail
they jail
Preterite
I jailed
you jailed
he/she/it jailed
we jailed
you jailed
they jailed
Present Continuous
I am jailing
you are jailing
he/she/it is jailing
we are jailing
you are jailing
they are jailing
Present Perfect
I have jailed
you have jailed
he/she/it has jailed
we have jailed
you have jailed
they have jailed
Past Continuous
I was jailing
you were jailing
he/she/it was jailing
we were jailing
you were jailing
they were jailing
Past Perfect
I had jailed
you had jailed
he/she/it had jailed
we had jailed
you had jailed
they had jailed
Future
I will jail
you will jail
he/she/it will jail
we will jail
you will jail
they will jail
Future Perfect
I will have jailed
you will have jailed
he/she/it will have jailed
we will have jailed
you will have jailed
they will have jailed
Future Continuous
I will be jailing
you will be jailing
he/she/it will be jailing
we will be jailing
you will be jailing
they will be jailing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been jailing
you have been jailing
he/she/it has been jailing
we have been jailing
you have been jailing
they have been jailing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been jailing
you will have been jailing
he/she/it will have been jailing
we will have been jailing
you will have been jailing
they will have been jailing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been jailing
you had been jailing
he/she/it had been jailing
we had been jailing
you had been jailing
they had been jailing
Conditional
I would jail
you would jail
he/she/it would jail
we would jail
you would jail
they would jail
Past Conditional
I would have jailed
you would have jailed
he/she/it would have jailed
we would have jailed
you would have jailed
they would have jailed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.jail - a correctional institution used to detain persons who are in the lawful custody of the government (either accused persons awaiting trial or convicted persons serving a sentence)jail - a correctional institution used to detain persons who are in the lawful custody of the government (either accused persons awaiting trial or convicted persons serving a sentence)
bastille - a jail or prison (especially one that is run in a tyrannical manner)
correctional institution - a penal institution maintained by the government
holding cell - a jail in a courthouse where accused persons can be confined during a trial
hoosegow, hoosgow - slang for a jail
house of correction - (formerly) a jail or other place of detention for persons convicted of minor offences
lockup - jail in a local police station
workhouse - a county jail that holds prisoners for periods up to 18 months
Verb1.jail - lock up or confine, in or as in a jail; "The suspects were imprisoned without trial"; "the murderer was incarcerated for the rest of his life"
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
detain, confine - deprive of freedom; take into confinement

jail

gaol
noun
1. prison, penitentiary (U.S.), jailhouse (Southern U.S.), penal institution, can (slang), inside, cooler (slang), confinement, dungeon, clink (slang), glasshouse (Military informal), brig (chiefly U.S.), borstal, calaboose (U.S. informal), choky (slang), pound, nick (Brit. slang), stir (slang), jug (slang), slammer (slang), lockup, reformatory, quod (slang), poky or pokey (U.S. & Canad. slang) Three prisoners escaped from a jail.
verb
1. imprison, confine, detain, lock up, constrain, put away, intern, incarcerate, send down, send to prison, impound, put under lock and key, immure He was jailed for twenty years.
Quotations
"Go to jail. Go directly to jail. Do not pass go. Do not collect $200." [Charles Brace Darrow Instructions for Monopoly]

jail

noun
A place for the confinement of persons in lawful detention:
Informal: lockup, pen.
Chiefly Regional: calaboose.
verb
To put in jail:
Translations
uvěznitvězení
fængselfængsle
laittaa vankilaanvankila
zatvorzatvoriti
fangelsafangelsi
刑務所投獄する
감옥투옥하다
kalėjimaskalėjimo prižiūrėtojaspasodinti į kalėjimąrecidyvistas
cietumsieslodzīt cietumā
zaporzapreti
fängelsesätta i fängelse
เอาเข้าคุกคุก
bỏ tùnhà tù

jail

[dʒeɪl]
A. Ncárcel f, prisión f
to go to jailir a la cárcel
sentenced to ten years in jailcondenado a diez años de cárcel or prisión
B. VT (for crime) → encarcelar (for por) (for length of time) to jail sb for two monthscondenar a algn a dos meses de cárcel

jail

[ˈdʒeɪl]
n (= prison) → prison f
in jail → en prison
two years in jail → deux ans de prison
to go to jail → aller en prison
to be sent to jail → être condamné(e) à la prison

jail

nGefängnis nt; in jailim Gefängnis; after two years in jailnach zwei Jahren Gefängnis, nach zweijähriger Haft; to go to jaileingesperrt werden, ins Gefängnis kommen

jail

:
jailbait
n (inf) she’s jaildie ist noch minderjährig, lass lieber die Finger von ihr (inf)
jailbird
n (inf)Knastbruder m/-schwester f (inf)
jailbreak
nAusbruch m (aus dem Gefängnis)
jailbreaker
nAusbrecher(in) m(f)

jail

:
jailhouse
n (US) → Gefängnis nt
jail sentence

jail

gaol (Brit) [dʒeɪl]
1. ncarcere m, prigione f
in jail → in prigione
to send sb to jail → mandare qn in prigione
2. vtmandare in prigione
he was jailed for 10 years → è stato condannato a 10 anni di carcere

jail,

gaol

(dʒeil) noun
(a) prison. You ought to be sent to jail for doing that.
verb
to put in prison. He was jailed for two years.
ˈjailer, ˈjailor, ˈgaoler noun
a person who has charge of a jail or of prisoners. The jailer was knocked unconscious in the riot.
ˈjailbird, ˈgaolbird noun
a person who is or has often been in jail.

to put a criminal in jail or gaol (not goal).

jail

سِجْنٌ, يَسْجُنُ uvěznit, vězení fængsel, fængsle einsperren, Gefängnis φυλακή, φυλακίζω cárcel, encarcelar laittaa vankilaan, vankila incarcérer, prison zatvor, zatvoriti detenere, prigione 刑務所, 投獄する 감옥, 투옥하다 gevangen zetten, gevangenis fengsel, fengsle uwięzić, więzienie cadeia, encarcerar заключать в тюрьму, тюрьма fängelse, sätta i fängelse เอาเข้าคุก, คุก hapishane, hapse atmak bỏ tù, nhà tù 监狱, 监禁
References in classic literature ?
But he who dodges hospitals and jails, and walks fast crossing grave-yards, and would rather talk of operas than hell; calls Cowper, Young, Pascal, Rousseau, poor devils all of sick men; and throughout a care-free lifetime swears by Rabelais as passing wise, and therefore jolly; --not that man is fitted to sit down on tomb-stones, and break the green damp mould with unfathomably wondrous Solomon.
It appeared to me that he must be a very happy man indeed, to have so many little drawers in his shop; and I wondered when I peeped into one or two on the lower tiers, and saw the tied-up brown paper packets inside, whether the flower-seeds and bulbs ever wanted of a fine day to break out of those jails, and bloom.
A boy who can face a full Keddah at his age does not end in jails.
The clerk presented the sentence to the provost, who affixed his seal to it, and departed to pursue his round of the audience hall, in a frame of mind which seemed destined to fill all the jails in Paris that day.
From early in the morning, wearing a dressing jacket, she attended to her household affairs, and then she drove out: on holy days to church and after the service to jails and prisons on affairs of which she never spoke to anyone.
His mind seemed to turn, on the instant, into a vast camera obscura, and he saw arrayed around his consciousness endless pictures from his life, of stoke-holes and forecastles, camps and beaches, jails and boozing-kens, fever-hospitals and slum streets, wherein the thread of association was the fashion in which he had been addressed in those various situations.
The portrayal is very illuminating; we learn from Fielding a great deal, almost everything, one is inclined to say, about conditions in both country and city in his time--about the state of travel, country inns, city jails, and many other things; but with his vigorous masculine nature he makes abundant use of the coarser facts of life and character which a finer art avoids.
The Hobo, my dear fellow, is the name for that particular place of detention in city and county jails wherein are assembled tramps, drunks, beggars, and the riff-raff of petty offenders.
The judge was quoted as expressing regret that he had been unable to impose a six months' sentence, this inability being due to the condition of the jails, already crowded beyond capacity by the many eases of assault committed in the course of the various strikes.
This was frightful enough, but Mrs Verloc, though not a well-informed woman, had a sufficient knowledge of the institutions of her country to know that gallows are no longer erected romantically on the banks of dismal rivers or on wind-swept headlands, but in the yards of jails.
She lived in a town "in the centre," sharing her compassionate labours between the horrors of overcrowded jails, and the heartrending misery of bereaved homes.
A visitor, too, requires to reason and reflect a little, before the sight of a number of men engaged in ordinary labour, such as he is accustomed to out of doors, will impress him half as strongly as the contemplation of the same persons in the same place and garb would, if they were occupied in some task, marked and degraded everywhere as belonging only to felons in jails.