However, the Estonian jussive
could qualify as such a case;
I have similar sentiments about the jussive
and the English sentence used by the author--"Long live the king
3) mood: indicative, conditional, imperative, jussive
, quotative, potential
In this connection, I would add that in Arabic lam + the jussive
4: Forms such as wayy[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]m[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]t 'and he died' should be explained as consisting of the jussive
y[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]m[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]t rather than imperfect indicative, which, in fact, is y[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]mut.
According to an Estonian grammar (EKG II), a reported command is expressed by the jussive
forms are derived from the third person imperative forms by way of regrammaticalization: imper 2SG mine koju 'go home' > (imper 3SG mingu koju 'let her/him go home' >) juss 2SG sa mingu koju 'may you go home' (EKG I 236-237; EKG II 37).
because many grammars of Arabic have erroneously claimed that the form is ra, which is a logical conclusion based on the jussive
, cohortative, infinitive construct and absolute, guttural verb, directive he , etc.
paragraph]17b: the jussive
verb in lam YHL baynahu wa-bayna dhalika in the last line of the Arabic should be yukhalla.
Hermann who regarded the gu-/ku-marked imperative an independent mood, calling it the concessive mood (Estonian moonev koneviis) or the jussive
A mood that is similar to the Estonian jussive
can be found in Livonian as well, for example, (laz) ma lu'ggog 'I should read'.