Although she formed a soulful attachment to an equally young priest, she refused his offer of laicization
and marriage, believing completely in her vocation and the value of her work.
The essayist notes, rightfully so, that a remarkable benefit of modernity is "the laicization
of political action the separation of the political power from the religious power", a separation regarding especially the governing issue, and considers several essential constituents (institutional construction, judicial framework construction on lay principles, public morality on ethical, not theological, principles etc.
Having been ordained for the Denver Archdiocese in 1965 and having received a rescript of laicization
in 1971, I am familiar with the decree.
In them, he considers many of the challenges that beset church and campus, such as the laicization
of priests, premarital sex, the erosion of institutional authority, intolerance toward gay people, and failure of fidelity to the teachings of the church.
He is the first top papal representative to face the harshest sentence under church law, known as laicization
," the USA Today said.
Josef Wesolowski had already been defrocked in June after the Vatican's canon law court found him guilty of abuse and imposed its toughest penalty under church law: laicization
, or returning to life as a layman.
Wesolowski was found guilty by the Vatican's Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and sentenced to the harshest penalty possible against a cleric: laicization
Such acts again range from one's cultural re-identification (for example, the laicization
a nun) to one's total obliteration.
came shortly after the Maryknoll Fathers decided to remove him from their order, with the Vatican exerting strong pressure for this decision.
They offer two alternatives: Either a penal process in which the result would be laicization
, or a life of prayer and penance.
Whether Rome will accept his laicization
remains to be seen.
Through a systematic and detailed analysis of carefully selected texts by the key authors of this period, Dante, Petrarch and Boccaccio, Cerocchi, a trained and accomplished musician himself, makes a convincing case of the significant role music played in the process of laicization
of the Italian society and in the gradual shift from a sacred to a profane dimension, which contributed to the "emancipazione della civilta italiana dal sistema teocentrico medievale" (viii).