judge


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judge

 (jŭj)
v. judged, judg·ing, judg·es
v.tr.
1. To form an opinion or estimation of after careful consideration: judge heights; judging character.
2.
a. Law To hear and decide on in a court of law: judge a case.
b. To pass sentence on; condemn.
c. To act as one appointed to decide the winners of: judge an essay contest.
3. To determine or declare after consideration or deliberation: Most people judged him negligent in performing his duties as a parent.
4. Informal To have as an opinion or assumption; suppose: I judge you're right.
5. Bible To govern; rule. Used of an ancient Israelite leader.
v.intr.
1. To form an opinion or evaluation.
2. To act or decide as a judge.
n.
1. One who judges, especially:
a. One who makes estimates as to worth, quality, or fitness: a good judge of used cars; a poor judge of character.
b. Law A public official who hears and decides cases brought in court.
c. Law A public official who hears and decides cases or matters in a forum other than a court, such as an administrative proceeding.
d. One appointed to decide the winners of a contest or competition.
2. Bible
a. A leader of the Israelites during a period of about 400 years between the death of Joshua and the accession of Saul.
b. Judges (used with a sing. verb) See Table at Bible.

[Middle English jugen, from Anglo-Norman juger, from Latin iūdicāre, from iūdex, iūdic-, judge; see deik- in Indo-European roots.]

judge

(dʒʌdʒ)
n
1. (Professions) a public official with authority to hear cases in a court of law and pronounce judgment upon them. Compare magistrate1, justice5, justice6
2. a person who is appointed to determine the result of contests or competitions
3. a person qualified to comment critically: a good judge of antiques.
4. (Bible) a leader of the peoples of Israel from Joshua's death to the accession of Saul
vb
5. (Law) to hear and decide upon (a case at law)
6. (Law) (tr) to pass judgment on; sentence
7. (when tr, may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to decide or deem (something) after inquiry or deliberation
8. to determine the result of (a contest or competition)
9. to appraise (something) critically
10. (tr; takes a clause as object) to believe (something) to be the case; suspect
[C14: from Old French jugier, from Latin jūdicāre to pass judgment, from jūdex a judge]
ˈjudgeable adj
ˈjudgeless adj
ˈjudgeˌlike adj
ˈjudger n
ˈjudgingly adv

judge

(dʒʌdʒ)

n., v. judged, judg•ing. n.
1. a public officer authorized to hear and decide cases in a court of law.
2. a person appointed to decide in a contest or matter at issue.
3. a person qualified to pass critical judgment: a good judge of horses.
4. an administrative head of Israel in the period between the death of Joshua and the accession to the throne by Saul.
v.t.
5. to pass legal judgment on: The court judged him not guilty.
6. to hear evidence or legal arguments in (a case) in order to pass judgment; try.
7. to form a judgment or opinion of: to judge a book by its cover.
8. to decide or settle authoritatively: The censor judged the book obscene.
9. to infer, think, or hold as an opinion.
10. to make a careful guess about; estimate: I judged the distance to be about two miles.
11. to act as a judge in (a contest or competition).
12. (of the ancient Hebrew judges) to govern.
v.i.
13. to act as a judge; pass judgment.
14. to form an opinion or estimate.
[1175–1225; (n.) Middle English juge < Old French < Latin jūdicem, acc. of jūdex=jūs law, right + -dex (see index); (v.) Middle English jugen < Old French jugier < Latin jūdicāre, derivative of jūdex]
judg′er, n.
judge′ship, n.

judge

  • affidavit, deponent - An affidavit (literally, "he has stated on oath") is taken by a judge, while the deponent swears, makes, or takes an affidavit.
  • arbiter - Latin for "judge, supreme ruler."
  • arbitrate - Can mean "give an authoritative decision" (from Latin arbiter, "judge").
  • judge - From Latin jus, "law," and dicere, "to say."

judge


Past participle: judged
Gerund: judging

Imperative
judge
judge
Present
I judge
you judge
he/she/it judges
we judge
you judge
they judge
Preterite
I judged
you judged
he/she/it judged
we judged
you judged
they judged
Present Continuous
I am judging
you are judging
he/she/it is judging
we are judging
you are judging
they are judging
Present Perfect
I have judged
you have judged
he/she/it has judged
we have judged
you have judged
they have judged
Past Continuous
I was judging
you were judging
he/she/it was judging
we were judging
you were judging
they were judging
Past Perfect
I had judged
you had judged
he/she/it had judged
we had judged
you had judged
they had judged
Future
I will judge
you will judge
he/she/it will judge
we will judge
you will judge
they will judge
Future Perfect
I will have judged
you will have judged
he/she/it will have judged
we will have judged
you will have judged
they will have judged
Future Continuous
I will be judging
you will be judging
he/she/it will be judging
we will be judging
you will be judging
they will be judging
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been judging
you have been judging
he/she/it has been judging
we have been judging
you have been judging
they have been judging
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been judging
you will have been judging
he/she/it will have been judging
we will have been judging
you will have been judging
they will have been judging
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been judging
you had been judging
he/she/it had been judging
we had been judging
you had been judging
they had been judging
Conditional
I would judge
you would judge
he/she/it would judge
we would judge
you would judge
they would judge
Past Conditional
I would have judged
you would have judged
he/she/it would have judged
we would have judged
you would have judged
they would have judged
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.judge - a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justicejudge - a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice
adjudicator - a person who studies and settles conflicts and disputes
alcalde - a mayor or chief magistrate of a Spanish town
chief justice - the judge who presides over a supreme court
Daniel - a wise and upright judge; "a Daniel come to judgment" -- Shakespeare
doge - formerly the chief magistrate in the republics of Venice and Genoa
justiciar, justiciary - formerly a high judicial officer
magistrate - a lay judge or civil authority who administers the law (especially one who conducts a court dealing with minor offenses)
functionary, official - a worker who holds or is invested with an office
ordinary - a judge of a probate court
praetor, pretor - an annually elected magistrate of the ancient Roman Republic
qadi - an Islamic judge
recorder - a barrister or solicitor who serves as part-time judge in towns or boroughs
trial judge - a judge in a trial court
trier - one (as a judge) who examines and settles a case
2.judge - an authority who is able to estimate worth or quality
appraiser, valuator - one who estimates officially the worth or value or quality of things
arbitrator, umpire, arbiter - someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue; "the critic was considered to be an arbiter of modern literature"; "the arbitrator's authority derived from the consent of the disputants"; "an umpire was appointed to settle the tax case"
authority - an expert whose views are taken as definitive; "he is an authority on corporate law"
critic - anyone who expresses a reasoned judgment of something
Verb1.judge - determine the result of (a competition)
resolve, settle, adjudicate, decide - bring to an end; settle conclusively; "The case was decided"; "The judge decided the case in favor of the plaintiff"; "The father adjudicated when the sons were quarreling over their inheritance"
referee, umpire - be a referee or umpire in a sports competition
2.judge - form a critical opinion of; "I cannot judge some works of modern art"; "How do you evaluate this grant proposal?" "We shouldn't pass judgment on other people"
cerebrate, cogitate, think - use or exercise the mind or one's power of reason in order to make inferences, decisions, or arrive at a solution or judgments; "I've been thinking all day and getting nowhere"
grade, rate, rank, place, range, order - assign a rank or rating to; "how would you rank these students?"; "The restaurant is rated highly in the food guide"
stand - have or maintain a position or stand on an issue; "Where do you stand on the War?"
approve - judge to be right or commendable; think well of
disapprove - consider bad or wrong
choose - see fit or proper to act in a certain way; decide to act in a certain way; "She chose not to attend classes and now she failed the exam"
prejudge - judge beforehand, especially without sufficient evidence
appraise, assess, evaluate, valuate, value, measure - evaluate or estimate the nature, quality, ability, extent, or significance of; "I will have the family jewels appraised by a professional"; "access all the factors when taking a risk"
reappraise - appraise anew; "Homes in our town are reappraised every five years and taxes are increased accordingly"
reject - refuse to accept or acknowledge; "I reject the idea of starting a war"; "The journal rejected the student's paper"
accept - consider or hold as true; "I cannot accept the dogma of this church"; "accept an argument"
think, believe, conceive, consider - judge or regard; look upon; judge; "I think he is very smart"; "I believe her to be very smart"; "I think that he is her boyfriend"; "The racist conceives such people to be inferior"
count on, figure, forecast, reckon, estimate, calculate - judge to be probable
anticipate, expect - regard something as probable or likely; "The meteorologists are expecting rain for tomorrow"
ascribe, attribute, impute, assign - attribute or credit to; "We attributed this quotation to Shakespeare"; "People impute great cleverness to cats"
attribute, assign - decide as to where something belongs in a scheme; "The biologist assigned the mushroom to the proper class"
disapprove, reject - deem wrong or inappropriate; "I disapprove of her child rearing methods"
adjudge, declare, hold - declare to be; "She was declared incompetent"; "judge held that the defendant was innocent"
critique, review - appraise critically; "She reviews books for the New York Times"; "Please critique this performance"
fail - judge unacceptable; "The teacher failed six students"
pass - accept or judge as acceptable; "The teacher passed the student although he was weak"
test, try out, try, essay, examine, prove - put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to; "This approach has been tried with good results"; "Test this recipe"
3.judge - judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time)judge - judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time); "I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds"
compute, calculate, cipher, cypher, figure, reckon, work out - make a mathematical calculation or computation
quantise, quantize - approximate (a signal varying continuously in amplitude) by one whose amplitude is restricted to a prescribed set of discrete values
misgauge - gauge something incorrectly or improperly
put, place, set - estimate; "We put the time of arrival at 8 P.M."
give - estimate the duration or outcome of something; "He gave the patient three months to live"; "I gave him a very good chance at success"
lowball, underestimate - make a deliberately low estimate; "The construction company wanted the contract badly and lowballed"
assess - estimate the value of (property) for taxation; "Our house hasn't been assessed in years"
make - calculate as being; "I make the height about 100 feet"
reckon, count - take account of; "You have to reckon with our opponents"; "Count on the monsoon"
truncate - approximate by ignoring all terms beyond a chosen one; "truncate a series"
guesstimate - estimate based on a calculation
4.judge - pronounce judgment on; "They labeled him unfit to work here"
adjudge, declare, hold - declare to be; "She was declared incompetent"; "judge held that the defendant was innocent"
acquit, assoil, exculpate, exonerate, discharge, clear - pronounce not guilty of criminal charges; "The suspect was cleared of the murder charges"
convict - find or declare guilty; "The man was convicted of fraud and sentenced"
tout - advertize in strongly positive terms; "This product was touted as a revolutionary invention"
rule, find - decide on and make a declaration about; "find someone guilty"
qualify - pronounce fit or able; "She was qualified to run the marathon"; "They nurses were qualified to administer the injections"
disqualify - declare unfit; "She was disqualified for the Olympics because she was a professional athlete"
intonate, intone - speak carefully, as with rising and falling pitch or in a particular tone; "please intonate with sadness"
5.judge - put on trial or hear a case and sit as the judge at the trial ofjudge - put on trial or hear a case and sit as the judge at the trial of; "The football star was tried for the murder of his wife"; "The judge tried both father and son in separate trials"
decide, make up one's mind, determine - reach, make, or come to a decision about something; "We finally decided after lengthy deliberations"
court-martial - subject to trial by court-martial

judge

noun
1. magistrate, justice, beak (Brit. slang), His, Her or Your Honour The judge adjourned the hearing until next Tuesday.
3. critic, assessor, arbiter, appraiser, evaluator I'm a pretty good judge of character.
verb
1. adjudicate, referee, umpire, mediate, officiate, adjudge, arbitrate Entries will be judged in two age categories.
2. evaluate, rate, consider, appreciate, view, class, value, review, rank, examine, esteem, criticize, ascertain, surmise It will take a few more years to judge the impact of these ideas.
3. estimate, guess, assess, calculate, evaluate, gauge, appraise It is important to judge the weight of your washing load.
4. find, rule, pass, pronounce, decree, adjudge He was judged guilty and burned at the stake.
Related words
adjective judicial
Quotations
"A judge is not supposed to know anything about the facts of life until they have been presented in evidence and explained to him at least three times" [Lord Parker]
"Forbear to judge, for we are sinners all" [William Shakespeare Henry VI, part II]
"Judge not, that ye be not judged" Bible: St. Matthew
Proverbs
"No one should be judge in his own cause"

judge

verb
1. To arrive at (a conclusion) from evidence or reasoning:
2. To make a judgment as to the worth or value of:
3. To make a decision about (a controversy or dispute, for example) after deliberation, as in a court of law:
4. Informal. To have an opinion:
Informal: figure.
Idiom: be of the opinion.
noun
1. A person who evaluates and reports on the worth of something:
2. A public official who decides cases brought before a court of law in order to administer justice:
3. A person, usually appointed, who decides the issues or results, or supervises the conduct, of a competition or conflict:
Sports: ref, ump.
Translations
قاضٍقاضٍ، حَكَم، خَبير في الأمْريُبْدي رَأياً في، يَحْكُمُ علىيَقْضِييَقْضي، يُصْدِرُ حُكْماً
soudcesouditposuzovatznalecrozhodčí
dømmedommerafgørebedømme
tuomarituomitaasiantuntijatuntija
sudacsuditiosuditipresuditi
bíráskodikbíródöntelbírálítél
dæmadæma, gagnrÿnadæma, metadæma, úrskurîadómari
審査する裁判官
재판관판정하다
iudex
nuovokasprendžiant išteisėjautiteisti
arbitrsekspertslietpratējspazinējsspriest
ocenjevatipresoditisodnik
osuditipresuditisudijasuditiсудија
bedömadomare
ตัดสินผู้พิพากษา
phán xétthẩm phán

judge

[dʒʌdʒ]
A. N
1. (Jur) → juez mf, juez(a) m/f
(the Book of) Judgesel Libro de los Jueces
judge of appealjuez mf de alzadas, juez mf de apelaciones
the judge's rules (Brit) → los derechos del detenido
2. [of contest] → juez mf, miembro mf del jurado (Sport) → árbitro m; (in races) → juez mf
3. (= knowledgeable person) → conocedor(a) m/f (of de) → entendido/a m/f (of en) (= expert) → perito/a m/f (of en) he's a fine judge of horseses un excelente conocedor de or entendido en caballos
to be a good/bad judge of characterser buen/mal psicólogo, tener/no tener psicología para conocer a la gente
I'm no judge of winesno entiendo de vinos
I'll be the judge of thatyo decidiré eso, lo juzgaré yo mismo
B. VT
1. [+ person, case, contest] → juzgar; [+ matter] → decidir, resolver
who can judge this question?¿quién puede resolver esta cuestión?
he judged the moment wellescogió el momento oportuno, atinó
2. (Sport) → arbitrar
3. (= estimate) [+ weight, size, distance] → calcular
we judged the distance right/wrongcalculamos bien/mal la distancia
4. (= consider) → considerar
I judge him a foolconsidero que es tonto
I judged it to be rightlo consideré acertado, me pareció correcto
they thought that they were going to win easily, but they judged wrongcreían que iban a ganar con facilidad, pero erraron en el juicio
she suspected that his intentions were dishonest, and she judged rightdudaba que sus intenciones fueran honestas, y acertó en el juicio
as far as can be judgeda mi modo de ver, según mi juicio
you can't judge a book by its coverno hay que fiarse de las apariencias, las apariencias engañan
C. VI (= act as judge) → juzgar, ser juez
judging from or to judge by his expressiona juzgar por su expresión
to judge for o.sjuzgar por sí mismo
to judge ofjuzgar de, opinar sobre
who am I to judge?¿es que yo soy capaz de juzgar?
as far as I can judgepor lo que puedo entender, a mi entender
only an expert can judgesólo lo puede decidir un experto
D. CPD judge advocate N (Mil) → auditor m de guerra

judge

[ˈdʒʌdʒ]
n
(in court)juge mf
She's a judge → Elle est juge.
[competition] → membre m du jury
(= assessor)
I'll be the judge of that → C'est à moi de juger.
to be a good judge of sth → savoir juger qch
vt
(= evaluate) [+ impact, importance, value] → juger
I don't mind being judged on my performance → Cela ne me dérange pas d'être jugé sur ma performance.
(= decide) → juger
How will they judge which is the most reliable? → Comment vont-ils juger lequel est le plus fiable?
(= estimate) [+ weight, size, scale] → apprécier; [+ distance] → estimer; [+ age] → estimer
(= consider) → estimer, juger
to judge sth a failure → juger qch comme un échec
to judge sth ..., to judge sth to be ... (+ adj) [dangerous, satisfactory, unwise] → juger qch ...
to judge sth necessary, to judge sth to be necessary → juger qch nécessaire
to judge sth the best → estimer qch comme étant le meilleur(la)(e)
to judge (that) ... → juger que ...
[+ competition, entrant] → juger
vi (= tell) → juger
as far as I can judge, so far as I can judge → autant que je puisse en juger
judge by
vt fus (= use as criterion) to judge by his expression, judging by his expression → à en juger par son expression
judge from
vt fus (= use as criterion) judging from his reaction → à en juger par sa réactionjudge advocate n (MILITARY)magistrat m militaire

judge

n
(Jur) → Richter(in) m(f); (of competition)Preisrichter(in) m(f); (Sport) → Punktrichter(in) m(f), → Kampfrichter(in) m(f)
(fig)Kenner(in) m(f); he’s a good/bad judge of characterer ist ein guter/schlechter Menschenkenner; to be a good judge of wineein(e) Weinkenner(in) sein; I’ll be the judge of thatdas müssen Sie mich schon selbst beurteilen lassen
(Bibl) (the Book of) Judges(das Buch der) Richter
vt
(Jur) persondie Verhandlung führen über (+acc); caseverhandeln; (God) → richten
competitionbeurteilen, bewerten; (Sport) → Punktrichter or Kampfrichter sein bei
(fig: = pass judgement on) → ein Urteil fällen über (+acc); you shouldn’t judge people by appearancesSie sollten Menschen nicht nach ihrem Äußeren beurteilen; don’t judge a book by its cover (prov) → man sollte nicht nach dem ersten Eindruck urteilen
(= consider, assess, deem)halten für, erachten für (geh); this was judged to be the best waydies wurde für die beste Methode gehalten or erachtet (geh); you can judge for yourself which is betterSie können selbst beurteilen, was besser ist; you can judge for yourself how upset I wasSie können sich (dat)denken, wie bestürzt ich war; I can’t judge whether he was right or wrongich kann nicht beurteilen, ob er recht oder unrecht hatte; I judged from his manner that he was guiltyich schloss aus seinem Verhalten, dass er schuldig war; how would you judge him?wie würden Sie ihn beurteilen or einschätzen?
(= estimate) speed, width, distance etceinschätzen; he judged the moment weller hat den richtigen Augenblick abgepasst
vi
(Jur) → Richter sein; (God)richten; (at competition) → Preisrichter sein; (Sport) → Kampfrichter or Punktrichter sein
(fig) (= pass judgement)ein Urteil fällen; (= form an opinion)(be)urteilen; who am I to judge?ich kann mir dazu kein Urteil erlauben; as or so far as one can judgesoweit man (es) beurteilen kann; judging by or from somethingnach etw zu urteilen; judging by appearancesdem Aussehen nach; to judge by appearancesnach dem Äußeren urteilen; (you can) judge for yourselfbeurteilen Sie das selbst; he let me judge for myselfer überließ es meinem Urteil

judge

[dʒʌdʒ]
1. ngiudice m
to be a good/bad judge of sth → sapere/non sapere giudicare qc
I'm no judge of wines → non sono un intenditore di vini
he's no judge of character → non sa giudicare le persone
2. vt (Law) (assess) → giudicare; (estimate, weight, size) → calcolare, valutare; (consider) → ritenere
he judged the moment well → ha saputo scegliere il momento giusto
I judged it necessary to inform him → ho ritenuto necessario informarlo
I judged it to be right → l'ho ritenuto giusto
3. vi (act as judge) → fare da giudice
judging or to judge by his expression → a giudicare dalla sua espressione
to judge for o.s. → giudicare da sé
as far as I can judge → a mio giudizio

judge

(dʒadʒ) verb
1. to hear and try (cases) in a court of law. Who will be judging this murder case?
2. to decide which is the best in a competition etc. Is she going to judge the singing competition again?; Who will be judging the vegetables at the flower show?; Who is judging at the horse show?
3. to consider and form an idea of; to estimate. You can't judge a man by his appearance; Watch how a cat judges the distance before it jumps; She couldn't judge whether he was telling the truth.
4. to criticize for doing wrong. We have no right to judge him – we might have done the same thing ourselves.
noun
1. a public officer who hears and decides cases in a law court. The judge asked if the jury had reached a verdict.
2. a person who decides which is the best in a competition etc. The judge's decision is final (= you cannot argue with the judge's decision); He was asked to be on the panel of judges at the beauty contest.
3. a person who is skilled at deciding how good etc something is. He says she's honest, and he's a good judge of character; He seems a very fine pianist to me, but I'm no judge.
ˈjudg(e)ment noun
1. the decision of a judge in a court of law. It looked as if he might be acquitted but the judgement went against him.
2. the act of judging or estimating. Faulty judgement in overtaking is a common cause of traffic accidents.
3. the ability to make right or sensible decisions. You showed good judgement in choosing this method.
4. (an) opinion. In my judgement, he is a very good actor.
judging from / to judge from
if one can use (something) as an indication. Judging from the sky, there'll be a storm soon.
pass judgement (on)
to criticize or condemn. Do not pass judgement (on others) unless you are perfect yourself.

judge

قاضٍ, يَقْضِي posoudit, soudce dømme, dommer beurteilen, Richter δικαστής, κρίνω juez, juzgar tuomari, tuomita arbitrer, juge sudac, suditi giudicare, giudice 審査する, 裁判官 재판관, 판정하다 beoordelen, rechter dømme, dommer osądzić, sędzia juiz, julgar судить, судья bedöma, domare ตัดสิน, ผู้พิพากษา yargıç, yargılamak phán xét, thẩm phán 判断, 法官
References in classic literature ?
When John comes back, and I see them together, I can judge better of her feelings toward him.
That was fashioned by the hand of man, if I am any judge.
He began, `Oh, great and just God, no man among us knows what the sleeper knows, nor is it for us to judge what lies between him and Thee.
I cannot judge of that myself, but I feel that I have gained in ease and confidence.
Yon officer of the king, who hesitated to admit me to his company, might fill the latter, if one may judge from the intonations of his voice in common dialogue.
Now, the probation officer is trying to get the judge to suspend sentence.
But he will be ill-pleased, I judge if you suffer him to neglect the courtesy due to one of our chief rulers, and who may be said to represent King William, in the absence of the governor himself.
The chief tragic event of the old man's life, so far as I could judge, was his mishap with a certain goose, which lived and died some twenty or forty years ago: a goose of most promising figure, but which, at table, proved so inveterately tough, that the carving-knife would make no impression on its carcase, and it could only be divided with an axe and handsaw.
Still he must have had fire and mettle in his day, if we may judge from the name he bore of Gunpowder.
Next day he was drunk, and he went to Judge Thatcher's and bullyragged him, and tried to make him give up the money; but he couldn't, and then he swore he'd make the law force him.
If the judge had stopped with bare assertion, it would have had a good deal of effect; but he made the mistake of trying to prove his position.
During the first half-hour a procession of villagers filed through Judge Thatcher's house, seized the saved ones and kissed them, squeezed Mrs.

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