labor


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

la·bor

 (lā′bər)
n.
1. Physical or mental exertion, especially when difficult or exhausting; work. See Synonyms at work.
2. A specific task or effort, especially a painful or arduous one: "Eating the bread was a labor I put myself through to quiet my stomach" (Gail Anderson-Dargatz).
3. A particular form of work or method of working: manual labor.
4. Work for wages: businesses paying more for labor.
5.
a. Workers considered as a group.
b. The trade union movement, especially its officials.
6. Labor A political party representing workers' interests, especially in Great Britain.
7. The process by which childbirth occurs, beginning with contractions of the uterus and ending with the expulsion of the fetus or infant and the placenta.
v. la·bored, la·bor·ing, la·bors
v.intr.
1. To work; toil: labored in the fields.
2. To strive painstakingly: labored over the needlepoint.
3.
a. To proceed with great effort; plod: labored up the hill.
b. Nautical To pitch and roll.
4. To suffer from distress or a disadvantage: labored under the misconception that others were cooperating.
5. To undergo the labor of childbirth.
v.tr.
1. To deal with in exhaustive or excessive detail; belabor: labor a point in the argument.
2. To distress; burden: I will not labor you with trivial matters.
adj.
1. Of or relating to labor.
2. Labor Of or relating to a Labor Party.

[Middle English, from Old French labour, from Latin labor.]

la′bor·er n.

labor

(ˈleɪbə)
vb, n
the US spelling of labour

la•bor

(ˈleɪ bər)
n.
1. productive activity, esp. for the sake of economic gain.
2. the body of persons engaged in such activity, esp. those working for wages.
3. this body of persons considered as a class (distinguished from management).
4. physical or mental work, esp. of a hard or fatiguing kind.
5. a job or task done or to be done.
6.
a. the uterine contractions of childbirth.
b. the interval from the onset of these contractions to childbirth.
v.i.
7. to perform labor; work.
8. to strive, as toward a goal; work hard (often fol. by for): to labor for peace.
9. to move slowly and with effort.
10. to function at a disadvantage (usu. fol. by under): to labor under a misapprehension.
11. to undergo childbirth.
12. to roll or pitch heavily, as a ship.
v.t.
13. to develop or dwell on in excessive detail: Don't labor the point.
14. to burden or tire.
adj.
15. of or pertaining to workers, their associations, or working conditions: labor reforms.
Also, esp. Brit., labour.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Middle French < Latin labor]
la′bor•er, n.
syn: See work.
usage: See -or1.

la·bor

(lā′bər)
The process by which the birth of a mammal occurs, beginning with contractions of the uterus and ending with the delivery of the fetus or infant and the placenta.

labor


Past participle: labored
Gerund: laboring

Imperative
labor
labor
Present
I labor
you labor
he/she/it labors
we labor
you labor
they labor
Preterite
I labored
you labored
he/she/it labored
we labored
you labored
they labored
Present Continuous
I am laboring
you are laboring
he/she/it is laboring
we are laboring
you are laboring
they are laboring
Present Perfect
I have labored
you have labored
he/she/it has labored
we have labored
you have labored
they have labored
Past Continuous
I was laboring
you were laboring
he/she/it was laboring
we were laboring
you were laboring
they were laboring
Past Perfect
I had labored
you had labored
he/she/it had labored
we had labored
you had labored
they had labored
Future
I will labor
you will labor
he/she/it will labor
we will labor
you will labor
they will labor
Future Perfect
I will have labored
you will have labored
he/she/it will have labored
we will have labored
you will have labored
they will have labored
Future Continuous
I will be laboring
you will be laboring
he/she/it will be laboring
we will be laboring
you will be laboring
they will be laboring
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been laboring
you have been laboring
he/she/it has been laboring
we have been laboring
you have been laboring
they have been laboring
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been laboring
you will have been laboring
he/she/it will have been laboring
we will have been laboring
you will have been laboring
they will have been laboring
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been laboring
you had been laboring
he/she/it had been laboring
we had been laboring
you had been laboring
they had been laboring
Conditional
I would labor
you would labor
he/she/it would labor
we would labor
you would labor
they would labor
Past Conditional
I would have labored
you would have labored
he/she/it would have labored
we would have labored
you would have labored
they would have labored
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.labor - a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wageslabor - a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages; "there is a shortage of skilled labor in this field"
social class, socio-economic class, stratum, class - people having the same social, economic, or educational status; "the working class"; "an emerging professional class"
labor force, labor pool - the source of trained people from which workers can be hired
lumpenproletariat - (Marxism) the unorganized lower levels of the proletariat who are not interested in revolutionary advancement
organized labor - employees who are represented by a labor union
prole, proletarian, worker - a member of the working class (not necessarily employed); "workers of the world--unite!"
2.labor - productive work (especially physical work done for wages)labor - productive work (especially physical work done for wages); "his labor did not require a great deal of skill"
roping - capturing cattle or horses with a lasso
work - activity directed toward making or doing something; "she checked several points needing further work"
corvee - unpaid labor (as for the maintenance of roads) required by a lord of his vassals in lieu of taxes
donkeywork, drudgery, plodding, grind - hard monotonous routine work
elbow grease, exertion, effort, travail, sweat - use of physical or mental energy; hard work; "he got an A for effort"; "they managed only with great exertion"
hunting, hunt - the work of finding and killing or capturing animals for food or pelts
hackwork - professional work done according to formula
haymaking - cutting grass and curing it to make hay
manual labor, manual labour - labor done with the hands
overwork, overworking - the act of working too much or too long; "he became ill from overwork"
slavery - work done under harsh conditions for little or no pay
3.labor - concluding state of pregnancylabor - concluding state of pregnancy; from the onset of contractions to the birth of a child; "she was in labor for six hours"
uterine contraction - a rhythmic tightening in labor of the upper uterine musculature that contracts the size of the uterus and pushes the fetus toward the birth canal
effacement - shortening of the uterine cervix and thinning of its walls as it is dilated during labor
birthing, giving birth, parturition, birth - the process of giving birth
maternity, pregnancy, gestation - the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus
premature labor, premature labour - labor beginning prior to the 37th week of gestation
asynclitism, obliquity - the presentation during labor of the head of the fetus at an abnormal angle
4.labor - an organized attempt by workers to improve their status by united action (particularly via labor unions) or the leaders of this movementlabor - an organized attempt by workers to improve their status by united action (particularly via labor unions) or the leaders of this movement
labor union, trade union, trades union, union, brotherhood - an organization of employees formed to bargain with the employer; "you have to join the union in order to get a job"
I.W.W., Industrial Workers of the World, IWW - a former international labor union and radical labor movement in the United States; founded in Chicago in 1905 and dedicated to the overthrow of capitalism; its membership declined after World War I
trade unionism, unionism - the system or principles and theory of labor unions
reform movement - a movement intended to bring about social and humanitarian reforms
5.labor - a political party formed in Great Britain in 1900Labor - a political party formed in Great Britain in 1900; characterized by the promotion of labor's interests and formerly the socialization of key industries
labor party, labour party - a left-of-center political party formed to represent the interest of ordinary working people
Labourite - a member of the British Labour Party
6.labor - the federal department responsible for promoting the working conditions of wage earners in the United StatesLabor - the federal department responsible for promoting the working conditions of wage earners in the United States; created in 1913
executive department - a federal department in the executive branch of the government of the United States
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, OSHA - a government agency in the Department of Labor to maintain a safe and healthy work environment
7.labor - any piece of work that is undertaken or attemptedlabor - any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted; "he prepared for great undertakings"
child's play, cinch, duck soup, piece of cake, pushover, breeze, walkover, picnic, snap - any undertaking that is easy to do; "marketing this product will be no picnic"
work - activity directed toward making or doing something; "she checked several points needing further work"
adventure, dangerous undertaking, escapade, risky venture - a wild and exciting undertaking (not necessarily lawful)
assignment - an undertaking that you have been assigned to do (as by an instructor)
baby - a project of personal concern to someone; "this project is his baby"
endeavor, endeavour, enterprise - a purposeful or industrious undertaking (especially one that requires effort or boldness); "he had doubts about the whole enterprise"
labor of love, labour of love - productive work performed voluntarily without material reward or compensation
endurance contest, marathon - any long and arduous undertaking
no-brainer - anything that requires little thought
proposition - a task to be dealt with; "securing adequate funding is a time-consuming proposition"
large order, tall order - a formidable task or requirement; "finishing in time was a tall order but we did it"
venture - any venturesome undertaking especially one with an uncertain outcome
Verb1.labor - strive and make an effort to reach a goallabor - strive and make an effort to reach a goal; "She tugged for years to make a decent living"; "We have to push a little to make the deadline!"; "She is driving away at her doctoral thesis"
push, bear on - press, drive, or impel (someone) to action or completion of an action; "He pushed her to finish her doctorate"
strain, strive, reach - to exert much effort or energy; "straining our ears to hear"
struggle, fight - make a strenuous or labored effort; "She struggled for years to survive without welfare"; "He fought for breath"
2.labor - work hardlabor - work hard; "She was digging away at her math homework"; "Lexicographers drudge all day long"
do work, work - be employed; "Is your husband working again?"; "My wife never worked"; "Do you want to work after the age of 60?"; "She never did any work because she inherited a lot of money"; "She works as a waitress to put herself through college"
3.labor - undergo the efforts of childbirth
undergo - pass through; "The chemical undergoes a sudden change"; "The fluid undergoes shear"; "undergo a strange sensation"

labor

noun
1. Physical exertion that is usually difficult and exhausting:
Informal: sweat.
Chiefly British: fag.
Idiom: sweat of one's brow.
2. The act or process of bringing forth young:
verb
1. To exert one's mental or physical powers, usually under difficulty and to the point of exhaustion:
2. To express at greater length or in greater detail:
Translations
práce
arbejde
työ
rad
労働
노동
delavcidelo
arbete
แรงงาน
lao động

labor

[ˈleɪbəʳ] (US)
A. N, VT, VI = labour
B. CPD Labor Day NDía m del Trabajo or de los Trabajadores
labor union Nsindicato m
LABOR DAY
El Labor Day (Día del Trabajo or de los Trabajadores) es una festividad nacional en honor al trabajo, que se celebra en Estados Unidos y en Canadá el primer lunes de septiembre. Fue instaurada en 1894 por el Congreso de los Estados Unidos, después de que los trabajadores la solicitaran durante más de doce años. En la actualidad, ya sin las connotaciones políticas de sus orígenes y coincidiendo con el final del verano y con el principio del curso escolar, se celebran desfiles, mítines y comidas campestres.

labour

(American) labor (ˈleibə) noun
1. hard work. The building of the cathedral involved considerable labour over two centuries; People engaged in manual labour are often badly paid.
2. workmen on a job. The firm is having difficulty hiring labour.
3. (in a pregnant woman etc) the process of childbirth. She was in labour for several hours before the baby was born.
4. used (with capital) as a name for the Socialist party in the United Kingdom.
verb
1. to be employed to do hard and unskilled work. He spends the summer labouring on a building site.
2. to move or work etc slowly or with difficulty. They laboured through the deep undergrowth in the jungle; the car engine labours a bit on steep hills.
laborious (ləˈboːriəs) adjective
difficult; requiring hard work. Moving house is always a laborious process.
laˈboriously adverb
laˈboriousness noun
ˈlabourer noun
a workman who is employed to do heavy work requiring little skill. the labourers on a building site.
ˈlabour court noun
a court of law for settling disputes between management and workers.
ˈlabour dispute noun
a disagreement between management and workers about working conditions, pay etc.
ˈlabour-saving adjective
intended to lessen work. washing-machines and other labour-saving devices.

labor

عَمَلٌ práce arbejde Arbeit μόχθος mano de obra työ travail rad lavoro 労働 노동 arbeid arbeid praca mão-de-obra труд arbete แรงงาน emek lao động 劳动

la·bor

, stages of labor
n. parto;
active ______ activo;
after ___después del ___;
before ___antes del ___;
complicated ______ complicado;
contractions during ___contracciones durante el ___;
dry ______ seco;
during ___durante el ___;
hard ______ laborioso;
induction of ______ inducido;
___ painsdolores de ___;
___ roomsala de ___;
painless ______ sin dolor;
stages of ___etapas del ___;
v.
to be in ___estar de parto.
V.: childbirthlabour.

labor

n trabajo de parto; — and delivery trabajo de parto y parto; Labor and Delivery sala de partos; labor pains dolores mpl de(l) parto; to be in — estar de parto, estar en trabajo de parto; to go into — ponerse de parto, entrar en trabajo de parto
References in classic literature ?
Hannah washed and ironed them for me, and I marked them all myself," said Beth, looking proudly at the somewhat uneven letters which had cost her such labor.
Her own room was in an obscure corner and when she felt able to work she voluntarily worked among the beds, preferring the labor that could be done when the guests were abroad seeking trade among the merchants of Winesburg.
But an expedition from a large college was recently there and succeeded, after much labor, in ex- cavating part of a buried city.
I wish no contention of idle words with you, friend," said Heyward, curbing his dissatisfied manner, and speaking in a more gentle voice; "if you will tell me the distance to Fort Edward, and conduct me thither, your labor shall not go without its reward.
Dick was the foreman of a gang of paid workmen, who had replaced the millionaires in mere manual labor, and the WE was a polite figure of speech.
The rich and heavy festoons of cobweb, which it had cost a long ancestral succession of spiders their life's labor to spin and weave, had been carefully brushed away from the ceiling.
Thus, by divers little makeshifts, in that ingenious way which is commonly denominated "by hook and by crook," the worthy pedagogue got on tolerably enough, and was thought, by all who understood nothing of the labor of headwork, to have a wonderfully easy life of it.
She wears a white shirtwaist, which represents, perhaps, half a week's labor painting cans.
You have been with us, too, some years, and can fairly compare the twilight of rights, which your race enjoy at the North, with that "noon of night" under which they labor south of Mason and Dixon's line.
Mark the successful man, the merchant prince with argosies on every sea, the employer of thousands of hands, the munificent contributor to public charities, the churchwarden, the member of parliament, and the generous patron of his relatives his self-approbation struggling with the instinctive sense of baseness in the money-hunter, the ignorant and greedy filcher of the labor of others, the seller of his own mind and manhood for luxuries and delicacies that he was too lowlived to enjoy, and for the society of people who made him feel his inferiority at every turn.
There is much controversy about the delivering up of fugitives from service or labor.
This feeling was so strong that at the moment when Edmond was about to begin his labor, he stopped, laid down his pickaxe, seized his gun, mounted to the summit of the highest rock, and from thence gazed round in every direction.