jam

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jam 1

 (jăm)
v. jammed, jam·ming, jams
v.tr.
1. To drive or wedge forcibly into a tight position: jammed the cork in the bottle.
2. To activate or apply (a brake) suddenly. Often used with on: jammed the brakes on.
3.
a. To cause to become unworkable because a part is stuck: The wrinkled paper jammed the copying machine.
b. To cause (moving parts, for example) to lock into an unworkable position: jammed the typewriter keys.
4.
a. To pack (items, for example) to excess; cram: jammed my clothes into the suitcase.
b. To fill (a container or space) to overflowing: I jammed the suitcase with clothes. Fans jammed the hallway after the concert.
5. To block, congest, or clog: a drain that was jammed by debris.
6. To crush or bruise: jam a finger.
7. Electronics To interfere with or prevent the clear reception of (broadcast signals) by electronic means.
8. Baseball To throw an inside pitch to (a batter), especially to prevent the batter from hitting the ball with the thicker part of the bat.
v.intr.
1. To become wedged or stuck: The coin jammed in the slot.
2. To become locked or stuck in an unworkable position: The computer keyboard jammed.
3. To force one's way into or through a limited space: We all jammed into the elevator.
4. Music To participate in a jam session.
5. Basketball To make a dunk shot.
n.
1. The act of jamming or the condition of being jammed.
2. A crush or congestion of people or things in a limited space: a traffic jam.
3. A trying situation. See Synonyms at predicament.

[Origin unknown.]

jam′ma·ble adj.
jam′mer n.

jam 2

 (jăm)
n.
A preserve made from whole fruit boiled to a pulp with sugar.

[Possibly from jam.]

jam′my adj.

jam

(dʒæm)
vb, jams, jamming or jammed
1. (tr) to cram or wedge into or against something: to jam paper into an incinerator.
2. (tr) to crowd or pack: cars jammed the roads.
3. to make or become stuck or locked: the switch has jammed.
4. (often foll by: on) to activate suddenly (esp in the phrase jam on the brakes)
5. (tr) to block; congest: to jam the drain with rubbish.
6. (tr) to crush, bruise, or squeeze; smash
7. (Electronics) radio to prevent the clear reception of (radio communications or radar signals) by transmitting other signals on the same frequency
8. (Jazz) (intr) slang to play in a jam session
n
9. a crowd or congestion in a confined space: a traffic jam.
10. the act of jamming or the state of being jammed
11. informal a difficult situation; predicament: to help a friend out of a jam.
12. (Jazz) See jam session
[C18: probably of imitative origin; compare champ1]
ˈjammer n

jam

(dʒæm)
n
1. (Cookery) a preserve containing fruit, which has been boiled with sugar until the mixture sets
2. slang something desirable: you want jam on it.
3. jam today the principle of living for the moment
[C18: perhaps from jam1 (the act of squeezing)]

jam1

(dʒæm)

v. jammed, jam•ming,
n. v.t.
1. to press or squeeze into a confined space: to jam socks into a drawer.
2. to bruise or crush by squeezing: to jam one's hand in a door.
3. to fill tightly.
4. to push or thrust violently on or against something: Jam your foot on the brake.
5. to block up by crowding: Crowds jammed the doors.
6. to put or place in position with a violent gesture (often fol. by on): He jammed on his hat.
7. to make (something) unworkable by causing parts to become stuck, displaced, etc.: to jam a lock.
8.
a. to interfere with (radio signals or the like) by sending out other signals of approximately the same frequency.
b. (of radio signals or the like) to interfere with (other signals).
v.i.
9. to become stuck, wedged, blocked, etc.: This door jams easily.
10. to press or push, often violently, as into a confined space: They jammed into the elevator.
11. (of a machine, part, etc.) to become unworkable, as through the wedging or displacement of a part.
12. to participate in a jam session.
n.
13. the act of jamming or the state of being jammed.
14. a mass of objects, vehicles, etc., crammed together in such a way as to severely impede movement: a traffic jam.
15. Informal. a difficult or embarrassing situation; predicament; fix: Their lying got them into a jam.
[1700–10; appar. of expressive orig.; compare champ1, dam1]

jam2

(dʒæm)

n.
a preserve of slightly crushed fruit boiled with sugar.
[1720–30; perhaps identical with jam1]
jam′like`, jam′my, adj.

Jam.

Jamaica.

Jam

 a crush or squeeze; a mass of things or persons tightly crowded.
Examples: jam of carriages, 1858; of humankind, 1807; of people, 1860; of tarts—Lipton, 1970; of trees, 1838; traffic jam.

marmalade

jamjelly
1. 'marmalade'

Marmalade is a sweet food made from oranges, lemons, limes, or grapefruit. In Britain, people spread it on bread or toast and eat it as part of their breakfast.

I love toast with orange marmalade.
2. 'jam' and 'jelly'

In English marmalade refers only to a food made from oranges, lemons, limes, or grapefruit. Don't use it to refer to a similar food made from other fruits, for example blackberries, strawberries, or apricots. A food like this is called jam in British English, and jam or jelly in American English.

I bought a jar of raspberry jam.
She made us jelly sandwiches.

jam


Past participle: jammed
Gerund: jamming

Imperative
jam
jam
Present
I jam
you jam
he/she/it jams
we jam
you jam
they jam
Preterite
I jammed
you jammed
he/she/it jammed
we jammed
you jammed
they jammed
Present Continuous
I am jamming
you are jamming
he/she/it is jamming
we are jamming
you are jamming
they are jamming
Present Perfect
I have jammed
you have jammed
he/she/it has jammed
we have jammed
you have jammed
they have jammed
Past Continuous
I was jamming
you were jamming
he/she/it was jamming
we were jamming
you were jamming
they were jamming
Past Perfect
I had jammed
you had jammed
he/she/it had jammed
we had jammed
you had jammed
they had jammed
Future
I will jam
you will jam
he/she/it will jam
we will jam
you will jam
they will jam
Future Perfect
I will have jammed
you will have jammed
he/she/it will have jammed
we will have jammed
you will have jammed
they will have jammed
Future Continuous
I will be jamming
you will be jamming
he/she/it will be jamming
we will be jamming
you will be jamming
they will be jamming
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been jamming
you have been jamming
he/she/it has been jamming
we have been jamming
you have been jamming
they have been jamming
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been jamming
you will have been jamming
he/she/it will have been jamming
we will have been jamming
you will have been jamming
they will have been jamming
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been jamming
you had been jamming
he/she/it had been jamming
we had been jamming
you had been jamming
they had been jamming
Conditional
I would jam
you would jam
he/she/it would jam
we would jam
you would jam
they would jam
Past Conditional
I would have jammed
you would have jammed
he/she/it would have jammed
we would have jammed
you would have jammed
they would have jammed

jam

jelly
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.jam - preserve of crushed fruitjam - preserve of crushed fruit    
conserve, conserves, preserves, preserve - fruit preserved by cooking with sugar
strawberry jam, strawberry preserves - made with strawberries
2.jam - informal terms for a difficult situationjam - informal terms for a difficult situation; "he got into a terrible fix"; "he made a muddle of his marriage"
difficulty - a condition or state of affairs almost beyond one's ability to deal with and requiring great effort to bear or overcome; "grappling with financial difficulties"
dog's breakfast, dog's dinner - a poor job; a mess; "they made a real dog's breakfast of that job"
3.jam - a dense crowd of people
crowd - a large number of things or people considered together; "a crowd of insects assembled around the flowers"
snarl-up, traffic jam - a number of vehicles blocking one another until they can scarcely move
4.jam - deliberate radiation or reflection of electromagnetic energy for the purpose of disrupting enemy use of electronic devices or systems
ECM, electronic countermeasures - electronic warfare undertaken to prevent or reduce an enemy's effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum
barrage jamming - electronic jamming over a wide range of frequencies simultaneously
selective jamming, spot jamming - electronic jamming of a specific channel or frequency
Verb1.jam - press tightly together or cramjam - press tightly together or cram; "The crowd packed the auditorium"
crowd together, crowd - to gather together in large numbers; "men in straw boaters and waxed mustaches crowded the verandah"
2.jam - push down forcibly; "The driver jammed the brake pedal to the floor"
push, force - move with force, "He pushed the table into a corner"
3.jam - crush or bruise; "jam a toe"
bruise, contuse - injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of; "I bruised my knee"
4.jam - interfere with or prevent the reception of signalsjam - interfere with or prevent the reception of signals; "Jam the Voice of America"; "block the signals emitted by this station"
cut off, disrupt, interrupt, break up - make a break in; "We interrupt the program for the following messages"
barrage jam - jam an entire frequency spectrum; "During the Cold War, the Soviets routinely barrage jammed to interfere with transmissions from the West"
point jam - jam a narrow band of frequencies; "We can counter point-jamming effectively"
spot jam - jam a single frequency; "This operator is spot-jammed"
blanket jam - jam a broad spectrum of frequencies to affect all communications in the area except for directional antenna communications
5.jam - get stuck and immobilized; "the mechanism jammed"
malfunction, misfunction - fail to function or function improperly; "the coffee maker malfunctioned"
6.jam - crowd or pack to capacityjam - crowd or pack to capacity; "the theater was jampacked"
stuff - cram into a cavity; "The child stuffed candy into his pockets"
cram - put something somewhere so that the space is completely filled; "cram books into the suitcase"
7.jam - block passage throughjam - block passage through; "obstruct the path"
block off, blockade - obstruct access to
barricado, barricade - block off with barricades
barricade - prevent access to by barricading; "The street where the President lives is always barricaded"
asphyxiate, suffocate, stifle, choke - impair the respiration of or obstruct the air passage of; "The foul air was slowly suffocating the children"
tie up - restrain from moving or operating normally; "Traffic is tied up for miles around the bridge where the accident occurred"
dam, dam up - obstruct with, or as if with, a dam; "dam the gorges of the Yangtse River"
block out, screen - prevent from entering; "block out the strong sunlight"
earth up, land up - block with earth, as after a landslide
barricade, block, block up, blockade, block off, bar, stop - render unsuitable for passage; "block the way"; "barricade the streets"; "stop the busy road"
clog, clog up, congest, choke off, foul, back up, choke - become or cause to become obstructed; "The leaves clog our drains in the Fall"; "The water pipe is backed up"
hinder, impede - be a hindrance or obstacle to; "She is impeding the progress of our project"

jam

1
noun preserve, jelly (U.S. & Canad.), conserve The small fruits are excellent for jam or dessert.

jam

2
noun
2. predicament, tight spot, scrape (informal), corner, state, situation, trouble, spot (informal), hole (slang), fix (informal), bind, emergency, mess, dilemma, pinch, plight, strait, hot water, pickle (informal), deep water, quandary It could get the government out of a jam.
verb
1. pack, force, press, stuff, squeeze, compact, ram, wedge, cram, compress He jammed his hands into his pockets.
2. crowd, cram, throng, crush, press, mass, surge, flock, swarm, congregate In summer, the beach is jammed with day-trippers.
3. congest, block, clog, stick, halt, stall, obstruct The phone lines are jammed. Everybody wants to talk about it.

jam

verb
To fill to excess by compressing or squeezing tightly:
Informal: jam-pack.
noun
1. A cessation of normal activity, caused by an accident or strike, for example:
2. A difficult, often embarrassing situation or condition:
Informal: bind, pickle, spot.
Translations
ضَغْط ، عَرْقَلَه، إزْدِحام السَّيْرمُرَبَّىمُرَبّى الفاكِهَهمربىوَرْطَه
džemzácpazadřít sezatarasitmarmeláda
=-marmeladeblokereforstyrrefyldei knibe
ruuhkatukosdonkkaushillojamit
pekmezdžem
dzsemgyümölcsízízlekvár
festaöngòveiti, troîningur, stíflasultatroîatroîfylla, òjappa
ジャム
drūzmaiegrūstieķīlētiesiespiestiesprūst
pchaťpekná kašas džemomvopchať
blokiratimarmeladazatakniti se
sylttrubbeljamknipa
แยม
reçelsıkışıklıksıkışmaksıkıştırmaktıka basa doldurmak
mứt

jam

1 [dʒæm] (Brit)
A. N
1. (= food) → mermelada f
strawberry jammermelada f de fresas
you want jam on it! (fig) → ¡y un jamón!
the jam is spread very thinhay cosas buenas pero apenas se notan
2. (= luck) → chorra f
look at that for jam!¡qué chorra tiene el tío!
B. VThacer mermelada de
C. CPD jam jar N (Brit) → tarro m de mermelada, pote m de mermelada
jam pot N (Brit) = jam jar jam roll N (Brit) → brazo m de gitano con mermelada
jam tart Ntarta f de mermelada

jam

2 [dʒæm]
A. N
1. [of people] → aglomeración f
you never saw such a jam!¡había que ver cómo se agolpaba la gente!
there was a jam in the doorwayhabía una aglomeración de gente en la puerta, se había agolpado la gente en la puerta
2. (= traffic jam) → embotellamiento m, atasco m
a 5km jam of carsuna caravana or un atasco de coches de 5km
there are always jams hereaquí siempre se atasca el tráfico, aquí siempre hay atascos
3. (= obstruction) → atasco m
there's a jam in the pipese ha atascado or está atascada la cañería
4. (fig) (= difficulty) → apuro m, aprieto m
to be in a jamestar en un aprieto, estar en apuros
to get into a jammeterse en un aprieto, meterse en apuros
to get sb out of a jamsacar a algn del apuro
B. VT
1. (= block) [+ mechanism, drawer, pipe] → atascar; [+ wheel] → trabar; [+ exit, road] → cerrar, obstruir
it's got jammedse ha atascado, no se puede mover/quitar/retirar
2. (= cram) [+ passage, exit] → atestar, abarrotar; [+ container] → atestar, llenar
people jammed the exitsla gente se agolpaba en las salidas
I jammed my finger in the doorme pillé el dedo con la puerta
to jam sth into a boxmeter algo a la fuerza en una caja
we were all jammed togetherestábamos todos apiñados
the room was jammed with peopleel cuarto estaba atestado de gente
streets jammed with carscalles atascadas por el tráfico
3. (Telec, Rad) → interferir
C. VI
1. [mechanism, drawer, pipe] → atascarse, atorarse (LAm); [nut, part, wheel] → atascarse, atrancarse; [gun] → encasquillarse
this part has jammedesta pieza se ha atascado, no se puede mover esta pieza
the drawer had jammed (shut/open)el cajón no se podía abrir/cerrar
2. (Mus) → improvisar
D. CPD jam session Njam session f (actuación improvisada de jazz, rock)
jam in VT + ADV if we can jam two more books insi podemos introducir a la fuerza dos libros más
there were 15 people jammed in one roomhabía 15 personas apretadas unas contra otras en un cuarto
jam on VT + ADV
1. to jam one's brakes onfrenar en seco, dar un frenazo
2. he jammed his hat on his headse encasquetó el sombrero
with his hat jammed on his headcon el sombrero encasquetado en la cabeza

jam

[ˈdʒæm]
n
(to eat)confiture f
strawberry jam → la confiture de fraises
[shoppers] → cohue f
(also traffic jam) → bouchon m, embouteillage m
(= difficulty) to be in a jam → être dans le pétrin
to get sb out of a jam → tirer qn du pétrin
vt
[+ street, doorway, passage] → encombrer, obstruer
[+ switchboard] → encombrer, saturer
[+ mechanism, drawer] → bloquer, coincer
(= thrust, pack) to jam sth into sth (= thrust) → enfoncer qch dans qch
Pete jammed his hands into his pockets → Pete a enfoncé ses mains dans ses poches. (= pack) → entasser qch dans qch
to jam sth on sth → enfoncer qch sur qch
He jammed his hat on his head → Il a enfoncé son chapeau sur sa tête.
(RADIO) [+ wavelength] → brouiller
vi
[mechanism, sliding part] → se coincer, se bloquer
[gun] → s'enrayer
[musician] → faire un bœuf
jam into
vt fus [crowd] [+ hall, stadium] → s'entasser dans

jam

:
jam-full
adj containervollgestopft, gepfropft voll; room, busüberfüllt, knallvoll (inf), → proppenvoll (inf); jam of peoplevollgestopft mit Leuten
jam jar
n (Brit) → Marmeladenglas nt

jam

:
jam nut
n (Tech) → Gegenmutter f
jam-packed
adjüberfüllt, proppenvoll (inf); jam with touristsvoller Touristen
jam pot
nMarmeladentöpfchen nt
jam puff
nBlätterteigteilchen ntmit Marmelade
jam roll
nBiskuitrolle f
jam session
nJamsession f
jam tart
nMarmeladenkuchen m, → Marmeladentörtchen nt

jam

1
n (Brit) → Marmelade f, → Konfitüre f; you want jam on it too, do you? (Brit inf) → du kriegst wohl nie genug or den Hals voll? (inf); the company has promised (us) jam tomorrowdie Firma hat uns auf die Zukunft vertröstet

jam

2
n
(= crowd)Gedränge nt, → Gewühl nt
(= traffic jam)(Verkehrs)stau m, → Stauung f
(= blockage: in machine, of logs etc) → Stockung f, → Stauung f
(inf: = tight spot) → Klemme f (inf), → Patsche f (inf); to be in a jamin der Klemme or Patsche sitzen (inf); to get oneself into a jamins Gedränge kommen (inf); to get somebody/oneself out of a jamjdn/sich aus der Patsche ziehen (inf)
vt
(= make stick) window, drawer etcverklemmen, verkanten; gun, brakes etcblockieren; (= wedge) (to stop rattling etc) → festklemmen; (between two things) → einklemmen; to jam a door open/shuteine Tür festklemmen(, so dass sie auf/zu bleibt); be careful not to jam the lockpass auf, dass sich das Schloss nicht verklemmt; they had him jammed up against the wallsie hatten ihn gegen die Wand gedrängt; it’s jammedes klemmt; he got his finger jammed or he jammed his finger in the doorer hat sich (dat)den Finger in der Tür eingeklemmt
(= cram, squeeze) (→ in +acc) thingsstopfen, hineinzwängen, quetschen; peoplequetschen, pferchen; to be jammed together (things) → zusammengezwängt sein; (people) → zusammengedrängt sein; (in train etc also) → zusammengepfercht sein; why jam all the facts into one article?warum zwängen or quetschen (inf)Sie alle Fakten in einen Artikel?
(= crowd, block) street, town etcverstopfen, blockieren; phone linesblockieren; spectators jammed the stadiumdas Stadion war mit Zuschauern vollgestopft; a street jammed with carseine verstopfte Straße; the drain was jammed with rubbishder Abfluss war durch Abfall verstopft; the passage was jammed with peopleMenschen verstopften or versperrten den Durchgang; the switchboard has been jammed all daysämtliche Leitungen der Telefonzentrale waren den ganzen Tag blockiert
(= move suddenly) to jam one’s foot on the brakeeine Vollbremsung machen, auf die Bremse steigen (inf)or latschen (inf); he jammed his hands into his pocketser steckte die Hände fest in die Taschen ? also jam on
(Rad) station, broadcaststören
vi
the crowd jammed into the busdie Menschenmenge zwängte sich in den Bus
(= become stuck) (brake)sich verklemmen; (gun)Ladehemmung haben; (door, window etc)klemmen; the key jammed in the lockder Schlüssel blieb im Schloss stecken
(Mus) → eine Jamsession machen

jam

1 [dʒæm]
1. n (food) → marmellata, confettura
strawberry jam → marmellata di fragole
you want jam on it! (fig) (fam) → vuoi troppo!, sei incontentabile!
that's money for jam! (fig) (fam) → ti (or lo ) pagano per far niente!
2. adj (tart) → alla marmellata; (sandwich) → con la marmellata

jam

2 [dʒæm]
1. vt
a. (block, mechanism, drawer) → bloccare; (machine) → far inceppare; (subj, people, cars, passage, exit) → bloccare, ingombrare, ostruire (Radio) (station, broadcast) → disturbare con interferenze
to jam a door open (or shut) → bloccare una porta
streets jammed with people → strade molto affollate
streets jammed with cars → strade congestionate
the telephone lines are jammed → le linee sono sovraccariche
to jam one's brakes on → frenare bruscamente
b. (cram) to jam sth into sth (drawer, suitcase) → ficcare or infilare qc a forza dentro qc; (room, vehicle) → far entrare qc dentro qc
he jammed his hat on his head → si è ficcato il cappello in testa
I jammed my finger in the door → mi sono schiacciato il dito nella porta
2. vi
a. (get stuck, mechanism, sliding part) → bloccarsi, incepparsi; (gun) → incepparsi
b. (press tightly, people) to jam intoaffollare
c. (Mus) (fam) → improvvisare
3. n
a. (of people) → folla, calca; (of shoppers) → ressa; (of cars) (also traffic jam) → ingorgo
b. (fig) (fam) to be in/get into a jamessere/ficcarsi nei pasticci
to get sb out of a jam → tirare qn fuori dai pasticci

jam1

(dʒӕm) noun
a thick sticky substance made of fruit etc preserved by being boiled with sugar. raspberry jam; (also adjective) a jam sandwich.
jammy adjective
covered with jam. jammy fingers.

jam2

(dʒӕm) past tense, past participle jammed verb
1. to crowd full. The gateway was jammed with angry people.
2. to squeeze, press or wedge tightly or firmly. He jammed his foot in the doorway.
3. to stick and (cause to) be unable to move. The door / steering-wheel has jammed.
4. (of a radio station) to cause interference with (another radio station's broadcast) by sending out signals on a similar wavelength.
noun
1. a crowding together of vehicles, people etc so that movement is difficult or impossible. traffic-jams.
2. a difficult situation. I'm in a bit of a jam – I haven't got enough money to pay for this meal.
jam on
to put (brakes etc) on with force and haste. When the dog ran in front of his car he jammed on his brakes and skidded.

jam

مُرَبَّى džem syltetøj Marmelade μαρμελάδα confitura, mermelada ruuhka confiture pekmez marmellata ジャム jam trengsel dżem geleia джем sylt แยม reçel mứt 果酱
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