Did Aurangzeb spend his last 50 years, as his detractors maintain, destroying Hindu temples and imposing the jizya
tax on non-Muslims?
The issue of dividing the booty (alkhums) into fifths, the share of Allah and the Messenger, the share of a foot soldier and a cavalry member kharaj, jizya
and 'ushr are all explained in detail utilizing sources like Ibn Hisham, Ibn al-Salam, al-Baladhuri and Abu Yusuf, as well as the Qur'an.
Certain non-Muslims, those of the Book (Christians and Jews), could remain only if they accepted Islam's rule and paid the jizya
, a per capita tax levied on dhimmi communities.
It also wants non-Muslims to be forced to pay jizya
(an yearly tax to be paid by those non-Muslim citizens of an Islamic state who were subdued as a result of war), and to take revenge from non-believer who killed any Muslim (part of 10 point jihadi ideology manifested in Hum Jihad Kyun Ker rahyhain?
The final sequence focuses on Al Baghdadi's images associated with the promise of purifying the earth and with the elicitation of the main principles of the sharia, the return of the head (beheading), the zakah, the jizya
(tax required from non-Muslim people), and, most important, the return to the gold dinar "as the Khilafah surges in the financial sphere.
Anver Emon explains, for example, "When Muslims conquered Persia and encountered Zoroastrians, commanders allowed the local religious population there to reside peacefully in the empire and maintain their faith, as long as they paid the jizya
The Turks had ruled Athens since 1458; they transformed the Parthenon into a mosque, forbade non-Muslims to ride horses, and imposed burdensome taxes on the Greeks, including the jizya
Dhimmi were members of the People of the Book (Jews and Christians) who lived among Muslims within the Islamic Empire under Islamic rule; they had a special status and special rights, such as freedom of worship, and special obligations, such as paying the jizya
Adultery, sodomy, and apostasy were savagely punished; and Christians and Jews as dhimmis were legally inferior to Muslims and forced to pay a special tax, the jizya
AHMED, Ziauddin y Ziauddin Ahmad "The Concept of Jizya
in Early Islam", en Islamic Studies, 14: 4 (invierno 1975), pp.
The protected person, or dhimmi as he was called, was extended the protection by the virtue of abidance to the laws of state that were not related to religious obligation and paying of an annual tax of jizya
The ahlul-kitab (Christians or Jews) are spared punishment if regularly pay the jizya
(special tax); they are identified in the Qur'an as "ah-lul-zima" (independent non-Muslims living in an Islamic shari'a (law) state who, in return for paying individual income tax, receive protection and security; they are exempt from going to war, exempt from paying zakat and other taxes imposed on Muslims).