japan


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Japan

Ja·pan

 (jə-păn′)
A country consisting of an archipelago off the eastern coast of Asia. The islands' indigenous culture was largely supplanted after c. 600 bc by settlers from the mainland, who adopted an imperial system of government modeled on China's. After a long period (12th-19th century) of domination by a series of shoguns, feudalism was abolished on the restoration of the emperor Mutsuhito (1868) and the country was opened to trade with the West. Japan's industrialization and expansionism led to a series of wars, culminating in its defeat (1945) in World War II. After the war Japan's economy was rebuilt with American assistance, developing an industrial sector centered around automobiles and electronics. Tokyo is the capital and the largest city.
Word History: In ad 670, during the early part of the Chinese Tang dynasty, Japanese scholars who had studied Chinese created a new name for their country using the Chinese phrase for "origin of the sun, sunrise," because Japan is located east of China. In the Chinese of the time (called Early Middle Chinese), the phrase was ŋit-pən'. To this the scholars added the Chinese word -kwək, "country," yielding a compound ŋit-pən'-kwək, "sun-origin-country, land of the rising sun." The consonant clusters in this word could not be pronounced in Old Japanese, and it became Nip-pon-koku or *Ni-pon-koku. The Modern Japanese names for Japan, Nippon and Nihon, come from the Old Japanese forms, minus the element meaning "country." Interestingly, the Chinese took to calling Japan by the name that the Japanese had invented, and the English name Japan ultimately derives from the Chinese version. In Mandarin Chinese, one of the descendants of Middle Chinese, the phrase evolved to Rìběnguó. Marco Polo records an early form of this as Chipangu, which he would have pronounced (chĭ-pän-go͞o) or (shĭ-pän-go͞o). The Chinese name was also borrowed into Malay as Japang, and in the 16th century, Portuguese traders borrowed the Malay name as Japão. The other languages of Europe probably adopted the name from the Portuguese. The first known use of Japan in English dates from 1577, when it is spelled Giapan.

ja·pan

 (jə-păn′)
n.
1. A black enamel or lacquer used to produce a durable glossy finish.
2. An object decorated with this substance.
tr.v. ja·panned, ja·pan·ning, ja·pans
1. To decorate with a black enamel or lacquer.
2. To coat with a glossy finish.

[After Japan.]

Japan

(dʒəˈpæn)
n
1. (Placename) an archipelago and empire in E Asia, extending for 3200 km (2000 miles) between the Sea of Japan and the Pacific and consisting of the main islands of Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu and over 3000 smaller islands: feudalism abolished in 1871, followed by industrialization and expansion of territories, esp during World Wars I and II, when most of SE Asia came under Japanese control; dogma of the emperor's divinity abolished in 1946 under a new democratic constitution; by the 1980s, rapid economic growth made Japan the most industrialized nation in the Far East. Official language: Japanese. Religion: Shintoist majority, large Buddhist minority. Currency: yen. Capital: Tokyo. Pop: 127 253 075 (2013 est). Area: 369 660 sq km (142 726 sq miles). Japanese names: Nippon or Nihon
2. (Placename) Sea of Japan the sea between mainland Asia and Japan. Korean name East Sea

japan

(dʒəˈpæn)
n
1. (Crafts) a glossy durable black lacquer originally from the Orient, used on wood, metal, etc
2. (Crafts) work decorated and varnished in the Japanese manner
3. (Crafts) a liquid used as a paint drier
adj
(Crafts) relating to or varnished with japan
vb, -pans, -panning or -panned
(Crafts) (tr) to lacquer with japan or any similar varnish

ja•pan

(dʒəˈpæn)

n., adj., v. -panned, -pan•ning. n.
1. any of various durable black varnishes, orig. from Japan, for coating metal or other surfaces.
2. work varnished and figured in the Japanese manner.
adj.
3. of or pertaining to japan.
v.t.
4. to varnish with japan or japanlike material; lacquer.
[1605–15]
ja•pan′ner, n.

Ja•pan

(dʒəˈpæn)

n.
1. a constitutional monarchy on a chain of islands off the E coast of Asia: main islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. 126,182,077; 141,529 sq. mi. (366,560 sq. km). Cap.: Tokyo. Japanese, Nihon, Nippon.
2. Sea of, the part of the Pacific Ocean between Japan and mainland Asia.

Japan


1. devotion to or preference for the customs, policies, language, or culture of Japan.
2. anything peculiar to or characteristic of Japan or its people.
a style of art, idiom, custom, mannerism, etc., typical of the Japanese.

japan


Past participle: japanned
Gerund: japanning

Imperative
japan
japan
Present
I japan
you japan
he/she/it japans
we japan
you japan
they japan
Preterite
I japanned
you japanned
he/she/it japanned
we japanned
you japanned
they japanned
Present Continuous
I am japanning
you are japanning
he/she/it is japanning
we are japanning
you are japanning
they are japanning
Present Perfect
I have japanned
you have japanned
he/she/it has japanned
we have japanned
you have japanned
they have japanned
Past Continuous
I was japanning
you were japanning
he/she/it was japanning
we were japanning
you were japanning
they were japanning
Past Perfect
I had japanned
you had japanned
he/she/it had japanned
we had japanned
you had japanned
they had japanned
Future
I will japan
you will japan
he/she/it will japan
we will japan
you will japan
they will japan
Future Perfect
I will have japanned
you will have japanned
he/she/it will have japanned
we will have japanned
you will have japanned
they will have japanned
Future Continuous
I will be japanning
you will be japanning
he/she/it will be japanning
we will be japanning
you will be japanning
they will be japanning
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been japanning
you have been japanning
he/she/it has been japanning
we have been japanning
you have been japanning
they have been japanning
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been japanning
you will have been japanning
he/she/it will have been japanning
we will have been japanning
you will have been japanning
they will have been japanning
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been japanning
you had been japanning
he/she/it had been japanning
we had been japanning
you had been japanning
they had been japanning
Conditional
I would japan
you would japan
he/she/it would japan
we would japan
you would japan
they would japan
Past Conditional
I would have japanned
you would have japanned
he/she/it would have japanned
we would have japanned
you would have japanned
they would have japanned
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.japan - a string of more than 3,000 islands to the east of Asia extending 1,300 miles between the Sea of Japan and the western Pacific OceanJapan - a string of more than 3,000 islands to the east of Asia extending 1,300 miles between the Sea of Japan and the western Pacific Ocean
Ezo, Hokkaido, Yezo - the second largest of the four main islands of Japan; to the north of Honshu
Hondo, Honshu - the central and largest of the four main islands of Japan; between the Sea of Japan and the Pacific Ocean; regarded as the Japanese mainland
Kyushu - the southernmost of the four main islands of Japan; contains coal fields
Shikoku - the smallest of the four main islands of Japan; to the south of Honshu and to the east of Kyushu; separated from Honshu by the Inland Sea; forested and mountainous
Osaka Bay - a bay of the western Pacific in southern Honshu
Pacific, Pacific Ocean - the largest ocean in the world
2.japan - a constitutional monarchy occupying the Japanese ArchipelagoJapan - a constitutional monarchy occupying the Japanese Archipelago; a world leader in electronics and automobile manufacture and ship building
harakiri, hara-kiri, harikari, seppuku - ritual suicide by self-disembowelment on a sword; practiced by samurai in the traditional Japanese society
sumo - a Japanese form of wrestling; you lose if you are forced out of a small ring or if any part of your body (other than your feet) touches the ground
go game, go - a board game for two players who place counters on a grid; the object is to surround and so capture the opponent's counters
shogi - a form of chess played on a board of 81 squares; each player has 20 pieces
acupressure, G-Jo, shiatsu - treatment of symptoms by applying pressure with the fingers to specific pressure points on the body
jiujitsu, jujitsu, jujutsu - a method of self-defense without weapons that was developed in China and Japan; holds and blows are supplemented by clever use of the attacker's own weight and strength
ninjitsu, ninjutsu - the traditional Japanese method of espionage; involves stealthy movements and the use of camouflage
karate - a traditional Japanese system of unarmed combat; sharp blows and kicks are given to pressure-sensitive points on the body of the opponent
origami - the Japanese art of folding paper into shapes representing objects (e.g., flowers or birds)
chanoyu, tea ceremony - an ancient ritual for preparing and serving and drinking tea
futon - mattress consisting of a pad of cotton batting that is used for sleeping on the floor or on a raised frame
kamikaze - a fighter plane used for suicide missions by Japanese pilots in World War II
Kammon Strait Bridge - a suspension bridge between Kyushu and Honshu
shoji - a translucent screen made of a wooden frame covered with rice paper
Shingon - a form of Buddhism emphasizing mystical symbolism of mantras and mudras and the Buddha's ideal which is inexpressible
Japanese - the language (usually considered to be Altaic) spoken by the Japanese
Ryukyuan - the language (related to Japanese) that is spoken by the people of the Ryukyu Islands
miso - a thick paste made from fermented soybeans and barley or rice malt; used in Japanese cooking to make soups or sauces
wasabi - the thick green root of the wasabi plant that the Japanese use in cooking and that tastes like strong horseradish; in powder or paste form it is often eaten with raw fish
sukiyaki - thin beef strips (or chicken or pork) cooked briefly at the table with onions and greens and soy sauce
sashimi - very thinly sliced raw fish
sushi - rice (with raw fish) wrapped in seaweed
tempura - vegetables and seafood dipped in batter and deep-fried
rice beer, sake, saki - Japanese alcoholic beverage made from fermented rice; usually served hot
Aum, Aum Shinrikyo, Supreme Truth - a terrorist organization whose goal is to take over Japan and then the world; based on a religion founded in 1987 that combines elements of Buddhism with Christianity; "in 1995 Aum members released deadly sarin gas on a Tokyo subway train"
Chukaku-Ha - an ultra-leftist militant group founded in 1957 from the breakup of the Japanese Communist Party; includes a covert action wing; "Chukaku-Ha attacks tend to cause property damage rather than casualties"
Anti-Imperialist International Brigade, Japanese Red Army, JRA - a terrorist group organized in 1970 to overthrow the Japanese government and monarchy and to foment world revolution; is said to have close ties with Palestinian terrorists; "in 1972 the Japanese Red Army was responsible for a massacre at an airport in Israel"
yakuza - organized crime in Japan; an alliance of criminal organizations and illegal enterprises
diet - a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Japan)
prefecture - the district administered by a prefect (as in France or Japan or the Roman Empire)
Asahikawa - a city on western Hokkaido that is the center of a fertile agricultural area
Japanese capital, Tokio, Tokyo, Yeddo, Yedo, capital of Japan, Edo - the capital and largest city of Japan; the economic and cultural center of Japan
Nagano - a city in central Honshu to the northwest of Tokyo; site of a Buddhist shrine
Nagoya - an industrial city in southern Honshu
Omiya - a city of east central Honshu; a suburb of Tokyo
Osaka - port city on southern Honshu on Osaka Bay; a commercial and industrial center of Japan
Yokohama - port city on southeastern Honshu in central Japan
Naha City - the chief city in the Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands - a chain of 55 islands in the western Pacific to the to the southwest of Japan (returned by United States to Japan in 1972)
Kyoto - a city in central Japan on southern Honshu; a famous cultural center that was once the capital of Japan
Sapporo - a commercial city in northern Japan on western Hokkaido
Kitakyushu - a Japanese city on northern Kyushu
3.japan - lacquerware decorated and varnished in the Japanese manner with a glossy durable black lacquer
lacquerware - a decorative work made of wood and covered with lacquer and often inlaid with ivory or precious metals
4.japan - lacquer with a durable glossy black finish, originally from the orient
lacquer - a hard glossy coating
Verb1.japan - coat with a lacquer, as done in Japan
handicraft - a craft that requires skillful hands
lacquer - coat with lacquer; "A lacquered box from China"
Translations
Japan
الياباناليَابَان
Япония
Japó
Japonsko
Japan
JapanioJapanujo
Jaapan
ژاپن
Japani
יפן
जापान
Japan
Japán
Japon
Jepang
Japan
日本
일본
IaponiaJaponia
Japonija
Japāna
ജപ്പാന്‍
Japonia
Japonsko
Japonska
JapanЈапан
Japan
Japani
ญี่ปุ่นประเทศญี่ปุ่น
Японія
جاپان
Nhật Bảnnước Nhật

Japan

[dʒəˈpæn] Nel Japón

japan

[dʒəˈpæn]
A. Nlaca f japonesa
B. VTcharolar con laca japonesa

Japan

[dʒəˈpæn] nJapon m
in Japan → au Japon
from Japan → du Japon

Japan

nJapan nt

japan

nschwarzer Lack, Japanlack m
vtmit Japanlack überziehen

Japan

[dʒəˈpæn] nil Giappone m

japan

اليَابَان Japonsko Japan Japan Ιαπωνία Japón Japani Japon Japan Giappone 日本 일본 Japan Japan Japonia Japão Япония Japan ประเทศญี่ปุ่น Japonya nước Nhật 日本
References in classic literature ?
Sacred To the Memory of The late Captain Ezekiel Hardy, Who in the bows of his boat was killed by a Sperm Whale on the coast of Japan, August 3d, This Tablet Is erected to his Memory by His Widow.
With a fair, fresh wind, the Pequod was now drawing nigh to these straits; Ahab purposing to pass through them into the Javan sea, and thence, cruising northwards, over waters known to be frequented here and there by the Sperm whale, sweep inshore by the Philippine Islands, and gain the far coast of Japan, in time for the great whaling season there.
It had started its first newspaper in Japan, and elected its first deputy in Argentina; in France it named members of cabinets, and in Italy and Australia it held the balance of power and turned out ministries.
The vessel was an English merchantman, returning from Japan by the North and South seas; the captain, Mr.
Limmershin, the Winter Wren, told me the tale when he was blown on to the rigging of a steamer going to Japan, and I took him down into my cabin and warmed and fed him for a couple of days till he was fit to fly back to St.
Round its neck was a little collar on which was written, 'The Nightingale of the Emperor of Japan is nothing compared to that of the Emperor of China.
Those of Japan, not less than of New York, may furnish the objects of legal discussion to our courts.
The coast of Japan still remained less than two hundred miles to leeward.
A large vase of Japan porcelain, filled with flowers that loaded the air with their perfume, stood in the salon.
I may here state, and on my faith as an honest man, that though more than three years have elapsed since I left this same identical vessel, she still continues; in the Pacific, and but a few days since I saw her reported in the papers as having touched at the Sandwich Islands previous to going on the coast of Japan.
He showed her all the 'treasures' in the room, ivories, enamels, miniatures, all sorts of monstrosities from Japan, from India, from Timbuctoo .
Indeed, the new Power which had arisen in Siberia, backed by Japan and other powerful allies, was inclined to take the matter up in the interests of its exiled subjects; and there had been wild talk about ambassadors and ultimatums.