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Related to last: last minute, Last Stand, Last Names

last 1

1. Being, coming, or placed after all others; final: the last game of the season.
2. Being the only one left: his last nickel; as a last resort.
3. Just past; most recent: last year; the last time I checked.
4. Most up-to-date; newest: the last thing in swimwear.
5. Highest in extent or degree; utmost: to the last measure of human endurance.
6. Most valid, authoritative, or conclusive: The arbiter will have the last say in resolving this dispute.
a. Least likely or expected: the last person we would have suspected.
b. The least desirable or suitable: the last man for the job.
8. Being the latest possible: waited until the last second before boarding the train.
9. Lowest in rank or importance: last prize; last place.
10. Used as an intensive: Every last dollar was donated to charity.
a. Of or relating to a terminal period or stage, as of life: the last days of the dinosaurs.
b. Administered just before death: the last sacraments.
1. After all others in chronology or sequence: arrived last.
2. Most recently: a fashion last popular in the 1940s.
3. At the end; finally: Add the butter last.
1. One that is at the end or last: the last to be chosen; on every page but the last.
2. The end: held out until the last.
3. The final mention or appearance: haven't seen the last of our troubles.
at last
After a considerable length of time; finally.
at long last
After a lengthy or troublesome wait or delay: At long last the winter was over.

[Middle English, from Old English latost, superlative of læt, late; see lē- in Indo-European roots.]

last′ly adv.
Synonyms: last1, final, terminal, ultimate
These adjectives mean coming after all others in chronology or sequence. Last applies to what comes at the end of a series: the last day of the month. Something final stresses the definitiveness and decisiveness of the conclusion: Somehow he always seems to get the final word in what we end up doing. Terminal applies to what marks or forms a limit or boundary, as in space, time, or development: That railroad's terminal city is a town with a large harbor. Ultimate applies to what concludes a series, process, or progression or constitutes a final result or objective: the ultimate sonata of that opus; our ultimate goal; the ultimate effect.

last 2

v. last·ed, last·ing, lasts
a. To continue in time; go on: The war lasted four years.
b. To continue; survive: The patient is not expected to last much longer.
a. To remain in good or usable condition: Produce lasts longer if it is refrigerated. I wanted a car that would last.
b. To continue in force or practice: wondered if the marriage would last.
3. To remain in adequate supply: Will our water last?
1. To keep adequately supplied: left enough bread to last the family for the weekend.
2. To persist or endure for the entire length of; survive: hoped to last the season without injuring her leg again.

[Middle English lasten, from Old English lǣstan; see leis- in Indo-European roots.]

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last 3

A block or form shaped like a human foot and used in making or repairing shoes.
tr.v. last·ed, last·ing, lasts
To mold or shape on a last.

[Middle English leste, laste, from Old English lǣste, from lǣst, lāst, sole of the foot; see leis- in Indo-European roots.]

last 4

n. Chiefly British
A unit of volume or weight varying for different commodities and in different districts, equal to about 80 bushels, 640 gallons, or 2 tons.

[Middle English, load, a kind of measure, from Old English hlæst, load.]


adj (often prenominal)
1. being, happening, or coming at the end or after all others: the last horse in the race.
2. being or occurring just before the present; most recent: last Thursday.
3. last but not least coming last in order but nevertheless important
4. last but one next to last
5. only remaining: one's last cigarette.
6. most extreme; utmost
7. least suitable, appropriate, or likely: he was the last person I would have chosen.
8. (esp relating to the end of a person's life or of the world)
a. final or ultimate: last rites.
b. (capital): the Last Judgment.
9. (postpositive) dialect Liverpool inferior, unpleasant, or contemptible: this ale is last.
10. after all others; at or in the end: he came last.
a. most recently: he was last seen in the mountains.
b. (in combination): last-mentioned.
12. (sentence modifier) as the last or latest item
13. the last
a. a person or thing that is last
b. the final moment; end
14. one's last moments before death
15. the last thing a person can do (esp in the phrase breathe one's last)
16. the final appearance, mention, or occurrence: we've seen the last of him.
17. at last in the end; finally
18. at long last finally, after difficulty, delay, or irritation
[variant of Old English latest, lætest, superlative of late]
Usage: Since last can mean either after all others or most recent, it is better to avoid using this word where ambiguity might arise as in her last novel. Final or latest should be used in such contexts to avoid ambiguity


1. (when: intr, often foll by for) to remain in being (for a length of time); continue: his hatred lasted for several years.
2. to be sufficient for the needs of (a person) for (a length of time): it will last us until Friday.
3. (when: intr, often foll by for) to remain fresh, uninjured, or unaltered (for a certain time or duration): he lasted for three hours underground.
[Old English lǣstan; related to Gothic laistjan to follow]
ˈlaster n


(Crafts) the wooden or metal form on which a shoe or boot is fashioned or repaired
(Crafts) (tr) to fit (a shoe or boot) on a last
[Old English lǣste, from lāst footprint; related to Old Norse leistr foot, Gothic laists]
ˈlaster n


(Units) a unit of weight or capacity having various values in different places and for different commodities. Commonly used values are 2 tons, 2000 pounds, 80 bushels, or 640 gallons
[Old English hlæst load; related to hladan to lade1]


(læst, lɑst)

adj. a superl. of late with later as compar.
1. occurring or coming after all others, as in time, order, or place: the last line on a page.
2. most recent; next before the present: last week.
3. being the only one remaining: my last dollar.
4. final: in her last hours.
5. ultimate or conclusive; definitive.
6. lowest in prestige or importance: last prize.
7. coming after all others in one's expectations, considerations, etc.: the last person we'd want to represent us.
8. individual; single: Don't start until every last person is present.
9. utmost; extreme.
10. after all others; latest: I arrived last.
11. on the most recent occasion: He was alone when last seen.
12. in the end; finally; in conclusion.
13. a person or thing that is last.
14. a final appearance or mention: That's the last we'll hear of it.
15. the end or conclusion: going on vacation the last of September.
1. at (long) last, after considerable delay; finally.
2. breathe one's last, to die.
[before 900; Middle English last, latst, syncopated variant of latest, Old English latest, lætest, superlative of læt late]


(læst, lɑst)
1. to go on or continue in time: The festival lasted three weeks.
2. to continue unexpended or unexhausted; be enough: Enjoy it while the money lasts.
3. to continue in force, vigor, effectiveness, etc.
4. to continue or remain in usable condition: The gloves didn't last.
5. to continue to survive for the duration of (often fol. by out).
[before 900; Middle English; Old English lǣstan to follow, perform, continue, last. See last3]
syn: See continue.


(læst, lɑst)
1. a wooden or metal form in the shape of the human foot on which boots or shoes are shaped or repaired.
2. the shape or form of a shoe.
3. to shape on or fit to a last.
[before 900; Middle English lest(e),last(e), Old English lǣste last, lāst footprint, c. Old High German leist last, Old Norse leistr foot, sock]
last′er, n.


 a load or burden; an amount of cod or herrings [12 barrels]; a measure of grain or malt [80 bushels], hence, a large, indefinite number.



Last can be an adjective or an adverb.

1. 'last' used as an adjective

The last thing, event, or person of a particular kind is the one that comes after all the others.

He missed the last bus.
They met for the last time just before the war.
He was the last person to see Rebecca alive.

If you want to emphasize that someone or something is the last one of their kind, you can put very in front of last.

Those were his very last words.
I changed my mind at the very last minute.

Latest is sometimes used in a similar way.

2. 'last' used as an adverb

If something last happened on a particular occasion, it has not happened since then.

They last saw their homeland nine years ago.
It's a long time since we met last.

If an event is the final one in a series of similar events, you can say that it happens last. You put last at the end of a clause.

He added the milk last.
Mr Ross was meant to have gone first, but in fact went last.
3. 'lastly'

You can also use lastly to say that an event is the final one in a series. You put lastly at the beginning of a clause.

They wash their hands, arms and faces, and lastly, they wash their feet.

However, last and lastly are not always used in the same way. You usually use last to say that an event is the final one in a series of similar events. You use lastly when you are talking about events which are not similar.

For example, if you say 'George phoned his aunt last', you usually mean that George had phoned several people and that his aunt was the last person he phoned. If you say 'Lastly George phoned his aunt', you mean that George had done several things and that the last thing he did was to phoned his aunt.

Lastly has a much more common use. You use it to introduce a final point in a discussion, ask a final question, give a final instruction, or mention a final item in a list.

Lastly, I would like to thank Mr. Mark Collins for his advice, assistance and patience.
Lastly I would like to ask about your future plans.
4. 'at last'

At last and at long last are used to show that something that you have been waiting for or expecting for a long time has happened. These expressions usually go at the beginning or end of a clause.

The journey had taken a long time, but they had arrived at last.
At long last I've found a woman who really loves me.
5. 'last' with time expressions

You use last in front of a word such as week or month to say when something happened. For example, if it is August and something happened in July, you say that it happened last month.

Wolfgang and I had lunch with her last month.
The group held its first meeting last week.

Be Careful!
Don't say that something happened 'the last month' or 'the last week'.

Last can be used in a similar way in front of the names of festivals, seasons, months, or days of the week.

Last Christmas we received more than a hundred cards.
She died last summer.
I bought these shoes last Saturday.

Don't, however, say 'last morning' or 'last afternoon'. Say yesterday morning or yesterday afternoon.

It's warmer this morning than it was yesterday morning.
Yesterday afternoon I had lunch with Cameron.

Be Careful!
Don't say 'last evening'. Say yesterday evening or last night.

Yesterday evening another British soldier was killed.
I've been thinking about what we said last night.
6. 'previous' and 'before'

When you are describing something that happened in the past and you want to refer to an earlier period of time, you use previous or before instead of 'last'. For example, if you are talking about events that happened in 2005 and you want to mention something that happened in 2004, you say that it happened the previous year or the year before.

We had had an argument the previous night.
He had done some work on the farmhouse the previous summer.
The two women had met in Bonn the weekend before.
The quarrel of the night before seemed forgotten.
7. 'before last'

You use before last to refer to the period of time immediately before the most recent one of its kind. For example, the year before last means 'the year before last year'.

We went camping the summer before last.
I have not slept since the night before last.
8. 'the last'

You can also use last to refer to any period of time measured back from the present. For example, if it is July 23rd and you want to refer to the period from July 2nd to the present, you refer to it as the last three weeks. Note that you must use the. If you want to say that something happened during this period, you say that it happened in the last three weeks or during the last three weeks.

He had asked himself that question at least a thousand times in the last eight days.
All this has happened during the last few years.

Be Careful!
Note the order of words in these examples. Don't say 'the eight last days' or 'the few last years'.

Be Careful!
Don't use 'in the last' or 'during the last' on their own with a plural noun such as 'years' or 'days'. For example, don't say 'Many changes have been made in the last years'. Use a quantity word or a number. For example, say 'Many changes have been made in the last few years'. Or use recent instead. For example, you can say 'Many changes have been made in recent years'.



You use latest or last to talk about one of a series of events which is continuing to happen, or one of a series of things which someone is continuing to have or produce.

1. events

If one of a series of events is happening now or has just happened, you refer to it as the latest one.

The latest closure marks yet another chapter in the history of Gebeit.

You refer to the event before the latest one as the last one. If no event of the kind you are talking about has happened recently, you refer to the most recent one as the last one.

...the weeds that had grown since the last harvest.
2. things you have or produce

If someone keeps having or producing a series of things, you refer to the one they have now or the one they have produced most recently as their latest one.

...her latest boyfriend.
...her latest book.

You refer to the one before their latest one as their last one. If they have not had or produced one recently, you refer to their most recent one as their last one.

Loach has not been idle since Family Life, his last film for the cinema.

You can talk about more than one thing in this way by putting last in front of a number. For example, you can talk about 'his last three books'.

Her last two pictures have been disasters.


Past participle: lasted
Gerund: lasting

I last
you last
he/she/it lasts
we last
you last
they last
I lasted
you lasted
he/she/it lasted
we lasted
you lasted
they lasted
Present Continuous
I am lasting
you are lasting
he/she/it is lasting
we are lasting
you are lasting
they are lasting
Present Perfect
I have lasted
you have lasted
he/she/it has lasted
we have lasted
you have lasted
they have lasted
Past Continuous
I was lasting
you were lasting
he/she/it was lasting
we were lasting
you were lasting
they were lasting
Past Perfect
I had lasted
you had lasted
he/she/it had lasted
we had lasted
you had lasted
they had lasted
I will last
you will last
he/she/it will last
we will last
you will last
they will last
Future Perfect
I will have lasted
you will have lasted
he/she/it will have lasted
we will have lasted
you will have lasted
they will have lasted
Future Continuous
I will be lasting
you will be lasting
he/she/it will be lasting
we will be lasting
you will be lasting
they will be lasting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been lasting
you have been lasting
he/she/it has been lasting
we have been lasting
you have been lasting
they have been lasting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been lasting
you will have been lasting
he/she/it will have been lasting
we will have been lasting
you will have been lasting
they will have been lasting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been lasting
you had been lasting
he/she/it had been lasting
we had been lasting
you had been lasting
they had been lasting
I would last
you would last
he/she/it would last
we would last
you would last
they would last
Past Conditional
I would have lasted
you would have lasted
he/she/it would have lasted
we would have lasted
you would have lasted
they would have lasted

Shoe last

A foot-shaped piece of iron that could be mounted upside down on a pedestal (last stand) about two feet high. A shoe placed on the “foot” was held in the right position for a sole to be nailed to the shoe. When the nails hit the metal last they were turned back toward the sole and thus were clinched. (Shoe nails were specially designed, and often called “clinch” nails.) Also, see Shoe peg. Since only the front half of a shoe sole usually wore out, only a half-sole was added. Such half-soles were usually of leather, but during the Depression days of the 1930s, soles were often cut from the tread of worn-out automobile tires. Such soles wore well and were a lot less expensive than leather.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.last - the temporal endlast - the temporal end; the concluding time; "the stopping point of each round was signaled by a bell"; "the market was up at the finish"; "they were playing better at the close of the season"
end, ending - the point in time at which something ends; "the end of the year"; "the ending of warranty period"
2.last - the last or lowest in an ordering or series; "he was the last to leave"; "he finished an inglorious last"
rank - relative status; "his salary was determined by his rank and seniority"
3.last - a person's dying act; the final thing a person can do; "he breathed his last"
activity - any specific behavior; "they avoided all recreational activity"
4.last - the time at which life ends; continuing until dead; "she stayed until his death"; "a struggle to the last"
end, ending - the point in time at which something ends; "the end of the year"; "the ending of warranty period"
5.last - a unit of weight equal to 4,000 pounds
weight unit, weight - a unit used to measure weight; "he placed two weights in the scale pan"
6.last - a unit of capacity for grain equal to 80 bushels
Britain, Great Britain, U.K., UK, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland - a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland; `Great Britain' is often used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom
7.last - the concluding parts of an event or occurrence; "the end was exciting"; "I had to miss the last of the movie"
conclusion, ending, finish - event whose occurrence ends something; "his death marked the ending of an era"; "when these final episodes are broadcast it will be the finish of the show"
end game, endgame - the final stages of a chess game after most of the pieces have been removed from the board
end game, endgame - the final stages of an extended process of negotiation; "the diplomatic endgame"
homestretch - the end of an enterprise; "they were on the homestretch when the computer crashed"
passing - the end of something; "the passing of winter"
8.last - holding device shaped like a human foot that is used to fashion or repair shoes
holding device - a device for holding something
Verb1.last - persist for a specified period of time; "The bad weather lasted for three days"
run for, run - extend or continue for a certain period of time; "The film runs 5 hours"
measure - have certain dimensions; "This table surfaces measures 20inches by 36 inches"
hold out, endure, wear - last and be usable; "This dress wore well for almost ten years"
drag on, drag out - last unnecessarily long
2.last - continue to live through hardship or adversity; "We went without water and food for 3 days"; "These superstitions survive in the backwaters of America"; "The race car driver lived through several very serious accidents"; "how long can a person last without food and water?"
live, be - have life, be alive; "Our great leader is no more"; "My grandfather lived until the end of war"
subsist, exist, survive, live - support oneself; "he could barely exist on such a low wage"; "Can you live on $2000 a month in New York City?"; "Many people in the world have to subsist on $1 a day"
hold water, stand up, hold up - resist or withstand wear, criticism, etc.; "Her shoes won't hold up"; "This theory won't hold water"
perennate - survive from season to season, of plants
live out - live out one's life; live to the end
Adj.1.last - immediately past; "last Thursday"; "the last chapter we read"
past - earlier than the present time; no longer current; "time past"; "his youth is past"; "this past Thursday"; "the past year"
2.last - coming after all others in time or space or degree or being the only one remaining; "the last time I saw Paris"; "the last day of the month"; "had the last word"; "waited until the last minute"; "he raised his voice in a last supreme call"; "the last game of the season"; "down to his last nickel"
first - preceding all others in time or space or degree; "the first house on the right"; "the first day of spring"; "his first political race"; "her first baby"; "the first time"; "the first meetings of the new party"; "the first phase of his training"
3.last - occurring at or forming an end or termination; "his concluding words came as a surprise"; "the final chapter"; "the last days of the dinosaurs"; "terminal leave"
closing - final or ending; "the closing stages of the election"; "the closing weeks of the year"; "the closing scene of the film"; "closing remarks"
4.last - most unlikely or unsuitable; "the last person we would have suspected"; "the last man they would have chosen for the job"
unlikely - has little chance of being the case or coming about; "an unlikely story"; "an unlikely candidate for reelection"; "a butcher is unlikely to preach vegetarianism"
5.last - occurring at the time of death; "his last words"; "the last rites"
dying - in or associated with the process of passing from life or ceasing to be; "a dying man"; "his dying wish"; "a dying fire"; "a dying civilization"
6.last - conclusive in a process or progression; "the final answer"; "a last resort"; "the net result"
ultimate - furthest or highest in degree or order; utmost or extreme; "the ultimate achievement"; "the ultimate question"; "man's ultimate destiny"; "the ultimate insult"; "one's ultimate goal in life"
7.last - highest in extent or degree; "to the last measure of human endurance"; "whether they were accomplices in the last degree or a lesser one be determined individually"
high - greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount; "a high temperature"; "a high price"; "the high point of his career"; "high risks"; "has high hopes"; "the river is high"; "he has a high opinion of himself"
8.last - not to be altered or undone; "the judge's decision is final"; "the arbiter will have the last say"
inalterable, unalterable - not capable of being changed or altered; "unalterable resolve"; "an unalterable ground rule"
9.last - lowest in rank or importance; "last prize"; "in last place"
worst - (superlative of `bad') most wanting in quality or value or condition; "the worst player on the team"; "the worst weather of the year"
Adv.1.last - most_recently; "I saw him last in London"
2.last - the item at the end; "last, I'll discuss family values"


1. previous, preceding, most recent I got married last July.
2. most recent, latest, previous Much has changed since my last visit.
3. hindmost, furthest, final, at the end, remotest, furthest behind, most distant, rearmost, aftermost She said it was the very last house on the road.
hindmost first, foremost
4. final, closing, concluding, ultimate, utmost the last three pages of the chapter
final first, opening, earliest, initial, introductory
5. least likely, most unlikely, most unsuitable, least suitable He would be the last person to do such a thing
1. in or at the end, after, behind, in the rear, bringing up the rear I testified last.
1. end, ending, close, finish, conclusion, completion, finale, termination a thriller with plenty of twists to keep you guessing to the last
the last word
1. final decision, final say, final statement, conclusive comment She likes to have the last word in any discussion.
2. leading, best, first, highest, finest, cream, supreme, elite, first-class, foremost, first-rate, superlative, pre-eminent, unsurpassed, crème de la crème (French), most excellent a venue that is the last word in trendiness
"Many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first" Bible: St. Mark
Usage: Since last can mean either after all others or most recent, it is better to avoid using this word where ambiguity might arise, as in her last novel. Final or latest should be used as alternatives in such contexts to avoid any possible confusion.


verb continue, keep, remain, survive, wear, carry on, endure, hold on, persist, keep on, hold out, abide You only need a very small amount, so the tube lasts for ages.
end, stop, die, fail, fade, cease, depart, expire, terminate
last out hold out, continue, survive I don't know if I can last out till then.
last something out get through, survive, continue throughout, hold out during It'll be a miracle if the band lasts out the tour.

last 1

1. Coming after all others:
2. Bringing up the rear:
3. Next before the present one:
4. Of or relating to a terminative condition, stage, or point:
In conclusion:

last 2

1. To be in existence or in a certain state for an indefinitely long time:
2. To exist in spite of adversity:
3. To remain fresh and unspoiled:
آخِرآخر واحَدأخيرالأخيرسَابِقٌ
posljednjiposljednji puttrajatizadnji
endastsíîasti (òar á undansíîastursíîastur, seinasturvara, standa yfir
가장 최근에마지막의지속되다
cuối cùngkéo dàilần cuối cùngsau cùng


1 [lɑːst]
1. (= most recent) → último
I've seen her twice in the last weekla he visto dos veces en la última semana
the last few weeks have been hecticlas últimas semanas han sido muy ajetreadas
over the last few monthsdurante los últimos meses
he hasn't been seen these last two yearsno se lo ha visto en los últimos dos años
2. (= previous) (referring to specific occasion) [Christmas, Easter] → pasado; [time, meeting, birthday] → último
last Christmas we went to my mother'slas Navidades pasadas fuimos a casa de mi madre
the last time we went, it rainedla última vez que fuimos, llovió
on Monday last (frm) → el pasado lunes
last Friday/month/yearel viernes/el mes/el año pasado
this time last yearel año pasado por estas fechas
last weekla semana pasada
this time last weekla semana pasada a estas horas
see also night A1
3. (= final) → último
the last Friday of the monthel último viernes del mes
the last Sunday before Christmasel último domingo antes de Navidad
the last door on the rightla última puerta a la derecha
the last three pages of the booklas tres últimas paginas del libro
he spent the last few years of his life herepasó los últimos años de su vida aquí
last but onepenúltimo
down to the last detailhasta el más mínimo detalle, hasta el último detalle
the Last Judg(e)mentel Juicio Final
to fight to the last man (lit, fig) → luchar hasta el último aliento
I was the last person to arrive/to see him alivefui la última en llegar/la última persona que lo vió vivo
I'm down to my last poundsólo me queda una libra
the last rites (Rel) → la extremaunción
second to lastantepenúltimo
last thing at nightantes de acostarse
I'll finish it if it's the last thing I do¡lo terminaré aunque sea la última cosa que haga en esta vida!
that was the last time I saw himesa fue la última vez que lo vi
for the last time, shut up!¡cállate, y que sea la última vez que te lo digo!
to be on it's/one's last legsestar en las últimas
see also every 1
see also gasp A
see also laugh A1
see also post A2
see also supper, resort A1
see also straw A1
see also word A1
4. (= least likely)
you're the last person I'd trust with itlo confiaría a cualquiera menos a ti, eres la última persona a la que se lo confiaría
I would be the last person to stand in your wayyo soy la que menos me interprondía en tu camino, yo soy la última persona que se interpondría en tu camino
that was the last thing I expectedeso era lo que menos me esperaba
at 32, retirement is the last thing on his mindcon 32 años, jubilarse es lo último en que piensa
1. (of series) → último
he was the last of the Tudorsfue el último de los Tudores
that was the last I saw of himdespués de aquello no volví a verlo más
the last we heard of him he was in Riosegún las últimas noticias estaba en Río
if we don't go we shall never hear the last of itsi no vamos no dejarán de recordárnoslo
you haven't heard the last of this!¡esto no se acaba aquí!, ¡esto no se va a quedar así!
to be the last (one) to do sthser el último en hacer algo
we're always the last to knowsiempre somos los últimos en enterarnos
the last but oneel/la penúltimo/a
to leave sth till lastdejar algo para lo último or el final
to look one's last on sth (liter) → ver algo por última vez
to the lasthasta el final
see also breathe A1
2. (= previous one) each one is better than the lastson cada vez mejores
the night before lastanteanoche
the week before lastla semana anterior a la pasada, la semana pasada no, la anterior
the Saturday before lastel sábado anterior al pasado, el sábado pasado no, el anterior
it was the question before last that I found difficultla pregunta que me resultó difícil fue la penúltima
3. (= all that remains) this is the last of the bread/wineesto es lo que queda de pan/vino
he was the last of his kind, a true professionalfue el último de los de su clase, un verdadero profesional
at lastpor fin
at long last the search was overpor fin la búsqueda había concluido
1. (= finally)
last of all, take out the screwspor último, saca los tornillos
last but not leastpor último, pero no por ello menos importante
2. (= in last place, at the end) he was or came last in the 100 metresterminó en último lugar or en última posición en los 100 metros
to arrive lastllegar el or (LAm) al último
last in, first outlos últimos en llegar son a los que despiden los primeros
3. (= most recently)
when I last saw themla última vez que las vi
he was last seen in Brightonse lo vio por última vez en Brighton
I last saw her in 1987la vi por última vez en 1987


2 [lɑːst]
1. (= continue) → durar
it lasts (for) two hoursdura dos horas
the trial is expected to last (for) three weeksse espera que el juicio dure tres semanas
the symptoms can last (for) up to a weeklos síntomas pueden persistir hasta una semana
nothing lasts forevernada dura para siempre
it's too good to last, it can't lastesto no puede durar
2. (= survive) → durar
the previous boss only lasted a weekel jefe anterior solamente duró una semana
he wouldn't have lasted ten minutes in those conditionsno hubiera durado or aguantado ni diez minutos en esas condiciones
he won't last the night (out)no sobrevivirá hasta la mañana
3. (= be enough) → durar
how long will the gas last?¿hasta cuándo durará or alcanzará el gas?
the town has enough water to last a fortnightla ciudad tiene agua suficiente para dos semanas
"only available while stocks last" (Comm) → "sólo hasta que se agoten las existencias"
4. (= remain usable) → durar
this material will last (for) yearsesta tela durará años
more expensive batteries last longerlas pilas más caras duran más
made to lasthecho para que dure
B. VTdurar
this amount should last you (for) a weekesta cantidad debería durarte una semana
it will last you a lifetimete durará toda la vida
I've had enough publicity to last me a lifetime!¡me han dado publicidad suficiente para toda una vida!
last out VI + ADV
1. [money, resources] → alcanzar
my money doesn't last out the monthel dinero no me alcanza para todo el mes
2. [person] → aguantar
I can't last out without something to eatya no aguanto a no ser que coma algo
he won't last out the winterno sobrevivirá el invierno


3 [lɑːst] N (in shoemaking) → horma f
(shoemaker) stick to your last!¡zapatero a tus zapatos!


(gen) [visit, letter, bus, page, piece, day] → dernier/ière before n
Much had changed since my last visit → Beaucoup de choses avaient changé depuis ma dernière visite.
He missed the last bus home → Il a raté le dernier bus pour rentrer.
That was my last pair of tights → C'était mes derniers collants.
the last three pages of the chapter → les trois dernières pages du chapitre
the last piece of pizza → le dernier morceau de pizza
She wiped off the last traces of make-up → Elle essuya les dernières traces de maquillage.
the last time → la dernière fois
the last time I saw her → la dernière fois que je l'ai vue
That's the last time I take your advice! → C'est la dernière fois que je suis tes conseils!
the last but one adjl'avant-dernier/ière before n
the last president but one → l'avant-dernier président
[week, month, summer, winter, year] → dernier/ière after n
last summer → l'été dernier
last week → la semaine dernière
last Friday → vendredi dernier
last Monday → lundi dernier
I got married last July → Je me suis marié en juillet dernier.
last night (= yesterday evening) → hier soir (= whole period from evening until early morning) → la nuit dernière
I got home at midnight last night → Je suis rentré à minuit hier soir.
Did you go out last night? → Tu es sorti hier soir?
I couldn't sleep last night → Je n'ai pas pu dormir la nuit dernière.
to come last [in race, competition] → arriver dernier(dernière)
to leave sb/sth until last → garder qn/qch pour la fin
I have left my best wine until last → J'ai gardé mon meilleur vin pour la fin.
every last (= every possible) → jusqu'au dernier(jusqu'à la dernière)
I wish my children to get every last second of pleasure from the outing → Je souhaite que mes enfants tirent jusqu'à la dernière seconde de plaisir de cette excursion.
to the last man → jusqu'au dernier
They died to the last man → Ils sont morts jusqu'au dernier.
down to the last detail → jusqu'au moindre détail
at last adv (= finally) → enfin
I'm so glad that we've found you at last! → Je suis si content que nous vous ayons enfin trouvé!
at long last
Here, at long last, was the moment he had waited for → Le moment qu'il avait tant attendu était enfin arrivé.
to breathe one's last (literary)rendre son dernier soupir
to the last (= unfailingly) → au dernier degré
the last (= the last one) → le dernier(la dernière)
Which address is the last on your list? → Quelle adresse est la dernière sur ta liste? (= the last ones) → les derniers (= last bit) → le reste
the last but one → l'avant-dernier(l'avant-dernière)
Our house is the last but one → Notre maison est l'avant-dernière.
last in, first out → dernier entré, premier sorti
to be the last to do sth [last person] → être le dernier à faire qch(la dernière)
I'm always the last to find out → Je suis toujours le dernier à savoir. (= last people) → être les derniers à faire qch(les dernières)
She and I are always the last to know → Nous sommes toujours les derniers à savoir, elle et moi.
(= the last time)
That was the last we saw of her → On ne l'a plus jamais revue.
the last I heard → aux dernières nouvelles
the day before last → l'avant-veille
the night before last → l'avant-veille pendant la nuit, il y a deux nuits
It was the dog he'd heard the night before last → C'était le chien qu'il avait entendu l'avant-veille pendant la nuit., C'était le chien qu'il avait entendu il y a deux nuits.
the Christmas before last → l'avant-dernier Noël
(emphatic use)
You are the last person I'd confide in! → Tu es la dernière personne à qui je me confierais!
The last thing I wanted to do was teach → La dernière chose que je voulais c'était enseigner.
I'd be the last to ... → je serais le dernier à ...
(= after all the others) [arrive, leave] → en dernier
He arrived last → Il est arrivé en dernier.
He added the milk last → Il ajouta le lait en dernier.
to finish last but one [team, competitor] → terminer avant-dernier(avant-dernière)
(= finally) last but not least → c'est le dernier point mais non le moindre, last but not least
Last but not least do try to get some exercise → C'est le dernier point mais non le moindre: tâchez de faire de l'exercice., Et last but not least, tâchez de faire de l'exercice.
(= most recently) → la dernière fois
I've lost my bag. - When did you see it last? → J'ai perdu mon sac. - Quand est-ce que tu l'as vu pour la dernière fois?
They last saw their homeland nine years ago → La dernière fois qu'ils ont vu leur pays natal, c'était il y a neuf ans.
When were you there last? → La dernière fois que vous y étiez, c'était quand?
When did you last see him? → La dernière fois que vous l'avez vu, c'était quand?
when I last ... → la dernière fois que j'ai ...
When I last saw him, he was wearing a blue shirt → La dernière fois que je l'ai vu, il portait une chemise bleue.
(= continue) → durer
to last until → durer jusqu'à
The war lasted until January 1992 → La guerre dura jusqu'en janvier 1992.
The affair lasted until he met a girl his own age → Leur liaison dura jusqu'au moment où il rencontra une fille de son âge.
it can't last → ça ne durera pas
Make the most of the situation; it can't last! → Profitez au mieux de la situation; ça ne durera pas!
it won't last → ça ne durera pas
(also last for) → durer
The concert lasts two hours → Le concert dure deux heures.
His speech lasted exactly fourteen minutes → Son discours a duré exactement quatorze minutes.
Their marriage only lasted six months → Leur mariage n'a duré que six mois.
[resources, product] → durer
This battery lasts twice as long as other makes → Cette pile dure deux fois plus longtemps que les modèles d'autres marques.
The curry lasted for two nights
BUT Le curry nous a fait deux dîners.last-ditch [ˌlɑːstˈdɪtʃ] adj [effort] → ultime
a last-ditch attempt → une tentative de la dernière chance, un dernier recours


last-chance saloon
n (Brit inf) they are drinking in the lastes ist ihre letzte Chance
Last Day
n the lastder Jüngste Tag
adjallerletzte(r, s); attempt, proposals, talks etcin letzter Minute


adjin letzter Minute; last flightLast-Minute-Flug m; last dealLast-Minute-Angebot n, → Angebot nfür Kurzentschlossene
last name
nNachname m, → Zuname m
last number recall, last number redial
n (Telec) → Wahlwiederholung f
last post
last rites
plLetzte Ölung
Last Supper
n the lastdas (Letzte) Abendmahl
last word
n the last (in fashion) → der letzte Schrei; to have the last (on something)das letzte Wort (zu etw) haben; the last on biochemistry/on this subjectdas maßgebende Werk über Biochemie/auf diesem Gebiet


letzte(r, s); he was last to arriveer kam als Letzter an; the last personder Letzte; the last but one, the second last (one)der/die/das Vorletzte; the third last housedas drittletzte Haus; (the) last one there buys the drinks!der Letzte or wer als Letzter ankommt, zahlt die Getränke; last Monday, on Monday lastletzten Montag; last yearletztes Jahr, im vorigen Jahr; during the last 20 years, these last 20 yearsin den letzten 20 Jahren; last but not leastnicht zuletzt, last not least
(= most unlikely, unsuitable etc) that’s the last thing I worry aboutdas ist das Letzte, worüber ich mir Sorgen machen würde; that was the last thing I expecteddamit hatte ich am wenigsten gerechnet; that’s the last thing I wanted to happendas habe ich am wenigsten gewollt; he’s the last person I want to seeer ist der Letzte, den ich sehen möchte; you’re the last person to be entrusted with itdu bist der Letzte, dem man das anvertrauen kann
(= final one or part, one before)der/die/das Letzte; he was the last of the visitors to leaveer ging als Letzter der Besucher; I’m always the last to knowich erfahre immer alles als Letzter; he withdrew the last of his money from the banker hob sein letztes Geld von der Bank ab; each one is better than the lasteins ist besser als das andere; this is the last of the cakedas ist der Rest des Kuchens; that’s the last of the fightingjetzt hat der Kampf ein Ende; that was the last we saw of himdanach haben wir ihn nicht mehr gesehen; the last we heard of him was …das Letzte, was wir von ihm hörten, war …; that was the last we heard of it/himseitdem haben wir nichts mehr darüber/von ihm gehört; I hope this is the last we’ll hear of itich hoffe, damit ist die Sache erledigt; the last I heard, they were getting marrieddas Letzte, was ich gehört habe, war, dass sie heiraten; I shall be glad to see the last of this/himich bin froh, wenn ich das hinter mir habe/wenn ich den los bin (inf)or wenn ich den nicht mehr sehe; we shall never hear the last of itdas werden wir noch lange zu hören kriegen; to look one’s last on somethingden letzten Blick auf etw (acc)werfen; my last (Comm) → mein letztes Schreiben
at lastendlich; at long lastschließlich und endlich; so you’re ready at long last!du bist also endlich fertig geworden!; to the lastbis zum Schluss
adv when did you last have a bath or have a bath last?wann hast du das letzte Mal gebadet?; I last heard from him a month agovor einem Monat habe ich das letzte Mal von ihm gehört; he spoke laster sprach als Letzter; the horse came in lastdas Pferd ging als letztes durchs Ziel


vt it will last me/a careful user a lifetimedas hält/bei vernünftiger Benutzung hält es ein Leben lang; the car has lasted me eight yearsdas Auto hat acht Jahre (lang) gehalten; these cigarettes will last me a weekdiese Zigaretten reichen mir eine Woche; I didn’t think he’d last the weekich hätte nicht gedacht, dass er die Woche durchhält
vi (= continue)dauern; (= remain intact: cloth, flowers, marriage) → halten; it can’t lastes hält nicht an; it won’t lastes wird nicht lange anhalten or so bleiben; it’s too good to lastdas ist zu schön, um wahr zu sein; he’ll stay as long as the beer lastser bleibt, solange Bier da ist; will this material last?ist dieses Material haltbar or dauerhaft?; none of his girlfriends lasts for longbei ihm hält sich keine Freundin lange; he won’t last long in this jober wird in dieser Stelle nicht alt werden (inf); the previous boss only lasted a weekder letzte Chef blieb nur eine Woche


nLeisten m; cobbler, stick to your last!Schuster, bleib bei deinem Leisten!


1 [lɑːst]
1. adj
a. (most recent) → ultimo/a; (week, month, year) → scorso/a, passato/a
last Monday → lunedì scorso
last night → ieri sera or notte, la notte scorsa
during (the) last week → nel corso della settimana scorsa
during the last 2 years → negli ultimi 2 anni
the night before last → l'altro ieri sera or notte
(the) last time → l'ultima volta
b. (final, in series) → ultimo/a
the last page → l'ultima pagina
the last slice of cake → l'ultima fetta di torta
last thing at night → prima di andare a letto
that was the last thing I expected → era l'ultima cosa che mi sarei aspettato
you're the last person I'd trust with it → sei l'ultima persona al mondo di cui mi fiderei per questo
last but one, second last → penultimo/a
2. n the last of the wine/breadquello che resta del vino/del pane
they were the last to arrive → erano gli ultimi arrivati, sono arrivati per ultimi
the last in the series → l'ultimo della serie
each one better than the last → uno meglio dell'altro
I shall be glad to see the last of this → sarò contento di vederne la fine
we'll never hear the last of it → chissà per quanto ne sentiremo parlare
at (long) last → finalmente
to the last → fino all'ultimo
3. adv(per) ultimo
to do/come/arrive last (of all) → fare come/venire per/arrivare ultimo/a
last but not least ... → come ultimo, ma non per questo meno importante...
when I last saw them or saw them last → l'ultima volta che li ho visti


2 [lɑːst]
1. vi (rain, film, pain) → durare (also last out) (person) → resistere; (money, resources) → durare, bastare
it lasts (for) 2 hours → dura 2 ore
this material will last (for) years → questa stoffa durerà degli anni
he didn't last long in the job → non ha resistito a lungo in quell'impiego
it's too good to last, it can't last → è troppo bello per durare
2. vtdurare
he won't last the winter → non sopravviverà all'inverno
it will last you a lifetime → ti durerà una vita


(laːst) adjective
1. coming at the end. We set out on the last day of November; He was last in the race; He caught the last bus home.
2. most recent; next before the present. Our last house was much smaller than this; last year/month/week.
3. coming or remaining after all the others. He was the last guest to leave.
at the end of or after all the others. He took his turn last.
ˈlastly adverb
finally. Lastly, I would like to thank you all for listening so patiently to what I have been saying.
at (long) last
in the end, especially after a long delay. Oh, there he is at (long) last!
hear/see etc the last of
to be finished with, be able to forget. You haven't heard the last of this!
the last person
a person who is very unlikely or unwilling to do a particular thing, or to whom it would be unwise or dangerous to do a particular thing. I'm the last person to make a fuss, but you should have told me all the same; He's the last person you should offend.
the last straw
a fact, happening etc which, when added to all other facts or happenings, makes a situation finally impossible to bear.
the last thing
something very unlikely, unwanted, not intended etc. It's the last thing you would think of looking for; The last thing I want is to hurt anyone.
the last word
1. the final remark in an argument etc. She always must have the last word!
2. the final decision. The last word rests with the chairman.
3. something very fashionable or up-to-date. Her hat was the last word in elegance.
on one's last legs
very near to falling down or collapsing with exhaustion, old age etc.
to the last
until the very end. He kept his courage to the last.


(laːst) verb
1. to continue to exist. This situation lasted until she got married; I hope this fine weather lasts.
2. to remain in good condition or supply. This carpet has lasted well; The bread won't last another two days – we'll need more; This coat will last me until I die.
ˈlasting adjective
A good education is a lasting benefit
last out
to be or have enough to survive or continue to exist (until the end of). I hope the petrol lasts out until we reach a garage; They could only last out another week on the little food they had; The sick man was not expected to last out the night.


آخِر, سَابِقٌ, لِآخِرِ مَرَّةٍ, يَسْتَمِرُ naposled, poslední, trvat holde, sidst, sidste dauern, letzte, letzter, zuletzt διαρκώ, τελευταίος, τελικά durar, última vez, último kestää, viimeinen, viimeiseksi dernier, dernièrement, durer posljednji, posljednji put, trajati, zadnji durare, per ultimo, ultimo 最後に, 最後の, 続く 가장 최근에, 마지막의, 지속되다 als laatste, duren, laatst, laatste sist, siste, vare ostatni, ostatnio, wytrwać a última vez, da última vez, durar, último длиться, заключительный, последний, предыдущий sist, sista, vara ยืนหยัด, ล่าสุด, สุดท้าย son, sonda, sürmek cuối cùng, kéo dài, lần cuối cùng, sau cùng 持续, 最后, 最后的


a. último-a; final, pasado-a;
___ nightanoche;
the ___ treatmentel ___ tratamiento;
the ___ wordla ___ palabra.


adj último; your last último perí última menstruación; vi durar, alcanzar; How long did the pain last?..¿Cuánto tiempo le duró el dolor?… These pills should last a month..Estas pastillas deberían alcanzarle por un mes.
References in classic literature ?
The first sound in the morning was her voice as she went about the house singing like a lark, and the last sound at night was the same cheery sound, for the girls never grew too old for that familiar lullaby.
During the last years of young David's boyhood he saw his mother but seldom and she became for him just a woman with whom he had once lived.
The man who had proclaimed himself the only true servant of God in all the valley of Wine Creek, and who had wanted God to send him a sign of approval by way of a son out of the womb of Kather- ine, began to think that at last his prayers had been answered.
For him the coming of the boy David did much to bring back with renewed force the old faith and it seemed to him that God had at last looked with favor upon him.
Recalling how he did a Crespi-Notre Dame football game last season from the platform of a raised fork-lift, it sparked a story about when he called a prep game in the town of Hurley, Wis.
Overall, 24% of the young women had not had a sexual partner in the last three months, 63% had had one partner and the remaining 13% had had two or more.
The Last Poets now consist of Abiodun Oyewole (born in Queens, New York) and Umar Bin Hassan (born in Akron, Ohio).
Even this unexpectedly strong leasing, however, was not enough to completely overcome the sublease space hangover from last year.
And last summer, like a grim reaper, drought cut a swath through much of the U.
The slow increase in NR stocks was due to slower growth of output in the first half of last year.
Fermat's last theorem asserts that for any whole number n greater than 2, the equation [x.
Rolf Vasbotn, the chief building official with the City of North Bay, anticipates 1991 will be very similar to last year when 97 single units worth $9.