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 (koi-nā′, koi′nā′)
1. A dialect of Greek that developed primarily from Attic and became the common language of the Hellenistic world, from which later stages of Greek are descended.
2. koine A lingua franca.
3. koine A regional dialect or language that becomes the standard language over a wider area, losing its most extreme local features.

[From Greek (hē) koinē (dialektos), common (language), feminine of koinos, common; see kom in Indo-European roots.]


(Linguistics) a common language among speakers of different languages; lingua franca
[from Greek koinē dialektos common language]


(Languages) the Koine (sometimes not capital) the Ancient Greek dialect that was the lingua franca of the empire of Alexander the Great and was widely used throughout the E Mediterranean area in Roman times


(kɔɪˈneɪ, ˈkɔɪ neɪ)

1. (usu. cap.) the form of ancient Greek, based mainly on Attic, that supplanted other dialects in the Hellenistic period and became the standard language, from which subsequent stages of Greek developed.
2. any language or dialect, often in modified form, in widespread use in an area where other languages were or still are spoken; lingua franca.
[1910–15; < Greek]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Koine - a Greek dialect that flourished under the Roman Empire
Greek, Hellenic, Hellenic language - the Hellenic branch of the Indo-European family of languages
2.koine - a common language used by speakers of different languages; "Koine is a dialect of ancient Greek that was the lingua franca of the empire of Alexander the Great and was widely spoken throughout the eastern Mediterranean area in Roman times"
language, linguistic communication - a systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols; "he taught foreign languages"; "the language introduced is standard throughout the text"; "the speed with which a program can be executed depends on the language in which it is written"
References in periodicals archive ?
Interestingly, the formation of the Kristinestad dialect presages the similar emergence of other urban Scandinavian koines of much more recent origin (e.
Result 1: levelling, either into a koine, or by assimilation to a dominant variety, or a combination of the two
26 for Marlene JoAnne Koines of Eugene, who died Aug.
Koines received the Martin Luther King Award for Diversity in 1998.
Traditional koines were spoken by the scholar-official class as it pursued its government work across the country.
If, on the other hand, it represents the pronunciation of a koine, that may, from the standpoint of language and dialect history, mean something entirely different.
Introduction: linguistic and sociolinguistic approaches to the study of new town koines
The establishment of new towns in the twentieth century in many parts of the world is a test bed of koineization, the type of language change that takes place when speakers of different, but mutually intelligible language varieties come together, and which may lead to new dialect or koine formation.
Koines - Marlene JoAnne Koines, 59, of Eugene, died Aug.
In his own research he has drawn a careful distinction between traditional koines as actual spoken languages (kouyu de gongtongyu [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) and contemporary written or literary vernaculars (shumian gongtongyu [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) based on or related to these spoken koines (see, e.
And, finally, we must question whether koines of this type could ever have been ancestral to true, spoken dialects of later periods, as traditional philologists such as Bernhard K arlgren have sometimes suggested, and whether successive koines fell into direct lines of historical filiation, of the "Old Chinese [greater than] "Middle Chinese" [greater than] "Modern Chinese" variety, as has hitherto often been assumed by Chinese historical linguists.
The East Indian speech community in Guyana: a sociolinguistic study with special reference to koine formation.