Here, in what we call krummholz
, it is extremely difficult to navigate in winter.
Our objectives were to (1) describe changes in species composition and abundance of all vegetation layers (tree, shrub, field, ground) and functional types (tree, krummholz
, tall shrub, medium shrub, small shrub, ground shrub, forest herb, moss, lichen, liverwort); and (2) characterize patterns in soil nutrients and temperature along an elevation gradient (i.
Extensive mortality has even occurred in krummholz
stands at the edge of timberline (CSFS 2013, 2014).
A slightly different emphasis is offered by Martin Krummholz
, writing on Central Europe.
And when that approach fails, the official code of conduct in the land of snow and krummholz
is simple: You put on a straight face and lie.
Simulating carbon balance at treeline for krummholz
and dwarf tree growth forms.
mats, flagging, and layering; see pictures in Amo, 1984).
The spruce-willow-birch zone of the subalpine area is characterized by an abundance of willow and scrub birch, as well as some balsam fir (Abies lasiocarpa) and white spruce often in krummholz
form, and various grasses, sedges, and fescues (Festuca spp.
Some rooms held krummholz
bonsai against the low walls, the trees no higher than their nooks" (Robinson 88).
Indistinguible del anterior (en el verano) se encuentra el bosque caducifolio mixto de Nothofagus pumilio y Nothofagus antarctica que se desarrolla probablemente en forma de krummholz
debido a los fuertes vientos en los estratos de mayor altura.
They are Spruce fir, Lodgepole pine, Ponderosa pine, Cottonwood/Willow, Aspen, Douglas fir, and Krummholz
Vegetation in the coastal areas is characterized by isolated stands of krummholz
(tuckamore) white spruce (Picea glauca) and balsam fir (Abies balsamea).