junior


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jun·ior

 (jo͞on′yər)
adj.
1. Abbr. Jr. Used to distinguish a son from his father when they have the same given name.
2. Intended for or including youthful persons: a junior sports league.
3. Lower in rank or shorter in length of tenure: a junior officer; the junior senator.
4. Of, for, or constituting students in the third year of a US high school or college: the junior class.
5. Lesser in scale than the usual.
n.
1. A person who is younger than another: a sister four years my junior.
2. A person lesser in rank or time of participation or service; subordinate.
3. A student in the third year of a US high school or college.
4. A class of clothing sizes for girls and slender women. Also called junior miss.

[Middle English, from Latin iūnior, comparative of iuvenis, young; see yeu- in Indo-European roots.]

junior

(ˈdʒuːnjə)
adj
1. lower in rank or length of service; subordinate
2. younger in years: junior citizens.
3. of or relating to youth or childhood: junior pastimes.
4. (Education) Brit of or relating to schoolchildren between the ages of 7 and 11 approximately
5. (Education) US of, relating to, or designating the third year of a four-year course at college or high school
n
6. (Law) law (in England) any barrister below the rank of Queen's Counsel
7. a junior person
8. (Education) Brit a junior schoolchild
9. (Education) US a junior student
[C17: from Latin: younger, from juvenis young]

Junior

(ˈdʒuːnjə)
adj
being the younger: usually used after a name to distinguish the son from the father with the same first name or names: Charles Parker, Junior. Abbreviations: Jnr, Jr, Jun or Junr

jun•ior

(ˈdʒun yər)

adj.
1. younger (typically designating a son named after his father; often written as Jr. following the name): the junior Mr. Hansen; Edward Hansen, Jr.
2. of more recent election, appointment, or admission: the junior Senator from Michigan.
3. of lower rank or standing: a junior partner.
4. of or pertaining to juniors in school or college.
5. of later date; subsequent to.
6. composed of younger members: the junior division.
7. being smaller than the usual size.
n.
8. a person who is younger than another.
9. a person who is newer or of lower rank, as in a profession; subordinate.
10. a student in the next to the last year at a high school, college, or university.
11.
a. Often, juniors. a range of odd-numbered sizes, chiefly 3–15, for garments for women with short waists.
b. a garment in this size range.
12. a boy; youth; son.
[1520–30; < Latin jūnior younger]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.junior - term of address for a disrespectful and annoying male; "look here, junior, it's none of your business"
arriviste, nouveau-riche, parvenu, upstart - a person who has suddenly risen to a higher economic status but has not gained social acceptance of others in that class
2.junior - a third-year undergraduate
lowerclassman, underclassman - an undergraduate who is not yet a senior
3.junior - the younger of two persons; "she is two years my junior"
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
4.Junior - a son who has the same first name as his father
son, boy - a male human offspring; "their son became a famous judge"; "his boy is taller than he is"
Adj.1.junior - younger; lower in rank; shorter in length of tenure or service
young, immature - (used of living things especially persons) in an early period of life or development or growth; "young people"
subordinate - subject or submissive to authority or the control of another; "a subordinate kingdom"
senior - older; higher in rank; longer in length of tenure or service; "senior officer"
2.junior - used of the third or next to final year in United States high school or college; "the junior class"; "a third-year student"
intermediate - lying between two extremes in time or space or state; "going from sitting to standing without intermediate pushes with the hands"; "intermediate stages in a process"; "intermediate stops on the route"; "an intermediate range plane"
3.junior - including or intended for youthful persons; "a junior sports league"; "junior fashions"
young, immature - (used of living things especially persons) in an early period of life or development or growth; "young people"

junior

adjective
1. minor, lower, secondary, lesser, subordinate, inferior a junior minister attached to the prime minister's office

junior

adjective
Below another in standing or importance:
Informal: smalltime.
noun
One belonging to a lower class or rank:
Translations
إبْن للعائِلَهأَصْغَرُ
mladšísynjuniormalý
yngrejuniorunderordnet
nuorempi
mlađi
alsósfiatalabbkisfiú
sonurungur maîur; nÿliîi; yngri; unglinga-yngri
下級の
손아래의
jaunėlisjaunesnismažylis
dēlsjaunākaisjuniors
junior
mlajšinižji
junior
ที่อายุน้อยกว่า
cấp thấp

junior

[ˈdʒuːnɪəʳ]
A. ADJ [employee, executive, manager] (in age) → más joven; (in length of service) → de menor antigüedad; (in position, rank) → subalterno, auxiliar; [partner] → segundo; [section] (in competition) → juvenil
Roy Smith, JuniorRoy Smith, hijo
B. N
1. (= younger person) → menor mf, joven mf (US) (= son) → hijo m, niño m
he is my junior by three years; he is three years my juniortiene tres años menos que yo, le llevo tres años
2. (Brit) (Scol) → alumno/a m/f (de 7 a 11 años) (US) (Univ) → estudiante mf de penúltimo año GRADE
3. (in rank) → subalterno/a m/f, auxiliar mf; (= office junior) → recadero m
C. CPD junior college N (US) centro universitario donde se imparten cursos de dos años
junior high school N (US) → centro de enseñanza secundaria
junior minister N (Pol) → secretario/a m/f de Estado, subsecretario/a m/f
junior school N (Brit) → escuela f primaria
junior size Ntalla f infantil

junior

[ˈdʒuːniər]
adj
(in hierarchy)subalterne
to be junior to sb → être au-dessous de qn (dans la hiérarchie)
He's junior to me → Il est au-dessous de moi (dans la hiérarchie).
(= younger) to be junior to sb
He's junior to me by 2 years → Il est mon cadet de 2 ans., Il est plus jeune que moi de 2 ans.
n
(= office worker) → employé(e) m/f subalterne, subalterne mf
(= person younger than oneself) one's juniors → ses cadets
to be sb's junior → être le cadet de qn(la)(te)
He's 2 years my junior → Il est mon cadet de 2 ans.
(US) (in names)
Douglas Fairbanks Junior → Douglas Fairbanks junior juniors
npl (= younger children) the juniors → les élèves des cours élémentaires et moyensjunior clerk npetit commis mjunior college n (US)institut m universitaire (du premier cycle)junior doctor ninterne mf des hôpitauxjunior executive njeune cadre m/fjunior high school n (US)collège mjunior minister n (British)sous-secrétaire mf d'Étatjunior partner nassocié(e)-adjoint(e) m/f, associé(e) m/fjunior school n (British)école f primaire (de 7 à 11 ans)

junior

adj
(= younger)jünger; he is junior to meer ist jünger als ich; Hiram Schwarz, juniorHiram Schwarz junior; Smith, junior (at school) → Smith II, der kleine Smith; the junior missdie kleine Dame
(= subordinate) employeeuntergeordnet; officerrangniedriger; to be junior to somebodyunter jdm stehen
(Sport) → Junioren-, der Junioren; junior teamJuniorenmannschaft f
n
Jüngere(r) mf; he is my junior by two years, he is two years my juniorer ist zwei Jahre jünger als ich; where’s junior?wo ist der Junior?
(Brit Sch) (at primary school) → Grundschüler(in) m(f); (at secondary school) → Unterstufenschüler(in) m(f)
(US Univ) Student(in) im vorletzten Studienjahr
(Sport) → Junior(in) m(f); the juniorsdie Junioren/Juniorinnen pl

junior

:
junior classes
pl (Sch) → Unterstufe f
junior clerk
nzweiter Buchhalter; he’s just some juniorer ist bloß ein kleiner Angestellter
junior college
n (US Univ) College, an dem man die ersten zwei Jahre eines 4-jährigen Studiums absolviert
junior common room
n (Brit Univ) → Gemeinschaftsraum mfür Studenten
junior high (school)
n (US) → ˜ Mittelschule f
Junior League
n
(Brit Sport) → Amateurliga f
(US: for voluntary work) Wohltätigkeitsverband von Frauen, die sich im Sozialbereich engagieren
junior management
junior minister
nStaatssekretär(in) m(f)
junior partner
njüngerer Teilhaber; (in coalition) → kleinerer (Koalitions)partner
junior school
n (Brit) → Grundschule f

junior

[ˈdʒuːnɪəʳ]
1. adj (on staff, in rank) → subalterno/a; (section, in competition) → per ragazzi; (with name) Roy Smith, JuniorRoy Smith junior
he's junior to me → ho più anzianità di lui
junior sizes (Comm) → taglie fpl per ragazzi
2. n (in organization) → persona più giovane (Brit) (schoolchild) → allievo delle scuole elementari (da 7 a 11 anni)
3 years my junior or my junior by 3 years → più giovane di me di 3 anni

junior

(ˈdʒuːnjə) noun, adjective
(a person who is) younger in years or lower in rank or authority. He is two years my junior; The school sent two juniors and one senior to take part; junior pupils; He is junior to me in the firm; the junior school.
adjective
(often abbreviated to Jnr, ~Jr or Jun . when written) used to indicate the son of a person who is still alive and who has the same name. John Jones Junior.
noun
(especially American) a name for the child (usually a son) of a family. Do bring Junior!

younger than but junior to.

junior

أَصْغَرُ mladší yngre jünger νεότερος más joven, menor nuorempi junior mlađi più giovane 下級の 손아래의 junior yngre młodszy júnior младший junior ที่อายุน้อยกว่า yaşça küçük cấp thấp 级别低的
References in classic literature ?
FROM HIS SEAT on a box in the rough board shed that stuck like a burr on the rear of Cowley & Son's store in Winesburg, Elmer Cowley, the junior member of the firm, could see through a dirty window into the printshop of the Winesburg Eagle.
As I walked about there I congratulated myself that I had not brought some Lincoln girl who would talk during the waits about the junior dances, or whether the cadets would camp at Plattsmouth.
It is a corps which has many majors; the gentleman you name is the senior, but I speak of the junior of them all; he who commands the companies in garrison at William Henry.
The next moment he was as ready for sport as any unbreeched infant: far readier than the Collector's junior clerk, who at nineteen years was much the elder and graver man of the two.
Hardly had he done so, when he was surrounded by the three junior mates and the four harpooneers, who all crowded him to the deck.
The little school world of Wareham palpitates with excitement when it sees the senior and the junior editors of The Pilot walking together
Then it flashed on me - 'The clown at my elbow, who is drinking his tea out of a basin and eating his broad with unwashed hands, may be her husband: Heathcliff junior, of course.
Lorry, "I may appeal to a gentleman of your years and benevolence, to put it to this other gentleman, so much your junior, whether he can under any circumstances reconcile it to his station to play that Ace of which he has spoken.
Uriah, Traddles, and I, as the junior part of the company, went down last, how we could.
Pocket, Junior, delivering him the bags, One, Two, I saw the starting appearance come into his own eyes that I knew to be in mine, and he said, falling back:
To begin with, he was very proud of him and pleased to foresee a glorious career for his junior in the navy in which one of their ancestors, the famous Chagny de La Roche, had held the rank of admiral.
My Lords," said the President to the Junior Circles of the Council, "there is not the slightest need for surprise; the secret archives, to which I alone have access, tell me that a similar occurrence happened on the last two millennial commencements.