janissary(redirected from Janizaries)
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jan·is·sar·y(jăn′ĭ-sĕr′ē) also jan·i·zar·y (-zĕr′ē)
n. pl. jan·is·sar·ies
1. A soldier of the Ottoman Empire in an elite guard organized in the 1300s and abolished in 1826.
2. A member of a group of elite, highly loyal supporters.
[Middle French jehanicere, janissaire, from Old Italian giannizero, from Ottoman Turkish yeñiçeri, new army, Janissary corps : yañı, new (from Old Turkic yaŋı) + çeri, special troops (from Old Turkic çērig, phalanx, order of battle).]
n, pl -saries or -zaries
(Military) an infantryman in the Turkish army, originally a member of the sovereign's personal guard, from the 14th to the early 19th century
[C16: from French janissaire, from Italian giannizzero, from Turkish yeniçeri, from yeni new + çeri soldiery]
jan•is•sar•y(ˈdʒæn əˌsɛr i)
also jan•i•zar•y(-ˌzɛr i)
n., pl. -sar•ies also -zar•ies.
1. (often cap.) a member of an elite military unit of the Turkish army organized in the 14th century and abolished in 1826.
2. a member of any group of loyal guards, soldiers, or supporters.
[1520–30; < French janissaire < Italian gian(n)izzero < Turkish yeniçeri=yeni new + çeri soldiery, militia]