karyotype


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kar·y·o·type

 (kăr′ē-ə-tīp′)
n.
1. The characterization of the chromosomal complement of an individual or a species, including number, form, and size of the chromosomes.
2. A photomicrograph of chromosomes arranged according to a standard classification.
tr.v. kar·y·o·typed, kar·y·o·typ·ing, kar·y·o·types
To classify and array (the chromosome complement of an organism or a species) according to the arrangement, number, size, shape, or other characteristics of the chromosomes.

kar′y·o·typ′ic (-tĭp′ĭk), kar′y·o·typ′i·cal adj.

karyotype

(ˈkærɪəˌtaɪp)
n
(Biology) the appearance of the chromosomes in a somatic cell of an individual or species, with reference to their number, size, shape, etc
vb (tr)
(Biology) to determine the karyotype of (a cell)
karyotypic, ˌkaryoˈtypical adj

kar•y•o•type

(ˈkær i əˌtaɪp)

n.
the chromosomes of a cell, usu. displayed as a systematized arrangement of chromosome pairs in descending order of size.
[1925–30]
kar`y•o•typ′i•cal, adj.

kar·y·o·type

(kăr′ē-ə-tīp′)
The number and shape of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell. Scientists prepare karyotypes by staining cell nuclei, placing them on slides, and then photographing them through a microscope. Images of the chromosomes can then be grouped by size using a computer. Karyotypes are used to study the genetic makeup of an individual.

karyotype

the aggregate of morphological characteristics of the chromosomes in a cell. — karyotypic, karyotypical, adj.
See also: Cells

karyotype


Past participle: karyotyped
Gerund: karyotyping

Imperative
karyotype
karyotype
Present
I karyotype
you karyotype
he/she/it karyotypes
we karyotype
you karyotype
they karyotype
Preterite
I karyotyped
you karyotyped
he/she/it karyotyped
we karyotyped
you karyotyped
they karyotyped
Present Continuous
I am karyotyping
you are karyotyping
he/she/it is karyotyping
we are karyotyping
you are karyotyping
they are karyotyping
Present Perfect
I have karyotyped
you have karyotyped
he/she/it has karyotyped
we have karyotyped
you have karyotyped
they have karyotyped
Past Continuous
I was karyotyping
you were karyotyping
he/she/it was karyotyping
we were karyotyping
you were karyotyping
they were karyotyping
Past Perfect
I had karyotyped
you had karyotyped
he/she/it had karyotyped
we had karyotyped
you had karyotyped
they had karyotyped
Future
I will karyotype
you will karyotype
he/she/it will karyotype
we will karyotype
you will karyotype
they will karyotype
Future Perfect
I will have karyotyped
you will have karyotyped
he/she/it will have karyotyped
we will have karyotyped
you will have karyotyped
they will have karyotyped
Future Continuous
I will be karyotyping
you will be karyotyping
he/she/it will be karyotyping
we will be karyotyping
you will be karyotyping
they will be karyotyping
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been karyotyping
you have been karyotyping
he/she/it has been karyotyping
we have been karyotyping
you have been karyotyping
they have been karyotyping
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been karyotyping
you will have been karyotyping
he/she/it will have been karyotyping
we will have been karyotyping
you will have been karyotyping
they will have been karyotyping
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been karyotyping
you had been karyotyping
he/she/it had been karyotyping
we had been karyotyping
you had been karyotyping
they had been karyotyping
Conditional
I would karyotype
you would karyotype
he/she/it would karyotype
we would karyotype
you would karyotype
they would karyotype
Past Conditional
I would have karyotyped
you would have karyotyped
he/she/it would have karyotyped
we would have karyotyped
you would have karyotyped
they would have karyotyped
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.karyotype - the appearance of the chromosomal makeup of a somatic cell in an individual or species (including the number and arrangement and size and structure of the chromosomes)
physical composition, composition, make-up, makeup, constitution - the way in which someone or something is composed
Translations

kar·y·o·type

n. cariotipo, cromosoma característico de un individuo o de una especie.

karyotype

n cariotipo
References in periodicals archive ?
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) has been used for the identification of chromosome abnormalities in couples who are at risk for either aneuploidy, based on maternal age, or an unbalanced parental karyotype chromosome rearrangement (such as translocations and inversions).
However, in almost half of AML cases the karyotype appears normal.
Chromosomal analysis of affected patients has consistently revealed a normal karyotype.
The researchers defined POF as age younger than 40 years, two follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels greater than 40 IU/L, more than 4 months of amenorrhea, and a normal 46,XX karyotype.
When a fetus is aborted because it has an "abnormal" karyotype, the termination of pregnancy contributes to the practice of negative eugenics.
Low folate levels were associated with significantly increased risk when the fetal karyotype was abnormal but not when the fetal karyotype was normal or unknown.
Overall, caffeine was a risk factor when the fetal karyotype (the full chromosome set of the nucleus of the cell) was normal but not when the karyotype was abnormal.
Patterson, University of Texas (San Antonio) by Ca3 probe, contour clamped homogeneous electric field (CHEF) karyotype, and CHEF pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.
For the great majority of organisms this represents all that is known of their cytology, the karyotype becoming increasingly prominent as the favorable target for painting.
The syndrome can be detected through a blood test called a karyotype.
Because karyotype analysis requires cell culture to obtain metaphase spreads, the poor quality of SM products often means that it is impossible to obtain a result because of culture failure, or that results are invalid due to maternal cell contamination (MCC).
Combining karyotype analysis, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and the evaluation of mutational status of molecular markers by next generation sequencing (NGS) can lead to improved strategies for risk stratification and targeted therapy.