occurs in more than 80 countries in Asia, Africa, Southern Europe and South America with a total of 200 million people at risk (Murray H W, (1) & Guerin P et al.
is endemic in remote areas of northern Jonglei and southern Upper Nile states where communities are exposed to insect bites as they often sleep without mosquito nets, the report noted.
Relationship between sand fly fauna and kala-azar
endemicity in Bangladesh.
Persons reported with fever for >2 weeks, anemia, weight loss, and palpable spleen or liver and who were negative for malaria were tested for kala-azar
by using the rK39 diagnostic kit (InBiOS, Seattle, WA, USA).
These were clinically diagnosed as kala-azar
cases and confirmed by one or multiple methods such as bone marrow or spleen aspiration microscopic examination, rk-39 strip test, indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT > 1/128 accepted as positive result) and KAtex serological tests and PCR, with bone marrow aspiration and IFAT being the most frequently used.
The natural history of Sudanese post kala-azar
dermal leishmaniasis: Clinical, immunological, and prognostic features.
caused by Leishmania donovani is a common endemic infection in eastern India which commonly presents with fever, anaemia, weight loss, darkening of skin and hepatosplenomegaly.
A cluster of cases of severe cardiotoxicity among kala-azar
patients treated with a high-osmolarity lot of Sodium Antimony Gluconate.
Nasdaq: GILD) announced today that it will donate 445,000 vials of AmBisome(R) (amphotericin B liposome for injection) over five years to help the World Health Organization (WHO) treat more than 50,000 patients with visceral leishmaniasis (VL), also known as kala-azar
They also pointed out that kala-azar
existed in the valleys of river Indus and Shyok for a long time and elderly inhabitants of the area recalled the disease coming in waves and causing many deaths in children.
Pradeep Das, Director, Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Participated in the Informal Consultations on Epidemiological Information on Disease Burden due to Kala-azar
, at Thimpu (March 8-10,2011).
Patient did not have any history of kala-azar
or previous nodular or ulcerated lesions.