janissary


Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

jan·is·sar·y

 (jăn′ĭ-sĕr′ē) also jan·i·zar·y (-zĕr′ē)
n. pl. jan·is·sar·ies
1. A soldier of the Ottoman Empire in an elite guard organized in the 1300s and abolished in 1826.
2. A member of a group of elite, highly loyal supporters.

[Middle French jehanicere, janissaire, from Old Italian giannizero, from Ottoman Turkish yeñiçeri, new army, Janissary corps : yañı, new (from Old Turkic yaŋı) + çeri, special troops (from Old Turkic çērig, phalanx, order of battle).]

janissary

(ˈdʒænɪsərɪ) or

janizary

n, pl -saries or -zaries
(Military) an infantryman in the Turkish army, originally a member of the sovereign's personal guard, from the 14th to the early 19th century
[C16: from French janissaire, from Italian giannizzero, from Turkish yeniçeri, from yeni new + çeri soldiery]

jan•is•sar•y

(ˈdʒæn əˌsɛr i)

also jan•i•zar•y

(-ˌzɛr i)

n., pl. -sar•ies also -zar•ies.
1. (often cap.) a member of an elite military unit of the Turkish army organized in the 14th century and abolished in 1826.
2. a member of any group of loyal guards, soldiers, or supporters.
[1520–30; < French janissaire < Italian gian(n)izzero < Turkish yeniçeri=yeni new + çeri soldiery, militia]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.janissary - a loyal supporter; "every politician has a following of janissaries"
follower - a person who accepts the leadership of another
2.Janissary - a Turkish soldier
soldier - an enlisted man or woman who serves in an army; "the soldiers stood at attention"
Translations
janitsaari
janjičar
janicsár
janitsjar
References in classic literature ?
That fellow behind your chair may be a Janissary with a bow-string in his plush breeches pocket.
Concerts of Turkish classical music, poetry and janissary bands take place for the entertainment of domestic and foreign tourists, and mosques on the peninsula remain open until late at night.
In chapter 2, Herbert and Barlow study the changing status of bands as a British military' institution in the late-eighteenth to the mid-nineteenth centuries: their organization, instrumentation (including janissary instruments), their role in the life of officers and regiments, and their positive impact on recruitment.
Guests enjoyed with performance by Ottoman Janissary Band.
Cultural programs, janissary band-navy band performances and friendly sportive activities between the military teams will also take place".
Erdemoglu Selim is a loyal and honorable lieutenant in the Turkish Janissary Corps, whose personal passions include a lifelong love of the the finest gourmet teas.
The Mosque today is a mixture of architectural styles, reflecting the frequent enlargements of the Mosque over the last thousand years, and especially in the latter half of the eighteenth century, when Al-Azhar was enlarged by the influential Ottoman janissary officer, Abd al-Rahman Katkhuda.
And later in Act II, in a reference to the candy Turkish Delight, we get Turkish Janissary music.
Following the impressive performance of the Janissary Band, Mr.
A Janissary, who was taken from the village as a boy, is sent to force the reluctant inhabitants to convert to Islam.
The two Turk figures in Manwaring's text are reflected in their single counterpart in Othello's lines in a creative transformation that bears the traces of its operation, in the correspondences of the "malignant" Turk to the "traduc[ing]" civilian Turk in Manwaring and the neutral exoticism of the "turbanned" one to the janissary who punishes him.
After Ward has decided to convert to gain Voada (the sister of the captain of the janissary guard) but before he has undergone the rite of conversion, the French lady Aliza scolds him, telling him that his impending conversion will be "the denial / Of your redeemer, religion, country, / Of him that gave you being" (7.