lapse


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lapse

 (lăps)
v. lapsed, laps·ing, laps·es
v.intr.
1.
a. To fall from a previous level or standard, as of accomplishment, quality, or conduct: lapse into bad habits; a team that lapsed into mediocrity halfway through the season.
b. To deviate from a prescribed or accepted way: lapse into heresy.
c. To pass gradually or smoothly; slip: lapse into reverie.
2.
a. To come to an end, especially gradually or temporarily: He realized that his attention had lapsed and he hadn't heard the assignment.
b. To be no longer valid or active; expire: She allowed her membership to lapse after the first year.
3. Law To cease to be available as a result of expiration, disuse, or impossibility. Used of a right or privilege.
4. To go by; elapse: Years had lapsed since we last met.
v.tr.
To allow to lapse.
n.
1. The act or an instance of lapsing, as:
a. A usually minor or temporary failure; a slip: a lapse of memory; a lapse in judgment.
b. A deterioration or decline: a lapse into barbarism.
c. A moral fall: a lapse from grace.
2. A break in continuity; a pause: a lapse in the conversation.
3. A period of time; an interval: a lapse of several years between the two revolutions.
4. Law The termination of a right or privilege as a result of expiration, disuse, or impossibility.

[Middle English lapsen, to deviate from the normal, from laps, lapse of time, sin (from Old French, lapse of time, from Latin lāpsus, from past participle of lābī, to lapse) and from Latin lāpsāre, frequentative of lābī.]

laps′er n.

lapse

(læps)
n
1. a drop in standard of an isolated or temporary nature: a lapse of justice.
2. a break in occurrence, usage, etc: a lapse of five weeks between letters.
3. a gradual decline or a drop to a lower degree, condition, or state: a lapse from high office.
4. a moral fall
5. (Law) law the termination of some right, interest, or privilege, as by neglecting to exercise it or through failure of some contingency
6. (Insurance) insurance the termination of coverage following a failure to pay the premiums
vb (intr)
7. to drop in standard or fail to maintain a norm
8. to decline gradually or fall in status, condition, etc
9. to be discontinued, esp through negligence or other failure
10. (usually foll by into) to drift or slide (into a condition): to lapse into sleep.
11. (often foll by from) to turn away (from beliefs or norms)
12. (Law) law (of a devise or bequest) to become void, as on the beneficiary's predeceasing the testator
13. (of time) to slip away
[C15: from Latin lāpsus error, from lābī to glide]
ˈlapsable, ˈlapsible adj
lapsed adj
ˈlapser n

lapse

(læps)

n., v. lapsed, laps•ing. n.
1. an accidental or temporary decline or deviation from an expected or accepted condition or state: a lapse of justice.
2. a slip or error, often of a trivial sort: a lapse of memory.
3. an interval or passage of time; elapsed period.
4. a moral fall, as from rectitude or virtue.
5. a fall or decline to a lower grade, condition, or degree: a lapse into savagery.
6. the act of falling, slipping, sliding, etc., slowly or by degrees.
7. a falling into disuse.
8. termination of an insurance policy, due to nonpayment of a premium.
9. Law. the termination of a right or privilege through neglect to exercise it or through failure of some contingency.
11. Archaic. a gentle, downward flow, as of water.
v.i.
12. to fall or deviate from a previous standard; fail to maintain a normative level.
13. to come to an end; stop: We let our subscription lapse.
14. to fall, slip, or sink; subside: to lapse into silence.
15. to fall into disuse: The custom lapsed after many years.
16. to deviate or abandon principles, beliefs, etc.: to lapse into heresy.
17. to fall spiritually, as an apostate.
18. to pass away, as time; elapse.
19. (of an insurance policy) to cease being in force; terminate.
20. Law. to become void, as a legacy to someone who dies before the testator.
[1520–30; < Latin lāpsus an error, slipping =lāb(ī) to slip, err + -sus, for -tus suffix of v. action]
laps′a•ble, laps′i•ble, adj.

lapse


Past participle: lapsed
Gerund: lapsing

Imperative
lapse
lapse
Present
I lapse
you lapse
he/she/it lapses
we lapse
you lapse
they lapse
Preterite
I lapsed
you lapsed
he/she/it lapsed
we lapsed
you lapsed
they lapsed
Present Continuous
I am lapsing
you are lapsing
he/she/it is lapsing
we are lapsing
you are lapsing
they are lapsing
Present Perfect
I have lapsed
you have lapsed
he/she/it has lapsed
we have lapsed
you have lapsed
they have lapsed
Past Continuous
I was lapsing
you were lapsing
he/she/it was lapsing
we were lapsing
you were lapsing
they were lapsing
Past Perfect
I had lapsed
you had lapsed
he/she/it had lapsed
we had lapsed
you had lapsed
they had lapsed
Future
I will lapse
you will lapse
he/she/it will lapse
we will lapse
you will lapse
they will lapse
Future Perfect
I will have lapsed
you will have lapsed
he/she/it will have lapsed
we will have lapsed
you will have lapsed
they will have lapsed
Future Continuous
I will be lapsing
you will be lapsing
he/she/it will be lapsing
we will be lapsing
you will be lapsing
they will be lapsing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been lapsing
you have been lapsing
he/she/it has been lapsing
we have been lapsing
you have been lapsing
they have been lapsing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been lapsing
you will have been lapsing
he/she/it will have been lapsing
we will have been lapsing
you will have been lapsing
they will have been lapsing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been lapsing
you had been lapsing
he/she/it had been lapsing
we had been lapsing
you had been lapsing
they had been lapsing
Conditional
I would lapse
you would lapse
he/she/it would lapse
we would lapse
you would lapse
they would lapse
Past Conditional
I would have lapsed
you would have lapsed
he/she/it would have lapsed
we would have lapsed
you would have lapsed
they would have lapsed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.lapse - a mistake resulting from inattention
error, fault, mistake - a wrong action attributable to bad judgment or ignorance or inattention; "he made a bad mistake"; "she was quick to point out my errors"; "I could understand his English in spite of his grammatical faults"
2.lapse - a break or intermission in the occurrence of something; "a lapse of three weeks between letters"
pause, suspension, intermission, interruption, break - a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something
3.lapse - a failure to maintain a higher statelapse - a failure to maintain a higher state
failure - an act that fails; "his failure to pass the test"
recidivism - habitual relapse into crime
Verb1.lapse - pass into a specified state or condition; "He sank into nirvana"
move - go or proceed from one point to another; "the debate moved from family values to the economy"
2.lapse - end, at least for a long time; "The correspondence lapsed"
end, cease, terminate, finish, stop - have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense; either spatial or metaphorical; "the bronchioles terminate in a capillary bed"; "Your rights stop where you infringe upon the rights of other"; "My property ends by the bushes"; "The symphony ends in a pianissimo"
3.lapse - drop to a lower level, as in one's morals or standards
drop away, fall away, slip, drop off - get worse; "My grades are slipping"
4.lapse - go back to bad behavior; "Those who recidivate are often minor criminals"
retrovert, revert, turn back, regress, return - go back to a previous state; "We reverted to the old rules"
5.lapse - let slip; "He lapsed his membership"
forfeit, give up, throw overboard, waive, forgo, forego - lose (s.th.) or lose the right to (s.th.) by some error, offense, or crime; "you've forfeited your right to name your successor"; "forfeited property"
6.lapse - pass by; "three years elapsed"
advance, march on, move on, progress, pass on, go on - move forward, also in the metaphorical sense; "Time marches on"
fell, vanish, fly - pass away rapidly; "Time flies like an arrow"; "Time fleeing beneath him"

lapse

noun
1. decline, fall, drop, descent, deterioration, relapse, backsliding His behaviour showed neither decency or dignity. It was an uncommon lapse.
2. mistake, failing, fault, failure, error, slip, negligence, omission, oversight, indiscretion The incident was being seen as a serious security lapse.
3. interval, break, gap, passage, pause, interruption, lull, breathing space, intermission a time lapse between receipt of new information and its publication
verb
1. slip, fall, decline, sink, drop, slide, deteriorate, degenerate Teenagers occasionally find it all too much to cope with and lapse into bad behaviour.
2. end, stop, run out, expire, terminate, become obsolete, become void Her membership of the Labour Party has lapsed.

lapse

verb
1. To slip from a higher or better condition to a former, usually lower or poorer one:
2. To become or cause to become less active or intense:
abate, bate, die (away, down, off, or out), ease (off or up), ebb, fall, fall off, let up, moderate, remit, slacken, slack off, subside, wane.
3. To move smoothly, continuously, and effortlessly:
4. To become void, especially through passage of time or an omission:
5. To move past in time:
elapse, go (by), pass.
noun
1. A minor mistake:
Informal: fluff.
2. An act or thought that unintentionally deviates from what is correct, right, or true:
3. A slipping from a higher or better condition to a lower or poorer one:
Translations
زَلَّه، هَفْوَهمُرور ، إنْقِضاءيَتَوَقَّفيَسْقُط، يَهْبِط
odumřítselháníupadnoutuplynutízaniknout
henfalde tilperiodesvigtsynkeudløbe
elévülleforgásvisszasüllyed
eftir visst langan tíma; hléfalla niîurglappaskot, mistök; misminnihrasa; hrörna; fara aftur
apsirikimaspraėjusio laiko tarpas
beigtieskļūdalaika plūdums/sprīdismisēklispāriet
arahakkını kaybetmekhatakötüleşmekkötüye gitmek

lapse

[læps]
A. N
1. (= error) → fallo m, lapsus m inv; (= lack) → falta f
she has the occasional lapse of memoryde vez en cuando tiene fallos or lapsus de memoria
it was a lapse of judgement on his partfue un error de cálculo por su parte
the accident was caused by a momentary lapse of or in concentrationel accidente lo provocó un despiste momentáneo, el accidente lo provocó una falta momentánea de concentración
2. [of time] → lapso m, intervalo m, período m
after a lapse of four monthsdespués de un lapso or intervalo or período de cuatro meses, al cabo de cuatro meses
there was a momentary lapse in the conversationhubo un breve silencio en medio de la conversación
B. VI
1. (= slip) to lapse into one's old waysvolver a las andadas
he lapsed into silencese calló, se quedó callado
he lapsed into unconsciousnessperdió el conocimiento
he lapsed into the vernacularrecurrió a la lengua vernácula
2. (= expire) [season ticket] → caducar, vencer
3. (= cease to exist) our friendship lapsed when she moved to Londondejamos de vernos cuando ella se fue a Londres
4. (= decline) [standards] → entrar en declive
5. (= pass) [time] → pasar, transcurrir

lapse

[ˈlæps]
n
(in behaviour)écart m (de conduite)
(= failure) → défaillance f
[concentration, judgement] → erreur f
a lapse of memory → un trou de mémoire
lapse of time, time lapse → laps m de temps
the lapse of time since the incident → le laps de temps écoulé depuis l'incident
He was not conscious of the time lapse → Il n'avait pas conscience du laps de temps qui s'était écoulé.
a lapse of 50 years → un laps de temps de 5O ans
time lapse → laps m de temps
vi
(= expire) [membership] → expirer; [offer, bid, contract] → expirer
(= fall) to lapse into silence → retomber dans le silence
to lapse into a coma → tomber dans le coma
to lapse into bad habits → prendre de mauvaises habitudes
(= pass) [time] → s'écouler

lapse

n
(= error)Fehler m; (moral) → Fehltritt m, → Verfehlung f; lapse of judgementFehlurteil nt; he had a momentary lapse of concentrationseine Konzentration ließ einen Augenblick nach; to suffer from lapses of memory or memory lapsesan Gedächtnisschwäche leiden; lapse of tasteGeschmacksverirrung f; a serious security lapseein schwerer Verstoß gegen die Sicherheitsvorkehrungen
(= decline)Absinken nt no pl, → Abgleiten nt no pl; a lapse in confidenceein Vertrauensschwund m; lapse in standardsNiveauabfall m; he noticed her lapse into Germanihm fiel auf, dass sie ins Deutsche verfiel
(= expiry)Ablauf m; (of claim)Verfall m, → Erlöschen nt; (= cessation)Aussterben nt, → Schwinden nt
(of time)Zeitspanne f, → Zeitraum m; time lapseZeitspanne f, → Zeitraum m; after a lapse of 4 monthsnach (einem Zeitraum von) 4 Monaten; there was a lapse in the conversationes gab eine Gesprächspause
vi
(= make mistake)einen Fehler begehen, etwas falsch machen; (morally) → fehlen (liter), → einen Fehltritt begehen, unrecht tun; to lapse from one’s faithvon seinem Glauben abfallen, seinem Glauben abtrünnig werden
(= decline)verfallen (→ into in +acc), → abgleiten (→ from sth into sth von etw in etw acc); to lapse into one’s old wayswieder in seine alten Gewohnheiten verfallen; he lapsed into German/legal jargoner verfiel ins Deutsche/in den Anwaltsjargon; he lapsed into silenceer versank in Schweigen; he lapsed into a comaer sank in ein Koma; he/his work is lapsinger/seine Arbeit lässt nach, mit ihm/seiner Arbeit geht es bergab
(= expire)ablaufen; (claims)verfallen, erlöschen; (= cease to exist)aussterben; (friendship, correspondence)einschlafen; after two months have lapsednach (Ablauf von) zwei Monaten

lapse

[læps]
1. n
a. (fault) → mancanza; (in behaviour) → scorrettezza
a lapse (of memory) → un vuoto (di memoria)
a lapse into bad habits → un ritorno alle cattive abitudini
b. (of time) → intervallo
2. vi
a. (err) → sgarrare
to lapse in one's duty → mancare al proprio dovere
b. (fall slowly) to lapse into bad habitsprendere cattive abitudini
to lapse into one's old ways → ritornare a poco a poco alle vecchie abitudini
to let one's attention lapse → distrarsi
to lapse into silence → tacere
she lapsed into unconsciousness → scivolò in uno stato di incoscienza
c. (law, act) → cadere, andare in prescrizione; (membership, passport, ticket) → scadere

lapse

(lӕps) verb
1. to cease to exist, often because of lack of effort. His insurance policy had lapsed and was not renewed.
2. to slip, fall, be reduced. As he could think of nothing more to say, he lapsed into silence; I'm afraid our standards of tidiness have lapsed.
noun
1. a mistake or failure (in behaviour, memory etc). a lapse of memory.
2. a passing away (of time). I saw him again after a lapse of five years.

lapse

n. [time] lapso, intervalo de tiempo.

lapse

n lapso, lapsus m; — of memory laguna mental, lapsus de memoria
References in classic literature ?
The others sat round the fire, talking away, utterly regardless of the lapse of time, till Meg, whose maternal was impressed with a firm conviction that Daisy had tumbled out of be, and Demi set his nightgown afire studying the structure of matches, made a move to go.
The aspect of the venerable mansion has always affected me like a human countenance, bearing the traces not merely of outward storm and sunshine, but expressive also, of the long lapse of mortal life, and accompanying vicissitudes that have passed within.
Doubtless, however, either of these stern and black-browed Puritans would have thought it quite a sufficient retribution for his sins that, after so long a lapse of years, the old trunk of the family tree, with so much venerable moss upon it, should have borne, as its topmost bough, an idler like myself.
I speak of sequences, but I required no lapse of seconds to stiffen myself for a third encounter with Quint.
But there are instances where, after the lapse of many hours or several days, the sunken whale again rises, more buoyant than in life.
An eternal, inexorable lapse of moments is ever hurrying the day of the evil to an eternal night, and the night of the just to an eternal day.
Harris said that his sort of lapse is to be found in every copy of every newspaper that has ever been printed in English, and in almost all of our books.
A material difference then," she replied"and no doubt you were much my superior in judgment at that period of our lives; but does not the lapse of oneandtwenty years bring our understandings a good deal nearer?
It is one of my faults, that though my tongue is sometimes prompt enough at an answer, there are times when it sadly fails me in framing an excuse; and always the lapse occurs at some crisis, when a facile word or plausible pretext is specially wanted to get me out of painful embarrassment.
I saw him smile to himself - grin rather - and lapse into ominous musing whenever Mrs.
When the minute hand had recorded the lapse of five minutes more a door banged in the bedroom regions -a clear young voice was heard singing blithely -- light, rapid footsteps pattered on the upper stairs, descended with a jump to the landing, and pattered again, faster than ever, down the lower flight.
Whether it was the following Sunday when I saw the gentleman again, or whether there was any greater lapse of time before he reappeared, I cannot recall.