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 (ko͝or-gän′, -găn′)
1. A type of tumulus or barrow characteristic of a culture located on the steppes of southern Russia about 5000 bc and later spreading to the Danube, northern Europe, and northern Iran from around 3500 bc.
2. Kurgan
a. The culture that produced these tumuli or barrows.
b. A member of the people or peoples sharing this culture. The earliest Kurgans are considered by some to be speakers of Proto-Indo-European.

[Russian, fortified place, grave mound, from Old Turkic kurghan, fortified place.]

Kur·gan′ adj.


(Russian kurˈɡan)
(Placename) a city in W Russia, on the Tobol River: industrial centre for an agricultural region. Pop: 344 000 (2005 est)


(kʊərˈgɑn, -ˈgæn)

an ancient burial mound constructed over a pit grave: earliest occurrence 4th millennium b.c., in the Russian Steppes.
[1885–90; < Russian kurgán burial mound < Turkic]


(kʊərˈgɑn, -ˈgæn)

a city in the S Russian Federation in Asia, near the Ural Mountains. 354,000.
References in periodicals archive ?
After having done extensive research on the Kurgans, he was inspired to write this unusual novel.
Here the Yamnaya cultural complex emerges, defined by its single burials under kurgans (burial mounds), grave pits arranged like rooms, supine body position with flexed legs, ochre staining of bodies, and occasionally single prestige items.
Kurgans or other expansionist Indo-European cultures could have instigated those later linguistic developments, Atkinson says.
I believe that the Celts were also descendents of the Magdalenians, as also were the Steppe Kurgans, whose horsemanship spread the Magdalenian, or as it is better known, proto-Indo-European language throughout Europe and into India.
As big/bad as the human psyche, Kristeva's wolves have come like ancient Kurgans from the far north to stalk the Eastern European town of Santa Varvara.
Here we find the earliest monumental kurgans, and the kurgan builders in turn influenced the steppe economies and their social organisation.
Kurgans, Ritual Sites, and Settlements: Eurasian Bronze and Iron Age (British Archaeological Reports International Series 890): 41-45.
The Shumaevo kurgans proved to belong to three main periods of construction: the Early Bronze Age (fourth-third millennium BC), the Early Iron Age (eighth century BC to fourth century AD) and the Middle Ages, the time of the Mongols and the Golden Horde (thirteenth-fourteenth centuries AD) (Table 1).
Spanning thousands of years, the broad emergence of mobile pastoralism across the vast Eurasian steppes encompassed the domestication, harnessing and consumption of the horse, the adoption of wheeled vehicles, animal sacrifice and burial, as well as the practice of inhumation under tumuli or kurgans (Khazanov 1994: 90-7; Anthony 1998; Levine 1999; Anthony & Brown 2000; Kuzmina 2000, 2003).
Excavating two Scytho-Siberian kurgans and making an initial inventory of the archaeological structures took up the largest part of this research.
Based on recognition of the rare congenital DISH syndrome in both the North Grave male skeleton and in a contemporary skeleton from Zheltokamenka kurgan, some 40 km distant, Shultz suggests a possible genetic relationship between the two individuals and, more broadly, that the people buried in such kurgans belonged to a fairly limited gene-pool, i.
With a height of 7 metres, kurgan 2 of the Ipatovo barrow cemetery 3 was one of the biggest kurgans in the area.