Janissaries


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jan·is·sar·y

 (jăn′ĭ-sĕr′ē) also jan·i·zar·y (-zĕr′ē)
n. pl. jan·is·sar·ies
1. A soldier of the Ottoman Empire in an elite guard organized in the 1300s and abolished in 1826.
2. A member of a group of elite, highly loyal supporters.

[Middle French jehanicere, janissaire, from Old Italian giannizero, from Ottoman Turkish yeñiçeri, new army, Janissary corps : yañı, new (from Old Turkic yaŋı) + çeri, special troops (from Old Turkic çērig, phalanx, order of battle).]

Janissaries

A corps of elite but turbulent Turkish troops eventually suppressed with the loss of between 6000 and 10,000 lives in 1826 by Sultan Mahmud II.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a few more months, their crack troops of Janissaries storm
The bishop was referring to the Janissaries, the elite infantry of the Ottoman Empire, which was manned by soldiers who were snatched as boys from Christian families and were forced to convert to Islam.
We have the US, Arab janissaries and a complicit EU on our side.
The historical truth is that centurions of Rome, janissaries of Turkey and Tonton Macoutes of Haiti have won and held more power over longer periods than officials freely elected by the people.
He joined the elite corps of the Ottoman army, the Janissaries as a young man, like his father did before him.
The Western-Near Eastern tradition of light infantry musketeers developed in earnest during the endemic warfare, between the Ottoman Turks, particularly the Janissaries, and the Spanish Habsburg's light infantry in the sixteenth-century Mediterranean theater.
Although the Janissaries proved useful in imposing central control over these, they too demanded greater political influence--occasionally declaring their own rule over imperial territory (such as Serbia in 1804) and even reducing the Sultan to being a 'subject to his own slaves' (as Osman II put it following defeat to Poland in 1622).
Over the centuries, the fortress turned into a prison used by the Janissaries (the elite infantry units that formed the Ottoman Sultan's household troops and bodyguards), and was also closed for a long time.
Of harems and sultans, or janissaries and revolts and power and empire?
If Lord of Janissaries sounds familiar, with its stories of a soldier and his men who are abandoned in hostile territory when aliens land, that's because this collection consists of three novels of military sci-fi classics presented under one cover.
While many English-language works of military history are justifiably criticized for their relative inattention to non-Western histories, not so here: eight chapters concern non-Western case studies, ranging from Ottoman janissaries to East India Company military labourers to Chinese soldiers during the Qing dynasty.
When sultan's janissaries opposed reforms , he began to develop a new force called Nizam-e- Cedid ( New Order) ( Hussain, 2011).