koine


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Koi·ne

 (koi-nā′, koi′nā′)
n.
1. A dialect of Greek that developed primarily from Attic and became the common language of the Hellenistic world, from which later stages of Greek are descended.
2. koine A lingua franca.
3. koine A regional dialect or language that becomes the standard language over a wider area, losing its most extreme local features.

[From Greek (hē) koinē (dialektos), common (language), feminine of koinos, common; see kom in Indo-European roots.]

koine

(ˈkɔɪniː)
n
(Linguistics) a common language among speakers of different languages; lingua franca
[from Greek koinē dialektos common language]

Koine

(ˈkɔɪniː)
n
(Languages) the Koine (sometimes not capital) the Ancient Greek dialect that was the lingua franca of the empire of Alexander the Great and was widely used throughout the E Mediterranean area in Roman times

koi•ne

(kɔɪˈneɪ, ˈkɔɪ neɪ)

n.
1. (usu. cap.) the form of ancient Greek, based mainly on Attic, that supplanted other dialects in the Hellenistic period and became the standard language, from which subsequent stages of Greek developed.
2. any language or dialect, often in modified form, in widespread use in an area where other languages were or still are spoken; lingua franca.
[1910–15; < Greek]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Koine - a Greek dialect that flourished under the Roman Empire
Greek, Hellenic, Hellenic language - the Hellenic branch of the Indo-European family of languages
2.koine - a common language used by speakers of different languages; "Koine is a dialect of ancient Greek that was the lingua franca of the empire of Alexander the Great and was widely spoken throughout the eastern Mediterranean area in Roman times"
language, linguistic communication - a systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols; "he taught foreign languages"; "the language introduced is standard throughout the text"; "the speed with which a program can be executed depends on the language in which it is written"
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
The linguistic phenomena of the texts cannot be simply generalized as is done in the introduction, since M102 and M145 diverge considerably from the rest and are of the koine type.
And of course everybody recognizes the role of historical contingencies such as the discovery of Hitlite and the fact that we have at our disposal Vedie Sanskrit and ancient Greek dialects, not just Classical Sanskrit and koine Greek.
He begins his history with the arrival of Greek in Greece from the steppes of Asia, the fragmentation of common Greek into many dialects, the successive attempts to unify it, and the culminating imposition of Attic and its derivative koine as the common language of all Greeks.
was to a large extent leveled by the spread of Imperial Aramaic, and that this latter is the approximate ancestor of the subsequent dialects, standing in much the same relationship to Middle and Modern Aramaic as, say, Hellenistic Koine to (almost all) medieval and modern Greek dialects.
Applying a model developed by Trudgill, the author explores how the processes of levelling and simplification have given rise to a new stable variety, or koine, in Avion.
Transformations at the turn of the 1st millennium BC gave Phoenicians and Israelites part of their respective cultural identities, altering what had been for centuries the Canaanite koine.
Bringing a significant contribution to the retrieval of the topos of the journey and to the mapping of the koine of an entire generation, Gabriele Salvatores' tales of self-enunciation seem to be bridging the gaps between the various souls of the Italian cinema that moved its first steps in the early 1970s.
Ferguson, "The Arabic Koine," Language 35 (1959): 616-30.
Athas (Biblical Hebrew and Koine Greek, Southern Cross College, Sydney) wades into the controversy surrounding three broken pieces of basalt rock with carvings of ancient Semitic writing on them found in northern Israel in 1993 and 1994.
Following Pasolini, who in the well-known essay "Nuove questioni linguistiche" acknowledged the sociologic and linguistic homologation of the Italians (that is to say the absorption of the workers into the lower-middle class and consequent end of class conflict on the one hand, and, on the other, the assertion of the pragmatic, technological, bureaucratic inter-regional koine of the lower middle class as the national language [Consolo 1997]), Consolo "exhumes a specific lexical patrimony, names objects, evokes characters emblematic of a vanished world" (Consolo 1993a, 28).
23) A questo proposito, Contini, secondo il quale la scrittura di Pirandello e "il piu proverbiale esempio di koine italiana di irradiazione romana," afferma che la medieta della lingua pirandelliana si manifesta in un
Late Bronze Age metallurgy is seen as a complex system in which multiple sources feed into a koine of stock material circulating by virtue of trade, through exchange and perhaps inferring the intervention of developing regional political and/or magico-religious authorities.