Jose Morales Rodriguez, the person acknowledged as the principal founder of the Cheos, began preaching while still in his teens what he considered the tenets of the Catholic faith to his fellow jibaros
(peasant farmers and sharecroppers) in 1902, four years after the invasion.
Arlene Torres in her study "La gran familia puertorriquena ej prieta de belda'/ The Great Puerto Rican Family is Really Black" unearths evidence showing how there also existed a "black yeomanry that lived in the mountainous interior" (293), which goes against the traditional cultural map that has Africans and those of mixed race on the coast with white jibaros in the center.
Guzman's story shows that, as Arlene Torres would say, "el jibaro ej prieto de belda" or the jibaro is really black and not white as everyone claims.
We have chosen to show what we are as a people and what we aspire to be," states the museum's description of the inaugural exhibition, "through Campeche's portraits, Oller's religious and still-life paintings, depictions of jibaros
, and pastoral scenes by Ramon Frade, Miguel Pou, and Oscar Colon Delgado, as well as through works by our famed generations of the 1950s and 1970s.
Other Hispanics have arrived at different periods: the Mexicans in the twenties and onward; Puerto Rican jibaros
and Cuban-American emigres in the sixties; the Salvadorans and Nicaraguans in the late seventies and eighties.
I would sit this one out in the safe haven of faraway Ecuador, which in its New World generosity had granted me, a complete stranger, to come and live there, though I had certainly much less in common with the Incas, Jibaros
, and Quechuas than with any European.
The utopian orders these jibaros imagined, she adds, served as critiques of the status quo.
Historia de los hermanos Cheos (Ponce, Puerto Rico, 1979), the best known of the two accounts dealing with jibaro religiosity at the turn of the century written by priests.
Quite a number of the decimas in the collection were written down by me in phonetic text from the dictation of jibaros
in out-of-the-way country barrios.
6) Estos problemas de adaptacion y posteriormente de aceptacion, se documentaron en las decimas campesinas escritas o cantadas pot estos jibaros boricuas cuando describieron su experiencia migratoria.
Un gran numero de los puertorriquenos que emigraron a Hawai eran jibaros o campesinos de las montanas de Puerto Rico.
Ademas de poner de relieve el amor primitivo entre los novios, Alonso hace hincapie nuevamente en el comportamiento bestial de los jibaros
cuando describe la exalatacion y algarrabia formada por estos cuando los novios salieron de la iglesia.