knowledge


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Related to knowledge: general knowledge

knowl·edge

 (nŏl′ĭj)
n.
1. The state or fact of knowing: Humans naturally aspire to knowledge.
2. Familiarity, awareness, or understanding gained through experience or study: has great knowledge of these parts; has only limited knowledge of chemistry.
3. The sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned: the extraordinary knowledge housed in the library.
4. Archaic Carnal knowledge.

[Middle English knoulech : knouen, to know; see know + -leche, n. suff.]
Synonyms: knowledge, information, learning, erudition, scholarship, lore1
These nouns refer to what is known, as through study or experience. Knowledge is the broadest: "Science is organized knowledge" (Herbert Spencer).
Information often implies a collection of facts and data: "A man's judgment cannot be better than the information on which he has based it" (Arthur Hays Sulzberger).
Learning usually refers to knowledge gained by schooling and study: "Learning ... must be sought for with ardor and attended to with diligence" (Abigail Adams).
Erudition implies profound, often specialized knowledge: "Some have criticized his poetry as elitist, unnecessarily impervious to readers who do not share his erudition" (Elizabeth Kastor).
Scholarship is the mastery of a particular area of learning reflected in a scholar's work: A good journal article shows ample evidence of the author's scholarship. Lore is usually applied to knowledge gained through tradition or anecdote about a particular subject: Many American folktales concern the lore of frontier life.

knowledge

(ˈnɒlɪdʒ)
n
1. the facts, feelings, or experiences known by a person or group of people
2. the state of knowing
3. awareness, consciousness, or familiarity gained by experience or learning
4. erudition or informed learning
5. specific information about a subject
6. (Law) sexual intercourse (obsolete except in the legal phrase carnal knowledge)
7. come to one's knowledge to become known to one
8. to my knowledge
a. as I understand it
b. as I know
9. grow out of one's knowledge Irish to behave in a presumptuous or conceited manner

knowl•edge

(ˈnɒl ɪdʒ)

n.
1. acquaintance with facts, truths, or principles.
2. familiarity or conversance, as by study or experience: a knowlege of human nature.
3. the fact or state of knowing; clear and certain mental apprehension.
4. awareness, as of a fact or circumstance.
5. something that is or may be known; information.
6. the body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time.
7. the sum of what is known: Knowledge of the situation is limited.
8. Archaic. sexual intercourse.
Idioms:
to one's knowledge, according to the information available to one: To my knowledge, he never worked here.
[1250–1300; Middle English knouleche=know(en) to know + -leche, perhaps akin to Old English -lāc suffix denoting action or practice, compare wedlock]

Knowledge


the Skeptic doctrine that knowledge cannot be certain. — acataleptic, n.
Archaic. the study of human ignorance.
antagonism to learning, education, and the educated, expressed in literature in a conscious display of simplicity, earthiness, even colorful semi-literacy. — anti-intellectual, n., adj.
a secret or mystery; carefully hidden knowledge. See also alchemy. — arcana, n. pi.
the teaching of useful knowledge. — chrestomathic, adj.
men of learning as a class or collectively; the intelligentsia or literati.
the state of being determinate; the quality of being certain or precise.
a system of acquiring knowledge that rejects all o priori knowledge and relies solely upon observation, experimentation, and induction. Also empirism. — empiricist, n., adj. — empiric, empirical, adj.
1. the command of a wide range of knowledge.
2. the writings and thoughts of the 18th-century French Encyclopedists, especially an emphasis on scientific rationalism. — encyclopedist, n.
the branch of philosophy that studies the origin, nature, methods, validity, and limits of human knowledge. — epistemologist, n. — epistemic, epistemological, adj.
an excessive love or reverence for knowledge. — epistemophiliac, n., adj.
a reliance on principles of empiricism in philosophy or science. — experimentalist, n.
the characteristic of being an expert.
1. excessive concern for f acts.
2. a theory or belief relying heavily on fact. — factualist, n. — factualistic, adj.
the philosophy of knowledge and the human faculties for learning, Also called gnostology. — gnosiological, gnoseological, adj.
1. (l.c.) the claim to possess superior knowledge.
2. the beliefs or claims of certain religious groups or sects that they possess special religious enlightenment. — Illuminati, illuminati, Illuminist, illuminist, n.
trifling or inconsequential facts or trivia.
Obsolete, ignorance or the absence of knowledge. — inscient, adj.
1. the exercise of the intellect.
2. a devotion to intellectual activities.
3. an excessive emphasis on intellect and a resulting neglect of emotion. — intellectualistic, adj.
1. Metaphysics. the doctrine that the reality of perceived external objects is known intuitively, without the intervention of a representative idea.
2. Metaphysics. the doctrine that knowledge rests upon axiomatic truths discerned intuitively.
3. Ethics. the doctrine that moral values and duties can be perceived directly. Also called intuitivism. — intuitionalist, intuitionist, n.
the method used by Socrates in bringing forth knowledge through questions and insistence upon close and logical reasoning. — maieutic, adj.
the doctrine that objects of knowledge have no existence except in themindof theperceiver. — mentalist, n. — mentalistic, adj.
a hatred of reason, reasoning, and knowledge. — misologist, n.
Epistemology. a theory that the object and datum of cognition are identical.
1. universal or inflnite knowledge.
2. the state of being all-knowing. Also Obsolete, omniscious. — omniscient, adj.
a method or means for communicating knowledge or for philosophical inquiry.
1. the possession of universal knowledge. Cf. pansophy.
2. the claim to such enlightenment. — pansophist, n. — pansophistical, adj.
1. a universal wisdom or encyclopedie learning.
2. a system of universal knowledge; pantology. — pansophic, adj.
a systematic survey of all branches of knowledge. — pantologist, n. — pantologic, pantological, adj.
the doctrine that asserts knowledge as relative to sensory perception. — perceptionist, n.
1. Rare. a lover of learning.
2. (cap.) an advocate of Philonism. Also spelled Philonist.
a state or quality of full confidence or absolute certainty.
a person of exceptionally wide knowledge; polymath. — polyhistoric, adj.
the possession of learning in many fields. — polymath, n., adj.
the theory that perception gives the mind an immediate cognition of an object. — presentationalist, presentationist, n.
in the Middle Ages, one of the two divisions of the seven liberal arts, comprising arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and music. See also trivium.
a scholar or person of great learning.
a superficial knowledge, especially when pretentiously revealed. — sciolist, n. — sciolistic, sciolous, adj.
a supposed knowledge of natura! and supernatural forces, usually based upon tradition rather than ascertained fact, as astrology and phrenology. — sciosophist, n.
the theory of the use of signs, especially words, in their relation to knowledge and cognition.
a theory of symbology that embraces pragmatics and linguistics. — semiotic, adj.
1. a devotion or restriction to a particular pursuit, branch of study, etc.
2. a field of specialization within a science or area of knowledge, as otology within medicine. — specialist, n. — specialistic, adj.
the study and description of arts and sciences from the point of view of their historical development, geographical, and ethnic distribution.
clairvoyance or other occult or supernatural knowledge.
unimportant, trifling things or details, especially obscure and useless knowledge. — trivial, adj.
in the Middle Ages, one of the two divisions of the seven liberal arts, comprising logic, grammar, and rhetoric. See also quadrivium.

Knowledge

 

See Also: EDUCATION, MIND, INTELLIGENCE

  1. A body without knowledge is like a house without a foundation —Hebrew proverb
  2. The desire for knowledge, like the thirst of riches, increases ever with the acquisition of it —Laurence Sterne
  3. Follow knowledge, like a sinking star, beyond the utmost bound of human thought —Alfred, Lord Tennyson
  4. Gleaned bits of information like a mouse hoarding pellets of bran stolen from the feed manger —Rita Mae Brown
  5. (There are no limits to his knowledge, on small subjects as well as great;) he is like a book in breeches —Sydney Smith about Macaulay
  6. In knowledge, as in swimming, he who flounders and splashes on the surface, makes more noise, and attracts more attention than the pearl-diver who quietly dives in quest of treasures to the bottom —Washington Irving
  7. In science, as in life, learning and knowledge are distinct, and the study of things, and not of books is the source of the latter —Thomas H. Huxley
  8. It’s like swimming; once you learn it, you never forget it —Miguel de Cervantes
  9. Knowledgeable as a walking encyclopedia of universal knowledge —Louisa May Alcott
  10. Knowledge … is like a fire, which must first be kindled by some external agent, but which will afterwards propagate itself —Samuel Johnson, letter to William Drummond, August 23, 1766
  11. Knowledge … like a rough diamond … will never be worn or shine, if it is not polished —Lord Chesterfield
  12. Knowledge, like religion, must be “experienced” in order to be known —Edwin Percy Whipple
  13. The knowledge of man is like the waters, some descending from above, and some springing from beneath; the one informed by the light of nature, the other inspired by divine revelation —Francis Bacon

    Paraphrased from Bacon’s “Knowledge of man is as the waters.”

  14. Knowledge, when wisdom is too weak to guide her, is like a headstrong horse that throws the rider —Francis Quarles
  15. The right to know is like the right to live. It is fundamental and unconditional in its assumption that knowledge, like life, is a desirable thing —George Bernard Shaw
  16. The struggle for knowledge has a pleasure in it like that of wrestling with a fine woman —Lord Halifax

    The original simile used ‘hath’ instead of ‘has.’

  17. The understanding, like the eyes, while it makes us see and perceive all things, takes no notice of itself, and it requires art and pains to set it at a distance and make it its own subject —John Locke

    The fifth word is a modernization of the original, ‘whilst.’

  18. We deal our knowledge like a pack of cards —George Garrett
  19. With informations we can go anywhere in the world, we are like turtles, our houses always on our backs —John Le Carré

    In his novel A Perfect Spy, Le Carré expands the simile as follows: “You learn to paint, you can paint anywhere. A sculptor, a musician, a painter, they need no permits. Only their heads.”

Knowledge

 

burn one’s fingers To hurt one-self, physically or mentally, by meddling in other people’s affairs or by acting impetuously. The expression usually implies that one has learned from the painful experience, and will avoid such situations or involvements in the future. The phrase has been in figurative use since 1710, often in proverbial statements like the following:

The busybody burns his own fingers. (Samuel Palmer, Proverbs)

A similar current American slang expression is get burnt, which has the additional meaning of suffering financial loss.

by rote From memory; mechanically, automatically, unthinkingly, without understanding or feeling; usually as modifier of verbs such as learn, get, know, recite. Conjecture that rote comes from the Latin rota ‘wheel,’ and that by rote consequently relates to the repetitious turning round and round in the mind that accompanies memorizing, lacks solid etymological basis. George Gordon, Lord Byron, used the expression in English Bards and Scotch Reviewers (1809):

Take hackney’d jokes from Miller got by rote.

cut one’s eyeteeth To gain knowledge or understanding; to become sophisticated or experienced in the ways of the world; also to have one’s eyeteeth meaning ‘to be worldly-wise or aware.’ This expression, which dates from the early 1700s, derives from the fact that the eyeteeth are cut late, usually at about the age of twelve. The implication then is that a person who has already cut his eyeteeth has reached the age of discretion. A similar phrase with the same meaning is to cut one’s wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth are cut even later than eyeteeth, usually between the ages of seventeen and twenty-five.

know one’s beans To be generally knowledgeable and aware; to know a subject thoroughly; to be proficient, to have mastered a particular skill. Popular since the 19th century, this expression may be a contraction of the British know how many beans make five, an expression also used figuratively and said to derive from the practice of using beans to teach children how to count.

One has to know beans to be successful in the latest Washington novelty for entertainment at luncheons. (Chicago Herald, 1888)

In the U.S., the negative construction not to know beans is more frequently heard, and may even antedate the other two.

Whatever he knows of Euclid and Greek,
In Latin he don’t know beans. (Yale Literary Magazine, 1855)

Know one’s onions is a common U.S. slang variant, as are know one’s stuff and know one’s business.

know the ropes To completely understand the operational methods of one’s occupation or enterprise; to know the tricks of the trade. A sailor who understands the arrangement and functions of the numerous ropes on a ship is considered an invaluable crew member. Similarly, a person familiar with the ins and outs of his job or company establishes himself as a most valuable employee.

The circle was composed of men who thought they “knew the ropes” as well as he did. (John N. Maskelyne, Sharps and Flats, 1894)

under one’s belt As a part of one’s past experience, to one’s credit, successfully completed or accomplished.

His wife had 135,000 miles driving in the States under her belt … but was still failed. (The Manchester Guardian Weekly, August, 1954)

Originally under one’s belt ‘in one’s stomach’ referred to food which had been taken in, digested, and finally assimilated into the body. Similarly, one’s experiences are incorporated into one’s personality.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.knowledge - the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoningknowledge - the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning
psychological feature - a feature of the mental life of a living organism
mind, psyche, nous, brain, head - that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason; "his mind wandered"; "I couldn't get his words out of my head"
place - an abstract mental location; "he has a special place in my thoughts"; "a place in my heart"; "a political system with no place for the less prominent groups"
general knowledge, public knowledge - knowledge that is available to anyone
episteme - the body of ideas that determine the knowledge that is intellectually certain at any particular time
ability, power - possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done; "danger heightened his powers of discrimination"
inability - lack of ability (especially mental ability) to do something
lexis - all of the words in a language; all word forms having meaning or grammatical function
lexicon, mental lexicon, vocabulary - a language user's knowledge of words
practice - knowledge of how something is usually done; "it is not the local practice to wear shorts to dinner"
cognitive factor - something immaterial (as a circumstance or influence) that contributes to producing a result
equivalent - a person or thing equal to another in value or measure or force or effect or significance etc; "send two dollars or the equivalent in stamps"
cognitive operation, cognitive process, mental process, process, operation - (psychology) the performance of some composite cognitive activity; an operation that affects mental contents; "the process of thinking"; "the cognitive operation of remembering"
unconscious process, process - a mental process that you are not directly aware of; "the process of denial"
perception - knowledge gained by perceiving; "a man admired for the depth of his perception"
structure - the complex composition of knowledge as elements and their combinations; "his lectures have no structure"
cognitive content, mental object, content - the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned
information - knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction
history - all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge; "the dawn of recorded history"; "from the beginning of history"
attitude, mental attitude - a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain ways; "he had the attitude that work was fun"

knowledge

noun
2. learning, schooling, education, science, intelligence, instruction, wisdom, scholarship, tuition, enlightenment, erudition She didn't intend to display her knowledge, at least not yet.
learning ignorance, illiteracy
3. consciousness, recognition, awareness, apprehension, cognition, discernment taken without my knowledge or consent
consciousness misunderstanding, unawareness
4. acquaintance, information, notice, intimacy, familiarity, cognizance She disclaims any knowledge of her husband's business concerns.
acquaintance unfamiliarity
Quotations
"Knowledge is power" [Francis Bacon Meditationes Sacrae]
"Knowledge is power. Unfortunate dupes of this saying will keep on reading, ambitiously, till they have stunned their native initiative, and made their thoughts weak" [Clarence Day This Simian World]
"Knowledge is power, if you know it about the right person" [Ethel Watts Mumford]
"All I know is that I know nothing" [Socrates]
"That knowledge which stops at what it does not know, is the highest knowledge" [Chang Tzu The Music of Heaven and Earth]
"No man's knowledge here can go beyond his experience" [John Locke Essay Concerning Human Understanding]
"Knowledge is not knowledge until someone else knows that one knows" [Lucilius fragment]
"He that increaseth knowledge increaseth sorrow" Bible: Ecclesiastes
"Knowledge is of two kinds. We know a subject ourselves, or we know where we can find information upon it" [Dr. Johnson]
"Knowledge puffeth up, but charity edifieth" Bible: I Corinthians
"It is the province of knowledge to speak and it is the privilege of wisdom to listen" [Oliver Wendell Holmes The Poet at the Breakfast-Table]
"If a little knowledge is dangerous, where is the man who has so much as to be out of danger?" [T.H. Huxley Collected Essays]
"Owl hasn't exactly got Brain, but he Knows Things" [A.A. Milne Winnie-the-Pooh]
"Knowledge in the end is based on acknowledgement" [Ludwig Wittgenstein On Certainty]
Proverbs
"A little knowledge is a dangerous thing"
"An old poacher makes the best gamekeeper"

knowledge

noun
1. That which is known; the sum of what has been perceived, discovered, or inferred:
2. Known facts, ideas, and skill that have been imparted:
3. That which is known about a specific subject or situation:
data, fact (used in plural), information, intelligence, lore.
Translations
عِلْممَعْرِفَةٌمَعْرِفَهمَعْلومات
věděnívědomívědomostiznalost
videnkendskabkundskabvidenområde
tietotietoisuustiedot
znanje
ismeretismeret: ismeretetudástudomás
òekkingvitneskjavitneskja, kunnátta, òekking
知識
지식
bendrosios žiniosdaug žinantisišmanus
zināšanazināšanas
poznavanjevedenje
kunskapkännedom
ความรู้
bilgibilimbilmehaberdar olmailim
sự hiểu biết

knowledge

[ˈnɒlɪdʒ] N
1. (= information, awareness, understanding) → conocimiento m
to deny all knowledge of sthnegar tener conocimiento de algo
to bring sth to sb's knowledgeponer a algn al tanto de algo
it has come to my knowledge thatme he enterado de que ...
it is common knowledge thattodo el mundo sabe que ..., es del dominio público que ...
to have no knowledge of sthno tener conocimiento de algo
to (the best of) my knowledgea mi entender, que yo sepa
not to my knowledgeque yo sepa, no
without my knowledgesin saberlo yo
2. (= person's range of information) → conocimientos mpl
my knowledge of Spanishmis conocimientos del español
he has some knowledge of computerssabe algo de informática
to have a working knowledge ofdominar los principios esenciales de
I have a working knowledge of Portugueseme defiendo en portugués
to have a thorough knowledge of historyconocer a fondo la historia
3. (= learning) → saber m
the pursuit of knowledgela búsqueda del saber
the advance of knowledgeel progreso de la ciencia

knowledge

[ˈnɒlɪdʒ] n
[subject] → connaissance f
a detailed knowledge of sth → une connaissance détaillée de qch
He has a detailed knowledge of international law → Il possède une connaissance détaillée du droit international.
They lack sufficient knowledge of other industries → Il leur manque une connaissance suffisante des autres industries.
to have no knowledge of [event, situation] → ne pas avoir connaissance de
to have a working knowledge of French → se débrouiller en français
(= learning) → connaissances fpl, savoir m
scientific knowledge → les connaissances scientifiques, le savoir scientifique
advances in scientific knowledge → les avancées des connaissances scientifiques
Taylor combined great knowledge with an irreverent attitude to history → Taylor alliait un grand savoir à certaine irrévérence face à l'histoire., Taylor alliait de grandes connaissances à une certaine irrévérence face à l'histoire.
(= awareness) to my knowledge → à ma connaissance
to the best of my knowledge → autant que je sache
not to my knowledge → pas à ma connaissance
without my knowledge → à mon insu
safe in the knowledge that ... → sachant bien que ...
I arrived late, safe in the knowledge that no demonstration leaves on time → Je suis arrivé en retard, sachant bien qu'aucune manifestation ne part à l'heure.
it is common knowledge that ... → chacun sait que ..., Il est notoire que ...
it has come to my knowledge that ... → il a été porté à ma connaissance que ...

knowledge

n
(= understanding, awareness)Wissen nt, → Kenntnis f; to have knowledge ofKenntnis haben or besitzen von, wissen von; to have no knowledge ofkeine Kenntnis haben von, nichts wissen von; to (the best of) my knowledgesoviel ich weiß, meines Wissens; to the best of my knowledge and beliefnach bestem Wissen und Gewissen; not to my knowledgenicht, dass ich wüsste; without his knowledgeohne sein Wissen; without the knowledge of her motherohne Wissen ihrer Mutter, ohne dass ihre Mutter es weiß; it has come to my knowledge that …ich habe erfahren, dass …; safe in the knowledge that …in der Gewissheit, dass …
(= learning, facts learned)Kenntnisse pl, → Wissen nt; my knowledge of Englishmeine Englischkenntnisse pl; my knowledge of D.H. Lawrencewas ich von D. H. Lawrence kenne; I have a thorough knowledge of this subjectauf diesem Gebiet weiß ich gründlich Bescheid or besitze ich umfassende Kenntnisse; the police have no knowledge of him/his activitiesdie Polizei weiß nichts über ihn/seine Aktivitäten

knowledge

[ˈnɒlɪdʒ] n
a. (information, awareness, understanding) → conoscenza
to have no knowledge of → ignorare, non sapere
not to my knowledge → non che io sappia
without my knowledge → a mia insaputa
to (the best of) my knowledge → per quanto io ne sappia
it is common knowledge that ... → è risaputo che...
it has come to my knowledge that ... → sono venuto a sapere che...
b. (learning) → conoscenza, sapere m
to have a working knowledge of Italian → avere una conoscenza pratica dell'italiano
to have a thorough knowledge of sth → conoscere qc a fondo

knowledge

(ˈnolidʒ) noun
1. the fact of knowing. She was greatly encouraged by the knowledge that she had won first prize in the competition.
2. information or what is known. He had a vast amount of knowledge about boats.
3. the whole of what can be learned or found out. Science is a branch of knowledge about which I am rather ignorant.
ˈknowledgeable adjective
having a great deal of information. He is very knowledgeable about the history of the city.
general knowledge
knowledge about a wide range of subjects. The teacher sometimes tests our general knowledge.

knowledge

مَعْرِفَةٌ vědomosti viden Wissen γνώση conocimiento tieto connaissances znanje conoscenza 知識 지식 kennis kunnskap wiedza conhecimento знание kunskap ความรู้ bilgi sự hiểu biết 知识

knowledge

n. conocimiento;
to the best of my ___a mi entender, por lo que sé;
v.
to have ___ ofsaber.
References in classic literature ?
The knowledge that her mother had a fault like hers, and tried to mend it, made her own easier to bear and strengthened her resolution to cure it, though forty years seemed rather a long time to watch and pray to a girl of fifteen.
In a certain kind of knowledge of the world they were years older.
His faith in it and his knowledge of it have played an important part in its development.
But he failed to impose upon the Colonel, and was even far from impressing him with this trumped-up knowledge of bygone days.
The imagery of the Indian, both in his poetry and in his oratory, is oriental; chastened, and perhaps improved, by the limited range of his practical knowledge.
Their own remoteness and elevation above its feverish life kept them from the knowledge of much that was strange, and perhaps disturbing to their equanimity.
For thirty years past, neither town-record, nor gravestone, nor the directory, nor the knowledge or memory of man, bore any trace of Matthew Maule's descendants.
I knew it, too, but could never quite find in my heart to act upon the knowledge.
From hence the low murmur of his pupils' voices, conning over their lessons, might be heard in a drowsy summer's day, like the hum of a beehive; interrupted now and then by the authoritative voice of the master, in the tone of menace or command, or, peradventure, by the appalling sound of the birch, as he urged some tardy loiterer along the flowery path of knowledge.
We are total strangers to each other; I have no sort of knowledge of him, except the knowledge I picked up in making your inquiries.
or will God incense his ire For such a pretty Trespass, and not praise Rather your dauntless vertue, whom the pain Of Death denounc't, whatever thing Death be, Deterrd not from atchieving what might leade To happier life, knowledge of Good and Evil; Of good, how just?
I was thus led to infer that the ground of our opinions is far more custom and example than any certain knowledge.

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