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Any of various small nocturnal leaping rodents of the family Dipodidae of Asia and northern Africa, having long hind legs and a long tufted tail.

[Medieval Latin jerbōa, from Arabic jarbū'.]


(Animals) any small nocturnal burrowing rodent of the family Dipodidae, inhabiting dry regions of Asia and N Africa, having pale sandy fur, large ears, and long hind legs specialized for jumping
[C17: from New Latin, from Arabic yarbū`]


(dʒərˈboʊ ə, dʒɛr-)

n., pl. -bo•as.
any small leaping rodent of the family Dipodidae, of N Africa and Asia, with a long tail and long hind legs.
[1655–65; < New Latin < Arabic yarbū‘; compare gerbil]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.jerboa - mouselike jumping rodentjerboa - mouselike jumping rodent    
gnawer, rodent - relatively small placental mammals having a single pair of constantly growing incisor teeth specialized for gnawing
Dipodidae, family Dipodidae - Old World jerboas
typical jerboa - small nocturnal jumping rodent with long hind legs; of arid parts of Asia and northern Africa
Jaculus jaculus - a variety of jerboa
References in periodicals archive ?
By such campaigns, the EPA confiscated a lot of Jerboas at Friday Market and sent them to the Zoo," Ahmad Al-Saiygh told KUNA in a statement Saturday.
Kangaroos, kangaroo rats and jerboas all have a more forward-shifted foramen magnum compared with their quadrupedal (four-legged walking) close relatives.
She said that bipedal jerboas and quadrupedal jirds share the same habitat, predators, food source, and active hours and it appears that their different forms of locomotion create differing predator evasion abilities, allowing jerboas to forage further from their burrows, thus limiting interspecific competition.
Elephants and Jerboas bathe in dust, and many others including geckos and jackrabbits, wash themselves with their own tongue.
During the course of zoologic investigations in Mongolia during 2002, 2005, and 2006, 133 rodents (gerbils, jerboas, and squirrels) were trapped by standard methods (5), dissected, and cataloged (Figure).
But since November last year, a family of jerboas have been let loose here in Qatar.