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ku·lak(ko͞o-lăk′, ko͞o′lăk′, -läk′)
A prosperous landed peasant in czarist Russia, characterized by the Communists during the October Revolution as an exploiter.
[Russian, fist, kulak ("tightfisted landowner"), from Old Russian kulakŭ, fist, probably akin to dialectal Czech kulák, small stone (both Czech and Old Russian then being from Proto-Slavic *kulakŭ, fist, of unknown origin), or possibly of Turkic origin (akin to Turkish kol, arm, from Old Turkic kōl, upper arm).]
1. (Historical Terms) (in Russia after 1906) a member of the class of peasants who became proprietors of their own farms. After the October Revolution the kulaks opposed collectivization of land, but in 1929 Stalin initiated their liquidation
[C19: from Russian: fist, hence, tightfisted person; related to Turkish kol arm]
ku•lak(kʊˈlɑk, -ˈlæk; ˈku lɑk, -læk)
a comparatively wealthy Soviet peasant who, during the Communist drive to collectivize agriculture in 1929–33, was viewed as an oppressor and class enemy.
[1875–80; < Russian kulák (orig.) a miserly person, literally, fist]
A Russian term meaning a tight-fisted person; used of peasant farmers who gained land after 1906. After 1917 they opposed collectivization of agricultural land, and in 1929 Stalin began their liquidation.