Janissaries


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jan·is·sar·y

 (jăn′ĭ-sĕr′ē) also jan·i·zar·y (-zĕr′ē)
n. pl. jan·is·sar·ies
1. A soldier of the Ottoman Empire in an elite guard organized in the 1300s and abolished in 1826.
2. A member of a group of elite, highly loyal supporters.

[Middle French jehanicere, janissaire, from Old Italian giannizero, from Ottoman Turkish yeñiçeri, new army, Janissary corps : yañı, new (from Old Turkic yaŋı) + çeri, special troops (from Old Turkic çērig, phalanx, order of battle).]

Janissaries

A corps of elite but turbulent Turkish troops eventually suppressed with the loss of between 6000 and 10,000 lives in 1826 by Sultan Mahmud II.
References in periodicals archive ?
our villages are located in mountainous and rocky areas, where the plots are mostly unsuitable for agricultural activity" (53) Against this background the Nevrekop "peasant" Janissaries might be considered as a kind of economic and social elite ' of this mountainous area.
And as if that in itself wasn't adequate retribution, he gives the order to his janissaries to arrest 400 noblemen, clerics, landowners and men of influence and has them beheaded as well.
To signify revolt against the sultan, the Janissaries would dramatically overturn their pilaf cauldrons, and the revolt would commence.
The historical example of the Janissaries of the Ottoman Empire attests to such a thesis.
In refusing to hand over the citadel (1812), we hear only that the commander of the Janissaries "became very coarse in his speech (aghlaza fi al-qawl jiddan)".
13) See Godfrey Goodwin, The Janissaries, (London: Saqi Books, 1997).
For almost three centuries, political power was divided between a trio of rival military elites: the viceroy, or governor, who represented the imperial authority; the Janissaries who ostensibly served as the imperial military force but who in actuality served to check any ambition of the viceroys; and the Mamluk Beys who had declared their allegiance to the Sultan and were appointed governors of various provinces in Egypt.
During the 1200s, Osman established the Janissaries as an elite fighting force to expand his kingdom.
they were officially associated with the Ottoman state and the corresponding fiscal privileges of 'askari affiliation, namely, tax exemptions; on the other hand, state-associated military individuals such as the Janissaries had acquired prerogatives of local Ottoman Damascenes (as A.
One Athens-based newspaper once ran a front-page story claiming that missing Greek Cypriot youths were being sent as Janissaries to fight in Afghanistan.
The military potency of the janissaries dissipated by the middle of the 16th century, but their political power continued for some time.
But He seemed to have done just this, and when the Janissaries burst into the city, the Greeks saw it as judgment for a millennium of sins.